The Divine Right of Kings
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Engraving of Guy Fawkes

The Divine Monarch: The Human God Brings Order to Chaos

Throughout the history of England the removal of a holy, legitimate sitting ruler or government has been a topic of intense debate and contemplation.
From prehistoric times to the 17th century the Ruler of England had become a multivalent and absolute divine ruler. Ancient beliefs originating deep within traditions of both the Celtic and Germanic cultures molded the concept of Divine King. The ruler was tied as in Celtic belief to the land itself and bore responsibility for the functioning of nature. Additionally as a sort of god of the hunt it was thought that the king ensured economic prosperity. The king also was the only person to be trusted with success in battle and in dealings with all other states, with other divines. The people regarded the ruler, therefore, with an intense mystic reverence, a reverence which provided a firm foundation for the maintenance of organization and centralized government. Despite the presence of absolutism, the parameters of daily life remained constant and stable and this proved a trade off which lead to the prosperity of the nation as a whole.
Despite the faith and trust of the people, Kings and Queens provided the governed with many opportunities to question their authority. They were, after all, human. The concentration of power in the hands of one individual also provided a tempting treasure for the strongman contemplating regicide or the killing of a King.
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