JOCELIN 's Life.

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It has been, from ancient times, the object and the design of most

writers to perpetuate, with a pen worthy of their virtues, the lives of

holy men, that the fervor of sanctity so deserving our veneration might

not be buried in oblivion, but rather that it might shine before all as

in a glass, to the end that posterity might imitate its brightness--as

was commanded from above, that in the breast-plate of the chief priest

the names of the twelve patriarchs, the sons of Israel, should be

engraven on twelve precious stones, so that by the sight thereof the

faithful might be moved to imitate the acts of the holy fathers; for it

is most fitting that of those in whose titles we glory, in whose

praises we delight, by whose patronage we are protected, we should

endeavor to conform to the manners, and be confirmed by the examples;

but since the dearth of literature has so much increased, and the

slothfulness to learning so much abounded, very many, fools and

ignorant persons, have ofttimes, lest they should perish from the

memory of the faithful, written the lives of the saints, certainly with

a pious intent, but in a most unhandsome style.  Wherefore, in reading

the lives and acts of the saints composed in a rude manner or barbarous

dialect, disgust is often excited, and not seldom tardiness of belief.

And hence it is that the life of the most glorious priest Patrick, the

patron and apostle of Ireland, so illustrious in signs and miracles,

being frequently written by illiterate persons, through the confusion

and obscurity of the style, is by most people neither liked nor

understood, but is held in weariness and contempt.  Charity therefore

urging us, we will endeavor, by reducing them to order, to collect what

are confused, when collected to compose them into a volume, and, when

composed, to season them, if not with all the excellence of our

language, at least with some of its elegance.  To this our endeavor the

instruction of the threefold instrument which is described to belong to

the candlestick of the tabernacle giveth aid; for we find therein the

tongs, the extinguisher, and the oil-cruse, which we must properly use,

if, in describing the lives of the saints, who shone in their

conversation and example like the candlestick before the Lord, we

should labor to clear away the superfluous, extinguish the false, and

illuminate the obscure, which, though by the devotion we have toward

St. Patrick we are bound to do, yet are we thereto enjoined by the

commands of the most reverend Thomas, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate

of all Ireland, and of Malachy, the Bishop of Down; and to these are

added the request of John de Courcy, the most illustrious Prince of

Ulidia, who is known to be the most especial admirer and honorer of St.

Patrick, and whom we think it most becoming to obey.  But if any snake

in the way, or serpent in the path, watching our steps, shall rashly

accuse us herein of presumption, and shall attack our hand with viper

tooth, yet do we, with the blessed Paul, collect the vine-twigs for the

fire, and cast the viper into the flame.  Wherefore, in describing the

saints that sleep, which were the branches of the true vine, so that

the minds of the faithful may be inflamed toward the love and belief of

Christ, we little regard the tongue of the scorner and of the

slanderer; for if we are to be judged of such, with the apostle setting

them at small account, we commit all to the divine judgment.



[Illustration: The Saint Patrick of Our Own Century.]












There was once a man named Calphurnius, the son of Potitus, a

presbyter, by nation a Briton, living in the village Taburnia (that is,

the field of the tents, for that the Roman army had there pitched their

tents), near the town of Empthor, and his habitation was nigh unto the

Irish Sea.  This man married a French damsel named Conchessa, niece of

the blessed Martin, Archbishop of Tours; and the damsel was elegant in

her form and in her manners, for, having been brought from France with

her elder sister into the northern parts of Britain, and there sold at

the command of her father, Calphurnius, being pleased with her manners,

charmed with her attentions, and attracted with her beauty, very much

loved her, and, from the state of a serving-maid in his household,

raised her to be his companion in wedlock.  And her sister, having been

delivered unto another man, lived in the aforementioned town of Empthor.


And Calphurnius and his wife were both just before God, walking without

offence in the justifications of the Lord; and they were eminent in

their birth, and in their faith, and in their hope, and in their

religion.  And though in their outward habit and abiding they seemed to

serve under the yoke of Babylon, yet did they in their acts and in

their conversation show themselves to be citizens of Jerusalem.

Therefore, out of the earth of their flesh, being freed from the tares

of sin and from the noxious weeds of vice by the ploughshare of

evangelic and apostolic learning, and being fruitful in the growth of

all virtues, did they, as the best and richest fruit, bring forth a

son, whom, when he had at the holy font put off the old man, they

caused to be named Patricius, as being the future father and patron of

many nations; of whom, even at his baptism, the God which is three in

one was pleased, by the sign of a threefold miracle, to declare how

pure a vessel of election should he prove, and how devoted a worshipper

of the Holy Trinity.  But after a little while, this happy birth being

completed, they vowed themselves by mutual consent unto chastity, and

with an holy end rested in the Lord.  But Calphurnius first served God

a long time in the deaconship, and at length closed his days in the








_How a Fountain burst forth, and how Sight and Learning were given to

the Blind._


A certain man named Gormas, who had been blind even from his mother's

womb, heard in a dream a voice commanding him that he should take the

hand of the boy Patrick, then lately baptized, and make on the ground

the sign of the cross--adding that at the touch a new fountain would

burst forth, with the water whereof, if he bathed his eyes, he would

forthwith receive his sight.  And the blind man, instructed by the

divine oracle, went to the little boy, made with his right hand on the

ground the sign of salvation, and immediately did a new fountain burst

forth.  And his darkened eyes, being bathed with this healing stream,

perceived the day poured in, and the virtue of Siloe renewed; and,

_that the mercies of the Lord might be acknowledged, and the wonders

that he doeth for the children of men_, while the outward blindness of

Gormas was enlightened, his inward sight received the revealing gift of

science; and he who was before unlearned, having experienced the power

of the Lord, read and understood the Scriptures, and as by the outward

mercy from being blind he became able to see, so by the inward grace

from unlearned he became learned.  But the fountain flowing forward

with a more abundant stream, even unto this day pouring forth its clear

waters, sweet to the draught and wholesome to the taste, is honored

with the name of Saint Patrick, and, as is said, gives health or relief

to many laboring with divers diseases; and it rises near the seaside,

and over it the devotion of posterity has erected an oratory, with an

altar built in the form of a cross.







_Of the Stone of Saint Patrick._


Near this place is a stone which the inhabitants call Saint Patrick's

Rock; for some believe that he was born thereon, and others that on it

he celebrated Mass.  As often as any controversy arises between the

villagers or the neighbors which is thought fit to be determined by an

oath, it is brought to this stone, and there, the sacrament being

taken, the cause is decided.  But if any perjurer or false witness laid

his hand thereon, immediately it was wont to pour forth water, and the

holiness of Patrick openly showed unto all how accursed was the crime

of perjury or of false testimony; yet at any other time it did not use

to exude one drop, but always remained in its natural dryness.  Which

opinion of the people, however, as to this stone, is the more probable,

we know not, though the latter may seem the nearer unto the truth.  Let

it suffice, therefore, to record the miracle which the Bishop Saint Mel

testifies that he had oftentimes beheld.







_Of the Well dried up._


As he grew in age, he was seen also to grow in grace, and, as from the

full store of divine ointment flowing within him, he perfumed all

around with the abundance of his manifold miracles.  And Patrick, the

child of the Lord, was then nursed in the town of Empthor, in the house

of his mother's sister, with his own sister Lupita.  And it came to

pass in the winter season, the ice being thawed, that a well overflowed

and threatened to overturn many houses in the town; and the rising of

the waters filled the mansion wherein Patrick abided, and overturned

all the household stuff, and caused all the vessels to swim.  And the

little boy, being an hungered, asked in his infantine manner for bread;

yet found he not any who would break bread for him, but jeeringly was

he answered that he was nearer to being drowned than fed.  When the boy

dipped three of his fingers into the swelling water, and, standing on a

dry place, he thrice sprinkled the water in the form of a cross, and in

the name of the Holy Trinity commanded the well that forthwith it

should subside.  And behold a miracle!  Immediately all the flood

retired with a refluent course, and the dryness returned, nor was there

hurt or damage seen in the vessels or in the furniture of his dwelling.

And they who looked on saw that sparks of fire instead of drops of

water were sprinkled from the fingers of the holy child, and that the

waters were licked up and absorbed thereby; and the Lord, "who collects

the waters as in a heap, and lays up the depths in his treasury," who

had worked such great works through his beloved child Patrick, is

praised of all; and the child also is magnified who was so powerful in

Him, great and worthy of all praise.







_How he produced Fire from Ice._


Though Saint Patrick, in his childish years, sometimes thought as a

child and acted as a child, yet do his illustrious works declare how

precious was he in the eyes of Him who was for us born a child.  And on

a certain day, the winter then freezing everything, the boy Patrick,

being engaged in their sports with boys of his own age, gathered many

pieces of ice in his bosom, and bore them home, and cast them down in

the court-yard; but his nurse, seeing this, said to him that it were

better he had collected wood for the hearth than have played with

pieces of ice.  And the boy, speaking with the tongue of an aged man,

answered unto her: "It is easy for the Lord, who created all things,

even from these to supply the hearth; and at His nod, so that faith be

not wanting, it is easy for fire to prevail over water; and that thou

mayest know," said he, "how possible are all things to them who

believe, thy faith shall be an eye-witness of that which I say unto

thee."  And he heaped together the pieces of ice, like brands for the

fire, and he prayed, and, making the sign of the cross, he breathed on

them, and immediately fire went forth, and, lighting the ice, produced

long streams of flame; yet not only did the hearth give warmth to all

who came near, but it ministered much cause of admiration, for out of

the mouth of the boy Patrick was seen to issue flame instead of breath,

that he might plainly appear to be illuminated within by the infinite

light of the divine grace.  Nor does this miracle much fall short of

that ancient miracle which the Scripture records to have been performed

by Nehemias; for when he brought back into the land of Juda the people

of the Hebrews after their long captivity, restored to freedom by

Cyrus, the King of Persia, he commanded the place to be searched out

wherein their fathers had hidden the fire of the sacrifice; in which,

when discovered, the fire was not found, but thick water; the which

Nehemias commanded to be brought, and the sacrifice to be sprinkled

therewith; and immediately a great fire was kindled, and it consumed

the holocaust and burned the hard stones.  So was the congealed water

burned up by the power of the same fire which, proceeding from water,

did burn to ashes the sacrifice and the stones of the altar.  Therefore

is the strangeness of this miracle to be admired, the holiness of

Patrick to be venerated, and in all these things the power of the

omnipotent God to be adored; and herein by a most evident sign did the

Lord illustrate Saint Patrick, whose preaching afterward inflamed many

that had been frozen in unbelief with the fire of faith and of the

charity of God.







_How the Sister of St. Patrick was healed._


On a certain day the sister of Saint Patrick, the aforementioned

Lupita, being then of good stature, had run about the field, at the

command of her aunt, to separate the lambs from the ewes, for it was

then weaning time, when her foot slipped, and she fell down and smote

her head against a sharp flint, and her forehead was struck with a

grievous wound, and she lay even as dead; and many of the household ran

up, and her kindred and her friends gathered together to comfort the

maiden wounded and afflicted; and her brother came with the rest,

compassionating his sister, but confiding in the divine medicine; for,

drawing near, he raised her, and, touching with his spittle the thumb

of his right hand, he imprinted on her forehead, stained with blood,

the sign of the cross, and forthwith he healed her; yet the scar of the

wound remained as a sign, I think, of the miracle that was performed,

and a proof of the holiness of him who, by his faith in the cross of

Christ, had done this thing.







_How he restored to Life his Foster-Father._


The husband of Saint Patrick's nurse, who had often-times borne him an

infant in his arms, being seized with a sudden death, expired.  And his

wife, with many others of the household, ran thither, and to Patrick,

who was standing nigh, bursting into tears, she thus spake: "Behold, O

Patrick! thy foster-father, the bearer of thine infancy, lieth dead;

show now, therefore, on him thine enlivening virtue, even that which

hath been wont to heal others!"  And the boy of holy disposition,

compassionating the tears of his nurse and the miserable state of his

foster-father, approached him lying there lifeless, and he prayed over

him and blessed him, and signed him on his head and on his breast with

the sign of life, and he embraced him, and raised him up, and restored

him unto her alive and safe.  And all who beheld this miracle gave

praise to God, who worked such works in Patrick.







_Of the Sheep released from the Wolf._


While Saint Patrick was a little boy, his aunt entrusted him with the

care of the sheep, and to these he diligently attended with his

aforementioned sister.  For in that age no reproach was attached to

such employments when the sons of the chief men discharged the duties

of a shepherd; as the patriarch Jacob and his sons truly declared

before Pharao, that they, like their forefathers, were keepers of

sheep; and as the lawgiver Moses and the illustrious King David long

time labored in the shepherd's occupation.  But as the boy Patrick was

one day in the fields with his flock, a wolf, rushing from the

neighboring wood, caught up a ewe-lamb, and carried it away.  Returning

home at evening from the fold, his aunt chided the boy for negligence

or for sloth; yet he, though blushing at the reproof, patiently bore

all her anger, and poured forth his prayers for the restoration of the

ewe-lamb.  In the next morning, when he brought the flock to the

pasture, the wolf ran up, carrying the lamb in his mouth, laid it at

Patrick's feet, and instantly returned to the wood.  And the boy gave

thanks to the Lord, who, as he preserved Daniel from the hungry lions,

so now for his comfort had saved his lamb uninjured from the jaws of

the wolf.







_Of the Cow freed from an Evil Spirit, and Five other Cows restored to



The aunt who had nursed Saint Patrick had many cows, one of which was

tormented with an evil spirit; and immediately the cow became mad, and

tore with her feet, and butted with her horns, and wounded five other

cows, and dispersed the rest of the herd.  And the owners of the herd

lamented the mishap, and the cattle fled from her fury as from the face

of a lion.  But the boy Patrick, being armed with faith, went forward,

and, making the sign of the cross, freed the cow from the vexation of

the evil spirit; then drawing near to the wounded and prostrate cows,

having first prayed, he blessed them and restored them all even to

their former health.  And the cow, being released from the evil spirit,

well knowing her deliverer, approached with bended head, licking the

feet and the hands of the boy, and turned every beholder to the praise

of God and the veneration of Patrick.







_Of the Water turned into Honey, and of his Nurse restored to Health._


The nurse of Saint Patrick, being oppressed with illness, longed much

for honey, by the taste whereof she trusted that her health might be

restored.  It was sought by all who stood round her, but obtained not;

and when she was told thereof, she longed so much the more earnestly

for that which she could not have, and complained that she was

remembered and assisted of none.  But her young charge, the illustrious

boy Patrick, was grieved for her, and, putting his trust in the Lord,

he commanded that a vessel might be filled with fresh water from the

fountain, and brought unto him; and he bended his knees in prayer, and,

rising, blessed it with the sign of the cross, and gave it to the woman

desiring honey.  And immediately the water was changed into the best

honey; and the woman tasted, and her soul was satisfied, and she was

relieved from her infirmity.  Thus did Patrick change water into honey

in the name of Him who, at Cana in Galilee, changed water into wine.







_How the Fort was Cleansed._


On a certain promontory overhanging the aforementioned town of Empthor

was erected a fort, the ruins of whose walls may yet be traced.  And

the governor thereof had reduced the nurse of Saint Patrick under the

yoke of slavery, and compelled her to be a servant unto him.  And among

other servile works enjoined to her, he had commanded her to clean with

shovels all the offices within the fort, and to carry forth the soil

from the stables.  But the woman, having an ingenuous mind, and

understanding that all power was from God, and that all things were

ordained of God, made of her necessity a virtue, and patiently bore the

servitude imposed on her.  Then the boy Patrick, compassionating his

nurse's affliction, besought the Lord that he would vouchsafe to set

her free from the labor of this servile work; and behold, as he prayed,

all the dwelling-places therein were cleansed without an human hand,

and neither within nor without could any remains of the soil be found.

And the governor and all who saw or heard this miracle marvelled; and

the nurse was released from slavery through the merits of her

foster-child.  Nor is this miracle beheld only at stated seasons, or

once in every year; for even to this day does it appear to be

continued.  And the dwellers and the neighbors bear witness that if

within the precincts of the fort as many cattle as the place could hold

were gathered to abide there together, not even the least portion of

soil could therein be found.  And the place, being in the Valley of

Clud, is called in the language of that people Dunbreatan--that is, the

Mountain of the Britons; and the miracle cannot be unknown to those who

desire to be informed thereof, inasmuch as so often it is published

abroad by all the dwellers in that country.







_Of the Religious Conversation of Saint Patrick._


And the boy Patrick grew up precious in the sight of the Lord, in the

old age of wisdom, and in the ripeness of virtue.  And the number of

his merits multiplied beyond the number of his years; the affluence of

all holy charities overflowed in the breast of the boy, and all the

virtues met together made their dwelling in his youthful body.

Entering, therefore, and going forward in the slippery paths of youth,

he held his feet from falling, and the garment that nature had woven

for him, unknowing of a stain, he preserved whole, abiding a virgin in

the flesh and in the spirit.  And although the divine unction had

taught him above all, the fit time being now come, he was sent from his

parents to be instructed in sacred learning.  Therefore he applied his

mind to the study of letters, but chiefly to psalms and to hymns and to

spiritual songs, and retaining them in his memory, and continually

singing them to the Lord; so that even from the flower of his first

youth he was daily wont to sing devoutly unto God the whole psaltery,

and from the vial of his most pure heart to pour forth the odor of many

prayers.  Thus wearing out his tender body in fastings, in many

watchings, and in the pious exercise of holy labors, he offered up

himself a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God; and thus

passing his days in the flesh, against the flesh, and above the flesh,

in his conversation he represented an angel.







_How Saint Patrick was Carried into Ireland._


As, according to the testimony of Holy Writ, the furnace tries gold and

the fire of tribulation proves the just, so did the hour of his trial

draw near to Patrick, that he might the more provedly receive the crown

of life.  For when the illustrious boy had perlustrated three lustres,

already attaining his sixteenth year, he was, with many of his

countrymen, seized by the pirates who were ravaging those borders, and

was made captive and carried into Ireland, and was there sold as a

slave to a certain pagan prince named Milcho, who reigned in the

northern part of the island, even at the same age in which Joseph is

recorded to have been sold into Egypt.  But Joseph, being sold as a

slave, and being after his humiliation exalted, received power and

dominion over all Egypt.  Patrick, after his servitude and his

affliction, obtained the primacy of the especial and spiritual dominion

of Ireland.  Joseph refreshed with corn the Egyptians oppressed by

famine; Patrick, in process of time, fed with the salutary food of the

Christian faith the Irish perishing under idolatry.  To each was

affliction sent for the profit of his soul, as is the flail to the

grain, the furnace to the gold, the file to the iron, the wine-press to

the grape, and the oil-press to the olive.  Therefore it was that

Patrick, at the command of the forementioned prince, was appointed to

the care of the swine, and under his care the herd became fruitful and

exceedingly multiplied.  From whence it may well be learned that as the

master's substance is often increased and improved by the attention of

a diligent and fortunate servant or steward, so, on the other hand, is

it reduced and injured under an idle or unprosperous hand.  But the

holy youth, heartily embracing in his soul the judgments of the Lord,

made of his necessity a virtue, and, having in his office of a

swineherd obtained solitude, worked out his own salvation.  For he

abode in the mountains, and in the woods, and in the caves of the

wilderness, and having leisure for prayer, and knowing how kind was the

Lord, freely and more freely did he pour forth the incense of his

supplications in the presence of the Most High; and an hundred times in

the day and an hundred times in the night did he on his bended knees

adore his Creator, and often did he pray for a long time fasting, and,

nourishing himself with the roots of herbs and with the lightest food,

did he mortify his members which were stretched upon the earth.  Nor

him could heat, nor cold, nor snow, nor hail, nor ice, nor any other

inclemency of the air compel from his spiritual exercises.  Therefore

went he forward daily increasing and confirming himself more strong in

the faith and love of Christ Jesus; and the more weak and infirm he

appeared, so much the steadier and more powerful was he in fulfilling

the commands of the Lord.







_Of Milcho's Dream, and of its Interpretation._


And Milcho beheld a vision in the night; and behold, Patrick entered

his palace as all on fire, and the flames issuing from his mouth, and

from his nose, and from his eyes, and from his ears, seemed to burn

him.  But Milcho repelled from himself the flaming hair of the boy, nor

did it prevail to touch him any nearer; but the flame, being spread,

turned aside to the right, and, catching on his two little daughters

who were lying in one bed, burned them even to ashes; then the south

wind, blowing strongly, dispersed their ashes over many parts of

Ireland.  And Milcho, awaking, meditated with himself on his couch what

prodigy might this remote vision portend.  On the morrow, Patrick being

called before him, he declared unto him his dream, entreating and

abjuring him that if he knew he would unfold its interpretation.  And

Patrick, being filled with the grace of the Holy Spirit, answered unto

Milcho: "The fire which thou sawest to issue from me is the faith of

the Holy Trinity, with which I am entirely illumined, and which I shall

endeavor to preach unto thee; but my speech will find in thee no place,

for thou wilt, in the blindness of thine heart, repel from thee the

light of the divine grace, and thou wilt die in the darkness of thy

unbelief; but thy daughters shall at my preaching believe in the true

God, and, all the days of their lives serving God in holiness and in

justice, shall, in a pious end, rest in the Lord; and their ashes, that

is, their relics, the Lord revealing them and making of them signs,

shall be carried into many places through Ireland, and shall give the

blessing of health to many who are infirm; and thy dream is true, and

its interpretation is true, and all shall be fulfilled in due time."

Thus having said, Patrick departed to his accustomed labor; and all

these things happened unto Milcho and unto his daughters even as

Patrick had foretold.







_Of the Angel Victor appearing to Saint Patrick._


And six years had now passed when, under the direction of the Lord, he

had thoroughly learned the Irish tongue, and with prayers and with

tears he unceasingly besought of God that he might be released from

slavery and restored to his country.  And on a certain day appeared

unto him, while praying, an angel of the Lord, standing on the crag of

an overhanging rock, and announcing that his prayers and his fastings

had ascended as a memorial before God; and the angel added thereto that

he should soon cast from his neck the yoke of servitude, and, after a

prosperous voyage, return to his own parents.  And the servant of God

looked on the angel of God, and, conversing with him face to face

familiarly, even as with a friend, asked who he was, and by what name

was he called.  And the heavenly messenger answered that he was the

ministering spirit of the Lord, sent into the world to minister unto

them who have the heritage of salvation; that he was called Victor, and

especially deputed to the care of him, and he promised to be his

helpmate and his assistant in doing all things.  And although it is not

needful that heavenly spirits should be called by human names, yet the

angel, being beautifully clothed with an human form composed of the

air, called himself Victor, for that he had received from Christ, the

most victorious King, the power of vanquishing and binding the powers

of the air and the princes of darkness; who had also given to his

servants made of the potter's clay the power of treading on serpents

and scorpions, and of vanquishing and bruising Satan.  And in their

mutual colloquy the angel showed unto Patrick an opening in the ground

that had been delved up by the swine, and therein he directed him to

look for gold with which he might redeem himself from the hands of his

cruel master; and he added that a ship to carry him over to Britain was

ready in a harbor two hundred miles distant, and which, by the divine

will, could not have a favorable wind until he should arrive.  And the

vision of the angel, thus saying, disappeared, and his speech ended;

and, as the inhabitants assert, the marks of his feet appear even to

this day imprinted on the rock in the Mountain Mis, in the borders of

Dalnardia; and an oratory is erected there in honor of St. Patrick,

wherein the devotion of the faithful is wont to watch and pray.







_How St. Patrick was Redeemed from Slavery._


And Patrick went to the place which the angel had pointed out unto him,

and he found therein no small weight of gold.  Wherefore he addressed

for his ransom his hard and cruel master, and with the offering of the

yellow metal induced his mind, greedy of gold, to grant unto him his

freedom.  Therefore, being by the aid of Mammon solemnly released from

his servitude, he went his way rejoicing, and hastened toward the sea,

desiring to return to his own country.  But Milcho repented that he had

dismissed a servant so very necessary unto him, and, falsifying his

agreement, pursued Patrick that he might bring him back and reduce him

to his former slavery, as Pharao pursued the Hebrews.  But by the

divine will, wandering both in his mind and in his course, he found not

him whom he sought.  Foiled, therefore, in his attempt, he returned

with grief and with shame.  And his sorrow was much increased, for that

not only Patrick, having obtained his freedom, had escaped, but the

gold which was the price of his freedom, on returning home, he found

not.  And with this the law accords; for to him who has served six

years in slavery, the law directs that in the seventh year shall his

freedom be restored.







_How he Relieved those who were Perishing of Hunger._


And Saint Patrick, guided by his angelic guide, came unto the sea, and

he there found the ship that was to carry him to Britain, and a crew of

heathens who were in the ship freely received him, and, hoisting their

sails with a favorable wind, after three days they made land.  And

being come out of the ship, they found a region desert and inhabited of

none, and they began to travel over the whole country for the space of

twenty-four days; and for the want of food in that fearful and wide

solitude were they perishing of hunger.  And Patrick, through their

whole journey, was preaching unto those pagans the Word of God, and

disputing with them and persuading them unto the faith of the Holy

Trinity and the kingdom of heaven; but they, even as the deaf adder

that listens not to the voice of the charmer charming wisely, closed

their ears against the Word of God until misery gave them understanding

to hear.  For hunger yet more heavily assailing and oppressing them,

the greater part are said to have thus spoken: "Behold, O worshipper of

Christ! how wretched are we with want and misery, and our eyes fail us

for every need; now, therefore, implore for us thy God, whom thou

describes! and exaltest as all-powerful, that His bounty may relieve

us, and we will adore and glorify His greatness."  And Saint Patrick

answered unto them: "Believe in and confess the God who giveth food

unto all flesh, and by whom, when He openeth His hand, ye shall be

satisfied from His goodness."  And he prayed earnestly, and behold, as

he prayed for them, suddenly an herd of swine appeared, and they saw

wild honey, and therewith they were sufficed even to fulness, nor from

that day through their whole journey did ever a supply of food fail

unto them.  And this great miracle being seen, they all gave thanks

unto God and held Saint Patrick in the highest reverence.







_Of his Fast continued for Twenty Days._


And all things succeeding prosperously, and their provision much

abounding, these men soon forgot the Lord who had saved them from the

straitness of hunger, and, ungrateful for the benefits extended unto

them by the divine bounty, they sacrificed of their food to devils, and

not unto God, imitating herein those Samaritans whom the Book of Kings

records to have worshipped God, yet not to have the service of their

idols.  Wherefore it seemed good to Saint Patrick to eat no earthly

food for twenty continual days, and, albeit he was much entreated

thereto, he would in no wise join with them in their meals, lest he

should appear to be contaminated with their sacrifices.  And the power

to endure this abstinence was given unto Patrick by the Lord, who had

theretofore enabled Elias the prophet to fast forty days.







_How he Overcame the Temptation of the Enemy._


The wonderful Ruler of all things, the more he exalts with signs and

with wonders his elect whom he loveth, the more does he, according to

the Apostle, suffer them to fall into divers temptations, that they may

learn and know how to preserve their strength in God, who is their

maker, and trust to nothing in themselves or of themselves.  Wherefore

Patrick, the beloved and the elect of God, is suffered by the divine

will to be grievously tempted of Satan, to increase the confusion of

the tempter and the glory of him who was tempted, and lest he should be

lifted up by the greatness of his miracles or his fastings.  For in the

night season the prince of darkness rushed on him, and oppressed him as

with the weight of a huge stone, and, falling on him, the tempter took

from him all sense and motion, causing to him darkness and heaviness,

and for the space of three days ceased not to torment and lash him

beyond human power to endure.  But the saint in his tribulation cried

unto the Lord, thrice in His name invoking Elias, the prince of

prophets, unto his aid.  And Elias, being sent of the Lord with a great

brightness, freed him from the pressure of the enemy that hemmed him

round, and, wonderfully illumining him both within and without,

refreshed the powers of his limbs and his senses.  And the enemy of

mankind, being put to confusion, was compelled to own himself

vanquished by Patrick, and that ever after he could have no power to

prevail against him.







_How he was again made Captive, and released by the Miracle of the



But Patrick, departing from the company of his fellow-travellers that

he might prove how many are the tribulations of the just through which

they must enter into the kingdom of heaven, fell into the hands of

strangers, by whom he was taken and detained; and while his spirit was

afflicted within him, the Father of mercies and God of all consolation

sent the angel Victor in the wonted manner to comfort him, promising

that in a short time he should be released from the hands of his

captors; and how truly was made the angelic promise did its speedy

fulfilment show, which followed even in the space of two months; for

the barbarians sold him to a certain man in the neighborhood for a

kettle--how small a purchase for so precious a merchandise!  But when

the vessel that had been bought with such a price was filled with

water, and placed as usual on the hearth to dress their victual, behold

it received no heat; and so much the hotter the fire burned, so much

the colder did it become; and fuel being heaped thereon, the flame

raged without, but the water within was frozen, as if ice had been

placed under instead of fire.  And they labored exceedingly thereat;

but their labor was vain, and the rumor went everywhere through the

country; and the purchaser, thinking it to have been done by

enchantment, returned his kettle to the seller, and took Patrick again

into his own power.  And the vessel thereon received the heat, and did

its accustomed office even naturally, and showed to all that this

miracle happened because Patrick had been unjustly oppressed; and

forthwith they who had taken him let him go free.  Thus, by the

heavenly power being released from the hands of strange children, was

he, after his long captivity, restored to his parents; and they,

beholding him, rejoiced with exceeding great joy, and at the return of

their son did their spirits revive as the spirits of one awakening from

a heavy sleep, and they besought of him, with entreaty of many prayers

and the abundance of many tears, that he would not again bereave them

of his presence.  Therefore, that he might show the honor and the

submission due unto his parents, he abided with them certain days.







_Of Saint Patrick's Vision._


And a short space of time being passed, the while he was settled in his

lather's house, he beheld in a vision of the night a man of comely garb

and countenance, bearing many letters as if from Ireland, and holding

out to him one of them for him to read--which taking, he read, and

found therein thus written: "THIS IS THE VOICE OF THE IRISH."  But when

he would have continued to read, he seemed in the spirit to hear the

Irish infants which were yet unborn crying unto him with a loud voice,

"O holy youth Patrick! we beseech thee come unto us, and abide with us,

and release us!"  And Patrick, being pierced therewith in his heart,

could not finish the letter; but awaking, he gave infinite thanks to

God, for he was assured by the vision that the Lord had set him apart,

even from his mother's womb, had by His grace called him to convert and

to save the Irish nation, which seemed to desire his presence among

them.  And on this he consulted the angel of great counsel, and through

the angel Victor he received the divine command that, quitting his

father and his country, he should go unto France, there to learn the

doctrine and the discipline of the Christian faith.







_How he dwelt with the blessed Germanus, and how he received the Habit

from Saint Martin._


Being thus instructed and directed of heaven, though both his parents

resisted and would have detained him, he, with the faithful Abraham,

quitted his country, his kindred, and his father's house, and, passing

through his native Britain, he went into France.  And lest his labor

should be fruitless, or that he might not attempt to teach what he had

not thoroughly learned, he attached himself to the blessed Bishop

Germanus, and, for his greater progress in the Christian faith and

learning, abided with him for the space of eighteen years, reading and

imbibing the Holy Scriptures (as in the acts of the blessed Germanus is

recorded).  And each had received the divine command--Patrick that he

should abide with Germanus, and the holy bishop that he should retain

and instruct the youth.  For he was a prelate, in his descent, in his

nobility, in his life, in his learning, in his office, and in his

miracles most illustrious; and from him the several degrees of the holy

orders, and at length the sacerdotal dignity according to the canons,

did Patrick receive.  With the like purpose did he some time abide with

the blessed Martin, Archbishop of Tours, who was the uncle of his

mother, Conquessa.  And as this holy luminary of the priesthood was a

monk, he gave to his nephew, Patrick, the monastic habits and rules,

the which he most devoutly assumed, and adorned by his life, and

persevered therein.  And bidding farewell, they departed the one from

the other, forasmuch as Martin was enjoined by the angel to go into a

certain island.  And Saint Patrick, returning to the blessed Germanus,

remained with him many days.







_Of the Flesh-meat changed into Fishes._


But Patrick, having now become a monk, forgetting all things that were

past, applied to the future, and, as if little accounting his former

conversation, hastened to the height of perfection.  For by incredible

abstinence, by his lengthened fasts, and by the exercise of his other

virtues, he afflicted himself, and continually bore in his heart and on

his body the mortification of that cross which his habit displayed.

But the most high Pastor, who intended to raise him to the head of the

holy Church, that he might learn to think humbly of himself, to walk

with the lowly, and to bear with the weak, permitting him to feel his

own inferiority; so that the more deeply he was fixed on the foundation

of true humility, the more firmly he might stand in the height of

perfection.  For a desire of eating meat came upon him, until, being

ensnared and carried away by his desire, he obtained swine's flesh, and

concealed it in a certain vessel, thinking rightly that he might thus

satisfy his appetite privily, which should he openly do he would become

to his brethren a stone of offence and a stumbling-block of reproach.

And he had not long quitted the place when, lo! one stood before him

having eyes before and eyes behind, whom when Patrick beheld, having

his eyes so wonderfully, even so monstrously, placed, he marvelled who

he was, and what meant his eyes fixed before and fixed behind, did

earnestly ask; and he answered, I am the servant of God.  With the eyes

fixed in my forehead I behold the things that are open to view, and

with the eyes that are fixed in the hinder part of my head I behold a

monk hiding flesh-meat in a vessel, that he may satisfy his appetite

privily.  This he said, and immediately disappeared.  But Patrick,

striking his breast with many strokes, cast himself to the earth, and

watered it with such a shower of tears as if he had been guilty of all

crimes; and while he thus lay on the ground, mourning and weeping, the

angel Victor, so often before mentioned, appeared to him in his wonted

form, saying, Arise, let thine heart be comforted; for the Lord hath

put away thine offence, and henceforward avoid backsliding.  Then St.

Patrick, rising from the earth, utterly renounced and abjured the

eating of flesh-meat, even through the rest of his life; and he humbly

besought the Lord that He would manifest unto him His pardon by some

evident sign.  Then the angel bade Patrick to bring forth the hidden

meats, and put them into water; and he did as the angel bade; and the

flesh-meats, being plunged into the water and taken thereout,

immediately became fishes.  This miracle did St. Patrick often relate

to his disciples, that they might restrain the desire of their

appetites.  But many of the Irish, wrongfully understanding this

miracle, are wont, on St. Patrick's Day, which always falls in the time

of Lent, to plunge flesh-meats into water, when plunged in to take out,

when taken out to dress, when dressed to eat, and call them fishes of

St. Patrick.  But hereby every religious man will learn to restrain his

appetite, and not to eat meat at forbidden seasons, little regarding

what ignorant and foolish men are wont to do.







_How in his Journey to Rome he Found the Staff of Jesus._


And being desirous that his journey and all his acts should by the

apostolic authority be sanctioned, he was earnest to travel unto the

city of Saint Peter, and there more thoroughly to learn the canonical

institutes of the holy Roman Church.  And when he had unfolded his

purpose unto Germanus, the blessed man approved thereof, and associated

unto him that servant of Christ, Sergecius the presbyter, as the

companion of his journey, the solace of his labor, and the becoming

testimony of his holy conversation.  Proceeding, therefore, by the

divine impulse, or by the angelic revelation, he went out of his course

unto a solitary man who lived in an island in the Tuscan Sea; and the

solitary man was pure in his life, and he was of great desert and

esteemed of all, and in his name and in his works he was Just; and

after their holy greetings were passed, this man of God gave unto

Patrick a staff which he declared himself to have received from the

hands of the Lord Jesus.


And there were in the island certain other solitary men, who lived

apart from him, some of whom appeared to be youths, and others decrepit

old men, with whom when Patrick had conversed, he learned that the

oldest of them were the sons of the youths; and when Saint Patrick,

marvelling, enquired of them the cause of so strange a miracle, they

answered unto him, saying: "We from our childhood were continually

intent on works of charity, and our door was open to every traveller

who asked for victual or for lodging in the name of Christ, when on a

certain night we received a stranger having in his hand a staff; and we

showed unto him so much kindness as we could, and in the morning he

blessed us, and said, I am Jesus Christ, unto whose members ye have

hitherto ministered, and whom ye have last night entertained in His own

person.  Then the staff which He bore in His hand gave He unto yonder

man of God, our spiritual father, commanding him that he should

preserve it safely, and deliver it unto a certain stranger named

Patrick, who would, after many days were passed, come unto him.  Thus

saying, He ascended into heaven; and ever since we have continued in

the same youthful state, but our sons, who were then infants, have, as

thou seest, become decrepit old men."


And Patrick, giving thanks unto God, abided with the man of God certain

days, profiting in God by his example yet more and more; at length he

bade him farewell, and went on his way with the staff of Jesus, which

the solitary man had proffered unto him.  O excellent gift! descending

from the Father of light, eminent blessing, relief of the sick, worker

of miracles, mercy sent of God, support of the weary, protection of the

traveller!  For as the Lord did many miracles by the rod in the hand of

Moses, leading forth the people of the Hebrews out of the land of

Egypt, so by the staff that had been formed for His own hands was He

pleased, through Patrick, to do many and great wonders to the

conversion of many nations.  And the staff is held in much veneration

in Ireland, and even unto this day it is called the staff of Jesus.







_How he Journeyed unto Rome, and was made a Bishop; and of Palladius,

the Legate of Ireland._


The God of our salvation having prospered Patrick's journey, he arrive

at the city which is the capital of the world; and often, with due

devotion, visiting the memorials of the apostles and the martyrs, he

obtained the notice and the friendship of the chief Pontiff, and found

favor in his sight.  In the apostolic chair then sat Pope Celestine, of

that name the first, but from the blessed Apostle Peter the

forty-third; but he, keeping Saint Patrick with him, and finding him

perfect and approved in faith, in learning, and in holiness, at length

consecrated him a bishop, and determined to send him to the conversion

of the Irish nation.  But Celestine had sent before him, for the sake

of preaching in Ireland, another doctor named Palladius, his

archdeacon, to whom, with his coadjutors, he gave many books, the two

Testaments, with the relics of the Apostles Peter and Paul and of

numberless martyrs; and the Irish not listening to, but rather

obstinately opposing, Palladius in his mission, he quitted their

country, and, going towards Rome, died in Britain, near the borders of

the Picts; yet, while in Scotland, converting some to the faith of

Christ, he baptized them and founded three churches built of oak, in

which he left as prelates his disciples Augustine, Benedict, Sylvester,

and Sulomus, with the parchments and the relics of the saints which he

had collected.  To him with more profitable labor did Saint Patrick

succeed, as is said in the Irish proverb, "Not to Palladius, but to

Patrick, the Lord vouchsafed the conversion of Ireland."  And the Pope,

being certified of Palladius's death, immediately gave to Patrick the

command, which hitherto, keeping more secret counsel, he had delayed,

to proceed on his journey and on the salutary work of his legation.







_How he Saw and Saluted the Lord._


And shortly after he had received the episcopal dignity, the angel

Victor appeared unto him, then abiding in Rome, and commanded him that

he should hasten his journey into Ireland, that he might gain unto

Christ the people of that country, as the Lord had willed.  But

Patrick, judging himself to be unequal to such a work and to such a

labor, answered that he could not and would not attempt it unless he

should first behold and salute the Lord.  Therefore was he conducted by

the angel unto the mountain Morion, bordering on the Tuscan Sea, nigh

unto the city of Capua; and there, even as Moses, did he merit to

behold and salute the Lord, according to his earnest desire.  Who, I

pray you, can estimate in his mind the merit of Patrick?  What tongue

can sufficiently praise him to whom, while yet living on earth, it was

given to behold the King of Glory, whom the angels desire to behold

face to face, and who was permitted to declare unto men what he had

been taught from the lips of the Most Highest?  And the Lord promised

unto Patrick that He would hear his prayers, and that He would be his

assistant in all his acts to be done by him.  Therefore, being by the

vision and by the divine colloquy strengthened unto the ministry

enjoined to him of heaven and confided to him by our lord the Pope, he

vehemently longed to complete the same, and speeded his journey toward

Ireland with twenty men deputed unto his assistance by the Sovereign

Pontiff, and who were renowned for their lives and for their wisdom.

Yet turned he out of his way unto the blessed Germanus, from whom he

received chalices, and priestly vestments, and many books, and other

matters unto the divine worship and ministry pertaining.







_Of the Miraculous Voyage of the Leper._


When the blessed Patrick, speeding his journey toward Ireland; was

about to embark with his disciples at a British port, a certain leper

standing on the shore met the holy man, beseeching in the name of the

Lord Jesus that he would carry him over in his ship.  The man of God,

abounding with the bowels of compassion, listened to the prayers of the

poor leper; but the sailors and the others that were of the ship

forbade him, saying that the vessel was already enough loaded, and that

_he_ would be to them all at once an encumbrance and a horror.  Then

the saint, confiding in the power of the divine mercy, cast into the

sea an altar of stone that had been consecrated and given to him by the

Pope, and on which he had been wont to celebrate the holy mysteries,

and caused the leper to sit thereon.  But the pen trembles to relate

what, through the divine power, happened.  The stone thus loaded was

borne upon the waters, guided by Him, the head-stone of the corner,

and, diverse from its nature, floating along with the ship, held

therewith an equal course, and at the same moment touched at the same

shore.  All, then, having happily landed, and the altar being found

with its freight, the voice of praise and thanksgiving filled the lips

of the holy prelate, and he reproved his disciples and the sailors for

their unbelief and hardness of heart, endeavoring to soften their stony

hearts into hearts of flesh, even to the exercising the works of








_How he beheld Devils._


And when the saint with his people drew nigh unto the shore, he beheld

a multitude of devils gathered together in the form of a globe,

surrounding the whole island, and setting themselves against him even

as a wall to defend their own citadel and to oppose his entrance.  But

his heart was not moved, nor did he tremble at the presence of these

deformed ones, knowing that there were many with him more powerful than

with them, even unto his triumph and their overthrow.  Therefore stood

he fixed in faith as Mount Sion, because mountains of angels were

around him, and the Lord encompassed His servant great and mighty unto

the battle.  And the holy prelate, knowing that all those enemies were

to be quelled by him through the virtue of the cross of Christ, raised

his sacred right hand, and made the sign of the cross, and, telling

unto his people what he beheld, and confirming them in the faith,

unhurt and unterrified passed he over.  Thus clothed with strength from

on high, mightily did he exercise the armor of the power of God to the

overturning of the powers of the air, who raised themselves against all

height and against the wisdom of the Lord, being always ready to punish

their disobedience and their rebellion, as will more plainly in the

following chapters appear.







_Of the River sentenced to perpetual Sterility._


The man of God landed with the companions of his voyage within the

borders of Leinster, in the port of Innbherde, where a river flowing

into the sea then abounded with many fishes.  And the fishermen were

quitting the water, and drawing after them to the bank their loaded

nets, when the servants of the holy prelate, being wearied with their

travel and with hunger, earnestly besought that they would bestow on

them some of their fishes; but they, barbarous, brutal, and inhuman,

answered the entreaty, not only with refusal, but with insult.  Whereat

the saint, being displeased, pronounced on them this sentence, even his

malediction: that the river should no longer produce fishes, from the

abundance of which idolaters might send empty away the worshippers of

the true God.  From that day, therefore, is the river condemned to

unfruitfulness, so that the sentence uttered by the mouth of Patrick

might be known to proceed from the face of the Lord.







_How the Dry Land was turned into a Marsh._


And going forward, he arrived at a place which was called Aonach

Tailltion, and there he made ready to refresh himself and his people,

and to announce the office of his ministry.  But the idolatrous

inhabitants, not enduring the presence of the man of God, gathered

together and violently drove him thence, as the light of the sun is

intolerable to the weak-eyed.  Yet the God whom Patrick bore about him,

and glorified in his body, permitted not that an affront offered unto

His servant for the sake of His name should go unpunished; but quickly

did he bring on them his deserved wrath, inasmuch as for the wickedness

of them who dwelt therein the Lord converted their fruitful land into a

salt marsh; and the sea, with the foreflowing of an unwonted tide,

covered it, and, that it might even for ever be unhabitable, changed

the dry land into a plashy lake.  Then the saint, going unto a small

island not far from the main shore, abided there certain days, and it

is called unto this time Saint Patrick's Island.







_Of his coming into Ulidia, and of the Prophecy of the Magicians on his



And the blessed Patrick, embarking with his people, steered toward the

northern parts of the island, that he might overcome the northern

enemy, and expel him from those hearts where he had fixed his seat.

And the north wind fell, and the south wind arose, that he might go

into the quarters of the north, and plant therein the garden of the

Lord, breathing sweet odors; and the desire had come into his mind to

bring unto the knowledge of truth the king, Milcho, who was yet living,

to whom he had formerly been a servant, and to make him a servant of

the true King, whose service is a kingdom.  But forasmuch as the ways

of man are not in his own power, but as his steps are directed of the

Lord, he landed on the coast of Ulidia, that the vessels of mercy might

there be gathered together.  But Patrick being come forth on the dry

land, a multitude of heathens met him who were waiting and expecting

his coming; for the magicians and soothsayers, either by divination or

by prophecy, had foreknown that the island would be converted by the

preaching of Patrick, and had long before predicted his arrival in

these words: "One shall arrive here, having his head shaven in a

circle, bearing a crooked staff, and his table shall be in the eastern

part of his house, and his people shall stand behind him, and he shall

sing forth from his table wickedness, and all his household shall

answer, So be it! so be it!  And this man, when he cometh, shall

destroy our gods, and overturn their temples and their altars, and he

shall subdue unto himself the kings that resist him, or put them unto

death, and his doctrine shall reign for ever and ever."  Nor let it

seem strange or incredible that if the Lord inspired or even permitted

the magicians should thus foretell the arrival and the several acts of

Saint Patrick, since the soothsayer Balaam and the King Nabuchodonosor

plainly prophesied the coming of Christ, and since the devils that bore

testimony to the Son of God.  But when they said that he should from

his table sing forth wickedness, evidently doth it appear that he who

never stood on the truth, but who from the beginning was a liar and the

father of lies, did in his blasphemy utter these things through their








_How a Fierce Dog was suddenly Tamed; of the Conversion of Dichu; and

how a Fountain rose out of the Earth._


But the chief King of Ireland, named Leogaire, the son of Neyll,

recollecting the prophecy, gave command unto his subjects that as soon

as Patrick should land they should forthwith expel him from the

country.  And the saint, being then in the harbor called Innbherslan,

went alone out of the ship, and immediately the people, infidel and

dog-like in their manners, excited a very fierce dog to bite him even

unto death.  But the dog, being at the sight of the man of God entirely

stiffened like a stone, stood fixed and without motion, plainly showing

that the worshippers of stones were like unto the gods which they

worshipped.  The which, when a certain man named Dichu, who was

powerful of strength, gigantic of stature, and savage of mind, beheld,

he brandished his sword to destroy the saint.  But the Lord interposed

His protecting arm, and all his strength withered in him, and he

entirely stiffened, so that he could move neither his foot to go

forward nor his hand to strike.  And he, experiencing in himself such a

miracle, suddenly is changed into another man, and from proud becoming

humble, mild from fierce, from an infidel a believer, he is, with all

his household, at the preaching of Patrick, baptized in the Christian

faith.  Thus he who had been in that country its first and principal

opposer became its first professor, and even to his latest age

continued its most devoted follower.  And as his soul was loosed from

the chains of sin, so were his limbs loosed from their heaviness, and

all their strength was restored unto him.  Behold, therefore, the

miracle which the Book of Kings relates to have been formerly wrought

on Jeroboam did Patrick more profitably renew on Dichu; for when that

king was sacrificing unto idols, and stretched out his hand to seize on

the prophet who was reproving him, forthwith his arm stiffened, which

on his repentance the prophet healed, yet did not he when healed

forsake his error; but Dichu, for the increase and for the evidence of

his devotion toward his new faith, gave unto Saint Patrick the place

wherein this miracle had been declared, to erect thereon a new church.


In this place, at the request of Dichu (but for what cause I know not),

did the saint build the church, having its aspect against the north,

and looking toward the southern point.  Perchance that by this mystical

structure the worshippers of idols might be persuaded from the northern

coldness of unbelief unto the meridian fervor of the faith and the

charity of Christ--the which to this day is called Sabhall Phadruig,

that is, the Barn of Patrick; for in process of time he builded there a

fair monastery, into which he introduced monks that had passed their

novitiate; and for their use he not long afterward, by his prayers,

produced a fountain out of the earth.  Of this monastery did he appoint

his disciple, Saint Dunnius, to be the abbot, wherein when he had

returned from his mission, he abided with him not a few days.







_Of the Evil-doer Swallowed up by the Earth._


And in that church the holy prelate stood before the altar on a certain

day, celebrating the divine mysteries, when an evil-doer, a bondsman of

Satan, thrusting with accursed boldness a rod through the window,

overturned the chalice, and sacrilegiously poured out on the altar the

holy sacrifice.  But the Lord instantly and terribly avenged this

fearful wickedness, and in a new and unheard-of manner destroyed the

impious man.  For suddenly the earth, opening her mouth (as formerly on

Dathan and Abiron), swallowed up this magician, and he descended alive

into hell.  And the earth, thus disjoined and rent asunder, closed on

him again; but to this day a ditch yet remaining declareth the judgment

of the divine wrath.  But the holy sacrificer, being struck with

sorrow, mourned with heavy mourning over the chalice that had been

filled; and the chalice, with the divine sacrifice entire therein,

stood erect before him, being raised by the divine Power, nor did any

trace of the offering remain to be seen.







_Of the Aged Man restored unto his Youth._


And Dichu had a brother named Rius, far advanced in years and in

unbelief, the tabernacle of whose body, for very age, was bending unto

the grave; and this man heavily grieved for the death of the magician

and for the conversion of his brother.  And his wisdom was wholly of

this world, and he believed in no life but the present life; for he

thought that he had lost his brother, who, believing in Christ, labored

with all his strength after the glory to come, which he had revealed to

his followers.  Therefore for many days he opposed and troubled

Patrick, and strove to stop his mouth, lest he should spread abroad the

Word of God, and increase the number of the believers.  But the saint,

desiring to gain him unto Christ, met him with true and lively

arguments, persuading him from the very kinds and natures of all

created things to believe that God was the Creator of all; and, that he

might the more thoroughly lead him into the way of truth, he promised

unto him a miracle, saying, "Now that the power of all thy limbs and of

all thy senses fail thee, and are nearly dead, and that thy life is

almost gone from thee, if Christ should restore unto thee the strength

of the grace of thy early youth, wouldst thou not be bound of right to

believe in Him?"  And the man answered: "If thou canst through Christ

perform on me such a miracle, forthwith will I believe in him."  Then

Saint Patrick prayed, and, laying his hand on him, he blessed him, and

immediately he became beautiful and strong, and flourished again as in

his early youth.  And great marvel seized on all who witnessed this

miracle, and their mouths were opened to the praise of Christ and to

the veneration of Saint Patrick.







_Of the Death of Rius._


And Rius, being renewed outwardly in his body and inwardly in his

spirit, brought with him his three brothers, and came with very many to

be purified at the healing font.  And after these things, Saint

Patrick, observing him to be thoroughly freed from sin, and knowing how

sin besets the slippery path of human life, inspired of the Holy

Spirit, said unto him: "Choose, now, whether in this valley of tears,

this world of tribulation and sorrow, shall thy years be prolonged, or

whether, the misery of this life being instantly ended, thou wilt be

carried up by the angels of light, and enter into the joy of the Lord

thy God."  But he, trusting that he should behold the mercies of the

Lord in the land of eternal life, answered: "I choose, and I desire to

be dissolved, and to be with Christ for ever, rather than to continue

in the habitations of sinners."  And he received the sacrament from the

hands of the holy bishop, and, commending his spirit unto the Lord, he

was brought unto eternal rest.







_Of the Death of Milcho._


But Saint Patrick, confiding his affairs to his beloved Dichu, set

forward to visit Milcho, his former master, even his tormentor; for so

had he long intended in his mind, that by his preaching he might truly

convert unto the infancy of the Christian faith him now grown old in

his evil days.  And Milcho, this man of envious heart, this minister of

death feared lest the preaching of Patrick should penetrate a breast of

stone, and that by his clear and fiery eloquence, or by some

irresistible miracle, he should be compelled to believe.  Therefore

held he it as base and shameful to submit unto the doctrine of one who

had formerly been his servant, and to be bound unto the unused worship

of the Creator rather than his accustomed idolatry.  So when he heard

that the priest of the Most High was approaching, this child of

perdition gathered together all his substance, and cast it into the

fire; and then, throwing himself on the flames, made himself an

holocaust for the infernal demons.  And the holy prelate, beholding

from a neighboring mountain the deadly end of this wicked prince, saw

his soul, in the form of a fiery serpent, plunged into hell; when,

contemplating the infinite depths of the judgments of God, with heavy

tears and sighs uttered he these words: "Of this king, who, lest he

should believe in the Creator of heaven and earth, hath thus doubly

damned himself, the posterity shall not inherit his kingdom, but shall

be bound in servitude that never may be loosed."  And all this came to

pass even according to the word of the man of God, for none of his race

ascended after him to the throne of his kingdom; but in a short time

all his generation quickly perished; from the face of the earth by the

sword or by famine, or by captivity and the lowest servitude.  Thus

visiteth the Lord the sins of the fathers on their children; and thus

is put the axe unto the tree of death, lest it should bring forth

branches of iniquity.  Yet as God is able of stones to raise up sons

unto Abraham, and to produce from thorns roses, the two daughters of

Milcho were, by the inspiration of the Lord and by the preaching of

Patrick, converted unto the faith.  And each, after they were purified

by the healing water, was called Emeria; and they lived a holy and

religious life, and after their deaths they were buried in the place

which is called Cluainbroin, and, as Patrick had long before

prophesied, were celebrated for many miracles.  Then the saint returned

unto the house of Dichu, where he abided not a few days, and by

preaching the Christian faith, and by working signs and miracles, he

profited much people.







_Of the Holy Mochna._


And there was a youth of virtuous disposition named Mochna, and he was

a swine-herd whom Saint Patrick had met near the town of Ereattan while

he was preaching in those parts, and to him, the Spirit having revealed

that he was destined to be a vessel of election, did the saint preach

the way of salvation.  And the youth, even at his first preaching,

believed; and Patrick, when he had baptized him, taught unto him the

alphabet, and, having blessed him, sent him to be instructed in

learning, and went his way.  But the youth, through the divine grace,

learned in one month the whole Psaltery, and, before the year had

ended, arrived he at the knowledge of the Holy Scriptures.  And after

some time Patrick returned to the aforementioned village, and Mochna

met him there.  And while sitting together, they conversed on holy

things; behold, a staff sent from heaven fell between them, and the

head thereof rested on the bosom of Patrick, and the point thereof on

the bosom of Mochna.  And the saint, gratulating the youth on the gift

thus miraculously bestowed, said unto him: "Now, my best-beloved son,

shalt thou know by this pastoral staff that the guardianship of souls

will be committed unto thee."  But he refusing and alleging his

ignorance and the imperfection of his youth, the saint is reported thus

to have said: "Seek not thou to excuse thyself for that thou art a boy,

since unto all those parts whither the Lord sendeth thee shalt thou go;

and what he commandeth unto thee, that shalt thou speak."  Therefore

through the several degrees did Patrick at length consecrate him a

bishop, and placed him over the church of Edrum.  And he profited much

the church of God by his conversation and by his example, and, being

renowned in virtues and in miracles, was called to heaven.  And he was

buried in that church wherein he had worthily served the Lord, and

wherein, adorned with manifold miracles, he had accustomed himself to

live in Christ.  And the staff is in that church still preserved, and

is called by the Irish "the flying staff."  And as Saint Patrick had

advanced this man from the care of swine unto the episcopate, a swine

is yearly taken from that territory, and paid unto the church of Down.







_Of the Hostages of Dichu which were Freed by an Angel._


Leogaire, a man of leonine fierceness, with a high and swelling heart,

rose above himself in the pride of his exploits, for that he seemed to

himself to hold the land by the strength of his arm and the firmness of

his valor.  And he took hostages of all the provincial chiefs bordering

on his kingdom, and among others he held in his power the sons of

Dichu, lest any of them should raise the head to defend themselves, or

the heel to offend him.  For he, being rooted in the errors of

idolatry, strenuously favored the magicians and the soothsayers; and

his neck was stiff and his head was stubborn against the true religion.

But when he understood that Dichu, with all his household and kindred

and people, had turned unto Christ, and renounced the gods of their

country, even the devils, his mind and his eye were inflamed with the

fury of his wrath.  Therefore, being moved in his mind, he gave order

that the hostages of Dichu should be punished in a manner mainly

destructive; for he forbade drink to be given to them, to the end that

they might perish of thirst.  And the Spirit revealed this unto the

saint, and he disclosed it unto Dichu, and advised him to seek from

Leogaire the respite of at least ten days until Patrick should appear

before him.  Yet could he not, as directed by the man of God, obtain

the respite even of one day, but rather did his entreaties more

vehemently blow up the flame, and exasperate the heart of the king with

the fire of fiercer rage, which when the prelate heard he betook

himself to his accustomed arms of prayer; and behold, on the following

night an angel appeared and gave unto them to drink, and satisfied

their thirst.  And from that hour not any suffering of thirst came on

them; and when a few days had passed, at the prayers of the saint, the

angel again appeared, and freed them from their prison-house and from

the power of their enemies.  And from the place wherein they were

confined he bore them through the air, as was formerly the prophet; and

he left one of them in a place in Down, where is now erected the church

of Saint Patrick, and the other on a neighboring hill surrounded by a

marsh of the sea; and he broke asunder the chains wherewith they were

bound, and each place is even to this day, from the broken chains,

called Dun-daleathglas.







_Of Saint Benignus, and of the Prophecy which was made of him._


And the Passover was nigh, the festival of the Christians, whereon the

Life that died, arising from the dead, became the first-fruits of the

resurrection of the dead.  Therefore was it near to the heart of the

holy prelate to solemnize this solemn day, which the Lord had appointed

a day of joyfulness to the dwellers on earth and the dwellers in

heaven, on the fair and spacious plain called Breagh, and there, by

evangelizing the kingdom of God, and baptizing the people of his

conversion, to gather together the elect race unto Christ.  And he

embarked in a vessel, and arrived in a harbor nigh unto this plain,

and, committing the care of the vessel unto his nephew, Saint Lumanus,

he there landed, and went to the mansion of a certain venerable man

named Sesgnen, therein to pass the night.  And he gladly received the

saint, hoping that salvation would be brought unto his house by such a

guest, nor did his hope fail unto him, for when Patrick preached the

word of salvation he and all his household believed and were baptized.

And the venerable man had a son, whom the saint purified with the

healing water, and, taking the name from the occasion, called Benignus;

and as was his name, so were his life and his manners; and he was

beloved of God and of man, worthy of honor and of glory on earth and in

heaven, and he steadfastly adhered to the holy prelate, nor ever could

be separated from him; for when the saint, being weary, would lie down

to rest, this unspotted youth, flying from his father and from his

mother, would cast himself at the feet of the holy man, and enfold them

in his bosom, and ever and anon would he kiss them, and there would he

abide.  But on the morrow, when the saint was arrayed for his journey,

and, with one foot in his sandal, the other on the ground, was

ascending his chariot, the boy caught his foot with fast-closing hands,

and besought and implored that he might not leave him.  And when his

parents would have separated him from the saint, and retained him with

themselves, the boy, with wailing and lamentation, cried out, Away,

away, I entreat ye!  Release me, that I may go with my spiritual

father.  And the saint, observing such devotion in his tender heart and

body, blessed him in the name of the Lord, and, bidding him ascend with

him the chariot, prophesied that he would be, as indeed he was, the

successor of his ministry.  And this Benignus succeeded Saint Patrick

in the primacy of all Ireland, and, being illustrious for his virtues

and his miracles, at length he rested in the Lord.







The Fire that was Lighted by Patrick.


And the saint, on that most holy Sabbath preceding the Vigil of the

Passover, turned aside to a fit and pleasant place, called Feartfethin,

and there, according to the custom of the holy church, lighted the

lamps at the blessed fire.  And it happened on that night that the

idolaters solemnized a certain high festival called Rach, which they,

walking in darkness, were wont to consecrate to the prince of darkness.

And it was their custom that every fire should be extinguished, nor

throughout the province should be relighted until it was first beheld

in the royal palace.  But when the monarch, Leogaire, being then with

his attendants at Teomaria, then the chief court of the kingdom of all

Ireland, beheld the fire that was lighted by Saint Patrick, he

marvelled, and was enraged, and enquired who had thus presumed.  And a

certain magician, when he looked on the fire, as if prophesying, said

unto the king: "Unless yonder fire be this night extinguished, he who

lighted it will, together with his followers, reign over the whole

island."  Which being heard, the monarch, gathering together a

multitude with him, hastened, in the violence of his wrath, to

extinguish the fire.  And he brought with him thrice nine chariots, for

the delusion of foolishness had seduced his heart and persuaded him

that with that number he would obtain to himself a complete triumph;

and he turned the face of his men and his cattle toward the left hand

of Saint Patrick, even as his magicians had directed, trusting that his

purpose could not be prevented.  But the saint, beholding the multitude

of chariots, began this verse: "Some in chariots, and some on horses;

but we will invoke the name of the Lord."  And when the king approached

the place, the magicians advised him not to go near Saint Patrick, lest

he should seem to honor him by his presence, and as if to reverence or

adore him.  Therefore the king stayed, and, as these evil-doers

advised, sent messengers unto Patrick, commanding that he should appear

before him; and he forbade all his people that when he came any one

should stand up before him.  So the prelate, having finished his holy

duties, appeared; and no one stood up before him, for so had the king








_Of the Holy Man named Hercus._


But a certain man named Hercus, the son of Degha, who had heard many

things of Saint Patrick, rose up in the sight of all, and did him

honor.  Therefore the prelate blessed him, and promised eternal life

unto him; and he, believing in God, received the grace of baptism, and,

leading his life renowned for virtues and for miracles, after a while

he was made a bishop, and died in the city of Slane.







_How the Magician was Destroyed._


And there was in that place a certain magician named Lochu, who was

highly favored with the king, and he uttered blasphemies against the

Lord and his Christ.  For being driven mad by the delusions of devils,

he declared himself to be a god; and the people, being dazzled with his

cheats, and stubbornly adhering to his pernicious doctrine, worshipped

him even as a deity.  Therefore he continually blasphemed the ways of

the Lord, and those who were desirous to be converted from idolatry did

he labor to subvert in their faith, and to pervert from Christ.  And

almost in the same manner as Simon Magus resisted Saint Peter did he

oppose Saint Patrick.  And on a certain time, when he was raised from

the earth by the prince of darkness and the powers of the air, and the

king and the people beheld him as if ascending into the heavens, Saint

Patrick thus prayed unto the Lord: "O omnipotent God! destroy this

blasphemer of Thine holy name, nor let him hinder those who now return

or may hereafter return unto Thee!"  And he prayed, and the magician

fell from the air to the earth at the feet of the man of God, and his

head was stricken against a stone, and, bruised and wounded, he

expired, and his spirit descended into hell.







_Of the Miraculous but Terrible Rescue of Saint Patrick._


But the king, being much grieved at the death of the magician, burned

with anger, and, with all the manifold multitude of his people, he

arose to destroy the saint.  And he, beholding their violence, and

singing forth with a loud voice, began this verse from the Psalms: "Let

God arise, and let His enemies be scattered, and let them who hate His

face be put to confusion."  Then the Lord, the protector of His chosen

ones in the time of need, saved from this multitude his faithful

servant; for, with a terrible earthquake, and with thundering and the

stroke of the thunderbolt, some he destroyed, some he smote to the

ground, and some he put to flight.  Thus, as was said by the prophet,

"The Lord shot forth His arrows, and He scattered them; He poured forth

His lightnings, and He overturned them."  For He sent among them,

according to the prophecy of Isaiah, the spirit of giddiness; and He

set the idolaters against the idolaters, like the Egyptians against the

Egyptians; each man rushed on his fellow, and brother fought against

brother, and the chariots and their riders were cast to the ground and

overturned; and forty and nine men were slain, and hardly did the rest

escape.  But the king trembled at the rebuke of the Lord, and at the

breath of the spirit of His anger, and ran into a hiding-place with

only four of his people, that he might conceal himself from the terrors

of the face of the Lord.  But the queen, entreating for the pardon of

the king, reverently approached, and, bending her knee before Saint

Patrick, promised that her consort should come unto him and should

adore his God.  And the king, according to her promise, yet with a

designing heart, bended his knees before the saint, and simulated to

adore the Christ in which he believed not.  There, with the tongue of

iniquity and the heart of falsehood, he promised that if on the morrow

he would vouchsafe to visit his palace, he would obey all his precepts.

But the man of God, though the Lord suffered not the wickedness which

this unworthy king had conceived in his heart, confidently trusting in

the protection of the Lord, assented to his entreaty.







_How the Saint Escaped the Deadly Snares._


And the king, bidding farewell to the bishop, returned to his palace,

and in the several places through which the saint was to pass he laid

an ambush; and divers rivers crossed the road, which might in many

parts be forded, nigh unto the shallows whereof he placed nine chariots

with some of his murderous servants, that if the saint should escape

the one he might meet with the other, and so that in no wise could he

pass unharmed.  But on the morrow Patrick, with eight persons only and

the boy Benignus, going in a straight road to Teomaria, where the king

then resided, passed through them who had laid snares for his life; and

their eyes were bound, that they could not behold him; but to their

sight appeared eight stags with one hind passing over the mountains;

and thus, the Lord being his protector, did the saint and his

companions escape the contrivers of his destruction.  Therefore he came

unto the royal city, and found the king at supper with his companions.

And at his entrance no one arose excepting a certain bard of the king

named Dubhtach, who devoutly saluted the saint, and besought and

obtained of him that he should be made a Christian.  And Dubhtach the

first among them all believed in the Lord, and it was remembered to his

justification; for, being baptized and confirmed in the faith of

Christ, the strains that erewhile he had poured forth in the praise of

his false gods, now converting to a better use, he composed more

excellent poems unto the praise of the All-powerful and the honor of

His saints.







_Of the Poison mingled in the Wine._


But the King Leogaire, fermenting with the gall of wickedness and

deceit, knowing and marvelling how often the saint had escaped his

snares, turned himself to other inventions, and whom he could not slay

with the sword he plotted to destroy with poison.  Therefore, by the

hand of a certain evil-doer named Lugaich Mael, he gave his cup unto

Patrick, whereof, that servant of Satan mingling poison with the wine,

did the saint drink.  But the man of God, taking the cup and invoking

the name of the Lord, bended it forward, and all that was deadly

therein poured he into the hollow of his hand unmixed with the rest of

the liquor; then making the sign of the cross, what remained he

blessed, and, to the confusion of the poisoner and the admiration of

all who sat around, drinking thereout, he received neither hurt nor








_Of the Fantastic Snow._


Then, being utterly covered with shame, did the magician more and more

grieve; and lest he should appear to be vanquished, he challenged

Patrick to bring down signs from heaven.  And the saint answered that

he would not tempt the divine will; but the magician by his

enchantments sprinkled all those parts with the coldest snow, and

afflicted all the inhabitants with cold.  And the saint urged him,

urging and pressing that he would remove the snow from the earth and

the cold from the inhabitants; and thus compelled, the magician

confessed that by all his enchantments he could not do that thing.

Therefore, O impious man! said the saint, out of thine own mouth will I

judge thee, and prove that thou art the worker of wickedness and

minister of Satan; thou who canst cause evil only, and canst not at all

produce good.  Then raising his consecrated hand, blessed he the plain

and all the places around in the name of the Holy Trinity; and

forthwith all the fantastic snow which could not melt in the accustomed

manner vanished.  And all around marvelled, confessing the hand of the

Lord working in Patrick, and detesting the deceitful works of the








_How the Darkness was Dispersed._


And the magician, beholding how his art was scorned and set at small

account, once again by his enchantments covered the places that had

been whitened with snow, even with a palpable cloud of thick darkness.

And fear and trembling came on all whom it covered, or at least they

experienced how closely it shaded them from the brightness of the true

faith.  Nor let it be marvelled that strangers to the darkness of the

true light which illuminates every man entering this world should be

involved in the darkness of magicians, who, with blind and hardened

heart, worshipped the prince of darkness.  And Patrick in his wonted

words addressed the magician, that he would make this cloud to pass

away; but the magician answered even as before.  Then did the son of

light pour out a prayer unto the Eternal Light, the Sun of Justice, and

immediately the material sun arose and shone forth, and the darkness

was dispersed.  And the people which had hitherto sat in darkness, now

beholding the great light, proclaimed their thanks and their praises,

and magnified Patrick, who was the preacher of the Eternal Light.







_How the Magician and his Garment were consumed, and Benignus and the

Garment of St. Patrick preserved unhurt._


But the magician, loving darkness rather than light, and darkening

himself in the delusions of his darkness, stubbornly persevered in his

malice, and still contentiously affirmed that his wicked and perverse

opinions excelled the doctrines of the saint.  And the king feared that

the works of the magician would be overturned, and he proposed a

certain trial to be made between them: "Let your books be plunged into

the water, and he whose writings are blotted or effaced, let his

preaching be disbelieved; but he in whose writings no blemish shall be

found, let his preaching be admitted and confirmed."  And Patrick

assented to this decision, but the magician refused; for he affirmed

that Patrick worshipped the element of water for a god, inasmuch as he

baptized with water in the name of his God.  Then the king changed the

trial, and appointed that each book should be cast into the fire, and

that of him whose book should remain unhurt the doctrine should be

received of all.  And the saint accorded to this sentence, but the

magician, distrusting himself, accorded not; for he said that Patrick

worshipped, in their turn, now the fire, now the water, and that

therefore he held propitious to him either element.  And Patrick

replied that he adored no element, but that he worshipped the Creator

of all the elements.  While, therefore, the dispute waxed high, and the

people varied from the one side unto the other, the wisdom of the Lord

inspiring them to distinguish the light of the true faith from the

darkness of idolatry, and the soundness of holy doctrine from the

vanity of magical delusion, a new trial by fire is sought out.  Then

with the agreement of all, and Patrick and the evil-doer consenting, in

a new manner a new house is builded, whereof the one-half is made of

wood which was green, the other of wood which was dry and eaten of

worms; and the boy Benignus and the magician, each being bound hand and

foot, are placed over against each other, the boy, arrayed in the

magician's garment, is placed in the dry part of the building, and the

magician, clothed in the robe of Saint Patrick, is placed in the green

part, and the fire is put thereto.  And behold an event marvellous and

much unwonted!  The fire, furiously raging, consumed the magician, even

to ashes, with the green part of the building wherein he stood; and the

robe of the saint wherewith he was clad was neither scorched nor

soiled; but the blessed youth Benignus, standing in the dry part

thereof, the fire touched not, yet reduced to a cinder the garment of

the magician that wrapped him round.  Behold, therefore, herein

repeated the miracles which are recorded in the Holy Writ, as when the

three youths were cast into the furnace, the fire burned only their

bonds, and hurted not themselves; so destroyed it the magician, with

the green part of the house, yet hurted not the vest of Patrick, and,

leaving the boy with the dry part of the house uninjured, it consumed

the garment of the evil-doer.







_Of Many who were Swallowed up by the Earth, and how the rest were

Converted unto God._


But the heart of Leogaire was hardened, as was formerly the heart of

Pharao before Moses against the commands of the Lord.  For though so

many miracles had been wrought, he feared not to provoke the high God,

and to offend his servant Patrick.  Therefore, showing himself to be a

second Nero, in revenge for the death of the evil-doer, he appointed

several of his people to destroy the saint.  And, as is testified by

the Holy Writ, a wicked prince always hath wicked ministers, many of

his servants put themselves forward, voluntary, prompt, and earnest to

so great a sacrilege.  But God, the all-powerful protector of His

beloved, armed the zeal of the creature against these senseless

idolaters, and ere they could effect their wickedness he swept them

from the earth and destroyed them.  For the earth opened and swallowed

them up, and so many of the people of Teamhrach as were consenting

thereto; and the abyss opened its mouth and devoured them, even alive.

And they who remained, and all the dwellers of that land seeing or

hearing of these things, feared with mighty fear; and, lest they should

be punished with the like punishment, they believed in Christ, and

crowded together unto the font.  And the king trembled, and threw

himself at the feet of Patrick, and besought pardon, and promised that

he would thenceforth obey him.  And the saint forgave him; yet, though

he a long time instructed him in the faith of the Lord Jesus, in no

wise could he persuade him unto baptism.  Therefore he dismissed him,

that, following his free will, he might go on in the inventions of his

own heart, nor seem to be compelled unto the faith; yet, at the

revelation of the Spirit, what he foreknew of the king and his

posterity thus was prophesied by the saint: "Since thou hast always

resisted my doctrine, nor ceased to afflict me beyond measure;

moreover, since thou thoughtest scorn to believe in the Creator of all

things, therefore art thou the child of perdition, and thou, with all

that were partners in thine offence, shouldst justly, even at this

instant, go into eternal punishment; but since thou humbly besought of

me forgiveness, and, like the King Achab, hast humbled thyself before

my God, the Lord will not at this time bring on thee the evil which

thou hast deserved; yet shall none of thy seed sit on thy throne after

thee, but they shall become servants unto thy brother, who will believe

in Christ, and to his posterity for ever and ever."  But the queen

believed in Christ, and was baptized and blessed of Patrick, and at

length, with a pious end, rested in the Lord.  And he went forward with

his people, baptizing in the name of the Holy Trinity all those who

believed, while the Lord assisted and confirmed his labors with

manifold miracles.







_Of the Sisters and the Nephews of St. Patrick._


And the saint had three sisters, memorable for their holiness and for

their justice, and they were pleasing unto the Lord; and of these the

names were Lupita, Tygridia, and Darercha.  And Tygridia was blessed

with a happy fruitfulness, for she brought forth seventeen sons and

five daughters.  And all her sons became most wise and holy monks, and

priests, and prelates; and all her daughters became nuns, and ended

their days as holy virgins; and the names of the bishops were

Brochadius, Broichanus, Mogenochus, and Lumanus, who, with their uncle,

Saint Patrick, going from Britain into Ireland, earnestly laboring

together in the field of the Lord, they collected an abundant harvest

into the granary of heaven.  And Darercha, the youngest sister, was the

mother of the pious bishops, Mel, Moch, and Munis, and their father was

named Conis.  And these also accompanied Saint Patrick in his preaching

and in his travel, and in divers places obtained the episcopal dignity.

Truly did their generation appear blessed, and the nephews of Saint

Patrick were a holy heritage.







_How Saint Lumanus Sailed against the Wind and the Stream._


And Saint Patrick, having sailed over from Ulidia, came unto the

territory of Midia, at the mouth of the river Boinn, among barbarians

and idolaters; and he committed his vessel and its tackle unto his

nephew, Saint Lumanus, enjoining him that he should abide there at the

least forty days, the while he himself would go forward to preach in

the interior parts of the country.  But Lumanus, abiding there the

messenger of light, and being made obedient through the hope of

obtaining martyrdom, doubled the space of time that was enjoined unto

him, which no one of his companions, even through the fear of their

lives, dared to do.  Yet was not this child of obedience disappointed

of his reward.  For while he received the seed of obedience, he brought

forth unto himself the fruit of patience, and deserved to fertilize

strange lands, even with the seed of the divine Word, to the

flourishing of the flowers of faith and the fruits of justice; and the

more devotedly he obeyed his spiritual father, the more marvellously

did the elements obey him.  And having fulfilled there twice forty

days, and being wearied with the continual expectation of the saint's

return, on a certain day, the wind blowing strongly against him, he

hoisted the sails, and, trusting in the merits of Saint Patrick, even

by the guidance of the vessel alone passed he over unto the place where

he was appointed to meet him.  O miracle till then unheard and unknown!

The ship, without any pilot, sailed against the wind and against the

stream, at the bidding of the man of God, and bore him with a

prosperous course from the mouth of the Boinn even to Athtrym; and He

who formerly turned back the stream of Jordan unto its fountain did,

for the merits of Patrick, guide the vessel against the wind and

against the stream.







_How Forkernus and his Parents were Converted and Baptized._


And Saint Lumanus having landed at the aforementioned town of Athtrym,

he converted unto the faith of Christ first Forkernus, the son of a

certain great man who there ruled, then his mother, a Britoness by

nation, and lastly his father, Fethleminus, and in a fountain which by

his prayers he produced out of the earth, even before their eyes, did

he baptize them and many others.  And these things being done, the holy

prelate, in the twenty-fifth year before the foundation of Ardmachia,

there builded a church, to the endowment and the enrichment whereof

Fethleminus, that faithful servant of Christ, gave by solemn gift

Athtrym and Midia, with many farms, and then crossing the river, he

builded a habitation for himself and for his people, and there did he

piously finish his days.  And Lumanus, being consecrated the bishop of

this church, sent his novice, Forkernus, to be instructed in letters,

and, when he was sufficiently learned, advanced him to the priesthood.

And as the day of his death approached, he went with Forkernus unto his

brother Brocadius, and commanded Forkernus on his obedience that he

should, after his decease, take on himself the government of the church

over which he presided.  But he, refusing and protesting that it

accorded neither to reason nor to justice that he should in the church

of his father take on himself the guidance of souls, lest he should

seem to hold in heritage the sanctuary of the Lord, his father and

pastor bound him thereto by his iterated commands.  Why need we many

words?  Lumanus would not bless him until he had promised to undertake

this office.  And at length Lumanus, having departed from this light

unto the mansion of eternal light, Forkernus, as enjoined, took on

himself the care of his church; and after he had presided over it only

three days, he committed it unto a certain stranger, by birth a Briton,

named Cathladius.  Thus did the man of God fulfil the command of his

father, and thus he took care that he should not set the example of

selling the rights of the church or the heritage of his parents.  But

all the revenues of this church were by Lumanus transferred to Saint

Patrick and his successors, and for ever after given unto the church of








_Of the Prophecy of St. Patrick on Coyrbre, and of the Unfruitfulness

of a River._


And Leogaire had two brothers, the elder of whom was named Coyrbre,

like unto him in cruelty and unbelief, if, indeed, any one could in

that country be found like him, who contemned and condemned the law of

the Most High; and the younger was named Conallus, who retained no more

of his birth than does the fish of the sea or the rose of the thorn.

But Patrick having gone to Coyrbre, who then abided in the place called

Tailltion, that he might convert him unto the Christian faith, if in

any wise from that stone could a son be raised up unto Abraham, yet he,

his heart being hardened against belief, intended the death of the

preacher who would have preached life unto him, and even in the middle

of the river he scourged the servants of Patrick; and the saint,

knowing him to be obstinate in his error, and to be abandoned of God,

thus prophesied unto him: "Since thou hast refused to bear the yoke of

Christ, whose service is freedom, no one of thy posterity shall attain

the throne of thy kingdom, but in perpetual servitude shall they serve

the seed of thy younger brother, Conallus.  And this shall be to thee a

sign that the Lord will fulfil the word which He has spoken through my

mouth: the river near thy mansion, which, with the abundance of its

fishes, is wont to feed thee and thine household, from henceforward,

even for ever, shall produce no fishes."  And the word of the man of

God obtained, for all his posterity became subject unto the posterity

of his brother Conallus, and they came unto the throne of his kingdom;

and the river, which is called Seyle, even to this day beareth no








_Of Conallus, and of the Prophecy of Patrick concerning him._


And the saint, leaving those children of darkness in the anger and

blindness of their hearts, and the depth of their error, turned his

steps towards Conallus, who was to be the child of the truth.  And he,

rejoicing and giving thanks, received him as the angel of peace and of

delight, and opened the ears of his hearing unto the words of

salvation, and, through the laver of the regeneration and renovation of

the Holy Spirit, deserved he to be incorporated with Christ.  Whereby

are we plainly showed that the Heavenly Potter out of the same clay can

form at His will one vessel unto reproof and another unto honor.  Then

Conallus, being comforted and confirmed in the Catholic verity, offered

unto the saint his dwelling-house, and his land, and his farm, and

besought of him with many prayers that for the spreading of the

Christian faith he there would build a city for him and for his people;

and he said he would build a habitation for himself on the borders

thereof.  And the saint, praising so great charity in his novice, lest

he should seem to reject his entreaty, builded there a city, which is

now called Domnhach Phadruig--that is, the City of Patrick; and

touching it with his staff, he marked out the dwelling-place of

Conallus, which is now called Rathyr-tair.  And the saint blessed him

in the name of the Lord; and among other things which were to happen

unto him, thus did he prophesy: "Happy and prosperous shall be this

dwelling-place, and happy shall be they who dwell therein; nor shall

the blood of any man, save only one, be shed in it; and the Lord,

giving His blessing, shall bless thee, and He shall confirm thy throne

and multiply thine empire, and the seed of thy brother shall serve thy

seed for ever and ever."  And all these things which the saint

prophesied were not in the event disproved.







_Of the Altar of Saint Patrick._


And it was near to the heart of the saint to visit Connactia; and

chiefly for the vision which he had heretofore beheld in his sleep,

wherein he was called by the infants of that country, even in their

mothers' wombs, he desired there to evangelize the kingdom of God.  And

he purposed to travel round the whole island, that he might convert it

unto Christ; and the saint, being prepared to his journey, blessed

Conallus, and in memorial of himself he left in the aforementioned city

his altar of stone, for the relieving of the sick and for the working

of miracles; but when he proceeded on his journey, the altar followed,

nor to the eyes of any man was it visible how it was carried; but, as I

account, it was carried along the path of the saint by the power and

the virtue of Him at whose nod the prophet was carried from Judea into

Chaldea.  Thus did the Corner-Stone, Christ, that He might show unto

all the holiness of Patrick, cause this holy stone to be moved without

human hand.  And the prelate, looking back, beheld the altar thus

marvellously borne after him, and exulted in the Lord, and returned,

and placed it in a fitting place.  And from that day did it remain

fixed, yet ceased it not to shine in miracles, as if the virtue of

Patrick had remained in it or flowed from it.







_Of the Images destroyed from Heaven, and of the Fountain produced from

the Earth._


And the King Leogaire, being devoted to the worship of devils, with a

great part of his people who much desired to please him adored a

certain idol magnificently formed of silver and gold, and which was

raised in a field called Maghfleidh.  And the idol was named

Ceancroithi--that is, the head of all the gods, for that it was by that

foolish people accounted to utter responses.  And around this image

stood twelve inferior gods, made of brass, as if subject unto it.

Therefore Saint Patrick turned toward this place, that he might

overturn the idol, and by his preaching convert its worshippers to the

worship of the Creator.  But when he could not prevail, neither could

he recall those idolaters from the folly that was fixed in their minds,

he betook himself to his accustomed arms of prayer.  And from a

neighboring hill beholding the idol, he stretched forth in prayer his

spotless hands unto God, and lifted against it the staff of Jesus, when

suddenly, by the power of God, the idol fell on its left side, and all

the silver and the gold poured from it broken and powdered into dust;

but on the hard stone of the image was seen impressed the mark of the

staff, though it had touched it not; and the earth swallowed up the

twelve inferior gods, even to their necks, and their heads continue

above the ground unto this day.  Thus what human strength could not

accomplish was done by the divine power; and many beholding it believed

in the true and living God, and being baptized, according to the

apostle, put on Christ, And in that place Saint Patrick by his prayers

produced out of the earth a fountain of the clearest water, wherein

many were afterward baptized.







_How the Darkness was Dispersed._


And the saint, having overturned the idols, held on the way that he

purposed; and the fame of his holiness, going before him, announced his

coming.  And when he drew nigh unto Connactia, two magicians, the sons

of Neyll, the one whereof was named Mael, the other Cabhlait, heard of

his approach; and they were both bound in the bonds of Satan, nor were

they less germane in the exercise of their evil deeds than in the germ

of their native generation.  These men by their enchantments covered

the whole country with thick darkness for three continual days, whereby

they hoped to prevent the entrance of Patrick into that place.  But the

son of light, in whose heart the morning star that never sets

perpetually shone, while he lifted up unto heaven his heart and his

hand and his tongue in prayer, the light-streaming rays of the sun,

shining forth, dispersed the magic darkness; and, finding free entrance

into Connactia, with all his strength he labored to open to those

unworthy enemies of the truth the door of faith.







_Of the Virgins who went unto Heaven._


And of Leogaire were born two daughters, like roses growing in a

rose-bed.  And the one was of a ruddy complexion, and she was called

Ethne; and the other was fair, and she was called Fedella; and they

were educated by these magicians.  And early on a certain morning, the

sun having just arisen, they went to bathe in a clear fountain, on the

margin whereof they found the saint sitting with other holy men; and

regarding his countenance and garb, they were struck with wonder, and

enquired of his birth and his residence, taking him for an apparition.

But the saint admonished them rather to believe in his God than to

enquire of his descent or his dwelling-place.  Then the damsels,

desiring to know more assuredly of God, earnestly questioned about His

power, and His riches, and His glory.  And the Saint instructed them in

the Catholic faith, truly affirming him to be the Creator and Ruler of

the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and of all that is therein;

and that He had one Son, with Himself coeternal, coeval, and

consubstantial--everywhere reigning, governing all things, possessing

all things; and promised he also unto them that they should exchange an

earthly and transitory kingdom for a heavenly and eternal kingdom; for

that if they obeyed his counsel, they should unite with the Celestial

King in pure and indissoluble union.  And when he had thus preached

unto them with persuasive eloquence, the damsels believed in Christ,

and he baptized them even in that fountain.  Thus being made

Christians, they besought the saint that according to his promise he

would show unto them the face of Christ, their beloved Spouse.  And the

saint thus answered: "Ye must first, with the mouth of your heart and

of your body, devoutly receive the flesh and the blood of your Spouse,

so that, being quickened with the living food, and having tasted of

death, ye may pass from this impure world unto the starry

bride-chamber."  Then the virgins, believing in the word of the man of

God, devoutly entreated and received the Eucharist, and, immediately

falling asleep in the Lord, they quitted their earthly tabernacles, and

went unto their heavenly Spouse.  And their friends and their kindred

gathered together and bewailed them for three days, as was the custom

of the country, and returned their sacred remains unto the womb of the

mother of all human kind.  And on that spot was erected a church, which

is now collated to the metropolitan seat of Ardmachia.  And the two

magicians, for that they had educated the damsels, were sorely grieved

at their deaths, and reproached the saint with bitter and angry words;

but he, touching the harp of David, and preaching unto them the kingdom

of God, converted them unto the faith, and they were baptized.







_Of the Magician Struck by Lightning, and of Twelve Thousand Men

Converted unto Christ._


And after these things had come to pass, a great and solemn council was

held in a solemn place by the people of that province gathered there

together, whereat the seven sons of Amhlaich, a man eminent for his

birth, his dignity, his riches, and his power, were present with a

numerous train of their followers.  Then the saint, that he might gain

many of that multitude unto Christ, threw himself into the midst of the

assembly, and took the spiritual armor of the power of God unto the

extirpation of idolatry.  But when this renowned preacher unsheathed

the sword of the Spirit to the destruction of devils and the salvation

of man, a certain magician named Rochait with all his strength

endeavored to slay him.  Lest, however, his wicked attempt should

accomplish the yet more wicked deed, the hand of the Almighty, sending

on him fire from above, consumed this child of hell, and smote him with

lightning, even in the presence of all.  And beholding this marvellous

and fearful miracle, the seven sons of Amlaich, with twelve thousand of

the people, believed in Christ, and were baptized, and constantly

remained in the Catholic faith which they had taken on them.  And the

two daughters of a certain nobleman named Glerannus, who were then

unborn, are said to have invoked the saint, and were with the rest

converted unto Christ, and were baptized even in their mother's womb.

And they afterward, living a holy and religious life, in a pious end

rested in the Lord, and after their deaths proved by many miracles that

they were with the saints in heaven.  And Saint Patrick placed over

this newly-converted people a prelate named Mancenus, and he was

learned and religious, and well versed in the Holy Scriptures.







_Of another Magician whom the Earth swallowed up._


And the Lord ordained unto Saint Patrick strong and frequent conflicts

with the magicians, that he might conquer and know how prevailing was

the wisdom of Him in whose name all their endeavors were foiled.  For

as, according to the apostle, Iannes and Mambres resisted Moses, so did

very many evil-doers resist Patrick.  Therefore, on another day, in the

place of the aforementioned council, another but not a different

evil-doer, at the instigation of Satan, arose with the like fury

against the saint, that he might destroy him.  But the right hand of

the Lord, which erewhile had smote his enemy with consuming fire, was

magnified in strength, and in His manifold power swept this evil-doer

from the face of the earth.  For the earth, cleaving asunder, opened

her mouth and swallowed up the magician who had so often defiled

himself with so many evil deeds, and, closing again, plunged him into

the abyss.







_How another Magician is Sunken up to the Ears, and again is Raised up._


And the deadly end of this evil-doer being discerned by one who was

germane unto him in his flesh and in his mind, and who was not able to

succor his brother when perishing, therefore sought he to avenge his

destruction on Patrick as his destroyer; and being enraged against the

saint, he sought to put him to death.  But the Lord fought for Patrick,

and the earth in like manner opened and swallowed up the magician, even

to his ears.  Then the man, being almost swallowed up in the earth,

implored pardon of the saint, and promised that he would believe in

Christ, and that he would obey his doctrine.  And the saint, being

moved with pity, prayed for him unto the Lord; and immediately the

earth cast him forth, and raised him.  And the unmerciful man, being

mercifully saved, gave thanks unto the power that had saved him, and

believed in Christ, and received the grace of baptism.  Thus doth the

Lord, distinguishing between the light and darkness, severely condemn

the reprobate and obstinate in evil, and mercifully saveth those who

fly unto his mercy.







_How a huge Stone was raised by the Saint._


And the saint, passing along on a certain day, beheld a multitude of

men gathered together, that they might move from its place a very large

stone; and they had labored a long time, but in vain; for they were

wearied in their strength and fatigued with the unequal attempt, and to

raise the stone they prevailed not.  Then the saint approached, even as

a builder of the temple of the living God to be builded in the Lord;

and having prayed and blessed their work, that huge stone, which could

not be stirred by an hundred hands, did he alone remove and raise and

place in its fit place.  And the men who stood around marvelled at this

marvellous work, and were converted to believe in the God of Saint

Patrick; and they who hitherto, having stony hearts, worshipped stones,

this stone being raised by the saint, believed in the living Stone, the

precious Stone, the Corner-Stone, the elect Stone, the Stone which is

placed in the foundations of Sion; and this Stone had they long time

rejected; but now becoming themselves living stones, joined together

with the cement of the Christian faith, and following the sacred

doctrine, and being polished and purified in baptism, they grew in the

temple of the Lord.







_How the Women were raised from Death._


And wheresoever in his preaching went Patrick, the man of God, his lips

diffused the healing knowledge, and the number of the believers was

daily increased.  And the Lord assisted his faithful servant with

manifold miracles, and confirmed his doctrine, for that he falsified

not the word of God, but always sought His praise and His glory.  And

on a certain day he came to a place called Fearta, where at the side of

a hill two women who had deceased were buried.  Then the man of God,

approaching the grave, commanded the earth to be removed, and, having

invoked the name of Christ, he raised them up to life.  And the women

thus raised up, even in the presence of all around, proclaimed that

their idols were vain, and that their gods were devils, Christ alone

being the true God; and in His name they besought to be baptized, and

they attained their prayer.  And the bystanders glorified God, and

devoutly received his faith and baptism.  Thus did the most holy

prelate revive from double death the two women who were dead in the

flesh; and their resurrection from bodily death gave unto many

resurrection from the death of the soul.







_Two Women who were pregnant are with their Infants rescued from Death

unto Life._


And in these parts was a certain woman named Fidelina, yet knew she not

how to confide in Christ; and she was pregnant, and even at the instant

other travail, for lack of strength, she expired.  But as a city

builded on a mountain cannot be hidden, nor a candle placed in a

candlestick, nor the fragrance of a sweet-smelling garden, so, though

ever so much he desired it, could not the virtue of the blessed Patrick

be concealed.  For proceeding from him it drew after him many who had

been evil-disposed; and for the odor of his ointments many followed

him, so by the grace thereof the friends of the departed woman, being

attracted, brought her lifeless body unto the saint, and entreated with

lamentable entreaties that he would show now on her the power which

erewhile he had shown on others.  And forthwith the man full of God

betook himself unto prayer; and he restored the dead woman unto life;

and afterwards she brought forth a son, and in a convenient season

thereafter, with her child, received baptism; and thus was each from

the death of the body and of the soul revived by Patrick before the

people.  And all the multitude who beheld these things believed and

gave praise unto God.  And the woman related what during her death she

had seen of the glories of heaven and of the pains of hell; and her

testimony was believed, and converted unto Christ many thousands.  And

shortly after this miracle was renewed on another woman, who also died

in travail, and who was in like manner revived by the saint, and with

her child was baptized.







_How he builded a Church of Clay alone._


And Saint Patrick journeyed round Connactia, spreading through all that

region the Word of God; nor ceased he from his preaching nor from his

working of miracles until all the inhabitants thereof were converted

unto the true faith.  And in many places builded he churches, and

appointed therein priests and other ecclesiastical ministers unto the

government of souls and the holy ministry.  And on a time when the

saint was intent on his wonted work, he came unto a certain plain,

which, by its fair and pleasant site, was fitted unto the building of a

church; but neither wood nor stone could be found therein.  For the

forest was a long way distant, and no axe could be found in those

parts, nor even, if found, did any of the inhabitants understand its

use.  Therefore did this holy man offer up his prayers, and, being

helped of heaven, he builded there a church of clay alone, and it was

fashioned for that time in very handsome form, and it was endowed with

the divine grace.  For well is it known to have suffered naught,

neither from the wind, nor from the snow, nor from the hail, nor from

the rain, nor from any other inclemency of the air; but from thence

even to this day is it seen to continue in its original state.  And the

seat of Saint Patrick, wherein sitting he was wont to preach, is still

shown; and manifold and marvellous miracles are reported to have been

done there.







_Of the two Rivers, Dubh and Drobhaois._


In that country were two rivers, whereof the one was called Dubh, and

the other Drobhaois; and the river Dubh was wont to abound with fishes,

but the other produced them not.  And the saint, passing nigh the bank

of the fruitful river, entreated the fishermen that out of a great

draught which they had taken they would bestow their kindness unto him.

But they, wanting charity toward the beloved of the Lord, sent him away

empty, and wholly refused unto him even one fish.  Therefore God, the

author and the lover of charity, from these fishermen, narrowed in

their hearts, and frozen with covetousness, withdrew their wonted gain,

and deprived that river of its perpetual abundance of fishes; and the

other river, which was called Drobhaois, did he immediately enrich

therewith.  And this river, as being more fruitful, so is it clearer

than all the other rivers in Ireland.  From whence a wise man may

understand that we should show charity unto every member of Christ, and

receive the friends of God and relieve them with all kindness.  For

whatever honor, whatever kindness, we show unto them, that do we

assuredly show unto Christ; so whatever we unjustly take from or deny

unto them, of that doth God attest us to have defrauded Him.







_Of the Voice that issued from the Sepulchre._


The holy standard-bearer of the Lord was accustomed to stop at the

head-stone of every Christian who was buried outside of a burial-place,

there to erect a cross; for he knew that in that country, then only

lately converted unto the faith, all the dead, by reason of the fewness

of the churches, could not be buried in consecrated ground; and

therefore the good pastor wished by that blessed token to distinguish

the sheep from the goats--namely, the Christians that were buried from

the pagans.  So might the worshippers of Christ, beholding the sign of

life, understand that a servant of the faith of the cross was there

buried, and so might they not delay to offer unto the Creator their

prayers for his soul.  Truly, a pious custom, and worthy is it of

general observance that all who were baptized in the death of Christ,

and are dead in his faith, should, when buried, have on them or near

them the ensign of the death of Him.


And it came to pass that Patrick, in going out of Connactia, beheld

outside of a burying-place which was consecrated to God the graves of

two men who had been lately buried, and he observed that at the head of

the one was a cross erected.  And sitting in his chariot, as was then

the custom, he bade his charioteer to stay, and, speaking to the dead

man as to one living, he asked him who and of what religion he had

been?  And the voice answered unto him from the grave that he had been

a pagan, altogether ignorant of the Christian faith.  "Why, then," said

the saint, "bearest thou the cross of Christ, thou who didst never

worship or acknowledge Him?"  And the voice answered: "He who is buried

near me was a Christian; and some one of your faith, coming hither,

placed the cross at my head."  Thus the voice spake, and was silent.

Then the saint descended from his chariot, and removed the cross from

that place, and fixed it at the head-stone of him who had been

baptized, and prayed for him, and went his way.







_Of his Journey, and of his manifold Miracles._


And going out of Connactia, after having confirmed that country in the

Christian faith, he went toward the northern part of Ireland, which is

called Dalnardia; and the people therein dwelling, by his conversation,

and by his example, and by his miracles, did he convert unto the faith

of Christ and the sacraments of the faith.  Then he passed over the

mountain Ficoth, even to the great plain of Bregh, thus traversing

through Midia into Lagenia; and everywhere he preached the kingdom of

God, and certain of his disciples he advanced in fit places unto the

episcopal dignity.  But by how many miracles his journey was graced,

how many diseased persons he healed, severally to relate, not even the

pen of the most eloquent could suffice.  For divers received health,

not only by his touch or by his prayer, but even by the passing of his

shadow, as were he another Peter.  So many as were not purified by the

healing water did he labor to persuade unto baptism; so many as were

already baptized, lest their faith should be perverted by the old enemy

or subverted by heretical doctrines, did he therein confirm.  And since

faith, according to the Apostle James, is "dead without works," and

since a dead faith is no faith, this blessed preacher earnestly

persuaded the believers unto a holy and sincere faith by their diligent

working of good works.  But they who, proceeding in all wickedness,

condemned his doctrine, and, rebelling against God, obstinately

persevered in the worship of devils, often at his prayer were they by

the suddenness of divine justice destroyed, as our relation has

hitherto declared, and will declare in the following pages.







_The Prophecy of the Saint Concerning Dublinia; and the Sick Man cured._


And the saint, departing from Midia, directed his course toward

Lagenia, for the purpose of preaching there; and on his journey he

crossed a river named Finglas to a certain hill distant about one mile

from the village Athcliath, the which is now called Dublinia; and

looking on this place and on the country around it, and blessing it,

thus spake he, prophesying: "This village, now so small, in time shall

be renowned, and it shall be increased in riches and in dignity until

it be advanced the royal seat of a kingdom."  How truly he spake the

proof of this time manifestly showeth.  And he entered the village, and

the dwellers therein, having heard of the miracles which he had wrought

in the Lord, came forth joyfully to meet him; and the son of the lord

of that place, his only son, was even at the point of death, so that

many said he had already expired.  Then, at the entreaty of the father

and of the rest who flocked around him, the saint went unto the sick

man's bed, and bended his knees on the earth, and prayed, and blessed

him then dying, and snatched him from the jaws of death, and in the

sight of them all restored him.  And they who beheld this miracle

believed in the Author of life, and by the holy prelate were baptized

in His name.







_A Fountain is produced out of the Earth._


And Saint Patrick, while abiding in this village, was entertained at

the house of a woman who often in his presence complained of the want

of fresh water.  For the river that ran near it was, by the flowing in

of the tide of the sea, made wholly salt of taste; nor before the

return thereof could any fresh water be obtained, unless drawn at a

great distance.  But the saint, who continually thirsted after God, the

living fountain, compassionated the grievance of his hostess and of the

multitude then newly born unto Christ, and, the rather that they might

the more ardently pant toward the fountain of life, thought he fit to

show its virtue.  Therefore on the morrow he went unto a certain place,

and in the presence of many standing around he prayed, and touched the

earth with the staff of Jesus, and in the name of the Lord produced

from it a clear fountain.  Thus with the staff in the hand of his

preacher Saint Patrick did the Lord renew the miracle which of old time

he had deigned to work by the rod in the hand of Moses striking the

rock; there the rock twice struck flowed forth abundant waters; here

the earth once pierced poured forth a pure fountain.  And this is the

fountain of Dublinia, wide in its stream, plenteous in its course,

sweet to the taste, which, as is said, healeth many infirmities, and

even to this day is rightly called the fountain of Saint Patrick.







_The Dead are raised up; the King and the People are converted; a

Fountain is produced, and Tribute promised._


The divine Providence bestoweth on this transitory world the desire of

letters, to the end that the human race, which when death arrives

cannot long continue in the memory, may through distant ages preserve

the record of great events, and recall them as if passing before their

eyes.  Therefore do those things appear to me very worthy of

remembrance which were done by Patrick, the illustrious preacher unto

the Irish nation, the holy prelate, who, by the grace of God, in his

evidences, his miracles, and his virtues, became the conqueror of the

old enemy, even to the gathering together the people of Ireland and her

kings, that they might serve the Lord; and at length he came unto the

noble city which is now called Dublinia.  And it was inhabited by the

Norwegians and by the people of the Isles, having been conceded by the

King of Ireland unto the dominion of the queen, who was the daughter of

the King of Norwegia; and in course of time was it one while allied to,

and other while warring against, the kings of Ireland.  Hither Saint

Patrick coming, found the city defiled with the abominations of idols,

and unknowing of the true Creator.  And He who burst asunder the gates

of death and of hell smoothed the path for his servant; for the king

and the people, who erewhile had said unto the Lord, Depart Thou from

us, we will not the knowledge of Thy ways, so cast down were they, so

saddened with weeping and with lamentation, that all memory of their

wonted fierceness, all their barbarous rudeness, and all the pride of

their idolatry, were utterly subdued.  Wretched was the spectacle on

that day!  The twin hope of the kingdom, the delight of the city, the

solace of the old, the companion of the young, the son of the King of

Dublinia, lay in his chamber dead; and his sister, who had gone to

bathe in the neighboring river, had that day perished in the

mid-stream.  And a tumult arose through the whole city; and the funeral

rites of the king's son being wholly neglected, all ran confusedly to

the shore; some, not even casting off their garments, plunge into the

river, some dive into its lowest depths, and others sail down the

course of the tide, lest haply the body of the royal damsel might

thitherward be hurried down.  But they who had gone out to seek beheld

in the water the damsel lying down, even as one sleeping.  They delay

not; they raise the royal maiden from the stream; they bear her unto

the chamber of her brother for her obsequies; and, according to the

superstition of the pagans, the tombs are prepared.  And a rumor

gathers in the palace that he, Patrick of Ardmachia, who in the name of

the unknown God had already raised many that were even dead, had on

that day arrived in the city.  This the king hearing rejoiced mightily;

and he caused him to come where his two children lay, and, being

already full of faith, he promised that if God at the prayers of the

saint would restore the children of his age, he and all his people

would worship him.  And all the nobles confirm the promise of the king,

and the whole city yearneth toward the faith, so that the children may

but be revived.  Then the saint, beholding the gain of souls which was

there prepared for him, poured forth his prayers, and in the sight of

the king and of the people restored to life the royal children; and

they, being made the assistants unto the faith, rising again in their

bodies, assisted in their father and in the people the resurrection of

souls.  And this king was called Alphinus, and his son was called

Cochadh, and his daughter Dublinia, and from her the city received its

name.  And he and all his people, rejecting their idols and all the

abominations of the devils, were converted unto Christ, and were

baptized at the fountain of Saint Patrick, at the southern side of the

city, which the saint, striking the earth with the staff of Jesus, had

caused to arise, to the increase of the faith of the believers;

wherefore did the saint offer there the sacrifice unto salvation; and

there, even to this day, is honor and reverence paid Saint Patrick and

his successors, the primates of Ardmachia.  And from that time the King

Alphinus and all the citizens of Dublinia vowed themselves and all

their posterity to the service of Saint Patrick and the primates of

Ardmachia, and builded one church near this fountain, and another near

the Church of the Holy Trinity, and in the city westward of the

archbishop's palace.  And they appointed a tribute unto Saint Patrick

their patron, which was unto the Archbishop of Ardmachia from every

merchant ship a sufficient cask of wine or of honey, a hook of iron, or

a measure of salt; from every tavern a vessel of mead or of ale; and

from every shop a gift of shoes, or gloves, or knives, or combs, with

many gifts of such kind.  And on that day the king and his nobles each

offered unto him a talent of gold; but the people offered even as they

could, the which did Patrick, the poor in Christ, give unto the poor,

having retained a part unto the building of churches.  Then blessed he

them with the blessings of Jacob the patriarch, and of Moses the

servant of God, like unto the age and spiritual bearing of whom he

appeared, prophesying, and praying, if their deeds agreed with their

words, that they might be unconquered and fortunate, but weak and

unhappy if ever they falsified their vows.  Which plainly was proved

when this people, becoming proud and regardless of the blessing of the

saint, neglected to pay the appointed tribute.







_Of the Sentence pronounced on Murinus._


And the saint having blessed and bidden farewell unto the inhabitants

of Dublinia, then by the power of his miracles confirmed in the faith,

preparing himself for the like work, set forward on his journey.  And

he came unto a neighboring town, which is now called the Castle Cnoc,

where a certain infidel named Murinus governed.  Him did the saint

desire to lead into the path of life; but this son of death, hearing

the fame of his virtue and of his wisdom, which he feared no one could

resist, absented himself from the saint, even as from a fierce enemy.

And the saint required him that he would at the least give unto him of

his abundance; but he, concealing himself in an inner chamber, required

him that he would at the least suffer him to sleep.  The which commands

being of each oftentimes repeated, the saint, at the inspiration of the

Spirit, understanding him to be a child of perdition, exclaimed: "Let

him sleep, let him sleep; nor until the day of judgment let him awaken

or arise!"  Then the saint departed, and the wretched man sank into the

sleep of death.  Thus when the sleeper, covered with the darkness of

unbelief, refused to awake at the heavenly voice which called him from

the dead, that he might be illuminated of Christ, he descended into the

dark grave, there to remain for ever covered with the darkness of

death.  Therefore, even to this day, it is among the Irish a frequent

imprecation on a feigned sleeper, Mayest thou sleep, as at the word of

Saint Patrick Murinus slept!







_Foylge is punished with a double Death, and the deceiving Fiend is

driven out of his body._


And in Lagenia was a certain wicked idolater named Foylge, who was an

eminent adversary of Christ, so far forth as he was able; this child of

Belial frequently sought occasion to lay on Patrick, the anointed of

the Lord, his impious hands, for to him it was very grievous not only

to see but even to hear the saint.  To this inveterate malice was he

urged, for that the man of God had destroyed the aforementioned idol

Ceancroythi, unto the abominable worship whereof he was especially

bound.  But when he could not effect his wicked purpose, he one day

attacked the charioteer of Saint Patrick, who was named Odranus; for he

seized him sitting in the chariot, and strangled him, so that by the

one act of blood his fury might be the more fiercely excited toward

another.  And the saint, wounded in his heart, cast the weapon of his

malediction on this child of hell, who, pierced thereby, even at the

moment breathed out his soul into the infernal regions.  Of some it is

said that Odranus, foreknowing the servant of Satan to be intent on the

death of the saint, obtained that in his stead he might on that day

hold the reins.  And this he did, earnestly desiring to lay down his

life for the saint, lest, so bright a lamp being extinguished, the

people of Ireland should again walk in darkness.  And the saint beheld

his soul borne into heaven by the angels, and placed in the seat of the

martyrs.  But the old enemy, entering the dead body, showed to all a

false and feigned Foylge, as if revived unto life, and dwelled therein

as returned to his possessions and to his people.  And after some days,

as Patrick was passing nigh unto the dead man's dwelling, he called

unto him certain of the family, and asked where Foylge was; and they

answered that he was then within in the house, when the saint replied:

"The soul of Foylge, for that he unjustly slew my chariot-driver, God

justly judging and vindicating my cause, hath gone cut of his body, and

descended into hell; but Satan, to the delusion and the seduction of

mankind, hath entered into his corpse, and occupieth it as his own

proper vessel."  Then the saint forbade Satan that in that vessel he

should longer abide, or deceive mankind with so wicked a phantom.  And

forthwith, at the command of the man of God, the deceiving spirit

quitted his habitation of clay; the which, covered with worms, and

raising horror and offence to all, was carried into instant sepulture.

Nor let it be wondered that the devil should show himself in the

visible form of his accustomed instrument, the God permitting whose

judgments are an abyss; but rather let Him be feared who can destroy

both body and soul in hell.







_Of the Saint's Prophecy concerning the Kings of Momonia._


And the saint, going out of Lagenia, journeyed prosperously forward

into the country of Momonia.  And the king thereof, who was named

Oengus, met the holy prelate, rejoicing and giving thanks in the

exultation of his heart, as on that day occasion was ministered unto

him of joy and of belief, for that in the morning, when he entered the

temple to adore his idols, he beheld them all prostrate on the ground.

And so often as he raised them, so often by the divine power were they

cast down; nor could they stand upright, but continually were they

overthrown.  And as Dagon could not stand at the approach of the ark of

the testament, so neither could the idols stand at the approach of

Saint Patrick.  And he may truly be called the ark of the covenant, who

in his pure heart, as in a golden urn, bore the manna of heavenly

contemplation, the tables of the heavenly law, and the rod of the

heavenly discipline.  And the king brought him, with great reverence

and honor, unto his palace in the city of Cassel, because his mind and

his eye had long time longed for him, by reason of the manifold

miracles which he knew had been worked by the saint.  And at his

preaching the king believed in the Holy Trinity, in the name of which

he is regenerated in the healing water of baptism.  And after he had

blessed the king by touching his head, at his earnest and devout

entreaty the saint pierced his foot with the point of the staff of

Jesus.  But the king, receiving his blessing with ardent desire, felt

in his body no pain of the wound, so much did he rejoice in the

salvation of his soul.  Then did the saint behold the wounded foot of

the king, and imprinted on it the sign of the cross, and blessed it,

and healed the wound; and, full of the prophetic spirit, thus

prophesied he unto the king: "The blood of any king of thy race who

shall sit on thy throne shall never be shed, save of one alone."  And

the inhabitants of this region, assert the prophecy to have been proved

by undeniable truth, inasmuch as history recordeth not one king of all

his posterity, even to the tenth generation, to have been slain, but

only one.  And there remained in that place a tablet of stone, whereon

the saint is said to have celebrated the holy mysteries; and it is

called by the Irish Leac Phadruig--that is, the Stone of Saint Patrick;

and on this stone, for reverence of him, the kings of Cassel are wont

to be crowned and to be advanced unto the throne of their kingdom.







_How Dercardius and his Companions were destroyed._


And thence the saint speeded unto Urmonia, that out of that place he

might pluck the thorns and the branches of error which, being planted

by the craft of the old enemy, had flourished there, and sow in their

stead the spiritual harvest.  And a certain man of Comdothan, named

Lonanus, freely received him, and made unto him and the companions of

his journey a great supper.  And the saint deemed right to impart the

spiritual and eternal food unto those who had prepared for him the food

which was perishing and earthly.  And during supper, while the saint

labored to fill their minds with the word of life, a certain wicked man

named Dercardius approached, and with rude and importunate speech, nay,

even with clamor, wearying the ears of the saint, afflicting his mind,

and stopping his mouth, demanded of him food.  The which the saint not

having at hand, blushed, and took unkindly the irreverence that

prevented him from preaching.  But a certain man named Nessan, who

beheld how the just man's spirit was vexed, offered unto him a ram,

which the saint bade him give to the bold importuner.  This receiving,

Dercardius returned to his companions, boasting that by his importunity

he had penetrated the stony heart of Patrick, even as the continual

dropping of water weareth out a stone.  And they slay the ram, and

dress and eat it.  And while the meat was yet in their mouths the anger

of God came on them, and suddenly avenged His servant; for the meat

turned to instant poison, and destroyed them all; wherein are we

sufficiently admonished not to offend the servants of God, lest we

offend the Almighty Himself, who will protect and defend them in the

time of their trouble.







_Of the Quarrel of the Two Brothers._


The blessed Patrick, as the angel of peace, announcing by the blood of

Christ that peace which passeth all understanding, journeyed through

Ciarraghus.  And as he journeyed, he beheld two brothers named

Bibradius and Locradius, who, their father having then lately been

buried, were dividing the inheritance; and they at first disputed with

their tongues, and at length they attacked each other very fiercely.

And when each brandished the sword unto the death of the other, the

saint feared exceedingly, lest even in his sight the crime of

fratricide should happen.  Therefore unto the pity of these unpitying

men did he address his heart, unto prayer his mouth, unto blessing his

hand; and making their arms immovable as wood or as stone, he stayed

them in the air.  And they, beholding themselves thus miraculously

prevented, ceased from the fury of their conceived sin, and, at the

bidding of the saint telling good tidings of peace and preaching

salvation, returned unto the mutual kindness of brotherly love.  Then

he, the brothers being appeased, and his blessing being given unto

them, restored the power of their arms; and they offered him for the

building of a church the field wherein was worked this miracle.







_Fourteen Thousand Men are miraculously refreshed with the Meat of Five



And after that Patrick, the illustrious worker of miracles, had

fortified with his most holy admonitions the inhabitants of Momonia,

whom he had already filled with the faith, he turned to visit the

northern part of the island, the territories of the sons of Neyll, that

he might convert or confirm the dwellers therein.  And the

aforementioned King Oengus, with twelve of his tributary kings, and

other of the chiefs who were subject unto him, followed the saint with

fourteen thousand men, desiring to be fed with the bread of life and of

understanding.  And when they came unto the river Brosnach, where

Triamus the bishop, by birth a Roman, companion unto Saint Patrick in

his journey and his labors, dwelled in a place called Choibeach, he

desired to refresh all this multitude.  Therefore he first fed them all

with spiritual food, and then bade them sit down unto supper.  And

Triamus had one cow, by the milk of which he was wont to be sustained,

and he caused her to be slain for their repast.  But what was this one

among so many?  Then Patrick, the beloved of the Lord, addressed a

prayer unto heaven; and behold, two stags issued from one part of the

wood, and two boars issued from another part, and came unto him as

tamed and domestic.  And these; giving thanks unto the most high Giver,

he in like manner bade to be killed, and, having blessed, he placed

before the multitude.  And all the people ate, and were abundantly

filled; and the remnants, that nothing might be lost, were gathered up;

thus with the flesh of five animals did Patrick most plenteously feed

fourteen thousand men in the name of Him who, with five loaves and two

fishes, did feed four thousand.  For he said: "He who believeth in me,

the works that I do, these shall he do, and greater than these," that

the Father may be glorified in the Son.  And these miracles differ not,

though they vary in their number, for each was worked of the Lord, this

in Himself, that in His servant.  Nevertheless, on the morrow was found

in that field a cow like unto the one that was killed and eaten, and it

was given unto Triamus, that he might be nourished of her milk.  And

the rumor went forth among very many, affirming this to have been the

same cow revived by Saint Patrick.  We, however, say that nothing is

impossible unto God, but that this was done we neither deny nor assert.







_Nineteen Men are raised by Saint Patrick from the Dead._


But to these wonderful acts succeed yet more wonderful, and evidently

show in His saint the wonderful God; for the next miracle deserveth

even higher admiration.  And as Patrick was one day preaching eternal

punishment to those who resisted the commands of God, and the reward of

eternal life to those who obeyed, his words were confirmed by the

argument of an unheard miracle.  For, lest any scruple of doubt should

arise in their hearts, he revived, in the sight of all, nineteen men

who had been dead and buried in their graves, one of whom, named Fotus,

had lain in his narrow house for the space of ten years.  And all these

related the pains which they had suffered, and with one voice declared

that the God whom Patrick preached was the true and the living God.

Then the King Oengus and all his people, beholding these things,

glorified the God who is glorious in His saints, wonderful in His

majesty, and eminent in His miracles, such as are never seen on earth;

and they honored Patrick as the priest of the high God and His peculiar

apostle.  And each returned unto his home, saying, This day we have

beheld a miracle.  And they who had been revived were by Patrick

baptized, and, professing a penitent life, they took on them the

monastic habit, and, abiding with the blessed Triamus, they remained in

holiness and in faith even to their lives' end.







_The King's Daughter becomes a Nun._


And Patrick came unto the country of Neyll, wherein reigned a king

named Echu, and he had one beloved daughter named Cynnia, whom he

intended at a fitting time to give in fitting marriage.  And the damsel

unfolded to the saint her father's purpose, and he exhorted her to

deserve the reward of virginity even an hundred-fold; therefore,

rejecting worldly nuptials, she determined to offer herself an

undefiled offering unto her celestial Spouse, and to cherish Him in her

heart.  And the king, beholding her thus steadily to preserve her

virgin purity, called unto him the saint, and thus he spake: "I had

determined that my daughter should continue unto me a long-descending

progeny for the confirmation of my kingdom and the solace of mine age;

but the succession is cut off, and mine hope is defeated by thee; if,

therefore, thou wilt promise unto me the heavenly kingdom, yet not

compel me unwillingly to receive baptism, my daughter shall become the

servant of thy God, even as thou hast exhorted her; otherwise will I

not be stopped of my desire, nor shall thy preaching prevail."  And the

saint, confiding in, and committing all unto, the Lord, faithfully

promised what the king required.  Then the damsel, being veiled and

consecrated, and serving the Lord in virginity and in the exercise of

all other virtues, brought by her example many unto His devotion; and

during her life and after her death she was renowned by divers

miracles.  And the saint commended her unto the care of the holy virgin

Cethuberis, who first of all the women of Ireland had received from him

the veil, and to whom, being placed over the Monastery of Druimduchan,

with a great multitude of virgins serving Christ, the saint himself

addressed an exhortatory epistle.  And in this monastery did Cynnia

abide, until at length with many holy virgins she rested there in the








_The King Echu is raised from Death._


And after some time had passed, the King Echu was reduced to the bed of

sickness, and when he perceived that his strength failed, and the day

of his death approached, he sent a messenger to call Saint Patrick unto

him.  And he strictly forbade that his body should be buried until the

arrival of the saint; for that he had promised unto him the heavenly

kingdom, and especially, that the king desired to receive from him the

heavenly baptism.  Thus saying, he expired, and his body was kept for

the space of one day and one night unburied, in expectation of the

saint.  And he, then abiding in the Monastery of Saballum, which was

distant two days' journey, knew in the spirit of the king's death, and,

ere the messenger could arrive, had made ready for the journey.  And

the saint came, and mourned over the king, especially for that he had

died without baptism.  Therefore prayed he unto the Lord, and loosed

him from the bonds of double death, and forthwith instructed in the

faith him restored unto life, and baptized him, and bade him that for

the edification of the people and for the proof of his preaching he

should relate what he had seen of the pains of the wicked and of the

joys of the just.  And he told unto them many wonders, and there among

that in that heavenly country he had beheld the place which Patrick had

promised unto him; but, because he was not then baptized, he could not

enter therein; and so at the prayers of the saint his body was revived.

Then the saint enquired of him whether would he longer live in this

world, or instantly go into that place which was prepared for him; and

he answered that all the power, all the riches, all the delights of the

whole world, were to him but as the emptiest smoke compared with those

celestial joys which he had proved with the eye of faith.  But I

entreat, said he, that I may be loosed from the body of this death, and

delivered instantly from this prison-house; for earnestly I desire to

be dissolved and to be with Christ.  Thus having said, he received the

Eucharist, and, falling asleep in the Lord, went unto the place of








_A Man of Gigantic Stature is revived from Death._


And Patrick was journeying on a certain day for the wonted purpose of

his preaching; and he found near the road a sepulchre of wondrous

length.  And his brethren who journeyed with him beheld it; but with

their very admiration could they not believe that the body of any man

was buried in such a tomb.  But the saint affirmed that God could prove

it by the resurrection of this gigantic man, so that they did not

falter in the faith; for there was then no small doubting of the

general resurrection.  Then prayed the saint earnestly that his acts

might be accorded with his words, and that thereby he might remove from

their hearts every scruple of doubt.  Wonderful was the event, and to

past ages wholly unknown!  The holy prelate, having first prayed,

signed the sepulchre with the staff of Jesus, and awakened from the

dust the buried man.  Then stood one before them horrible in stature

and in aspect; and he looked on the saint, and, bitterly weeping, said

unto him: "How great thanks do I give unto thee, O beloved and chosen

of God! who even for one hour hast released me from unspeakable

torments and from the gates of hell!"  And he besought the saint that

he might go along with him; but the saint refused, for that no man for

very terror could stand before his countenance.  And being asked by

Patrick who he had been, he replied that he was the son of Chaiis, by

name Glarcus, formerly a swineherd of the King Leogaire; and that when

he was an hundred years of age, he was slain in an ambush by a certain

man named Fynnan Mac Con.  Then the saint admonished him that he should

believe in the three-in-one God, and in His name receive baptism unto

salvation, so that he might escape that place of torment.  And he

answered that he firmly believed in the God, whom he knew to be

almighty, and in his name desired to receive baptism.  And he said that

while he had lived he understood of the Creator from the likeness of

the created; and though he knew Him not, yet loved he Him according to

his ability.  Therefore he was baptized by Patrick, and forthwith he

expired, and was buried in his former sepulchre; and according to the

word of the saint, he was freed from his punishment.  And the saint,

considering and commending the inestimable riches of the goodness of

God, exhorted them all earnestly, faithfully, and continually to love

God, and chiefly those who knew and understood Him, affirming that this

man had obtained so great a mercy through the earnestness of the love

which, though ignorant, he held toward God.







_Of Another Man who was Buried and Raised Again._


And a certain prince who reigned in Humestia at the preaching of

Patrick believed, and, with all his people, was baptized.  But when the

saint would have instructed him as to the general resurrection, he

could not easily bend thereto his faith, for in nowise could he believe

that the body which was once reduced into dust could ever be raised

again in the pristine state of its proper but improved nature.  So when

the man of God, that he might reclaim him from his error, showed divers

testimonies of the Holy Writ, examples, signs, and miracles, he is said

to have thus replied; "If, by the virtue of Christ Jesus, thou shall

revive my grandfather, who has now been buried many days, then will I

believe in the resurrection of the dead which thou preachest."  Then

the saint, being accompanied of the prince and all his people, went

unto the tomb, and signed it with the staff of Jesus; and he caused the

tomb to be opened, and, having prayed, to the admiration of all

present, and to the confirmation of the Catholic faith, he raised to

life the buried man.  And he was of exceeding height and of terrible

countenance, yet much inferior to the aforementioned in his stature.

And him, relating the torments of hell, and devoutly asking baptism in

the name of Christ, did the saint baptize, and, when baptized, gave

unto his entreaty the Holy Eucharist; and placed him again, falling to

sleep, but sleeping in the Lord, in his former sepulchre.  Then no one

of those present doubted of the resurrection of the dead, since it was

proved before their eyes by a testimony so credible, a miracle so

apparent.  And this and the aforementioned miracle hath the saint

recorded in an epistle, addressed to a certain friend who dwelled in a

country beyond the sea, wherein, among other things, he sayeth: "The

Lord hath given unto me, though humble, the power of working miracles

among a barbarous people, such as are not recorded to have been worked

by the great apostles; inasmuch as in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ

I have raised from the dead bodies that have been buried for many

years; but, I beseech you, let no one believe that for these or the

like works I am to be at all equalled with the Apostles, or with any

perfect man, since I am humble and a sinner, and worthy only to be

despised."  Now, let the hearer admire to what a point of perfection

this man had raised his mind, who, working so many and so great works,

yet thought so humbly of himself.  And I truly admire in the saint his

extreme humility, beyond even his raising up of the dead.







_Of the Boy who was torn in pieces by Swine and restored unto Life._


And another prince, named Elelius, strenuously resisted the doctrine of

the saint, nor ever opened his ears unto his preaching until misery

gave him understanding.  For on a certain day his best-beloved son was

trampled on by the swine, and torn in pieces and almost devoured.

Which when the father heard, he rent his garments, and cast himself at

Patrick's feet, and, weeping, told unto him what had happened, and

promised him to believe in his God and obey his precepts, if, in His

name, the saint would revive his son.  Then the saint commanded one of

his disciples, by name Malachia, by nation a Briton, that he should

restore unto life the dead and mangled youth.  But he, disobeying and

disbelieving the word of the saint from the faint-heartedness of his

faith, thus answered: "Who is the man that may replace the bones which

are broken in pieces, renew the nerves, and restore the flesh, recall

the spirit to the body, and the life to the dead corpse?  I will not

endeavor it, nor will I with such rashness tempt the Lord, nor essay a

work which I cannot finish."  And the saint answered unto him: "Hast

thou not read the promise of the Lord?  If ye ask anything from my

Father in my name, He will grant it unto ye: and again, If ye have

faith, though but as a grain of mustard-seed, ye shall say unto this

mountain, Move thou hence, and cast thyself into the sea, and it shall

be done."  And he answering that often had he so read, the saint

rejoined: "Since, as much as in thee lieth, thou hast rendered naught

the word of the Lord, I prophesy unto thee that thou shalt possess on

earth but a poor and slender household, and in thy church shall be the

dwelling of one man only."  Then commanded he two bishops, his

disciples Elbeus and Hibarus, that they should revive the dead youth,

adding that he would assist them with his prayers.  And they obeyed the

commands of their father, and, being aided by his prayers, they

restored the torn and mangled boy not merely unto life, but unto his

former health and unto his beauty and his strength.  Therefore the

prince believed, and with all his household and with all his people was

baptized.  And in the place where this miracle was worked he builded a

church, and, in memory of Saint Patrick, and of the two bishops, and of

the revived youth, he erected four very huge stones.  But what the

saint foretold of his disciple Malachia happened in due time.  Why,

however, he did not this miracle himself, but willed it to be done by

his disciples, is, I confess, to me and many such as I, utterly

unknown.  Yet by these things a wise man will understand that as Saint

Patrick, in the name of the Lord, raised this dead body and divers

others, so, what is still more excellent, his disciples, when enjoined

by his commands and assisted by his prayers, were enabled to work this

great miracle.







_The Prayers of the Saint confer Beauty on an Ugly Man._


And among the chief men of Hibernia was one named Eugenius, who had

long resisted the preaching of the saint, but, being at length

compelled by the argument of the living Word, and convinced by

indisputable miracles, he at length believed, and, by the water of the

holy font, was renewed in Christ.  And this man was rich and powerful,

but in his countenance and his person he was more deformed than all his

people.  And after complaining of his deformity unto the saint, he

besought him to banish by the sending up of his prayers the hideous

ugliness of his face, and thereby show the omnipotence of his God, on

whom all the people believed.  At length the saint, being moved with

the entreaties of the man thus ashamed of himself, asked to whose form

he would desire to be likened.  Then he, regarding the people placed

around him, preferred the form of Roichus, an ecclesiastic, the keeper

of Saint Patrick's books; and this man was by birth a Briton, by degree

a deacon, a kinsman of the holy prelate, and beautiful in his form

above all men in those countries dwelling.  Nevertheless was he a man

of most holy life, so that he might say with the Psalmist, "Lord, by

thy will thou hast added righteousness to my beauty!"  But the saint

caused them to sleep in one bed and under one covering; and, standing

over them, he lifted his pure hands in prayer.  Wonderful and unwonted

event!  When they awaked and arose, not any difference appeared in

their countenance; the tonsure alone distinguished the one from the

other.  And all who beheld admired; but more exceedingly joyful was he

who experienced in himself this miracle.







_The Stature of the same Man is increased unto a sufficient Height._


And since the saint had gratified Eugenius by his form being thus

improved, he, confiding in his prayers, added another entreaty.  For he

was of very low stature; and therefore he besought the holy prelate

that, as man can nothing prevail by his own merits, he would, in the

name of his God, add to his stature one cubit.  Then Patrick bade him

to show the height which he desired; and he raised himself on tiptoe,

leaning on his erected spear, and stretched the ends of his fingers as

far upward as he could, and desired that his stature might reach unto

the measure of that height; and behold, at the prayers of the saint,

the man, erewhile a dwarf, increased thereto; and, lest the miracle

should be deemed the work of magic or of falsehood, in that stature and

in that form did he continue unto his life's end.







_Of Saint Olcanus, the Teacher and Bishop, raised out of the Earth._


A certain prince, going on a journey, heard, not without much

amazement, a voice as if the voice of an infant weeping in a sepulchre,

and, staying, he bade his people to open the sepulchre; and within he

found a living boy nigh unto the dead mother.  Him, by general advice,

did the prince raise out of the chamber of death, and bear unto Saint

Patrick, who, baptizing the child, named him Olcanus, for that he had

suffered much evil, and in a fit season sent him to be instructed in

letters.  And he, being arrived at good stature, and being desirous of

learning, went into Gaul; and having long abided there, and acquired

much learning, he returned to his country; and being so returned, he

instituted schools, and taught many scholars who in after-time were

holy bishops.  But this renowned teacher attained the episcopal

dignity, and, at length closing his life in much sanctity, was

illustrious even for many miracles.







_How the Tooth of Saint Patrick shone in the River._


And on a time the saint, with his holy company, passed over a certain

river named Dabhall; and for that the day declined and the evening came

on, he prepared to pass the night near the bank, and pitched his tent

on a fair plain.  And approaching the water, he washed his hands and

his mouth, and with his most pious fingers he rubbed his gums and his

teeth; but through age or infirmity one of his teeth, by chance, or

rather by the divine will, dropped out of his mouth into the water; and

his disciples sought it diligently in the stream, yet with all their

long and careful search found they it not.  But in the darkness of the

night the tooth lying in the river shone as a radiant star, and the

brightness thereof attracted all who dwelled near to behold and to

admire.  And the tooth so miraculously discovered is brought unto the

saint, and he and all around him offer thanks to the Almighty, who had

brought this thing to pass; and on that spot he builded a church, and

deposited the tooth beneath the altar.  The which is famed for divers

miracles, and even to this day is called Cluayn Fiacal--that is, the

Church of the Tooth.  And the tooth of Saint Patrick, like a radiant

star, shone by the same divine grace whereby, at the prayer of Samson,

the conqueror of the Philistines, a fountain of water streamed forth

from the jaw-bone of an ass.  And this church is distant about five

miles from the metropolitan city of Ardmachia.







_The Saint Prophesieth of the Virgin Treha, and a Veil is placed on her

Head by an Angel._


While on a certain time the saint was baptizing in the holy font a

chief named Cartanus, together with his wife, he foretold unto the

woman that she should bring forth a daughter, unto whom he would give

the veil and consecrate a virgin to the heavenly Spouse.  And in the

appointed time the woman bore a daughter, who at her baptism was named

Treha; and when her tenth year was completed, the damsel journeyed

toward Saint Patrick for the purpose of her consecration, but a marsh

that crossed the way prevented her.  Fatigued, therefore, and anxious,

she sat upon the bank, and beheld afar off, with a longing eye and a

wistful mind, the place where the prelate abided.  And he, at the

revelation of the Holy Spirit, knew of the damsel's journey and of her

desire; and he prayed, and removed thence the marsh, and; passing over

with unsoiled feet, he went unto her.  And while the saint was

consecrating the virgin Treha, a veil is dropped on her head by the

angel of the Lord, and reaching even unto her lips, covering her eyes;

and the saint stretched forth his hand, willing to remove the veil from

her eyes; but the damsel humbly prevented him, saying, "I beseech thee,

my father, let the veil remain, even as it is placed on the head of

thine handmaid, that mine eyes may no longer behold the vanity of this

world, but rather may, looking inward, contemplate the brightness of

mine heavenly Spouse!"  Therefore Patrick, rejoicing at the pious

purpose of the damsel, let fall her veil; and as it was at first placed

on her from heaven, through all her life, covering her eyes like a dove

and her knees like a turtle-dove, it remained as if it were joined to

her face.  Thus did the covering of the sacred veil exclude every

alluring object from her eye, lest death should enter therewith.







_Saint Patrick Prophesieth of the Sanctity of Saint Columba._


A certain prince named Conallus sought and obtained a blessing from the

saint.  And with the like purpose came also his younger brother,

Fergus, who was one of the most powerful chiefs of the country.  And

him, the holy prelate, having prayed, blessed, and laid his hand upon

his head with much solemnity and with peculiar devotion.  But Conallus,

who was elder in birth and in dominion, seeing that the saint had

blessed his brother more earnestly and more devoutly than himself,

wondered and grieved mightily.  Therefore Patrick, observing his face

unusually clouded, explained the cause of this so solemn benediction,

and, prophesying, said unto him: "I have blessed thy brother Fergus for

the sake of the blessed child that will be born of his race.  For his

son Fedhleminus will beget a son who will be called Columba--a name

well fitted to his birth, since even in his mother's womb will he be

filled with the Holy Spirit.  Forasmuch as he will be enriched with the

treasures of the divine wisdom and grace, rightly will he be called the

bright and shining lamp of his generation, and the prophet of the Most

Highest; and from the time that he cometh to the age of understanding

never shall a purposed falsehood issue from his lips."  How truly was

this prophecy made of Saint Columba, who is called Coluimcille, and was

the founder of an hundred monasteries, he who would more fully know,

let him read the volume that has been written of the saint's life.







_The River is Divided in Twain, and Blessed._


On a certain time Saint Patrick came unto a deep and impassable river

named Boallus; and as neither boat nor vessel was at hand, he prayed

and divided the river in twain, and made unto himself and his followers

a free passage.  And raising his right hand, he blessed the river, and

even to this day the eastern part of the stream can be passed by

horsemen and by footmen; yet over the western part cannot any pass

unless in some vessel.  And being so blessed, this river abounded in

fishes beyond all others.  Then to his disciples marvelling, and

seeking to know the cause of this so great miracle, did the saint

answer: "The yet unborn son of life, who will be named Columba, after

the lapse of many years will live in this place, and the water thus

divided will, for several purposes, be needful unto him and his

fellow-militants in Christ, while its abundance of fishes will minister

food unto his brethren."  And Saint Columba being after many years

born, when he became a man builded there a stately monastery, and by

his dwelling and by his works approved the prophecy of Patrick.







_The Prophecy that Patrick made unto Connedus._


And Saint Patrick visited the country of the Turturini, where he abided

for the space of seven weeks; and in that little space builded he seven

churches, one whereof he called the Lord's Church.  For this was his

custom: that wheresoever he abided on the Lord's day, if he founded a

church there, he called it Domnhach--that is, belonging to the Lord.

And over one of these seven churches he appointed one of his disciples

named Connedus, a good and holy man, by degree a presbyter, and learned

in the divine law.  And he, undertaking the government of this church

rather from obedience than from ambition, abided there only one week,

and then quitting it hastened to Saint Patrick.  And the saint

enquiring the cause of his so speedy return, he answered that he could

not patiently endure the absence of his beloved father.  "Nor is it to

be wondered," replied the saint, "since in that place there are not

children of life, but men of blood and devourers of cattle, of whose

sword thou standest in dread, and fearest that thy blood will be poured

out.  Return, return securely, nor tremble before their face; for the

blood of no man shall in that place be shed, even from generation to

generation."  Therefore, receiving this answer of Saint Patrick, the

venerable Connedus returned unto the government of his church; and, as

the dwellers in that country declare, the word of the saint has been

confirmed by many proofs.







_Of Mannia and the other Islands Converted unto God._


The saint, beholding in Hibernia that the harvest was great, but the

laborers few, passed over into Britain to obtain assistance in the

field of the Lord.  And forasmuch as the pest of the Pelagian heresy

and the Arian faithlessness had in many places denied that country, he,

by his preaching and working of miracles, recalled the people unto the

way of truth.  And many are the places therein which even to this day

bear witness to his miracles and are imbued with his sanctity.  And he

brought away with him many learned and religious men, thirty of whom he

afterward advanced unto the episcopal office.  Returning to Hibernia,

he touched at the islands of the sea, one whereof, Eubonia--that is,

Mannia--at that time subject unto Britain, he by his miracles and by

his preaching converted unto Christ.  And among his miracles very

conspicuous was this: a certain evil-doer named Melinus, like Simon the

magician, asserting himself to be a god, and attempting the air with a

diabolical flight, at the prayers of the saint fell headlong, and was

dashed in pieces, and so perished.  And the saint placed as bishop over

the new church of this nation a wise and holy man named Germanus, who

placed his episcopal seat in a certain promontory unto this day called

Saint Patrick's Island, for that the saint had there some time abided.

And the other islands being converted unto the faith, he placed over

them bishops from among his disciples--one over some, many over

others--and then he returned to Hibernia; for the saint was accustomed

to appoint bishops not only in cities, but even in towns and the more

crowded places, lest any who had been baptized should be deprived of

episcopal confirmation.  And this did he provide that the faithful

might always have present unto them one who could minister the

episcopal office; while the diocese, being not too extended, needed not

to withdraw from them the presence and the care of their pastor.  But

the dwellers in some of these islands, being aliened from the faith,

afterward renounced the law of God which Patrick preached unto them;

and therefore unto this day are they deprived of the special gift of

God which, through the prayers of Patrick, freed from all venomous

animals the islands that persevered in their faith.







_Of the Saint's Prophecy concerning Six Priests, and of a Skin which he

bestowed to them._


Six priests, who were led by their unanimous desire of learning the

Scripture and of visiting holy places, quitted Hibernia to travel

beyond the sea, when by a happy chance they met the saint returning out

of Britain; and he blessed them with bended knees entreating his

benediction, and foretold that they all would be bishops.  And the

saint observing one of them, who appeared elder and stronger than the

rest, carrying in his bosom all their volumes, for that he had nothing

wherein he might bear them in his hand, bade that a seal-skin should be

given unto him on which he was wont to stand while he was celebrating

the Mass, that he might make thereof a satchel.  And they, receiving

with manifold thanks the gift of the holy man, prosperously journeyed;

nor from that day forth was there among them any want; but whether in

travelling or abiding in the schools, they always found an honest

sufficiency.  Therefore they knew that the saint assisted them with his

prayers, and that the Lord, through his merits, continued unto them His

mercy.  But in process of time, having thoroughly acquired all holy

learning, they returned to their own country; and shortly after,

according to the word of the saint, they were all made bishops.  And

the names of these holy prelates were Lugacius, Columbanus, Meldanus,

Lugadius, Cassanus, Ceranus; but to mention the names of the bishoprics

we for good reason omit--for in many instances we avoid the names of

places and of persons, that we may not, by their uncouth barbarousness,

occasion disgust or horror to cultivated ears.  However, these prelates

profited much the church of God by their conversation and by their

example, and closed their lives in much holiness; for they were wont to

relate many miracles to have been worked by the aforementioned

seal-skin, the which even to this day remaineth entire, and is

preserved as a relic in memory of Saint Patrick.







_Saint Patrick Continueth his Preaching Three Days._


And Saint Patrick preached to many people gathered together from divers

parts unto a place in Hibernia called Fionnabhair, which, being

interpreted, is the White Field.  And for three continual days and

nights he read and explained to them in their order the four holy books

of the evangelists; and all who heard him accounted that not more time

had passed than the space but of one day--so happily were they

deceived, so profitably were they delighted, by the words of grace

which proceeded out of his mouth.  O profitable, delightful deception!

whereby falsehood is excluded and truth induced; whereby the time is

beguiled, and the night is stolen away, and one day is made to appear

as three days.  Nor let the reader admire for that I call it a

deception when the prophet exclaimeth unto his Creator, "O Lord!  Thou

hast deceived me," and when the Apostle Paul sayeth unto certain of his

disciples, "Being crafty, I deceived you with guile."  Kind deception

which saveth souls!  Blessed seduction which induces unto God!







_Of the Vision of the Blessed Brigida, and its Explanation._


And the blessed Brigida was at these meetings; and at one, having

reclined her head, she slept.  And the holy prelate forbade that any

one should arouse the beloved of God until she herself would awaken; so

did it appear how evidently what is said in the Canticles agreed with

her; "I sleep, but mine heart waketh"; for that his heavenly Spouse

revealed unto her all His mysteries.  And when the holy virgin awaked,

he enjoined her that she should tell unto them all what she had beheld

in her vision.  And she, obeying the command of the saint, said: "I

beheld an assembly of persons clothed in white raiment; and I beheld

ploughs, and oxen, and standing corn, all white, and immediately they

became all spotted, and afterward they became all black; and in the end

I beheld sheep and swine, dogs and wolves, fighting all and contending

together."  Then Saint Patrick expounded the vision, and said that the

whiteness pertained unto the state of the world as it then was; for all

the prelates and servants of the church were then fruitful and diligent

in faith and in good works, even according to the evangelic and

apostolic doctrine.  And the things which were spotted belonged, as he

said, to the time of the succeeding generation, which would be pure in

faith, but stained with evil works.  And the blackness, he said, was

the season of the following generation, when the world would be

profaned, not only with evil works, but with the renunciation of the

Christian faith.  And the contest of the sheep and the swine, of the

dogs and the wolves, he pronounced to be the controversy of the pure

and impure prelates, of good and of bad men, which, after the lapse of

many years, would at length come to pass.  And having said, he

departed.  Now, that the vision of the virgin and the interpretation of

the saint are proved by indisputable truths no one, I think, will doubt.







_Of the Angels of God, of the Heavenly Light, and of the Prophecy of

Saint Patrick._


The blessed Patrick was accustomed to visit frequently all parts of

Hibernia, and, as opportunity permitted or discretion required, to

abide therein.  Wherefore he abided for seven years in Momonia, and as

many in Connactia; but he dwelled a much longer time in Ultonia,

wherein, first announcing the kingdom of God, he had brought its

inhabitants unto the faith of Christ, and whose country he had more

frequently in his perlustrations illustrated with his holy presence.

And whithersoever he went he converted unto the faith or confirmed in

the faith all his hearers.  And on a certain time he was journeying

through that part of Ultonia which is called Dalnardia; became unto a

place named Mucoomuir, when his disciple, the aforementioned Benignus,

stayed his steps, and gazed upward, as contemplating something

wonderful in the heavens.  For he beheld radiant choirs of angels

surrounding the place with heavenly brightness; and he heard them with

unspeakable melody singing the praises of the Creator.  And he,

intently contemplating these wonders, was filled with inward joy; yet

understood he not what meaned the angelic presence, the glittering

light, the celestial psalmody.  But after a short season it vanished

from before his eyes, and he, following the holy prelate, hastened his

course, that he might overtake him.  And when the saint enquired of his

delay, he related unto him his heavenly vision.  Then the saint,

instructed of heaven, expounded this effusion of light and this angelic

choir: "Know ye, beloved children, in that place shall a certain son of

life, named Colmanclus, build a church, and gather together many who

will be the children of light and fellow-citizens of the angels.  And

he will become the prelate and the legate of all Hibernia; and being

eminent in his virtues and his miracles, after he shall have closed the

darkness of this life, he will be conveyed by the angels of God unto

eternal light and eternal rest."  And in that place, after the process

of time, all those things happened according to the prophecy of the








_The Temptation of the Nun is Subdued._


The venerable Benignus, among the other endowments wherewith the divine

grace had endowed him, excelled in the song of a sweet voice, so that

he penetrated the hearts and the ears of all who heard him.  But as a

virtue or gift which is given from on high becometh unto many the odor

of life unto life, yet unto others the odor of death unto death, so out

of the melody of his voice did the tempter minister the occasion of

sin.  For a certain nun, while she was delighted with the sweet singing

of Benignus, entertained at length a more earnest desire toward the man

of God, who nothing knew of this unhallowed flame, which hardly could

she control in her bosom.  And the more vehemently did it burn for that

the strict discipline which was instituted by Saint Patrick, and the

difficulty of the very attempt, prevented the damsel from any secret

conversation with Benignus.  Therefore, taught by woman's cunning,

feigned she extreme illness, and withdrew as unto her sick-bed, and

besought that from Benignus she might receive spiritual counsel and the

holy communion.  For he had then attained the priesthood, and was held

in great veneration as one who adorned with his holy life the priestly

office.  But Saint Patrick, at the revelation of the Spirit, was not

ignorant of what distemper did the nun labor.  Whereupon he called unto

him Benignus, and bade him that he should visit the sick damsel and

minister unto her soul's health.  And he, obedient unto his spiritual

father, having besought and obtained his blessing, entered the house of

the complaining damsel, and made the sign of the cross, as was Saint

Patrick's custom at entering any house, that so he might overcome the

snares of the enemy of man's salvation.  Wonderful was the event, and

marvellous; unwonted, indeed, yet exceedingly profitable.  The damsel,

raising her eyes at his entrance, beheld Benignus, very terrible in his

stature, and his face as breathing forth flames; and she beheld herself

bright with fire both within and without, and Saint Patrick standing

nigh, and covering his head with his hands.  And from that hour, even

unto the end of her life, was the fire of human love extinguished in

her bosom, as if her body were of stone or wood, and not of flesh.  And

afterward she loved Saint Benignus with a pure and a saintly love, and

she confessed that through his merits Saint Patrick had snatched her

from the fire of hell.  Now, for me, I do much more admire this

quickening and refreshing of the soul unto life than the raising up of

any man from death.







_Of Saint Comhgallus, and the Monastery foreshowed of Heaven._


Oftentimes did Saint Patrick travel through Ultonia, very earnestly

teaching unto its inhabitants the Catholic faith.  And not seldom he

turned, for the sake of rest for himself and his holy company, unto a

certain hill situated in a valley where afterward was builded the

Monastery of Beannchor.  And sitting there, they beheld the valley

filled with heavenly light and with a multitude of the host of heaven;

and they heard, as chanted forth from the voice of angels, the psalmody

of the celestial choir.  Then did all who beheld this wondrous vision

earnestly entreat of Saint Patrick that in that place, consecrated of

heaven, he would build a church.  But the saint refused, and prophesied

unto them: "When threescore years have passed away, then shall a son of

life be born, and his name shall be Comhgallus, which is, being

interpreted, the Beautiful Pledge; for he shall be beloved of God and

of man, and beautiful in his manners and in his merits; and he shall

happily go forward, and reign with Christ, and be accounted among His

pledges.  And in this place, which is fore-showed by the heavenly

light, shall he build a church, wherein he shall collect innumerable

troops of the children of life, to be bound by the yoke of Christ."

And of all these things which Patrick foretold, not one jot hath passed

unfulfilled.  But at the prophesied time Comhgallus was born, and in

the ripeness of his years and of his virtues, even in that place named

Beannchor, he builded a most stately monastery, wherein he brought

forth unto Christ many thousands of holy monks.  And this saintly

place, so fruitful of saints, even as a vine increasing the sweetness

of its odor, extended its shoots unto the sea and its branches beyond

the sea; for it filled with monasteries and with pious monks Hibernia,

Scotia, and many islands, and even foreign regions, inasmuch as we

gather from ancient writers that one of the children of Beannchor,

Luanus by name, founded of himself an hundred monasteries.  And

another, named Columbanus, a man most holy, and filled with the

abundance of all graces, as having instituted many monasteries, may be

accounted the father of innumerable monks.  And he first presided over

the renowned Monastery of Luxovia, in Gaul, and then over that of Bobi,

beyond the Alps, wherein, having shone with many miracles, he now

resteth in peace.  Thus is the prophecy of Saint Patrick seen to be

fulfilled.  But of the antiquity of the church of Beannchor needless is

it to speak further here, inasmuch as it is most amply described in the

acts of those holy saints, Comhgallus, who was the first abbot of that

place, and Malachia, the bishop, who was the legate in Hibernia of the

apostolic chair.







_The Saint Prophesieth of the Obstinate Fergus and of his Children._


And the saint came unto Assul, which was within the territories of

Midia, where it seemed good to him in a fitting place to build a

church.  But a certain wicked man, named Fergus, who therein dwelled,

was to him an especial hindrance, that he might not accomplish his

purpose.  Then the saint, willing to express the hard-heartedness of

this man rather by signs than by words, with the staff of Jesus made

the sign of the cross on a stone there placed, and immediately the

surface of the stone appeared divided into four parts, and showed the

form of the cross thereon portrayed.  Yet did this man, stiff-necked,

and of heart more hard than stone, refuse to be melted unto penitence;

but his wife, who was then in travail, entreated pardon of the saint,

and fell at his feet.  And the saint, beholding him thus hardened in

perverseness, spake unto him with prophetic voice: "Even thus, had it

so willed, could the power of God have dissolved thee at the word of my

mouth.  But since thou canst not, nay, wilt not, believe, though the

long-suffering of God hath led thee unto repentance, shalt thou,

according to thine impenitent heart and the hardness of thine

obstinacy, treasure up stores of wrath which right soon shall come upon

thee.  Quickly shall God consume thee from the face of the earth, nor

shall any of thy seed reign ever in this land, nor in any other land

shall they prosper, save only the infant alone which thy wife now

beareth in her womb, for on him shall my blessing come."  And all these

things which were prophesied of the lips of the saint unto the father

and unto the offspring did happen.







_The Malediction of the Saint is laid upon the Stones of Usniach._


And with the like intention of building a church, this servant of

Christ turned unto a certain very renowned place named Usneach.  But

two brothers, by name Fiechus and Enda, ruled in those parts; and unto

them and unto their offspring the saint prophesied, if they would so

permit him, many blessings in this world and in the next; yet not only

turned they their ears from his entreaty and from his preaching, but

violently expelled him from the place.  Then the saint, more grievously

taking the hindrance of his purpose than his own expulsion, began to

cast on them and on their seed the dart of his malediction.  And

Secundinus, his disciple, caught the word of his lip, and, ere he could

finish, entreated and said unto him: "I beseech thee, my father, that

thy malediction be not poured forth on these men, but on the stones of

this place!"  And the saint was patient, and he was silent, and he

assented.  Wonderful was the event!  From that day forth are these

stones found useful unto no building; but if should any one thereunto

dispose them, suddenly would the whole work fall down and tumble into

pieces.  And they admit not the heat of any fire, nor, when plunged

into water, do they hiss like other stones; whence it hath become a

proverb in that country, when at any time a stone falleth from a

building, that it is one of the stones of Usneach.  But Enda repented

of the injury which he had offered unto the saint, and cast himself at

his feet, and besought his pardon, and obtained and deserved it.  And

he had nine sons, the youngest of whom, named Cormacus, he offered unto

Saint Patrick, to be subject to the divine command, together with the

ninth part of all his land; and another brother of his, named Leogerus,

was converted unto the faith, and gave unto the saint, with his nephew,

fifteen villages.  And Saint Patrick baptized the boy, and educated and

instructed him; and the boy increased in years, in wisdom, and in

holiness, and at length, being renowned in virtue and in miracles,

rested he in the Lord.







_Of the Woman in Travail, and of her Offspring._


A certain prince, named Brendanus, who was then lately baptized,

earnestly besought the saint that he would bless a certain pregnant

woman; for he believed that his blessing would much avail unto her and

her offspring.  And the saint, assenting to his petition, raised his

hand; but suddenly, before he had given the word of blessing or had

made the sign of the cross, he drew it back.  For, at the revelation of

the Spirit, he knew that her child was conceived of Coirbre, of whom he

had prophesied that not one of his succession should remain.  But why

the saint thus did the prince marvelled, and unto him the man of God

delayed not to declare the mystery nor the cause thereof.  Then did he

the more earnestly entreat the saint that at least he would in some

other manner vouchsafe to bless the woman and her offspring.  And

Patrick, raising his right hand, blessed her, and said: "The infant

which thou bearest in thy womb shall not reign, for the word that in

the name of the Lord I have spoken on Coirbre and on his seed shall

stand fixed; yet shall he be one of the chiefs of the land, and very

needful shall he be unto the king and unto the kingdom."  And what the

saint foretold without doubt happened.







_The Bishop Saint Mel catcheth Fishes on the Dry Land._


And the aforementioned Mel, a man of exceeding desert, who with his

most holy brothers, Munius and Kiochus, had come from Britannia unto

Hibernia, being promoted by Saint Patrick himself unto the episcopal

degree, became the assistant in the preaching.  And he, like the

Apostle Paul, labored to live by the labor of his own hands; and what

was given unto him by the rich bestowed he on the poor.  And with this

blessed man, as being her nephew, Lupita, the sister of Saint Patrick,

abided in one house (for such was the custom of the primitive church),

that by his conversation and example she might profit in the exercise

of all holy duties.  And after some time had passed, when the pious

prelate, as he was wont, would arise in the middle of the night to

confess unto the Lord, this holy woman would compose herself to sleep

and cover herself with the skins in his bed.  And they suspected not

that any evil suspicion would be formed thereof, for they accounted of

the minds of others from the purity of their own conscience.  But some

one, holding this her familiarity with the bishop to be naught,

divulged it abroad.  And as the tongue of the people is ever open unto

the spreading of scandal, it could not long lie hidden from Saint

Patrick.  Then he, desiring to try whether so the matter was, repaired

unto the house of the bishop.  But Mel, preferring to prove his

innocence by a token rather than by an oath, ploughed up the earth on a

certain hill, and took by the ploughshare many and large fishes out of

the dry land; and these he offered unto the saint as a miracle, that no

suspicion might continue in the beholders, inasmuch as such a token

could not ever be showed by an impure hand.  And the sister of Saint

Patrick, gathering her vest around her bosom, filled it with live

coals; and these she carried a sufficient way, and shook them thereout

before the saint without any mark of a scar or of other hurt, proving

thus her innocence.  Then the saint, beholding these evident proofs,

pronounced each to be pure and justified; yet took he care to ordain

what to them and to many others would be right profitable.  And first

addressing the bishop, he bade him that he should thenceforth plough on

the land, and fish in the water, lest he should seem to tempt the Lord

his God; then, that he should not presume to glory in any miracle

worked by him through the divine grace; and, lastly, the saint gave

command that the men should be divided from the women, and that

distinct dwellings and oratories should be builded for either sex.

Thus truly, as Saint Patrick said, the name of God would not through

them be dishonored among the nations to whom they preached it; nor

would in such case occasion of scandal be given unto the weak, nor

cause of reproach afforded.  And what he ordained and appointed, that

did Saint Patrick make to be observed.







_The Footprints of Certain Virgins are impressed on a Stone._


And on a certain day the saint veiled and consecrated and espoused unto

the heavenly Spouse four virgins standing on one stone.  Then did an

event marvellous and unwonted appear.  Even unto this day are seen

impressed on the hard stone the footprints of the virgins which were

consecrated unto God, that to all it might be seen how deeply could the

prayer or the preaching of the saint penetrate even stony hearts.  And

hereby may we understand that they who, for the love of Christ, contemn

the world, should continue in the hard way, that they might attain Him

unto whom they have approved themselves.  And the place wherein these

virgins were consecrated is called Tedna; and for the servants of the

Lord is there builded a church, which at this day pertaineth unto the

metropolitan seat of Ardmachia.







_The Earth is raised in the midst of the Stream._


And Saint Patrick, for the sake of passing thereover, came unto a very

great river named Synnia, between Midia and Connactia, which was

impassable of all, save only by vessels.  And he long time sought a

vessel, but found it not.  Then prayed he unto the Lord, who erewhile

had made a way through the sea and a path through the deep waters, and

immediately the earth at the divine bidding was raised in the middle of

the stream, and to the saint and his company it afforded a free

passage.  And when they had reached the bank, his charioteer dropped

dead; and on that spot was a church builded, which to the church of

Ardmachia now of right belongeth.







_Of the Altar and the Four Chalices discovered under the Earth._


In that place where the prayers of Saint Patrick had dispersed the

darkness which had been raised by the magicians, a church was builded,

wherein he promoted one of his disciples, named Ailvius, unto the

priesthood, that he there might minister.  And he complained unto the

saint that the matters needful for his ministry were wanting unto him.

Then the saint, instructed of heaven, showed him under ground an altar

of wonderful workmanship, having at its four corners four chalices of

glass, and enjoined him to dig them forth carefully, lest perchance

they should be broken; and the priest did accordingly, and found all

things as the saint had foretold.  But by whom this altar was made, or

with the chalices there deposited, to me is yet unknown.  Some,

however, think that they were placed there by Palladius or his

associates, being placed there after his departure.







_A Treasure is Twice discovered in the Earth by Swine._


It seemed good unto the saint to build in a certain plain a church,

wherein he might gather together unto God the people of his conversion;

for the which purpose he entreated from the owner of the inheritance

that a place should be prepared, promising unto him the portion of

eternal life.  But the man, accustomed to the magicians' arts, held as

naught that portion so worthy to be desired, requiring rather gold, for

the which he cherished an accursed appetite.  And the saint replied

that at that season gold had he none, for that he had expended all

which he had possessed in the building of churches and in relieving the

poor.  But when he could no otherwise prevail, having first prayed, he

went unto a hole in the earth which had been delved up by swine, and

therein found he as much gold as he required, and gave it in exchange

for the land.  And there was another man possessing a neighboring

field, the which the saint earnestly entreated might be given unto the

said church.  Wherefore this man answering as even did the other, again

the saint repaired unto the delved hole, and found therein an equal

weight of gold, and gave it to the man for the purchase of his field.

Thus did the Lord thrice show unto Saint Patrick gold in the earth

delved up by swine: once for his own redemption from captivity, twice

in this place for the enrichment and endowment of a church.  And the

latter of the two brothers, Ono by name, was touched in his heart, and

not only restored the gold unto the saint, but even gave unto him for

the founding and building of a church his own house, his inheritance,

and all his substance; and the place is called Alfind, wherein to this

day is held the seat of a bishop.







_Saint Patrick prophesieth of the two Brothers._


But what the saint at the revelation of the Spirit foretold of the two

brothers should not be passed over in silence.  For to the elder, who

had preferred Mammon and gold before his prayers, he predicted that he

and his seed should in a little time lose the possession of their

inheritance; and to the younger, for the devotion of his soul toward

him, predicted he many good things--that he should in that land be the

coadjutor of kings, and that of his race the holiest priests of the

Lord should be born.  And none of those things which the saint foretold

in anywise failed in the event.







_The Penitence of Asycus the Bishop._


And over this church Saint Patrick placed one of his disciples named

Asycus, who was both in habit and demeanor a monk, the first bishop.

And he, at the advice of the saint, instituted therein a college of

monks, the which he governed with the privileges of an abbot.  But this

man, on a certain time, while he ought to have spoken the truth,

backsliding with a slippery tongue, uttered forth a falsehood.  And

immediately he set himself against his own face, and in the bitterness

of his sorrow banished he himself, and, flying from human-kind,

remained in solitude, and abided he there seven years beheld of none.

And his monks sought him long time; and at the end of the seventh year

they found him in the depth of a valley, and they strove even by force

to bring him thence unto his church, and to compel him as a bridegroom

unto the bosom of his spouse.  But the bishop in nowise yielded unto

them, accounting himself no longer worthy to exercise the priestly

office; since from his mouth had issued a purposed falsehood, the which

the sacred canons define to be sacrilege in the mouth of a priest.

Whereby it is to be considered how deeply should they repent who of

their own fault have fallen into the heaviest offences, when this holy

man so deeply repented of, and so strictly atoned for, one falsehood

alone.  Alas! what hearts of clay do they bear unto the resistance of

sin, but what hearts of stone unto repentance!  For many men, wicked,

sinful, abandoned in their lives (the which cannot be observed without

grief), take on themselves the cure of souls, and think to wash away

the guilt of others with their own denied hands; who, being themselves

bound with the chain of mortal sin, desire to loose others' bonds, and

thus heap on themselves increased offence.  These men, being placed

under the spiritual control, can repent of and atone for their own

guiltiness, but, when seated in the pastoral chair, bound are they to

account for the faith of all those who are entrusted to their charge.

Since, then, the words of a priest must be either a truth or a

sacrilege, terrible is the judgment on those priests whose tongue is

defiled with falsehoods and with perjuries.  Thus much let us show, as

speaking by digression, how earnestly not only crimes and evil deeds,

but even falsehoods, are to be avoided by all Christian men, and

especially by the pastors of souls.  Now let us return unto the thread

of our sacred story.  The aforementioned monks, unwilling to separate

from Saint Asycus, continued with him even unto the end of his life;

and after he was buried, building there a monastery, served they the

Lord in holiness and in truth.







_The Tempest of the Sea is Composed._


While on a certain time Saint Patrick was preaching unto the heathens,

for the sake of instructing and baptizing them, he made in that place a

long stay.  But his disciple Benignus was grieved thereat; and the

saint declared that he would not depart until his disciples and pupils

should arrive from foreign regions.  And one day he beheld the sky to

grow dark, and the ocean to be perturbed and shaken with a strong wind.

Then the saint, covering his face for very sorrow, showed unto his

attendants his sons which were born unto him in Christ laboring under

grievous peril; and he was sorely afflicted for them, and feared he

chiefly for his young pupil, the son of Erchus; but when every one said

that the vessel could not endure so violent a storm, forthwith the

saint betook himself unto prayer.  And after a short space, even in the

hearing of them all, he bade the winds and the waves, in the name of

his God, to rest from their wrath.  O wonderful event! and worthy of

admiration.  Forthwith the wind surceased, the ocean became silent, the

tempest is appeased, and a great calm is made.  And on that day the

aforementioned brothers happily landed, and told unto all around what

they had suffered from the elements which were turned unto their

destruction, but afterward composed by the powerful prayers of the








_The Miracle of the Waters is Repeated._


And at another time the aforementioned brothers, for the purpose of

visiting Saint Patrick, took their way on foot over the sands of the

sea-shore.  And as they walked along, communing on the way together,

behold, the flowing-in of the tide surrounded them, and, preventing all

escape, smote them with the fear of death.  Then the saint, instructed

of heaven, saw their peril, and, showing it unto his disciples,

professed that he grieved for them.  Then, having prayed, he commanded

the tide of the sea, by the powerful virtue of his word, speaking in

the name of the Lord God, that it should instantly retire, and leave

unto his sons who were about to visit him a safe and quiet passage.

And forthwith the sea obeyed the voice of the man of God, and retired;

and this company of brothers, rejoicing and lauding God, came unto

Saint Patrick, and, for so great a miracle, turned the hearts of all

which heard them unto the praise of the God who worked such wonders in

His saints.







_Of the Cowl of Saint Patrick which remained untouched by the Sea._


And on a time, having sailed on a certain way, Saint Patrick landed

with his religious men, and, going out on the dry land, perchance he

left his cowl on the shore.  And being landed, they sat together, and

conferred on heavenly things, and refreshed themselves with the comfort

of mutual colloquy.  Then the sea, rising as it was wont, covered the

surface of the sands, and was nigh unto bearing with it and carrying

away the cowl of the prelate.  And this the saint observing, in the

name of Him who hath power in heaven and on the earth, in the sea and

in all the deeps, enjoined the tide of the sea that it should not touch

his cowl or bear it away.  Wonderful was the event!  The

flowing-forward of the sea filled the whole accustomed space, save that

spot alone whereon the cowl lay, and that did it leave untouched.  And

after the tide had receded, the saint caused the cowl to be brought

unto him; and the miracle excited all who beheld it unto the praise of

God and the veneration of Saint Patrick.  And thenceforward were they

all more ready to submit unto Him whose commands the mute element was

thus sent to obey.







_Of the Veil that was sent from Heaven._


And there was a time when Patrick was about to consecrate two virgins

in a field within the territory of Cregrus, and a veil sent from heaven

dropped into the bosom of the saint, the which, devoutly receiving, he

offered unto the virgin so soon as she was consecrated.  But she,

deeming herself unworthy of a commendation so holy, said unto him:

"Since this most excellent and powerful gift, descending from the

Father of Light, is not sent unto me a sinner, I account it right that

thou, on whom it has fallen, shouldst keep it or bestow it on another

who is worthier than me."  Then the saint, applauding the virgin's

lowliness, placed the veil on her head, enjoining that she should wear

it continually until she should be introduced unto the chamber of her

heavenly Spouse.  And the virgin obeyed the command of the saint, and,

living a holy life, at length she rested in the Lord.







_Of the Holy Leper, of the New Fountain, of the Angelic Attendance, and

the Prophecy of Patrick thereon._


And Saint Patrick, induced by his holy custom, retained with him a

certain leper, unto whom with intent devotion he ministered all things

needful for the sake of Christ.  Even with his own hands cleansed he

his sores, and refreshed in him either man with fitting food.  For the

leper, the health of his body being almost destroyed, earnestly studied

to preserve the health of his soul, and was continually intent on

prayer and on rendering thanks unto God.  But when wasted with his

leprosy, he feared lest he should become an offence unto all, and

privily and humbly he withdrew himself from society, and lived solitary

in a hollow tree that he by chance had found.  And while he sat there

alone he beheld a certain man passing by, and he called the man unto

him, and asked him of his religion; whom, answering that he was a

Christian, he besought that for the love of Him in whom he believed he

would not delay to go unto the nearest place which was full of

bulrushes, and, pulling up the bulrushes by the roots, to bring unto

him a bundle thereof.  And at his entreaty, or rather, at his

adjuration, the man went unto the place; he pulled up a bulrush, and

immediately a clear fountain burst forth; and he bore the bulrush unto

the leper, and related of the new fountain.  Then the leper rejoiced

and gave thanks unto God, and said unto him: "Knowest thou not, most

dear brother, that our Lord Jesus Christ brought thee hither that thou

mayest wash my body in the water of that fountain, and bury me there?"

Thus the leper said, and, raising his eyes and his hands towards

heaven, he expired; and the man washed his body in the fountain, and

beheld no mark of leprosy thereon, and committed it without spot to the

sepulchre, and departed.  And after some days Saint Munis, the devout

bearer of many relics of saints, was returning from Rome, and of

necessity abided there for one night.  And in the silence of the

night-season he beheld a great light to cover the place, and he heard

angels hymning and watching even until the morn around the tomb of the

buried leper.  And all these things reported he unto Saint Patrick,

saying that he wished to remove the body from that desert place.  But

Saint Patrick forbade this to be done, foretelling that a certain son

of life, named Keranus, but as yet unborn, should there dwell, who

should fill that place with a worthy company of holy men, and exalt the

body of the saint with much honor.  And what Patrick foretold in the

course of time came to pass; the place is between Midia and Connactia,

and therein is situated the city of Cluane, in which even to this day

is an episcopal seat.







_Of the Lake which was removed by Saint Patrick._


The aforementioned Saint Munis, being returned from Rome, disliking

after so long a journey the fatigue of any further travel, besought

Saint Patrick that as he had provided rest for his brethren who

possessed churches, so he would provide for him a dwelling suited unto

contemplation.  Therefore the saint, knowing that although he loved

internal quiet, nevertheless he would be right profitable unto the

salvation of many, offered unto him a fitting place, saying: "Behold a

hill; behold a valley; build and inhabit where it seemeth pleasant unto

thine eyes; yet know thou this: if thou wilt build in the valley, thou

mayest bring many souls unto God; but if thou abidest in the hill, thou

wilt gain not so many, by reason of the vanities and delights which

will attract their eyes, and for very many other causes and reasons."

And Munis, foreadvised and forewarned by the Holy Spirit, answered

thus: "Neither of the hill nor of the valley do I complain, but of the

neighboring lake, nigh unto which is a royal dwelling; for the crowding

thither of courtiers and of other secular persons would unto me be an

exceeding trouble, and a disturbance unto the Sabbath rest of my mind."

Then Saint Patrick, encouraging him, said that God would easily remedy

this trouble, and, retiring a little space, poured he forth powerful

and prevailing prayers in the presence of God.  And on the following

night the Lord removed the lake, with all its dwellings and dwellers

thereon, so far distant that his servant sustained thence neither

trouble nor damage.  And Saint Munis, abiding there, builded a church,

unto which Saint Patrick bestowed certain relics of the holy Apostles

Peter and Paul, and of very many saints, and other ornaments, the which

were necessary unto its ecclesiastical ministry.  And for his

conspicuous virtues he was afterward, although reluctant thereto,

advanced unto the episcopal office, for he was renowned for many

miracles; and at length he rested in the Lord.







_Patrick understandeth the Conscience of Saint Fiechus, and blesseth



There was a certain youth, named Fiechus, a scholar of Dubhtachus the

bard, and he was docile of disposition, subtle of wit, florid of

eloquence, and beauteous of form.  And a few years before he espoused a

damsel who then had lately deceased, of whom was born unto him one only

son.  Him walking with his aforementioned tutor did the saint meet,

and, the Spirit revealing it unto him, at the moment, even with the

glance of his eye, understood his conscience, and in the presence of

all exclaimed: "Behold the husband of one wife, who, according to the

apostle, may worthily be advanced unto the priesthood, nay, even unto

the episcopate!"  Then began he to expound unto Fiechus the doctrines

of the faith, and advised him unto baptism.  And the youth marvelled at

the words of grace which proceeded from the lips of Saint Patrick; and

chiefly for that so soon the saint had divined his secret and

understood all the passages of his life.  Therefore he believed, and

took on him baptism; and after his tutor had long time withstood, but

at length consented, he devoted himself unto the direction of the holy

bishop.  And the holy bishop blessed him, and gave unto him the

alphabet written with his own hand.  And being thus blessed, in one day

he learned the whole Psaltery, and in a short time, the spirit of

wisdom and knowledge inspiring him, he sufficiently understood the

Scriptures; for no delay can there be where the Holy Spirit descends to

be the teacher.  And Saint Patrick advanced him unto the ecclesiastical

order, and, after he had worthily ministered in each degree,

consecrated him the bishop of the Church of Scleptus.  And Fiechus was

eminent in his life, in his learning, and in his miracles; and being

directed by the angelic command, he took on him the habit of a monk,

and builded in his episcopal seat a stately monastery.







_The Chariot is, by the Decision of the Angel, sent unto Fiechus._


The blessed Patrick gave order that a chariot should be prepared unto

Saint Fiechus, for that he, being weighed down by infirmity, could not

go on foot to visit his diocese and discharge his episcopal duties.

For he was reduced with exceeding abstinence, and moreover he was

afflicted with a disease in his hip.  And Saint Secundinus, this

observing, felt in his mind certain worldly feelings, and was

displeased, and insisted that the chariot should rather be given unto

himself than unto Fiechus.  And the holy prelate, seeing his

displeasure, sought rather to satisfy him with a sign than by argument,

saying: "Be not displeased, most dear brother, at this little gift

which we have given unto our brother and fellow-bishop, lest occasion

of reproach should be afforded to the evil one; for this our brother,

who is infirm, needeth the chariot more than doth any one among us.

But that I may not seem to err in my judgment, let this matter be left

to the heavenly decision."  Then the angel, appearing at the prayer of

the saint, bade the horses to be yoked unto the chariot, and to be sent

forward without a charioteer; and at whichsoever they should stop, to

him should the chariot be given.  And it was done as the angel

commanded, and the saint bade the chariot to be yoked; but the horses,

no man guiding them, went through irregular and devious paths, and came

in the evening to the dwelling of Secundinus, and, being unyoked, were

turned there to pasture.  And in the morning, no man yoking them, they

were yoked to the chariot, and in like manner going unto the mansion of

a certain other saint, there they stayed the night.  And on the third

day they hastened unto Saint Fiechus, and stayed there, and evidently

showed that they were intended for him.  Yet would not the saint ascend

the chariot, until the angel had certified him that unto him the gift

was sent.  And at another time was this miracle in like manner repeated

of two horses which were by Saint Patrick himself intended for Fiechus,

and to be yoked unto his chariot.







_The Several Offices of a certain Monastery are appointed by an Angel._


And at another time the angel commanded the aforementioned Fiechus that

he should build a monastery on the other side of the river, assigning

unto all the offices their fit and proper place; that where a boar

should appear unto him, there should he build a refectory, and where a

stag should be seen, an oratory.  And the saint replied unto the angel

that he in no wise could undertake such a work, unless Patrick, his

father and pastor, should come and approve thereof.  And his words

displeased not the angel; for in them he saw the affection and the

obedience which Fiechus bore in Christ unto the man of God.  And after

a few days were past, the angel so advising, Patrick assisted Fiechus,

and in the place which is called Forrach builded they a monastery, even

according to the direction of the angel.  And therein Fiechus presided

as abbot; nevertheless throughout his diocese did he fully exercise the

episcopal office.  And every year, at the beginning of the fast of the

Lent time, he went alone out of the monastery, with five barley loaves

mixed with ashes for his support, and abided in the wilderness through

all that sacred season.  But on the Sabbath day which is called

Palm-Sunday, or sometimes at the Supper of the Lord, he was wont to

return unto his monastery for the discharge of his holy office, always

bringing with him the half of one loaf yet uneaten.  And he sent before

him unto God threescore saints, whom when he followed he was buried in

Scleptus.  And his son aforementioned imitated his father in wisdom and

holiness; and having in another place attained the episcopal degree, he

rested in the Lord.







_The Prophecy of Saint Patrick concerning the Men of Callria._


And while Saint Patrick earnestly pursued his preaching of the divine

Word, certain armed men of Callria met him, and violently expelled this

angel of peace from their borders.  But what the man of God beheld of

them in the Spirit, deemed he that should not be concealed in silence.

"Since ye have raised your arms against an unarmed man, and driven from

your borders him announcing unto ye peace and preaching salvation, ye

and your seed shall turn your backs in the day of battle."  And they,

hearing this, feared his face mightily, even as a sword, and repenting

their rashness, save only five alone, bended their knees before the

saint with lamentable prayers, and besought forgiveness.  Then the

saint awhile deliberated within himself, and once again spoke unto them

with prophetic speech: "The word which, at the inspiration of the Holy

Spirit, hath gone out of my mouth on ye and on your seed shall be

fulfilled; but since ye have repented in your hearts, though ye shall

be turned to flight, shall none of ye, save only five alone, fall in

any conflict of battle."  And the people of Hibernia vouch that this

prophecy of the saint hath been evinced by continual proofs.







_Certain Cheeses are converted into Stones, and many Wicked Men are



And certain wicked and envious men, who lived in the country of Ferros,

contriving to destroy the life of the saint, offered unto him poisoned

cheeses, as if for his benediction; the which he blessed, and

immediately converted into stones, to the admiration of many, the honor

of God, the veneration of himself, and the confusion of the poisoners.

And unto this day remain these stones in the place where the miracle

was done, and show the virtue of Patrick, though mute, because they

underwent mutation.  Then did these poisoners, seeing that their

machinations redounded to the glory of the saint and to the shame of

themselves, gather together fifty armed men to spill the blood of this

just one.  And they, being assembled against him, entered the ford of a

certain river, journeying along the bank whereof the man of God met

them; and when he beheld their countenances, he understood their

thoughts, and raising against them his left hand, with a clear voice he

cried out, "Ye shall not come unto us, nor shall ye return unto your

own people, but in this river shall your bodies remain, even to the day

of judgment."  Then, according to the word of the man of God,

immediately they sank as lead in the mighty waters; nor even to this

day were their bodies found, though long and often sought.  Thus, at

the divine mandate, did the water punish them who conspired the death

of Saint Patrick, as erewhile the fire from heaven punished them which

were sent by King Achab to the prophet.  And the place wherein they

sank in the waters is called even to this day the Ford of the Drowned








_Of the Pitfalls passed over without danger, and the Prophecies of the



And certain other sons of darkness, dwelling in the plain called Liffy,

digged deep pitfalls in many parts of the public pathway, the which

they covered with branches and green sods, that the saint when

journeying might fall unawares therein.  But a certain damsel

discovered the contrived snare, and she hastened to show it unto the

man of God, that he might avoid the mischief.  Then he, trusting in the

Lord, commanded his people to drive forward the horses, and, having

blessed them, he passed over with unfailing foot.  For the soft and

tender herbage supported them like the solid earth, inasmuch as the

holy troop bore in their hearts and on their bodies Him who bore all

things.  And the priest of God sent the damsel unto her father, that

she might bring him into his presence to receive the salvation of his

soul.  And the damsel did even as he commanded, and brought before him

her father; and at the preaching of the saint the man believed, and

with his ten sons and his three daughters was baptized.  Then did

Patrick consecrate the virgins unto God, and gave to them the sacred

veil; and he prophesied that of the sons five should be happy and

prosperous in a secular life, and that the other five should first

enter the clerical order, and at length holily live and die in the

monastic habit; but unto them who had treacherously prepared the pit

for him and for his people he foretold that they and their seed should

pass their life in providing their sustenance and continually digging

in the ground, and that, according to the Scripture, poverty should

come on them like water.  And all these things which the saint

prophesied did the event prove.







_The Prophecy of the Saint on a Certain Village._


And Saint Patrick went unto a certain village, near the island of

Inchenn, and he found therein a place fitting for the erection of a

church; the which when he had begun, a crowd of rustics issued from the

village, and impeded the work.  Then the saint, being filled of the

spirit of prophecy, foretold unto them with the voice of truth, "Since

ye have made yourselves a hindrance unto me, that I may not build a

habitation to the Lord my God, never shall the smoke go out of the

houses which ye or your generation shall build in this place."  And the

testified proof of the words of the saint even to this day evinceth its

truth, for many have oftentimes begun to build houses there, but for

the rudeness of these men never could they be finished.







_The Sentence prophetically declared._


A certain man named Dengo, who was wicked and perverse, and powerful in

iniquity, prevented the saint from building a church in a convenient

place; to whom the saint attesting his Judge, nay, prophesying, said,

"In a short time shall thine house be destroyed, and thy substance

wasted away; and thy sons that issue from thine impious loins shall of

the greater part defile themselves by mutual fratricide; while the

remnant of them shall never attain unto dignity or power, but shall be

strangers and wanderers on the earth."  And the prophecy of Saint

Patrick was proved by the subsequent misery visited on the man and on

his children.







_The Prophecy of the Saint on a Certain Bishop and on the one who

consecrated him._


A certain powerful man had endowed with lands and possessions a church

that he was about to build on his own estate; the which to govern,

Saint Patrick would have appointed one among his disciples who was able

unto the gaining of souls.  But the man refused, saying that in his own

family he had a priest whom he willed to place over his own church.

Then the saint, deeming it unworthy to contend for such a matter,

departed from the man.  And he on the morrow brought unto the saint his

son, desiring that he might be consecrated unto the bishopric of that

church.  And for that the saint apart from his companions pursued in

solitude his studies and his prayers, the man, turning from him, went

unto two of his disciples, who were elsewhere appointed bishops, and

addressed them for the consecration of his son.  And one of them denied

his request, saying that he could do no such thing without the consent

and the approbation of the saint; but the other, induced either by

entreaty or reward, presumed to do what the man required.  The which

having discovered, Saint Patrick, afflicting the presumer with the

affliction of penance sufficiently severe, foretold that through all

his life he should suffer the want of bread.  And he declared that the

bishop so consecrated was worthy of degradation and contempt, and that

his church should be exceeding poor, so that it should not be able to

defend itself even from two men.  And that which the saint foretold

unfailingly came to pass--whereby a prudent man may take heed, lest

misled by ambition he should ever attempt the like.







_The Blind Man is restored to Sight; from him who seeeth is Sight

taken; and three are relieved of Lameness._


A certain man named Domhhaldus, who was blind even from his birth,

hearing the saint passing by, placed himself in his way; for he trusted

that through him should he receive the light so much desired.  But

forasmuch as the darkness was before his steps and the light was

withdrawn from his eyes, while running forward he fell, and when he

would have arisen no one was there who would help him with their hand.

And a certain priest in the company of the saint seeing him to fall,

laughed, and mocked the mischance of the blind man.  The which Saint

Patrick observing, was offended, and lest any among his disciples

should so again presume, he checked the foolishness of the scorner with

reproof and with punishment, saying, "Verily I say unto thee, since in

the name of my God the eyes of this man, which are closed in darkness,

shall now be opened, the eyes of thee, which are opened only to evil,

shall now be closed."  Thus he said, and making the sign of the cross,

he removed the darkness from the blind man, and the light from the bad

man who saw.  And herein was the word of the Saviour, recorded in the

Holy Scriptures, fulfilled: "That they which see not might see, and

that they which see might be blind."  And even on the same day healed

he three lame men who besought his aid; and according to the prophet,

he made the lame to leap as a hart, and run on their way rejoicing.







_Nine Evil-doers are consumed by Fire from Heaven, and a Fountain is

produced out of the Earth._


And nine evil-doers contriving the death of Patrick, the herald of

life, pretended to be monks and ministers of righteousness; and they

put on them white cowls, that the easier might they destroy the saint,

who was clothed in the same habit.  And herein did they imitate their

preceptor, Satan, the angel of darkness, who sometimes transfigureth

himself into an angel of light, and unto whom in their arts and in

their acts they paid obedience.  But an illustrious man named Enda, the

friend of the holy prelate, observing the treachery of these wicked

men, sent unto them his own son named Conallus, that he might prevent

their endeavor, and repulse their violence from the man of God.  And

the son did even as his father commanded, and stood, the son of light,

among these sons of darkness.  And Saint Patrick, warned of heaven,

knew these ravens under the wings of the dove, these wolves under the

fleece of the lamb; but well he knew that as the Ethiop cannot change

his skin, no, not though washed with fine linen, so could not these

magicians quit their inborn wickedness, though clothed in white

raiment.  Therefore with the sign of the cross he fortified himself,

and opposed it to the enemies of Christ; and fire marvellously

descending from heaven consumed the evil-doers, and left Conallus

standing among them, unhurt of the flame, as he was guiltless of their

sin.  Thus was the cross of Christ a protection to the faithful even

for their salvation, and to the idolaters a punishment even for their

perdition.  And afterward the saint impressed on the earth the sign of

the cross, and a clear and salubrious fountain issued forth.  And on

the spot where this miracle was worked by the cross did he build a

church, which even unto this day is called the Cross of Saint Patrick.







_Another Magician is in like manner Consumed._


And at another time another magician, but in wickedness not differing,

bound himself by a sacrilegious oath before the heathens which were

gathered together unto evil deeds, that he would destroy the saint.

But ere the accursed crime could be attempted, the saint, raising his

left hand, imposed in the name of the Lord his malediction on the

malefactor; and he was consumed by fire from heaven, and even like the

other nine he perished.  Then the people which were collected to behold

the death of the saint, fearing that a like destruction might descend

on themselves, escaped by flight, or rather by the sufferance of the

divine mercy.







_A Grove is cursed by the Saint._


And Patrick was on a certain day speeding his journey for the ministry

of his wonted preaching, when the wheel of the chariot wherein he sat

was broken in twain.  And his attendants hastened unto a neighboring

grove, wherein was seen wood that seemed fit unto their purpose; and

the wood is hewed down, and smoothed, and shaped to repair the wheel.

Nevertheless they long time labored with useless toil, for still did

the wheel appear broken as before; and ever and anon as they endeavored

to repair it, yet still, as touched of heaven, again did it fall in

twain.  Then the man of God well knowing that this could not uncausedly

happen, enquired of the grove, and unto whom it belonged; and he was

told that it had been consecrated unto the infernal spirits.

Wherefore, knowing the divine will, and agreeing with the sentence of

heaven, he raised his left hand, and cursed the grove.  Wonderful was

the event!  Forthwith, like the fig-tree in the Gospel, it withered;

nor from that time was it ever fit unto any use, save only to be hewed

down and cast into the fire.







_The Sentence pronounced by the Saint on his Deceivers._


A certain prince and his people, which dwelled in a place called

Nadese, within the country of Momonia, appointed a day and an hour

whereon they might meet in the presence of Saint Patrick to deliberate

concerning the erection of churches.  And the saint came at the fixed

time, and he waited during the whole day until the evening, but no man,

at least no man thereunto deputed, came to meet him.  And in this

manner did they oftentimes deceive the servant of God.  Nevertheless

the Holy Spirit dwelling in Patrick concealed not from these men the

reward of their presumption delivered through his mouth; for when on

another evening they came, he said openly unto them, "Since ye have not

only deceived me, but the Holy Spirit, neither ye nor your children

shall ever in this place finish any your business until the evening."

And according to the common saying, this the sentence of the saint is

continually fulfilled, for if the people of this place begin any

business in the early morning, never can they finish it until the

latest evening.







_A Mountain is swallowed up in the Earth, and again it is raised._


And among the chiefs of Momonia was a certain wicked man named

Cearbhallus, and he always hindered Saint Patrick, so that a church

could not be builded in the lands of his inheritance.  And not far from

this man's dwelling was a lake which was fair and pleasing to the eye,

but a lofty mountain which stood between intercepted all the delight

from his view.  Him did the saint address for the building of a church,

exhorting and entreating; but long time he resisted.  And on a certain

day this wicked man, endeavoring with subtle argument to circumvent the

saint, said unto him: "If in the name of the Lord thy God thou wilt

remove yonder mountain, so that mine eyes may be freely satisfied with

this desired lake, then shall thou build a church on my land

wheresoever thou mayest please."  This he required, because he deemed

it impossible to be done.  Then the saint having prayed raised his eyes

of faith and love unto the prepared Mountain which is exalted on the

top of the mountains; and forthwith the mountain was laid low, and

swallowed in the earth, and permitted unto the man a free view of the

lake.  But when Saint Patrick began to build the church, this man of

hardened heart would not suffer it to be finished, for he feared where

no fear was, and dreaded lest thereby he should be deprived of his

inheritance.  Then the saint prayed again unto the Lord, and the

mountain was lifted up unto its former height.  And he foretold that

the wicked man should in a short space lose the possession of his land,

and that no one of his race should ever be a prince or a bishop.  And

the prophecy of the saint was fulfilled, for as his eyes were prevented

from the sight of the lake, so was his life closed by death.







_Euchodius is cursed by the Saint, and his Son is blessed._


A certain wicked tyrant, named Euchodius, reigned in Ulydia; and he

commanded two holy virgins, for that they rejected wedlock, to be bound

with chains and cast into the water; and he set at naught Saint Patrick

interceding for them.  Wherefore the saint punished him with the

sentence of his malediction, and foretold that not one of his seed

should reign after him, but that his kingdom should be transferred to

Kerellus, his younger brother.  And his wife, who was then in travail,

earnestly besought the saint that he would bless her and the child

which she carried in her womb.  Then the saint blessed them both, and

prophesied that she would bring forth a most holy son, whose death

should be doubtful and unsearchable.  And the woman brought forth a

son, who was named Dovengardus; and he was renowned for his sanctity

and his miracles, whereof many and wondrous traditions are told among

that people.  And Euchodius in a short time lost both his life and hit

kingdom, and thereto not one of his race succeeded.  But his

aforementioned brother and his descendants through many years possessed

the kingdom of Ulydia.







_Of Saint Sennachus the Bishop._


In the place which is named Achadhfobhair Saint Patrick built and

endowed a church with fair possessions; and thereover he appointed and

consecrated a bishop, Sennachus, who for the innocency of his heart was

called a lamb of God.  And he, being so consecrated, entreated of the

saint that with unceasing prayer he would labor with the Lord to shield

him in this his office from the commission of all sin; and furthermore

he suppliantly besought that the church over which he presided might

not be called by his name, as was in many places the custom among the

Irish people.  And this did he to preserve his lowliness, and to avoid

vainglory, which is the fretting moth of all virtues.  Then Saint

Patrick, understanding the worthiness of Sennachus and the simplicity

of his heart, promised unto him all his desire; and blessing him and

his flock, prophesied that thereout should proceed many holy and

eminent priests.  And Sennachus, serving in exceeding holiness the Holy

One of all holies, and being renowned for his miracles and for his

virtues, entered at length into the heavenly sanctuary.







_The Miracle which is worked for Certain Hewers of Wood._


And Saint Patrick in his journeying passed with his people through a

forest in Midernia, and he met therein certain slaves that were hewing

wood; and these men were under the yoke of a hard and cruel master,

named Tremeus; and they hewed the wood with blunt axes, nor had they

whetstones nor had they any other means whereon to sharpen them.

Wherefore their strength failed, their arms stiffened, and the flesh

fell from their hands, and the naked sinews were seen, and the

miserable men wished rather for death than for life.  But when the man

of God beheld their misery, he compassionated them, and he touched

them, and he blessed their hands and their instruments.  Then at the

touch and the word of his blessing, all their strength is restored,

their hands are healed, their instruments become sharpened, the hardest

oaks are hewed down without toil, even as the tenderest twigs; and in

these men did the miracle continue until the saint had wondrously

obtained for them their freedom.







_A Hone is divided by Saint Patrick, and the Oppressor is drowned._


And Patrick the pious father addressed the master, nay, rather the

tormentor of these slaves, yet found he him stubborn and inexorable.

Wherefore betaking himself unto his accustomed arms, he fasted and

prayed for three days; and once again approaching the man, he humbly

besought their liberation, and once again found he him a new Pharao.

Then the saint spat on a stone by chance before them lying, and for the

softening, the reproving, and the confounding of his hard-heartedness,

the stone immediately splitted in three parts.  But Tremeus becoming

the more hardened by that which should have softened him, forthwith

ascended his chariot, and scorning and rejecting the prayer of the

saint, commanded these slaves to be afflicted with yet severer toil.

Wherefore the Lord suffering not that this insult to Patrick, the

second Moses, should go unavenged, now punished the contemner of his

servant, even as formerly he punished Pharao and his host; for the

horses which were yoked to the chariot of Tremeus, rushing forward,

plunged into a neighboring lake, and drowned in its waters the chariot

and him who sat therein.  Then, this child of Belial being so

destroyed, Saint Patrick without hindrance freed these afflicted men

brought out of the house of bondage, and gave unto them their

long-desired freedom.







_An Angel foretelleth to Patrick of Saint Moccheus._


The blessed Patrick purposed to build a church in a place sufficiently

fair and fitting, which is now called Ludha.  But an angel appearing

unto him, enjoined that he should desist therefrom, saying; "Soon shall

a servant of the Lord arrive from Britain, named Moccheus, who for the

sake of God deserting his country and his parents, shall come into

Hibernia; and in this place shall he build and dwell, and finish his

days in piety."  Then the saint obeying the angel, turned unto the left

side of the place, and there builded unto the God of Jacob a tabernacle

which is yet known by the name of Saint Patrick.  And Moccheus coming

thither, erected an oratory and all places fitting, and lived there a

life abundant in virtue; and often Saint Patrick was wont to visit him,

and confer with him on things pertaining unto God.  And on a certain

day, while they were sitting together and communing of God, the angel

appeared and proffered unto them an epistle; the which Saint Patrick

reading, found to be an exhortation, nay, rather a command, unto him

especially directed, that he should absolutely confer on Moccheus the

place which he had builded, with all matters pertaining thereunto, and

that he himself should fix his cathedral seat in Ardmachia.  And

Patrick willingly did as the angel, nay, rather as the Lord, had

enjoined and thence retiring, he commended unto Moccheus twelve lepers,

to whom he had ministered in Christ; and Moccheus assumed the care and

the custody of all these matters.







_The Sentence pronounced by Patrick on Moccheus._


And after some days, while Moccheus heard the Book of Genesis read

before him, wherein he is told that the patriarchs before the Flood

lived for nine hundred years and more, and that after the Flood many

lived for three hundred years, he did not readily believe in the sacred

history; for he said that this tabernacle of clay, the human body, of

flesh so weak, covered with skin, and framed with bones and sinews,

could in no wise so long endure.  The which when Saint Patrick

observed, he came unto him, that with true reason he might drive all

such scruples from his mind; for he said that the whole canonical

Scripture was dictated and written by the finger of God, and therefore

should in no wise be derogated or disbelieved; inasmuch as it was not

more difficult for the Creator of all things to extend the life of man

unto a thousand years, if so he willed, than unto one day, as according

to the Psalmist: A thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday,

which is passed.  But even on these things Moccheus still doubting, the

saint thus pronounced, or rather prophesied: "Since thou disbelievest

the Holy Scriptures, by thine own experience shalt thou prove the truth

of its records; for even to the length of three hundred years shall thy

life be prolonged, nor until that time is passed shalt thou enter into

the joy of the Lord."  And Moccheus afterward repented him of his want

of faith, but the sentence pronounced by the Holy Spirit through the

mouth of Patrick could not be revoked.  And he lived for the space of

three hundred years; and then paying the debt of nature, and shining in

virtues and in miracles, at length he passed out of the world unto








_The Saint prophesieth of two Brothers, and a Fountain is produced out

of the Earth._


And Saint Patrick coming out of Dalnardia, began to build a church in a

place called Elum, where twelve brothers, the sons of Killadius, then

ruled.  And one of these, named Seranus, governed there, who preventing

the saint from his purpose, violently drove him away.  But the saint,

though patiently would he bear an injury offered to himself, yet

grievously taking the hindrance of his holy work, prophesied what

through God he knew would happen, and said unto him: "Yet a little

while, and thou shalt be driven from this land, and the rule shall be

given to a better than thee."  Then Colladius, the younger brother of

this perverse man, gave unto the saint a place which is called

Domhnachcumbuir, and even until the church was builded gave unto him

sufficient aid.  And the saint blessed him, prophesying what the Lord

had determined for him, saying; "Unto this land shalt thou succeed, and

from thy loins shall kings proceed, and reign through many

generations."  And in that place did the saint by his prayers produce

out of the heart of the earth a pure fountain, which to this day is

called Slan, that is, healing; for that it relieveth many laboring

under multiplied diseases.  And for his perverseness Seranus was driven

from that land; and according to the word of the saint, the kingdom was

given to his younger brother, Colladius.







_The Saint Prophesieth of a Certain Youth._


Twelve brothers, whose father, a ruler in Dalnardia, was then lately

dead, met together to divide the inheritance; but holding in scorn

their youngest brother, Fergusius, without his portion they turned him

empty away.  Therefore the youth addressed Saint Patrick, that by his

prayers he might be admitted unto his share; promising that he would

give unto the building and the maintaining a church the better part

thereof.  And the saint prevailing for him, Fergusius receiveth his

share of the inheritance; of the which the larger half he gave to the

holy prelate for the erection of a church; but this, lest he should

seem to have sold his interference, he refused to receive himself, and

bade it be given unto the aforementioned Olcanus.  And he builded a

church within that territory, in a place which is called Derkan, and

being there made bishop, continued in justice and in holiness.  But

Saint Patrick blessed Fergusius, and prophesying said unto him, "Though

this day thou appeared humble and despised in the sight of thy

brothers, yet in a short time shalt thou be chief over them all; for

from thee shall kings proceed, who not only in this land, but even in

distant regions, shall hold rule."  And after a short space, according

to the prophecy of the holy man, did Fergusius obtain the government of

all that country, and his seed ruled therein for many generations.  And

thence was born Edan, the son of Gabranus, who reduced Scotia, which is

called Albania, and other islands wherein his posterity yet reigneth.







_Of Conallus and of his Shield._


And Saint Patrick addressed his well-beloved, the Prince Conallus; and

he enquired of him whether would he assume the habit of a monk.  And

the prince replied that his heart was prepared to do whatsoever the

saint would command.  Then the saint rejoicing at his devotion said

unto him, "For the sign of power and protection, and for the proof of

thy spiritual worth, shall thou bear thy shield and thy sceptre; the

name of a laic shalt thou show; but the mind and the merit of a monk

shall thou possess, inasmuch as many saints shall proceed from thee,

and many nations shall in thy seed be blessed."  And he signed his

shield with the sign of the staff of Jesus, declaring that no one of

his progeny who should carry this shield in battle should ever by any

one be vanquished.  And the chronicles of Hibernia declare, and her

bards record, that this the saint's prophecy unto Conallus and his seed

duly came to pass.







_A Heavenly Light shineth around Saint Patrick, and Victor is converted

unto the Faith._


And Saint Patrick coming into the territory of Mogharnd, went toward

the town of Domnhach Maghin, over which a man named Victor ruled.  And

he hearing of the saint's arrival, yet loving darkness rather than

light, concealed himself in the shades of a thick grove, for much he

feared, lest being driven from the darkness of his unbelief, he should

though unwilling be compelled to believe in the true light.  But the

shadows of the night season came on, nor yet did Patrick the son of

light therefore delay his journey.  And when the curtain of deep night

had covered all things with surrounding darkness, it darkened not the

course of Patrick, who was the precursor of light; for unto him the

night was as day, and the deep shadows were as brightness.  And the

light piercing through the darkness poured around the man concealing

himself, nor could he longer hide from before the face of the light.

Then Victor by so signal a sign being vanquished, and being even as

bound with the chains of the fear of the Lord, came unto Saint Patrick,

and devoutly entreated and received from him the holy baptism.  And

being with all his household and all his people baptized, he gave unto

the saint his inheritance for the erection of a church, and among his

disciples he abided.  And after a while he increased in holiness and in

the knowledge of the divine law, and being at length consecrated by

Saint Patrick, he received in that church the episcopal degree, and for

his virtues and his merits was he very renowned.







_A Certain Cymbal of Saint Patrick is lost and found again._


A certain man of the servants of Saint Patrick carelessly lost a

cymbal; when lost he sought it, when sought he found it not, when found

not he therefore sorely repented.  And the saint forgave him, and

directed that no longer he should seek for the cymbal, until in that

place a church should be builded.  And after a long time had passed, a

certain religious man named Dicullus builded there a church, and there

found the aforementioned cymbal; and in that church placed he it.  And

many who were infirm, drinking out of or being sprinkled with water

from this cymbal, often received instant health; and when this

instrument was tuned, they experienced the holiness of the saint

breathing forth and sounding through its music.







_The Obedience of Saint Volchanus._


And a certain disciple of Saint Patrick, named Volchanus, was eminent

in faith and in religion, but especially surpassing in the virtue of

obedience; and Saint Patrick willing that this his piety, which was so

well known unto him and unto God, should also be known unto his

fellow-disciples for an example unto them, commanded him that he should

build a church wheresoever God should vouchsafe to direct.  And hearing

the word of the saint, he obeyed, and carrying a hatchet on his

shoulder, went forth to seek a fitting place for the erection of a

church.  Then the spiritual father observing him to go forth with the

hatchet in his cowl, prophesied unto him with the words of consolation:

"Do not, well-beloved Volchanus, doubt of a fitting place; but

wheresoever thine hatchet shall fall, there securely build and inhabit,

and there shalt thou be among a great nation paying worship unto God!"

Thus having heard, he retired from the presence of his honored father,

knowingly unknowing, and wisely untaught, yet persuaded in his mind to

go whithersoever the most true teacher had directed him.  Therefore the

whole day did he go forward, nor did he aught, save to lift up his

hands and his heart in prayer.  And as the day declined eveward, the

hatchet fell from his shoulder unexpectedly, yet moved of heaven, in a

place neither intended nor foreseen.  Then the man of God understanding

this to be the appointed place, with great labor builded there a

monastery, and gathered together unto one holy society many sons of

God, who were dispersed; and therein dwelling, holily and religiously

finished he his life, and at length, renowned in his virtues and his

miracles, he rested in the Lord.







_Of Saint Rodanus, the Herdsman of Patrick._


And Saint Patrick had a certain herdsman named Rodanus, and he was

exceeding religious; and this man in his pastoral duty lived a hermit's

life, and often being absorbed in prayer, he pastured the cows and the

young calves together.  And at the command of Saint Patrick, the whole

herd was wondrously retained under his control, nor was any disturbance

or confusion there among, for never did the calves approach their

mothers, nor depart from them, other than at the bidding of Rodanus;

and this he did by the authority and the power of his father, Saint

Patrick.  And he after a while learning letters, acquired sufficiently

the knowledge thereof, and attaining the episcopal degree, he

flourished during his life and after his death by manifold miracles.







_Of Saint Kertennus, the Bishop of Clochor._


And Kertennus, a disciple of Saint Patrick, bore the saint, now worn

with age, on his shoulders, for so necessity required; and by his

panting showed he his weakness or weariness.  And the saint said unto

him, "Often hast thou carried me, yet never before have I perceived

thee thus to pant."  Then answered Kertennus, "Wonder not, holy father,

for now hath mine age come on me, and my companions whose years are as

mine have from the forecast of thy bounty received the refreshment of a

little rest; and mine head is covered with gray hairs, and I labor with

daily toil, and earnestly do I long for quiet, which above all things

else I need."  Therefore Saint Patrick compassionating Kertennus,

promised unto him a place fitted for contemplation, yet not unsuited to

the exercise of pious duties.  And as he much desired the presence of

so worthy a disciple, he provided for him a church; yet not too remote

from the archiepiscopal seat, which at the angel's command he had

builded in Ardmachia; nor yet too near, lest by succeeding archbishops

he should be oppressed; thus was it done, that in his frequent visits

to Saint Patrick the man of God should not by the distance be wearied,

nor his church appear contemptible by too close a neighborhood.  And

after some days he placed him over the church of Clochor, which the

saint himself then ruled; and when he had thereto consecrated him, he

gave unto him a chrismatory, which he had received from heaven.  And

Saint Kertennus there dwelling, and exercising within doors the office

of an abbot, and abroad the office of a bishop, cherished his gray

hairs, and finished his life in holiness.







_Of a Boy who was blessed by Saint Patrick._


And a certain woman, who was strong in the faith, brought unto the

saint her little son named Lananus, to be instructed in letters; and

for that she believed his blessing would render the child more docile

and ready unto learning, humbly she besought on her son the benediction

of his grace.  Nor was she deceived in her faith, inasmuch as the saint

covered him with the aspiration of his blessing, and assisted him with

the divine favor; and he impressed on the boy the sign of the cross,

and committed him unto Saint Cassanus, that he might be instructed in

virtue and in learning.  And the boy thus blessed, in fifteen days

learned the whole Psaltery; and afterwards he became a man of most holy

life, and shining in miracles rested he at length in the Lord.







_Of a Woman who was raised from Death._


And Ethra, the wife of a noble man named Euchadius, lay dead; and he,

carrying her body placed on a bier, met Saint Patrick near a certain

ford in Connactia.  And with many prayers he besought the saint that he

would recall her to life; and promised that he and all his people would

then believe in the Christ whom he preached.  And the saint delayed

not, but revived the dead woman, and baptized her husband, who at so

wonderful a miracle thoroughly believed.  And from the revived woman is

it called unto this day the Ford of Ethna; and the fluid element

affording a passage unto all travellers, showeth the merit of her

reviver.  And often the saint visited Connactia and Momonia, working

miracles in each; and in each he dwelled for the space of seven years.







_The Testimony of One who was revived from Death._


And even unto the evening of his days did the saint continue his wonted

labor and his accustomed work; sowing the field of the Lord with the

seed of the divine word, from the fruit whereof he might gather eternal

life.  This the devoted ones of Satan perceiving and envying, they

gnashed with their teeth, and one to the other they said in their

malice: "What shall we do?  This man, the destroyer of our gods, the

persecutor, nay the extirpator of our sect, worketh many miracles; if

we let him go thus, all the people of Hibernia through him will believe

in his God, and the Christians will come and they will remove our

laws."  Then took they counsel together, how they should destroy him

with their snares, and under the pretence of justice bring him unto the

death.  And a certain woman was washing flax nigh unto the place where

the saint was to pass; and her they directed to hide much of the flax

in a hollow tree, and when the saint and his company passed by to

accuse him as of the theft.  And the woman did according as she was

induced, nay rather as she was seduced; and loudly crying out, called

these children of Belial, and with wicked tongue accused him thereof.

And they, as before they had contrived, rushed forth from their

hiding-place, and seized the saint and his disciples as robbers, and

exclaimed that they were guilty unto the death.  And in the place where

this accursed band were gathered together, was a tomb, and therein a

man was buried.  Him did Saint Patrick, having first prayed, awaken

from the sleep of death; and by the virtue of the truth, which is God,

commanded that he should bear true witness of this their accusation.

And the revived man, openly protesting the innocence of the saint and

of his disciples, exposed the deceits of these wicked ones, and showed

in the presence of all where they had concealed the flax.  Thus was

Saint Patrick and his people marvellously freed from the hands of the

destroyers, and his blood was in that day preserved, and brought

salvation to many which were evil-doers: for they who had contrived the

death of the herald of life, were by this miracle converted unto God

and obtained his mercy.







_The Cross that was not observed; and the Voice which issued from the



And Saint Patrick was accustomed, wheresoever in his journeying he

beheld the triumphal sign of the cross, to descend from his chariot,

and to adore it with faithful heart and bended head, to touch it with

his hands, and embrace it with his arms, and to imprint on it the

repeated kiss of devout affection.  And on a certain day sitting in his

chariot, most unwontedly he passed by a cross which was erected near

the wayside, unsaluted; for his eyes were held, that he saw it not.

This the charioteer observing, marvelled; but he held his peace, until

they arrived at their dwelling.  But when they began to pray, as was

their custom before dinner, then spake he of the cross which he had

seen, and of the place where he beheld it.  Then Saint Patrick, the

preacher of the cross, leaving his meal prepared, went forth of his

dwelling, and returned unto the place on the road which he had passed

along.  And diligently he sought for the sign of life, and he found

nigh unto it a certain sepulchre.  And drawing near, he prayed in the

sight of the Lord, and enquired who therein was sepultured.  And a

voice answered from within, that he had been a heathen, and that a

Christian man was buried at his side, whose mother had been absent when

her son died, and when he was returned into the bosom of the common

mother: and that after some days she had come hither to wail, but

knowing not the burial-place of her son, had placed over him the

Christian sign.  Therefore the man of God averred that he could not

behold the cross, because it was placed over a heathen who had been an

enemy of the cross of Christ.  And removing the cross, he placed it at

the head of the baptized man, and commending his soul to God, he walked

back unto his own dwelling.







_A Goat bleateth in the Stomach of a Thief._


The blessed Patrick had a goat, which carried water for his service;

and to this the animal was taught, not by any artifice but rather by a

miracle.  And a certain thief stole the goat, and eat, and swallowed

it.  And the author or instigator of the theft is enquired: and one who

by evident tokens had incurred suspicion, is accused; but not only

denieth he the fact, but adding perjury unto theft, endeavoreth he to

acquit himself by an oath.  Wondrous was the event to be told, yet more

wonderful to come to pass.  The goat which was swallowed in the stomach

of the thief bleated loudly forth, and proclaimed the merit of Saint

Patrick.  And to the increase of this miracle it happened, that at the

command, nay rather at the sentence of the Saint, all the posterity of

this man were marked with the beard of a goat.







_Of the Cloaks which fell from Heaven._


And that he might the more entirely profit unto God by their

conversation and their example, the saint was used to seek the society

of holy men, and to join himself unto them in the most strict

friendship.  For, as Solomon witnesseth, as iron is sharpened by iron,

so are the lives of holy men by conversation and by example enflamed

into a firm faith, and more fervent love of God; the which how

acceptable is it to the Lord, vouchsafed he to show by the token of an

evident miracle.  Therefore on a certain day, when Saint Patrick and a

venerable man named Vinnocus sate together, they conferred of God and

of things pertaining unto God; and they spake of garments which by

their works of mercy had been distributed among the poor; when behold,

a cloak sent from Heaven fell among them, even as the present eulogy of

the Divine gift and the promise of future reward.  And the saint

rejoiced in the Lord, and what had happened each ascribed to the merit

of the other.  And Patrick averred that it was sent unto Vinnocus, who

had for the Lord renounced all the things of this world: and Vinnocus

insisted it to have been sent unto Patrick, who though possessing all

things retained nothing, but clothing many which were poor and naked,

left himself naked for the sake of the Lord.  Then from these holy men

thus friendlily disputing, suddenly the cloak disappeared; and in the

stead thereof the Lord sent down by an angel two cloaks, one truly unto

each, that even in charity they might no longer contend.







_A wicked Tyrant is transformed into a Fox._


In that part of Britain which is now called Vallia, lived a certain

tyrant named Cereticus; and he was a deceiver, an oppressor, a

blasphemer of the name of the Lord, a persecutor and a cruel destroyer

of Christians.  And Patrick hearing of his brutal tyranny, labored to

recall him into the path of salvation, writing unto him a monitory

epistle, for his conversion from so great vices.  But he, that more

wicked he might become from day to day, laughed to scorn the monition

of the saint, and waxed stronger in his sins, in his crimes, in his

falsehoods and in his cruelties.  The which when Patrick heard, taught

by the Divine Spirit, he knew that the vessel of evil was hardened in

reprobation, prepared in no wise for correction, but rather for

perdition; and thus he prayed unto the Lord: "O Lord God, as thou

knowest this vulpine man to be monstrous in vice, do thou in a

monstrous mode cast him forth from the face of the earth, and appoint

an end unto his offences!"  Then the Lord, inclining his ear unto the

voice of his servant, while on a certain time the tyrant stood in the

middle of his court surrounded by many of his people, suddenly

transformed him into a fox; and he, flying from their sight, never more

appeared on the earth.  And this no one can reasonably disbelieve, who

hath read of the wife of Lot who was changed into a pillar of salt, or

the history of the King Nabuchodonoser.







_The wicked Man Machaldus and his Companions are converted unto the



And in Ulydia was Magiul, a heathen, who was also called Machaldus; and

he was eminent in wickedness and notorious in cruelty; and forasmuch as

like always accordeth with like, he gathered unto himself no small

company, well practised in theft, in rapine, and in blood.  And this

man placed on his own head and on his companions' certain diabolical

signs which are called Deberth; that all might behold how devoted was

their brotherhood unto the service of Satan.  And it happened on a time

that the blessed Patrick was journeying with his people through the

place where lurked this band of evil-doers, waiting and watching for

any traveller on whom they might rush forth to destroy and to despoil.

And beholding the saint, they thought at first to slay him as the

seducer of their souls and the destroyer of their gods: but suddenly

their purpose being changed by the Divine will, they thought it shame

to shed the blood of a peaceful, weak, and unarmed old man; yet

counselling to prove or rather to mock the power of Christ, and the

holiness of Patrick, they placed one of their companions named Garbanus

on a couch, and though he was in perfect health they feigned him as

dead; and they covered him with a cloak, and with deriding prayers they

besought the man of God that he would provide the funeral rites, or, as

he was wont, restore unto life the dead man.  But the saint, at the

revelation of the Spirit, understood what they had done, and pronounced

that these scorners had deceivingly, yet not falsely, declared of their

companion's death.  Therefore disregarding their entreaties he prayed

unto God for the soul of the derider, and went on his way.  And the

saint had not journeyed far, when they uncovered the cloak from their

companion; and lo! they found him not feignedly but really dead.  And

they, affrighted at this fearful chance, and dreading lest the same

should happen unto themselves, followed the saint, and fell at his

feet, and acknowledged their offence, and by their contrition obtained

pardon.  And they all believed in the Lord, and in his name were they

baptized.  Then did the saint, at their humble entreaty, revive the

dead man; and washing him in the holy font, associated him unto them in

the faith of Christ.







_The Penitence of Machaldus._


And Machaldus their chief falling at Saint Patrick's feet, confessed

his sins and entreated with many tears that a life of penitence might

be appointed unto him, whereby he might attain the life of eternity.

And the saint, inspired of Heaven, enjoined him that he should utterly

renounce his native soil and give all his substance to the poor; and he

clothed Machaldus in a vile and rough garment, and chained him with

chains of iron, and cast the key thereof into the ocean.  Likewise he

commanded him to enter, alone, without oars, into a boat made only of

hides, and that on whatsoever country he should land under the guidance

of the Lord there should he serve Him even unto the end of his days.

And the man, truly repenting, did as his pastor enjoined; for he,

alone, chained with iron chains, bearing on his head the tonsure as the

token of penitence, entered the boat; and under the protection of God

he committed himself unto the waves, and was borne by them unto the

Island Eubonia, which is called Mannia.  And therein were two bishops,

named Connidrius and Romulus, whom Saint Patrick himself had

consecrated and appointed to rule over the people of that island and to

instruct them in the faith of Christ after the death of Germanus the

first bishop.  And they, beholding Machaldus, marvelled much, and they

pitied his misery; and when they understood the cause, received him

kindly and retained him with themselves.  And after he had for some

space there abided, a fish was one day taken in the sea and brought

unto their dwelling; and when the fish was opened before them, a key

was found in its belly, and Machaldus being released from his chains,

gave thanks unto God, and went thenceforth free.  And he, increasing in

holiness, after the deaths of these holy bishops attained the episcopal

degree; and being eminent in his miracles and in his virtues, there did

he rest.  And in that island was a city after him named of no small

extent; the remains of whose walls may yet be seen.  And in the

cemetery of its church is a sarcophagus of hollowed stone, whereout a

spring continually exudeth, nay, sufficiently floweth forth; the which

is sweet to the draught, wholesome to the taste, and healeth divers

infirmities, but chiefly the stings of serpents and the deadliness of

poison: for whoso drinketh thereof, either receiveth instant health, or

instantly he dieth.  And in that stone are the bones of Saint Machaldus

said to rest, yet therein is nothing found, save only clear water.  And

though many have oftentimes endeavored to remove the stone, and

especially the king of the Norici, who subdued the island, that he

might at all times have sweet water, yet have they all failed in their

attempt: for the deeper they have digged to raise up the stone, so much

the more deeply and firmly did they find it fixed in the heart of the








_A Meadow is overflowed by the Sea._


At another time the blessed Patrick being fatigued with travel, turned

aside for the sake of a little rest, and for pasturing his horses, into

a grassy meadow near Roscomaira in Connactia.  But when he had sate

down and his horses had begun to feed, a certain wicked and perverse

plebeian, the owner of the place, rushed forward in the fury of anger

to expel him forth.  And first he attacked the saint with reproachful

words, and at length he cast stones at the horses and drove them from

the field: wherefore the hurt done unto them, increased the injury and

the affront offered unto their master.  And as Saint Patrick was one,

and chief among those horses, with which according to the prophet

Habacuc the Lord made his way in the sea, therefore was the Lord wroth

at an injury offered unto him, and therefore at his command the meadow

withered up, and the sea flowing forward covered it, and it remained

unfruitful for ever.  Fitting and just was this judgment of God, that

the people which hated him, and refused his servant one blade of grass,

should lose the whole harvest; and that as this man despitefully

entreated Saint Patrick, and drove him from his field, he should

thenceforward lose the place for which so contentiously he had striven.







_A Stone is changed into Milk, and Milk is changed into Stones._


And one who had long time been a servant unto many evil-doers, hearing

of the virtues and the miracles of Saint Patrick, came unto him, for

the purpose of contending with him in working signs.  And many false

signs did he multiply, the which the saint, having prayed and made the

sign of the cross, dispersed.  Then the magician seeing all his

inventions to be frustrated, required of Patrick that he should work

signs to evince the power of his God; and the saint delayed not to do

what might prove the virtue of Christ, and instruct in the faith many

Christians: for he changed an hard stone into a soft mass of curdled

milk, and of this milk, in the name of Christ, he changed two soft

pieces into hard stones.  But lest these should be accounted false and

like unto the signs of the magicians, the stones continued in the same

hardness whereunto they were transformed.  But this which was

corporally done before the eyes of men, doth the divine virtue

spiritually do in the conversion of believers; inasmuch as the

worshippers of stones, men of hardened hearts, become soft unto the

faith and love of Christ, and as if again born infants, they desire the

milk of the apostolic doctrine, that thereby they may grow up unto

salvation.  So did it happen unto the magician, who beholding this

miracle believed in the Lord and was baptized.







_A Wagon laden with Twigs is saved from the Fire._


And Saint Patrick requested of a certain man, that he would bring unto

him two wagons laden with twigs, for that such were required for

certain needful uses.  And the man fulfilled his request, and brought

the twigs unto the appointed place.  But a fire seized the two wagons

and burned one thereof, yet left it the other unharmed of the flame.

And all the beholders marvelled, that the fire should exercise its

natural power over the one wagon, and on the other have no effect; as

of yore it happened unto the three children which were cast into the

fiery furnace, but which were saved from the fire, nor did any hurt

come on them.  We however admire in this miracle the merit of the

saint; but in no wise think that the cause thereof needs to be








_The Saint is preserved untouched from the falling Rain._


The man of God was wont to observe with singular devotion the Lord's

day, for the remembrance of that great solemnity, which the life of

death reviving unto resurrection, hath made worthy of rejoicing in

heaven, in earth, and in the grave.  Wherefore this holy custom was

fixed in his mind, even as a law, that wheresoever the Sabbath-eve

arrived, he for reverence thereto passed the night and the next holy

day in hymns, and in psalms, and in spiritual songs; and heartily

devoting himself unto divine contemplation, so he continued until the

morning of the succeeding day.  And on a time the observance of this

holy custom caused the blessed Patrick to celebrate the vigil under the

open air; and a violent fall of rain inundated all the field around:

but the place whereon the holy watchman, the guardian of the walls of

Jerusalem, stood with his companions, was not wetted even with the

dropping of one drop thereof.  Thus was in Patrick repeated the

miracle, which formerly appeared in the fleece of Gideon, when the

whole ground was wet with dew, and the fleece was found dry and








_The Fingers of Saint Patrick shine with Light._


But the brightness of the eternal light, that He might prove with how

radiant a light of His grace the inward vessel of His saint was

illumined, glorified him by another miracle of yet higher marvel.  For

on the same night which Patrick had passed under the open air, lauding

and praising God, the field wherein he stood was covered with thickest

darkness.  And the chariot-driver of the holy prelate long time sought

for the steeds which he had loosed unto pasture, that he might reyoke

them to the chariot: but when for the darkness he could not find them,

he wailed with much lamentation.  Which the saint compassionating, drew

forth his right hand from his sleeve, and raised up his fingers.

Wonderful was the event, and unheard of through ages!  Immediately his

fingers shone even as sunbeams, and wonderfully illumining the whole

country, turned darkness into light, and night into day.  Then by the

aid of this radiant miracle the chariot-driver found his steeds, and

led them rejoicing to the father, and yoked them unto the chariot.  And

he, the bearer and the preacher of the heavenly light, his fingers

ceasing to shine, yet ceasing not to pour forth the purest and freshest

myrrh, ascended the chariot on the morning of the succeeding day, as

was his custom; and hastened on, whithersoever he was called by the

will of Him, who directed him, and dwelled in him.  Thus by a very

beautiful but sufficiently convincing miracle his fingers outwardly

shone; so working in them the finger of the God, who so frequently had

healed and saved and protected by his works of light.







_Fire is also seen to issue from his Mouth._


And he preached the word of God unto a certain great man, to whom it

seemed that fire issuing from the mouth of the saint entered into his

ears and mouth, and filled him internally with its heat.  And this fire

was not consuming, but illumining; not burning, but shining; as he who

so experienced related unto the saint, saying, "I behold a flaming fire

to issue from thy mouth, and penetrate my body and my inmost heart."

Then to him the saint: "Our God is the true light illumining every man

at his entrance into the world; our God, who came to send upon earth

that fire which He desireth should burn in the hearts of the faithful:

for the word of the Lord is bright, and his speech is as fire; whereof

by my preaching hast thou had in thyself the proof."







_The holy Virgin Memhessa departeth unto God._


There was a noble and beautiful damsel, named Memhessa, the daughter of

a prince who reigned in a certain part of Britain.  And she, being

occupied with the grace of the Holy Spirit, through the virtue which is

innate in a good disposition, and from the divers species of all

created creatures, understood the Creator; and Him, being so

understood, she affected with all her heart and with all her soul; for

the love and desire of the which affection she looked down on all the

riches, and all the delights, and all the splendors, and all the charms

of this world's glory, and she despised them in her heart.  Yet had she

not been washed in the holy font, though in her manners she represented

the purity of the Christian faith.  And her parents being heathens,

mainly endeavored with words and with stripes to frustrate and to shake

her purpose; but the column of her virgin heart being builded on the

rock of Christ, could neither be subverted by their persuasions, nor

shaken by their threats, nor could she by any their evil doings at all

be moved from her fixed firmness.  And forasmuch as the spring-time of

her youth made her beautiful, and the elegance of her form made her

right lovely, while in her countenance the lilies and the roses of the

garden were mingled together, very many princes of royal stock desired

her in marriage; however in no wise could she thereunto be persuaded or

compelled.  Wherefore having a long time vainly labored, her parents by

general consent brought her unto Saint Patrick, the fame of whose

holiness was proved and published through all that country by many

signs and miracles.  Then they unfolded unto the saint the purpose of

the damsel, earnestly entreating him that he would bring her unto the

sight of his God whom she so loved and toward whom her heart yearned.

This the saint hearing, rejoiced in the Lord, giving thanks unto Him,

whose breath doth blow even whither and how he listeth; and who

oftentimes calleth unto himself without any preaching those whom he had

predestinated unto life.  Then, having expounded to the damsel the

rules of the Christian faith, he catechised her, and baptized her

confessing her belief, and strengthened her with the sacraments of the

body and blood of Christ.  And she, having received the viaticum, fell

to the ground in the midst of her prayers and breathed forth her

spirit: thus ascending from the font spotless and washed of all sin,

and being led by the angels unto the sight of her fair and beautiful

Beloved, went she into his embraces.  Then did Patrick, and all who

were present, glorify God; and with honorable sepulture they committed

her holy remains unto the earth.







_Of the Work which was done in the Lord's Day._


And at a certain time Saint Patrick on the Lord's day entered a harbor

on the northern coast of Hibernia, opposite the town of Druimbo; yet

would he not go forth of the ship, but remaining therein he solemnized

the day with his wonted devotion.  And now was the mid-hour of the day

passed, when he heard no little noise; whereby he understood that the

heathens were violating the Sabbath with their profane labors (the

which was right contrary to his custom and command); and that they were

then employed in a certain work which is called rayth; that is, a wall.

And thereat being somewhat moved, he ordered that they should be bidden

before him, and imperatively commanded them on that day to surcease

from their labor.  But this profane and foolish generation received the

prohibition of the saint not only with contempt, but with scorn and

laughter.  Then did he, understanding the perverseness of those

scorners, repeat his prohibition, and thus did he say unto them,

"Though mightily shall ye labor unto your purpose, never shall it come

to any effect, nor ever shall ye derive any profit therefrom."  And how

true were his words, the event showed: for on the next night was the

sea wondrously raised with a tempest, and spreading thereover scattered

all the work of the heathens; and lest ever it should be recollected or

rebuilded, dispersed it with irreparable dispersion.







_A certain Man is healed, and a Horse revived, in a place which is

called Feart._


A certain illustrious man, named Darius, gave unto Saint Patrick at his

request a dwelling-place together with a small field, whither he might

betake himself with the fellowship of his holy brethren.  And this was

a small place near Ardmachia, in modern time called the Feast of

Miracles.  And after a season, the charioteer of Darius sent his horse

into this field, there to pasture during the night; the which when on

the morrow he would lead forth of the field, found he dead.  Which when

Darius heard, he was moved with wrath, and preventing all excuse, all

delay, all revocation, commanded that Patrick should be slain, as the

slayer of his horse.  But scarcely had the word issued from his lips,

when lo, suddenly came on him a monitory, nay, a minatory weakness of

death, and cast him on his sickbed; and as suddenly were his feet which

were prompt unto mischief, and his hands which were accustomed unto

evil, recalled from the shedding of innocent blood; for misery alone

gave him understanding.  Which things being told unto the saint, he

bade that the steed and the man should be sprinkled with water which

had been blessed of him: and being so sprinkled, each arose; the horse

from death, and Darius from the bed of sickness.







_Of the Vessel which was given unto Saint Patrick, and again taken from



And Darius being thus healed, sent unto the saint by the hands of his

servants a large brazen vessel, the which contained thrice twelve

gallons, and was most needful unto him and his companions for the

dressing of their food.  And he, much requiring such a vessel, kindly

received it; yet said he only: this "I thank him."  And the servants,

returning unto their master, when he enquired of the saint's answer,

replied that he said nothing other than, "I thank him."  Then Darius

thereat wondering, accused the saint of rashness and of rudeness; yet

desiring to try the virtue of the word, commanded that they should take

the vessel from Patrick and bring it back again.  Which when they did,

the saint, as he was thereto accustomed in his words and in works,

said, "I thank him."  And again Darius demanded what Patrick had this

time said: and hearing that even then he had only spoken as before, "I

thank him," and admiring and understanding his firmness, pronounced he

the saint to be a man of consummate constancy, and that the word of his

mouth was most excellent.  "Truly," said he, "this is a magnanimous man

and of unalterable mind, whose countenance and whose word could not be

changed, whether the vessel be given unto him or taken from him; but

ever do they continue the same."  Then did he, following his servants,

salute the saint with appeasing speech, and gave unto him a field near

his dwelling-place, about which dispute might possibly have arisen.







_Ardmachia is given unto Saint Patrick; and a Fountain is produced out

of the Earth._


And after a short time the noble Darius, that he might show unto the

saint yet greater favor, brought him out of a low place unto a place

which was high; from a narrow dwelling unto one which was spacious and

fair, which was foreshown unto him by an angelic miracle, at that time

named Druymsaileach, but which is now called Ardmachia.  And Saint

Patrick, considering the pleasantness and convenience of the place, and

walking around it, found therein a doe lying down with her fawn, which

they who accompanied the saint willed to slay; but this the pious

father would in no wise suffer to be done.  And that he might show the

bowels of pity, which he had unto God's creatures, he bore the fawn in

his own arms, and caressed and cherished it, and carried it unto a park

at the northern side of Ardmachia; and the doe, even as the tamest

sheep, followed the compassionate bearer of her youngling, until he

placed it down at her side.  And on that day did the saint, for the

praise of God and for the benefit of the people, bring forth out of the

earth by his prayers, even for the seventh time, a clear fountain.







_The Saint beholdeth a Vision of Angels, and cureth Sixteen Lepers._


When the lamp of the daily light was extinguished in the shades of

nocturnal darkness, the man of God beheld in a vision of the night

angels measuring the form and the extent of the city which was to be

builded in that high place, and one of the angels enjoined him, that on

the morrow he should go unto the fountain near Ardmachia, which is now

called Tobar Patraic, that is, the Fountain of Patrick; and there he

should heal in the name of the Lord sixteen lepers, who were come

thither from many places to experience the mercy of the Lord, and to

receive his faith.  And Patrick obeyed the voice of the angel; and

early in the morning he found those men, and by his preaching he

converted them unto the faith, and being converted, he baptized them in

that fountain, and when baptized, he purified them from the leprous

taint of either man.  And this miracle when published abroad, was

accounted a fair presage and a present sanction of the future city.

And the angel, at the prayers of Patrick, removed far from thence an

exceeding huge stone which lay in the wayside, and which could not be

raised by the labor or the ingenuity of man; lest it should be an

hindrance to passengers approaching the city.







_Of the City of Ardmachia, and Twelve of its Citizens._


Then Patrick founded, according to the direction of the angels, a city,

fair in its site, its form, and its ambit, and when by the divine

assistance it was completed, he brought to dwell therein twelve

citizens, whom he had from all parts diligently and discreetly chosen:

and these he instructed in the Catholic doctrines of the Christian

faith.  And he beautified the city with churches builded after a

becoming and spiritual fashion; and for the observance of divine

worship, for the government of souls, and for the instruction of the

Catholic flock, he appointed therein clerical persons; and he

instituted certain monasteries filled with monks, and others filled

with nuns, and placed them under the regulations of all possible

perfection.  And in one of these monasteries was a certain brother, who

would not take either food or drink before the hour appointed by the

saint; and he perished of thirst; and Patrick beheld his soul ascending

into heaven, and placed among the martyrs.  And in the convent of the

handmaidens of God, was a certain virgin, the daughter of a British

king, with nine other holy damsels, who had come with her unto Saint

Patrick, and of these, three in his presence went unto heaven.  And in

this city placed he an archiepiscopal cathedral; and determined in his

mind that it should be the chief metropolis, and the mistress of all

Hibernia; and that this his purpose might remain fixed and by posterity

unaltered, he resolved to journey unto the apostolic seat, and confirm

it with authentic privileges.







_At the Direction of the Angels Saint Patrick goeth unto Rome._


And the angel of the Lord appearing unto Patrick, approved the purpose

of his journey, and showed him that the Pope would bestow and divide

among many churches the relics of the Apostles Peter and Paul, and of

many saints.  And as carriages were haply then wanting unto him, the

angels provided him with four chariots, as if sent from heaven, the

which conveyed him and his people unto the sea-side.  Then the

glorified prelate Patrick; after that the urgency of his laborious

preaching was finished, and the abundance of so many and so great

miracles had converted the whole island, blessed and bade farewell to

the several bishops and presbyters and other members of the church whom

he had ordained: and with certain of his disciples, led by his angelic

guide, he sailed toward Rome.  Whither arriving, while in the presence

of the supreme pontiff he declared the cause of his coming, supreme

favor he found in his eyes; for, embracing and acknowledging him as the

apostle of Hibernia, he decorated the saint with the pall, and

appointing him his legate, by his authority confirmed whatsoever

Patrick had done, appointed or disposed therein.  And many parting

presents, and precious gifts, which pertained unto the beauty, nay,

unto the strength of the church, did the Pope bestow on him;

where-among were certain relics of the Apostles Peter and Paul, and of

Stephen the proto-martyr, and of many other martyrs; and moreover, gave

he unto the saint a linen cloth, which was marked with the blood of our

Lord the Saviour Jesus Christ.  Gift excelling all other gifts!  And

with these most holy honors the saint being returned unto Hibernia,

fortified therewith this metropolitan church of Ardmachia (unto the

salvation of souls and the safety of the whole nation), and reposited

them in a chest behind the great altar.  And in that church even from

the time of Saint Patrick the custom obtained that on the days of the

Passover and of the Pentecost these relics should be thereout produced,

and venerated in the presence of the people.







_The Acts of Saint Patrick while returning from Rome._


But the miracles which Saint Patrick wrought, when going to Rome, or

returning thence, or after he had returned, are beyond our ability to

relate either one by one or all together.  For wheresoever he remained

through the night, or made any abiding, left he behind him the proofs

of his sanctity, in the healing of some diseased person; inasmuch as

churches and oratories which were builded in those places and entitled

after his name are yet to be seen; and which even to this day are

redolent of his holiness, and impart the benefit of his miracles to

many who sought the same with the desert of faith.  And in his return

he some time abided in his own country of Britain, and founded there

many monasteries, and rebuilded many others which had been destroyed of

the heathens; and he filled them with convents of holy monks who

assented unto that form of religion which he thereto appointed; many

events also, prosperous and adverse, which were to happen unto Britain,

did he prophesy in the spirit; and especially he foresaw and foretold

the holiness of the blessed David, who was then in his mother's womb.

For there were many country places and towns, the inhabitants whereof

rudely drove away the saint while journeying, lest he should abide the

night among them; and these and their posterity could never prosper or

become rich therein, but strangers and aliens always possessed of them

the wealth and the dominion.  But the groves into which the saint was

by those wicked ones driven to pass the night, and which before

produced but few and fruitless copses, were seen, by the blessing of

such a holy guest, to thicken and to flourish with so great abundance

of trees that in no future time could they be entirely destroyed.  And

in the rivers, where the deceivers, fraudful both in heart and word,

had shown unto the saint a deep abyss instead of a safe ford, passed he

over safely, having first blessed the passage, and changed the abyss

into a ford; and the ford which before was pervious unto all changed he

unto a deep abyss.







_The Acts of St. Patrick after he had Returned._


And after his long journey was finished, he consoled his people with

his presence; and he appointed unto the Lord's field thirty bishops

which he had chosen and in foreign countries had consecrated, for that

the harvest was many, and the laborers few.  Therefore began he the

more frequently to assemble holy synods of bishops, to celebrate solemn

councils, and whatsoever he found contrary to the ecclesiastical

institutes or the Catholic faith, that did he take away and annul; and

whatsoever he found accordant to the Christian law, to justice, or to

the sacred canons, and consonant to good morals, that did he direct and

sanction.  And daily he shone with innumerable miracles, and whatsoever

with his lips he appointed or taught, that did he confirm by most

signal miracles; whence it came to pass that all deservedly admired

him, by whose kindness all the inhabitants of that island are through

ages blessed; as in the sequel more fully shall we endeavor to show.







_Of the Threefold Plagues of Hibernia._


Even from the time of its original inhabitants, did Hibernia labor

under a threefold plague: a swarm of poisonous creatures, whereof the

number could not be counted; a great concourse of demons visibly

appearing; and a multitude of evil-doers and magicians.  And these

venomous and monstrous creatures, rising out of the earth and out of

the sea, so prevailed over the whole island that they not only wounded

men and animals with their deadly sting, but slayed them with cruel

bitings, and not seldom rent and devoured their members.  And the

demons, who by the power of idolatry dwelled in superstitious hearts,

showed themselves unto their worshippers in visible forms; often

likewise did they, as if they were offended, injure them with many

hurts; unto whom, being appeased with sacrifices, offerings, or evil

works, they seemed to extend the grace of health or of safety, while

they only ceased from doing harm.  And after was beheld such a

multitude of these, flying in the air or walking on the earth, that the

island was deemed incapable of containing so many; and therefore was it

accounted the habitation of demons, and their peculiar possession.

Likewise the crowd of magicians, evil-doers, and soothsayers had

therein so greatly increased as the history of not any other nation

doth instance.







_The Threefold Plague is driven out of Hibernia by Saint Patrick._


And the most holy Patrick applied all his diligence unto the

extirpation of this threefold plague; and at length by his salutary

doctrine and fervent prayer he relieved Hibernia of the increasing

mischief.  Therefore he, the most excellent pastor, bore on his

shoulder the staff of Jesus, and aided of the angelic aid, he by its

comminatory elevation gathered together from all parts of the island

all the poisonous creatures into one place; then compelled he them all

unto a very high promontory, which then was called Cruachan-ailge, but

now Cruachan-Phadruig; and by the power of his word he drove the whole

pestilent swarm from the precipice of the mountain headlong into the

ocean.  O eminent sign!  O illustrious miracle! even from the beginning

of the world unheard, but now experienced by tribes, by peoples, and by

tongues, known unto all nations, but to the dwellers in Hibernia

especially needful!  And at this marvellous yet most profitable sight,

a numerous assembly was present; many of whom had flocked from all

parts to behold miracles, many to receive the word of life.



Then turned he his face toward Mannia, and the other islands which he

had imbued and blessed with the faith of Christ and with the holy

sacraments; and by the power of his prayers he freed all these likewise

from the plague of venomous reptiles.  But other islands, the which had

not believed at his preaching, still are cursed with the procreation of

those poisonous creatures.  And he converted innumerable evil-doers

unto the faith; but many who continued obstinate, and hardened in their

perverseness, he destroyed from the face of the earth (as we have

already recorded); and from the men of Hibernia, whom he made servants

unto the true and living God, prayed he of the Lord that the visions of

the demons and their wonted injuries should be driven away; and he

obtained his prayer.







_Without Earthly Food the Saint completeth a Fast of Forty Days._


And that in Hibernia or in the other islands which had received his

blessing no poisonous animal should continue or revive, nor the wonted

troop of demons therein abide, the saint completed without earthly food

a fast of forty days.  For he desired to imitate in his mystical fast

Moses, who was then bound by the natural law, or rather Elias the

prophet, appointed under the law; but most principally desiring to

please the great Founder of nature, the Giver of the law and of grace,

Jesus Christ, who in Himself had consecrated such a fast.  Therefore he

ascended the high mountain in Conactia, called Cruachan-ailge, that he

might there more conveniently pass the Lent season before the Passion;

and that there, desiring and contemplating the Lord, he might offer

unto Him the holocaust of this fast.  And he disposed there five

stones, and placed himself in the midst; and therein, as well in the

manner of his sitting as in the mortification of his abstinence, showed

he himself the servant of the cross of Christ.  And there he sat

solitary, raising himself above himself; yet gloried he only in the

cross, which constantly he bore in his heart and on his body, and

ceaselessly he panted toward his holy Beloved; and he continued and

hungered in his body, but his inward man was satisfied, and filled, and

wounded with the sweetness of divine contemplation, the comfort of

angelic visitation, and the sword of the love of God: "For the word of

God is quick and powerful, and sharper than a two-edged sword, piercing

even unto the separation of the body and the spirit," wherewith the

saint was wounded, even unto holy love.







_He banisheth the Demons forth of the Island._


And the demons grieved for their lost dominion, and assailing the saint

they tormented him in his prayers and his fastings; and they fluttered

around him like birds of the blackest hue, fearful in their form, their

hugeness, and their multitude, and striving with horrible chatterings

to prevent his prayer, long time they disturbed the man of God.  But

Patrick being armed with His grace, and aided by His protection, made

the sign of the cross, and drove far from him those deadly birds; and

by the continual sounding of his cymbal, utterly banished them forth of

the island.  And being so driven away, they fled beyond the sea, and

being divided in troops among the islands which are alien unto the

faith and love of God, there do they abide and practise their

delusions.  But from that time forward, even unto this time, all

venomous creatures, all fantasies of demons, have through the merits

and the prayers of the most holy father Patrick entirely ceased in

Hibernia.  And the cymbal of the saint, which from his frequent

percussions thereof appeared in one part broken, was afterward repaired

by an angel's hand; and the mark is beheld on it at this day.  Likewise

on the summit of this mountain many are wont to watch and to fast,

conceiving that they will never after enter the gates of hell; the

which benefit they account to be obtained to them of God through the

merits and the prayers of Patrick.  And some who have thereon passed

the night relate them to have suffered grievous torments, whereby they

think themselves purified of all their sins; and for such cause many

call this place the Purgatory of Saint Patrick.







_Troops of Angels appear unto the Saint._


And God, the ruler of all, who after darkness bringeth light,

compassionated his servant; and so soon as the evil spirits were driven

forth, a multitude of angels poured around the place with exceeding

brightness, and with wondrous melody they comforted the saint.  And he,

having finished his fast of forty days, offered the sacrifice of praise

and thanksgiving unto God, who had vouchsafed to mortal man the virtue

of so great abstinence, and had bestowed such mercies through the

intercession of Him.  And moreover he rejoiced in the angelic

salutation.  Then being led by the angels, he descended from the

mountain, and smote his cymbal, the sound whereof the Lord caused to be

heard through all parts of Hibernia.  Thence, let none of the faithful

doubt that every man even over the whole world will hear the sound of

the last trumpet.  And raising his hands, Saint Patrick blessed the

island and all the dwellers therein, and commended them unto Christ.



Now understand ye how it was the custom of Patrick, as of the other

ancient saints who abided in the islands, to have with them cymbals,

for the expulsion of evil spirits, for their own bodily exercise, to

proclaim the hours of the day and night, and for I know not what other

causes.  One thing, however, is certain, that many miracles are known

to have been performed by the sound or the touch of these cymbals.

Therefore at the Lord's Supper, the blessed Patrick going forth of his

retirement into public view, rejoiced with his presence the whole

church of the saints who were born of his preaching unto Christ.  And

there he discharged his episcopal office, the which he always joined

with those sacred seasons; and thus went he forward in the work of








_The Saint titheth Hibernia and the Dwellers therein._


Then at the Paschal tide, his accustomed devotions being finished, he

went round the whole island with a holy multitude of his sons whom he

had brought forth unto Christ; and everywhere teaching the way of the

Lord, he converted to, or confirmed in, the faith the dwellers therein.

And all the islanders, unto whom had come even the knowledge of his

name, for this so strange and wondrous miracle surrendered themselves

to him and to his doctrine, as to an angel of light, and devoutly they

obeyed him for their peculiar apostle.  Then this most excellent

husbandman, seeing the hardness of the Lord's field to be softened, and

the thorns, the thistles, and the tares rooted forth, labored to

fertilize it so much the more abundantly with the increase of

profitable seed, that it produced good fruit not only to the increase

of thirty or sixty, but even of an hundred-fold.  Therefore he caused

the whole island to be divided with a measuring line, and all the

inhabitants, both male and female, to be tithed; and every tenth head,

as well of human kind as of cattle, commanded he to be set apart for

the portion of the Lord.  And making all the men monks, and the women

nuns, he builded many monasteries, and assigned unto them for their

support the tithe of the land and of the cattle.  Wherefore in a short

space so it was that no desert spot, nor even any corner of the island,

nor any place therein, however remote, was unfilled with perfect monks

and nuns; so that Hibernia was become rightly distinguished by the

especial name of the Island of Saints.  And these lived according to

the rule of Saint Patrick, with a contempt of the world, a desire of

heaven, a holy mortification of the flesh, and an abandonment of all

pleasure; equalling the Egyptian monks in their merit and in their

number, so that with their conversation and example they edified far

distant countries.  And in the days of Saint Patrick, and for many ages

of his successors, no one was advanced unto the episcopal degree or the

cure of souls, unless by the revelation of the divine Spirit or by some

other evident sign he was proved worthy thereof.







_The different States of Hibernia are in a Heavenly Vision shown unto

the Saint._


And the man of God anxiously desired and earnestly prayed that he might

be certified of the present and the future state of Hibernia, to the

end that he might be assured of the faith, or of the value that his

labors bore in the sight of God.  Then the Lord heard the desire of his

heart, and manifested the same unto him by an evident revelation; for

while he was engaged in prayer, and the heart of his mind was opened,

he beheld the whole island as it were a flaming fire ascending unto

heaven; and he heard the angel of God saying unto him: "Such at this

time is Hibernia in the sight of the Lord."  And after a little space

he beheld in all parts of the island even as mountains of fire

stretching unto the skies.  And again after a little space he beheld as

it were candles burning, and after a while darkness intervened; and

then he beheld fainter lights, and at length he beheld coals lying

hidden here and there, as reduced unto ashes, yet still burning.  And

the angel added: "What thou seest here shown, such shall be the people

of Hibernia."  Then the saint, exceedingly weeping, often repeated the

words of the Psalmist, saying: "Whether will God turn himself away for

ever, and will he be no more entreated?  Shall his mercy come to an end

from generation to generation?  Shall God forget to be merciful, and

shut up his mercy in his displeasure?"  And the angel said, "Look

toward the northern side, and on the right hand of a height shalt thou

behold the darkness dispersed from the face of the light which

thenceforth will arise."  Then the saint raised his eyes, and behold,

he at first saw a small light arising in Ulydia, the which a long time

contended with the darkness, and at length dispersed it, and illumined

with its rays the whole island.  Nor ceased the light to increase and

to prevail, even until it had restored to its former fiery state all

Hibernia.  Then was the heart of the saint filled with joy, and his

heart with exultation, giving thanks for all these things which had

been shown unto him: and he understood in the greatness of this fiery

ardor of the Christian faith the devotion and the zeal of religion,

wherewith those islanders burned.  By the fiery mountains he understood

the men who would be holy in their miracles and their virtues, eminent

in their preachings and their examples; by the lessening of the light,

the decrease of holiness; by the darkness that covered the land, the

infidelity which would prevail therein; by the intervals of delay, the

distances of the succeeding times.  But the people think the period of

darkness was that in which Gurmundus and Turgesius, heathen princes of

Norwegia, conquered and ruled in Hibernia; and in those days, the

saints, like coals covered with ashes, lay hidden in caves and dens

from the face of the wicked, who pursued them like sheep unto the

slaughter.  Whence it happened that differing rites and new sacraments,

which were contrary to the ecclesiastical institutes, were introduced

into the church by many prelates who were ignorant of the divine law.

But the light first arising from the north, and after long conflict

exterminating the darkness, those people assert to be Saint Malachy,

who presided first in Dunum, afterward in Ardmachia, and reduced the

island unto the Christian law.  On the other hand, the people of

Britain ascribe this light to their coming, for that then the church

seemed under their rule to be advanced unto a better state; and that

then religion seemed to be planted and propagated, and the sacraments

of the church and the institutes of the Christian law to be observed

with more regular observance.  But I propose not the end of this

contention, neither do I prevent it, thinking that the discussion and

the decision thereof should be left unto the divine judgment.







_The Answer of Saint Patrick to Secundinus._


And oftentimes the Saint Secundinus sat in the assembly of the holy

men, conversing together of the acts and the virtues of Saint Patrick.

And when one of them affirmed that Patrick was the most holy of all

living men, Secundinus answered, "Verily, he would be the most holy,

had he not too little of that brotherly charity which it becometh him

to have."  And this saying, uttered in the presence of so many of his

disciples, was not long concealed from the saint.  Therefore it came to

pass that when Saint Patrick and Secundinus afterward met together, the

master enquired of his disciple, the metropolitan of his suffragan, why

he had spoken such a word of him, or rather against him.  And

Secundinus replied, "So did I say, because thou refusest the gifts

offered unto thee of rich men, and wilt not accept farms and

inheritances, wherewith thou mightest sustain the great multitude of

the saints which are gathered unto thee."  Then Saint Patrick answered

and said, "For the increase of charity is it that I do not accept these

works of charity; inasmuch as were I to receive all that are offered

unto me, I should not leave even the pasturage of two horses for the

saints which will come after us."  Then Secundinus repenting of the

word which he had spoken, entreated forgiveness of the saint; and he,

with his wonted kindness, accorded it unto his penitence.







_Secundinus composeth a Hymn in Honor of Saint Patrick._


And Secundinus, who was exceeding wise and learned, said unto Saint

Patrick that he desired to compose a hymn in honor of a saint who was

yet living.  This he said, for that the saint of whom he purposed to

write was Patrick himself; and therefore concealed he the name in

silence.  Then answered the saint: "Verily, it is worthy, and fit, and

right, and profitable, that the people should tell the wisdom of the

saints, and that the congregation should speak of their praise; but yet

is it more becoming that the subject of our praise should not be

praised until after his death.  Praise thou therefore the clearness of

the day, but not until the evening cometh; the courage of the soldier,

but not until he hath triumphed; the fortune of the sailor, but not

until he hath landed; for the Scripture saith, Thou shalt praise no man

in his lifetime.  Nevertheless, if so thy mind is fixed, what thou

proposest to do, that do thou quickly; for death draweth nigh unto

thee, and of all the bishops which are in Hibernia, shalt thou be the

first to die."  Therefore Secundinus composed a hymn in honor of Saint

Patrick, and after a few days, according to the word of the saint, he

died; and he was buried in his own church, in a place which he called

Domnhach-Seachlainn, and by manifold miracles showeth himself to live

in Christ.  And this hymn are many of the islanders daily wont to sing,

and from its repetition they affirm many and great wonders to have

happened; for divers, while singing this hymn, have passed unseen

through their enemies who were thirsting for their blood, and who were

stricken with that sort of blindness which physicians term acrisia.







_The Soul of a Certain Sinner is by Saint Patrick freed from Demons._


And on a time a certain saint, named Kaennechus, saw in Hibernia troops

of demons passing along, armed with infernal instruments; whom having

adjured in the name of the Holy Trinity, he compelled to declare the

cause of their coming thither.  And they, thus adjured, confessed,

though unwillingly, that they came to bear away the soul of a certain

most wicked sinner, who for his sins deserved to be carried into hell.

Then Kaennechus enjoined them in the name of the Lord to return unto

him, and to tell him what they had done.  And after some hours had

passed, the demons returned with confusion, and declared that by the

power of Patrick they had lost their expected prey; for that this man

had in every year during his life celebrated with a great feast the

festival of Saint Patrick, and had every day repeated certain chapters

of the hymn which had been composed in his honor; and therefore, they

said, had Saint Patrick snatched him from their hands, as his own

proper right.  Thus saying, the demons vanished into thin air; and

Kaennechus rejoiced in these things, and by the relation excited many

unto the frequent repetition of this hymn in honor of Saint Patrick.







_How the Saint appeared unto Colmanus while singing his Hymn._


A certain abbot, a disciple of Saint Patrick, named Colmanus, was

accustomed frequently to repeat this hymn; and when he was asked of the

disciples why he would not rather sing the appointed offices and

psalms, inasmuch as once to sing this hymn ought to suffice him, he

continually beheld the face of his beloved father, Patrick, nor could

he ever be satisfied with the contemplation thereof.  This, though

happening long after the death of Saint Patrick, we have written and

recorded among his acts; that we may show how this hymn was esteemed

among the people of Hibernia, and how ready was he in the hour of

necessity and tribulation to aid those who honored him, and who

frequently celebrated his memory.







_The Admirable Contemplations of the Saint._


As Saint Patrick, the preacher of truth, while yet living in the flesh,

recalled and incited by his example and conversation many living men,

who yet were dead, unto the true life, so did he by his prayers bring

many who were buried unto the land of the living.  For divers which

were deceased, he by his powerful prayers snatched from the depths of

eternal punishment, and from the roaring lions which were prepared for

their food, and bringing them to the expiatory place, restored them

unto salvation.  And he, being often made the contemplator of the

divine mysteries, beheld the heavens opened, and the Lord Jesus

standing in the middle of the multitude of angels; and this, while he

offered the holy immolation of the Son of God, and devoutly sang the

Apocalypse of John, did Patrick merit to behold.  For while in his

meditations he admired these admirable visions, unto the sight of their

similitude was he lifted up in the Lord.  And the angel Victor, so

often before named, thrice in each week appeared unto him, and

comforted and consoled him with mutual colloquy.







_Saint Patrick beholdeth the Souls of the Rich and of the poor Man sent

unto different Places._


Oftentimes did the saint behold the souls of men going forth of their

bodies, some unto places of punishment, others unto places of reward;

one instance whereof we think worthy to record, inasmuch as the saint

was wont to relate it for the purpose of edification.  There was a man

who had a great name, according as names are in this world accounted

great; and he had flocks of sheep, and herds of oxen, and his

possessions increased on the earth.  And this man died; and a long

assembly of his children and his kindred celebrated his obsequies with

much pomp and honor according to the estimation of men, and so

committed him unto the common mother.  And they who account blessed the

man unto whom these things are given, declared him happy, whose life

was so fortunate, and whose death so honorable; and they thought that

he very much had pleased the Lord.  But the other man was a beggar, who

having lived all his life in wretchedness and in poverty, went the way

of all flesh.  And his body long time lay without the ministry of the

funeral rites, unburied, and mangled by the birds of prey; and at

length was it dragged by the feet into a pit-hole, and covered with

turf; and they who judge according to outward show esteemed this man

most miserable and unfortunate.  But the saint pronounced the opinion

of men to differ from the righteousness of Him who searcheth the reins

and the heart, whose judgments are a deep abyss; and he declared that

he saw the soul of that rich man plunged by the demons into hell; but

the spirit of the poor man, whose life was accounted as foolishness,

and his end without honor, was reckoned among the children of God, and

his lot of blessedness was among the saints.  "Truly," said he, "the

sons of men are vain, and their judgments are false in the weight; but

the just God loveth justice, and his countenance beholdeth

righteousness; and in the balance of his righteousness weigheth he the

pleasures and the riches of this evil man, and the sins of this poor

man, haply whereby he hath merited the wrath and the misfortunes which

he bore; and the one from his honor and his glory he adjudged unto

present torment; and the other, which had atoned in the furnace of

poverty and of affliction, mercifully sent he unto the heavenly joys."

Nor did the saint behold this of these men only, but often of many

others did he behold and relate such things.  Thus what the word of

truth had before told of the rich man clothed in purple and the poor

man covered with sores did this friend of truth declare himself to have

beheld of other.







_Saint Vinvaloeus is miraculously stayed by Saint Patrick from his

purposed Journey._


And in Lesser Britain lived a venerable man, named Vinvaloeus, who was

even from his infancy renowned for signs and wonders; for as his acts

are recorded, very many exceeding great miracles are attested to have

been done by him.  And he, the south wind so blowing that all his

perfumes breathed forth, heard the holy name of Saint Patrick, and

earnestly desired he to hasten unto the odor of his virtues.  And long

time he pondered and desired; and at length determined he to leave his

country and his parents, and to go unto Hibernia to serve Christ under

the discipulate and disciplinate of Saint Patrick; but when the night

came, with the morrow whereof he purposed to begin his journey, he

beheld in a vision that most illustrious man standing before him,

clothed in his pontifical vestments; and then said he unto him: "Know

thou me, beloved Vinvaloeus, to be the Patrick unto whom thou purposest

to travel; yet weary thou not thyself, nor seek thou him whom thou

canst not find; for the hour of my dissolution draweth nigh, when I

shall go the way of all flesh.  Therefore it is the will of God that

thou leavest not this place; but by thy conversation and example shalt

thou endeavor to gain over a people acceptable unto him, and which

shall follow good works; forasmuch as the crown of life is yet to be

seen, which he hath promised unto those who love him."  Thus saying,

the vision disappeared, and Vinvaloeus did as he was bidden of heaven.

Now let the hearer admire his perfection, who by the spirit which was

in him saw the desire of the holy man dwelling in Armorica, and thus

wondrously changed him from the purpose of his intended journey.







_The Daily Prayers and Genuflexions of the Saint._


And now, the cloud of unbelief, by whose eclipse the people of Hibernia

so long had wanted the warmth and the light of the true sun, being

dispersed, now did the tongue, the life, the virtue of the blessed

Patrick, so long as the breath and the Spirit of God were in his

nostrils, avail unto the things which were begun, continued, and ended

in the Lord; giving the knowledge of salvation, affording the example

of holiness, extending the remedy of all diseases.  And verily, this

peculiar habit of life, which he exercised in secret, was daily and

perpetual; inasmuch as every day was he wont diligently to sing the

entire Psaltery, with many songs and hymns, and the Apocalypse of the

Apostle John, and two hundred prayers before God; three hundred times

did he bend his knees in adoration of the Lord; every canonical hour of

the day did he one hundred times sign himself with the sign of the

cross.  Nevertheless did he not omit every day worthily and devoutly to

offer up unto the Father the sacrifice of the Son; and never ceased he

to teach the people or instruct his disciples.







_How he passed the Night Season._


And in a wondrous manner dividing the night season, thus did this

wakeful guardian and laborer in the Lord's vineyard distinguish that

also.  For in the earliest part thereof having with two hundred

genuflexions and one hundred psalms praised God, then applied he unto

study and in the latter part, he plunged himself into cold water, and

raising his heart, his voice, his eyes, and his hands towards heaven,

offered he one hundred and fifty prayers.  Afterward he stretched

himself on a bare stone, and of another stone making a pillow, he

rested his most sanctified body with a short sleep; or, that more

clearly we may speak, he refreshed himself unto the labor of his

continual conflict.  With such rest indulging, he girded his loins with

roughest hair-cloth, the which had been dipped in cold water; lest

haply the law of the flesh, warring in his members against the law of

the Spirit, should excite any spark of the old leaven.  Thus did Saint

Patrick with spare and meagre food, and with the coarsest clothing,

offer himself a holy and living sacrifice, acceptable unto God; nor

suffered he the enemy to touch in him the walls of Jerusalem, but he

inflicted on his own flesh the penance of perpetual barrenness; and

that he should not bring forth children which might hereafter be worthy

of death, made he his spirit fruitful of abundant fruit.







_The Habit, the Bearing, and the Acts of Saint Patrick._


And until the five and fiftieth year of his age, wherein he was

advanced in Hibernia unto the episcopal degree, did he after the manner

of the apostles continually travel on foot; and thenceforth, by reason

of the difficulty of the journey, he used a chariot, according to the

manner of the country.  And over his other garments he was clothed with

a white cowl, so that in the form and the candid color of his habit he

showed his profession, and proved himself the candidate of lowliness

and purity.  Whence it came to pass that the monks in Hibernia

following his example, for many years were contented with the simple

habit which the wool of the sheep afforded unto them, untinged with any

foreign dye.  And he kept his hands clear from any gift, ever

accounting it more blessed to give than to receive; therefore when any

gift was given unto him by any rich man, he hastened so soon as might

be to give it unto the poor, lightening himself thereof as of a heavy

burden.  In his countenance, in his speech, in his gait, in all his

members, in his whole body, did he edify the beholders; and his

discourse was well seasoned, and suited unto every age, sex, rank, and

condition.  In four languages, the British, the Hibernian, the Gallic,

and the Latin, was he thoroughly skilled; and the Greek language also

did he partly understand.  The little Book of Proverbs, which he

composed in the Hibernian tongue, and which is full of edification,

still existeth; and his great volume, called Canoin Phadruig, that is,

the canons of Patrick, suiteth every person, be he secular, be he

ecclesiastic, unto the exercise of justice and the salvation of souls.

Whensoever he was addressed for the exposition of profound questions or

difficult cases, always, according to the custom of his lowliness, did

he answer: "I know not, God knoweth "; but when great necessity

compelled him to certify the word of his mouth, he always confirmed it

by attesting his Judge.  So excellent was he in the spirit of prophecy

that he foretold divers future things even as if they were present;

things absent he well knew, and whatsoever fell from his lips, without

even the smallest doubt did that come to pass.  So evidently did he

foretell of the saints which for an hundred years thereafter would be

born in Hibernia, but chiefly in Momonia and Conactia; that he showed

even their names, their characters, and the places of their dwelling.

Whomsoever he bound, them did the divine justice bind; whosoever he

loosed, them did the divine justice loose; with his right hand he

blessed, with his left hand he cursed; and whom he blessed, on them

came the blessing of the Lord; whom he cursed, on them came the

heavenly malediction; and the sentence which issued from his lips,

unshaken and fixed did it remain, even as had it gone forth of the

eternal judgment-seat.  Whence doth it plainly appear, that this holy

man being faithful unto God, was with Him as one spirit.  Yet though in

his manifold virtues he equalled or excelled all other saints, in the

virtue of lowliness did he excel even himself; for in his epistles he

was wont to mention himself as the lowest, the least, and the vilest of

all sinners; and little accounting the signs and the miracles which he

had wrought, he thought himself to be compared not to any perfect man;

and being but of small stature, he used often to call himself a dwarf.

And not seldom, after the manner of the Apostle Paul, he toiled with

manual labor, fishing, and tilling the ground; but chiefly in building

churches, to the which employment he much urged his disciples, both by

exhortation and example.  Nevertheless, right earnestly did he apply

himself unto baptizing the people and ordaining the ministers of the

church.  Three hundred bishops and fifty did he consecrate with his own

hand; seven hundred churches did he endow; five thousand clerical men

did he advance unto the priestly rank.  But of the other ministers whom

he appointed unto the inferior orders, of the monks and the nuns whom

he dedicated unto the divine service, God alone knoweth the number.







_Of the Sick whom he healed, and the Dead whom he raised; and of his

Disciples who recorded his Acts._


Therefore under this most sanctified rule of life did he shine in so

many and so great miracles that he appeared second to no other saint.

For the blind and the lame, the deaf and the dumb, the palsied, the

lunatic, the leprous, the epileptic, all who labored under any disease,

did he in the name of the Holy Trinity restore unto the power of their

limbs and unto entire health; and in these good deeds was he daily

practised.  Thirty and three dead men, some of whom had many years been

buried, did this great reviver raise from the dead, as above we have

more fully recorded.  And of all those things which so wondrously he

did in the world, sixty and six books are said to have been written,

whereof the greater part perished by fire in the reigns of Gurmundus

and of Turgesius.  But four books of his virtues and his miracles yet

remain, written partly in the Hibernian, partly in the Latin language;

and which at different times four of his disciples composed--namely,

his successor, the blessed Benignus; the Bishop Saint Mel; the Bishop

Saint Lumanus, who was his nephew; and his grand-nephew Saint

Patricius, who after the decease of his uncle returned into Britain,

and died in the church of Glascon.  Likewise did Saint Evinus collect

into one volume the acts of Saint Patrick, the which is written partly

in the Hibernian and partly in the Latin tongue.  From all which,

whatsoever we could meet most worthy of belief, have we deemed right to

transmit in this our work unto after-times.







_The Angelic Voice showeth unto Saint Patrick of his Death and of the

Place of his Burial._


And Patrick, the beloved of the Lord, being full of days and of good

works, and now faithfully finishing the time of his appointed ministry,

saw, as well by the divine revelation as by the dissolution of his

earthly tabernacle, that the evening of his life was drawing near.  And

being then nigh unto Ulydia, he hastened his journey toward the

metropolitan seat, Ardmachia; for earnestly he desired to lay in that

place the remains of his sanctified body, and in the sight of his sons

whom he had brought forth unto Christ to be consigned unto the common

mother.  But the event changed the purpose of the holy man; that all

might know, according to the testimony of the Scriptures, that the way

of man is not in his own power, but that his steps are directed of God.

For the Angel Victor met him while on his journey, and said unto him:

"Stay thou, O Patrick, thy feet from this thy purpose, since it is not

the divine will that in Ardmachia thy life should be closed or thy body

therein be sepultured; for in Ulydia, the first place of all Hibernia

which thou didst convert, hath the Lord provided that thou shalt die,

and that in the city of Dunum thou shall be honorably buried.  And

there shall be thy resurrection; but in Ardmachia, which thou so

lovest, shall be the successive ministry of the grace which hath been

on thee bestowed.  Therefore remember thy word, wherewith thou gavest

hope unto thy first converts, the sons of Dichu; when, instructed of

heaven, thou didst foretell unto them that in their land thou wouldest

die and be buried."  And at the word of the angel the saint was

grieved; but quickly returning unto himself, embraced he the divine

Providence with much devotion and thanksgiving, and submitting his own

will unto the will of God, he returned into Ulydia.







_The Place of his Sepulture is foreshown by a Light from Heaven._


And after a few days Patrick, the most holy old man, rested on a place

not far distant from the mother church of the city of Dunum; and with

him was Brigida, the spotless Pearl of Hibernia, and no small assembly

of religious and ecclesiastical persons.  And while the saint

discoursed unto them of the glory of the saints, a great light

descended from heaven, and poured round a certain spot on the eastern

side of the cemetery; at the which marvelling, they enquired of the

saint what meant that light, and the holy prelate bade the blessed

Brigida to explain to them the meaning thereof.  Then the virgin openly

declared that the so great light denoted and sanctified the

burial-place of a certain saint most illustrious and dear unto God, who

therein would shortly be buried.  And the holy woman, Ethembria, who

first of all the nuns in Hibernia had been consecrated by Patrick,

privily enquired of Brigida who was the saint.  And she answered that

Saint Patrick himself, the father and apostle of Hibernia, would soon

be buried in that place, but that in process of time he would be

removed from thence; and further she pronounced that she would be happy

if she might enshroud his most holy body in a linen cloth, which she

had made with her own hands and woven for his obsequies.  This said she

secretly unto her sister nun, nor deemed she her words overheard of

any.  Then the light which appeared from heaven was taken up from their

eyes, and foreshowed the ascension of the saint unto heaven.







_Saint Brigida bringeth unto Saint Patrick the Garment which was to

enshroud his Body._


And Saint Patrick, being instructed of heaven, understood the desire of

the heart of Brigida, and the words of her mouth, and her preparation

of the garment, and that she would enshroud therewith his body, as the

spiritual token of their mutual love in Christ.  And he himself

returned unto the monastery of Saballum, which he had filled with a

fair assembly of monks; and there, down lying on the bed of sickness,

awaited he with a happy hope the termination of his life, nay, rather

of his pilgrimage, and his entrance into the life eternal.  And the

venerable virgin obeyed the word of her father and bishop; and she went

unto the monastery, and took the garment, and with four virgins in her

train hastened she to return unto the saint; but forasmuch as they were

afflicted with too long abstinence and with the difficulty of the

journey, for very weariness they stayed on their way, nor could they

speed thereon as they had purposed.  Yet the saint, while in Saballum,

knew at the revelation of the Spirit the weariness of the virgin; and

he commanded his charioteer to meet them on their way with four

chariots, and the charioteer obeyed, and met them at the place

exceeding wearied, and brought them unto the saint.  And they offered

unto him the garment, the which he kindly received; and kissing his

feet and his hands, they obtained his benediction.







The Death of Saint Patrick.


Now, the sickness of his body increasing, age pressing on, or rather

the Lord calling him unto his crown, the blessed Patrick perceived he

was hastening unto the tomb; and much he rejoiced to arrive at the port

of death and the portal of life.  Therefore, being so admonished by the

angel, his guardian, he fortified himself with the divine mysteries

from the hand of his disciple, the Bishop Saint Thasach, and lifting up

his eyes he beheld the heavens opened, and Jesus standing in the

multitude of angels.  Then raising his hands, and blessing his people,

and giving thanks, passed he forth of this world, from the faith unto

the proof, from his pilgrimage unto his country, from transitory pain

unto eternal glory.  Oh! how blessed Patrick.  Oh! how blessed he, who

beheld God face to face, whose soul is secured in salvation!  Happy, I

say, is the man, unto whom the heavens opened, who penetrated into the

sanctuary, who found eternal redemption, whom the blessed Mary with the

spotless choirs of virgins welcomed, whom the bands of angels admitted

into their fellowship!  Him the wise assembly of prophets attendeth,

the venerable senate of apostles embraceth, the laurelled army of

martyrs exalteth, the white-robed company of confessors accepteth, and

the innumerable number of the elect receiveth with all honor and with

all glory.  Nor wondrous was it, nor undeserved; seeing that he was the

angel of God, though not by his birth, yet by his virtue and by his

office--he, whose lips were the guard of knowledge, and declared unto

the people the law of life which was required of God.  Rightly is he

called the prophet of the Most Highest, who knew so many things absent,

who foretold so many and such things future, as seldom have any of the

prophets prophesied!  Rightly is he called, and is, the apostle of

Hibernia, seeing that all the people thereof, and the other islanders,

are the signs of his apostolate!  Rightly is he called a martyr, who,

bearing continually in his heart and in his body the name of Christ,

showed himself a living sacrifice unto God; who having suffered so many

snares, so many conflicts, from magicians, from idolaters, from rulers,

and from evil spirits, held his heart always prepared to undergo any

and every death!  Rightly is he called the confessor of God, who

continually preached the name of Christ, and who by his words, his

examples, and his miracles excited peoples, tribes, and tongues unto

the confession of his name, of human sin, and of divine promise!

Rightly is he called a virgin, who abided a virgin in his body, in his

heart, and in his faith; and by this threefold virginity pleaseth he

the Spouse of virgins and the Virgin of virgins!  Rightly is he

numbered among the angelic choirs and the assemblies of all saints, who

was the sharer in all holy acts and all virtues!







_The Number of the Years of his Life._


On the seventeenth day of March, in the one hundredth and twentieth and

third year of his age, departed he forth of this world; and thus the

years of his life are reckoned.  Ere he was carried into Hibernia by

the pirates, he had attained his sixteenth year; oppressed beneath a

most cruel servitude, six years did he feed swine; four years did he

feed with the sweet food of the Gospel those who before were swine, but

who, casting away the filth of their idolatry, became his flock of

unspotted lambs; eighteen years did he study under Saint Germanus, the

Bishop of Auxerres.  When he had reached his fiftieth and third year,

he was invested with the episcopal dignity, and returned unto Hibernia,

therein to preach; in the space of thirty and five years converted he

unto Christ all that country and many other islands; and during the

thirty and three years which remained unto him, leading a life of

contemplation, abided he chiefly in Saballum, or in the monastery which

he had founded in Ardmachia.  Nor did he willingly leave those holy

places, unless some cause of inevitable urgency called him forth;

nevertheless, once in every year did he celebrate a council, that he

might bring back unto the right rule those things which he knew to need








_The Funeral Honors which Men and Angels paid unto the Body of the



And as Saint Patrick expired, the surrounding circle of monks commended

his spirit unto God, and enwrapped his body in the linen cloth which

Saint Brigida had prepared.  And the multitude of the people and of the

clergy gathered together, and mourned with tears and with sighs the

dissolution of Patrick, their patron, even as the desolation of their

country, and paid in psalms and in hymns the rites which unto his

funeral were due.  But on the following night a light-streaming choir

of angels kept their heavenly watch, and waked around the body; and

illumining the place and all therein with their radiance, delighting

with their odor, charming with the modulation of their soft-flowing

psalmody, poured they all around their spiritual sweetness.  Then came

the sleep of the Lord on all who had thither collected, and while the

angelic rites were performed, held them in their slumber even until the

morning.  And when the morning came, the company of angels reascended

into heaven, leaving behind them the sweet odor which excelled all

perfumes; the which, when the sleepers awakened, they and all who came

unto the place experienced even for twelve succeeding days.  For during

that time was the sanctified body preserved unsepultured, inasmuch as

the controversies of the people with the clergy permitted it not to be

buried in that holy place.







_The Light continueth for Twelve Days._


And this was the reason of the controversy.  A great and wondrous light

appeared, such as never in any time preceding had been beheld.  Over

that whole country the light continued for twelve days, without any

intervention of night; for the night was illuminated, and shone even as

the day.  Whereby was it plainly given to be understood that the

darkness of night obscured not Patrick, the son of life, the inhabiter

of eternal brightness, while the night was to him the illumination of

his joys, while he ascended unto the light without spot, the day

without night, the sun without eclipse.  And this miracle seemeth like

unto that ancient miracle which was wrought by Joshua in Gibeon, though

much extended in its duration.  For the sun, as is written, stood still

over Gibeon, and the moon stood still over the valley of Ajalon, one

day for the space of two days, gave by the divine virtue the victory

unto a faithful people; and by the same power the continued shining of

twelve days' light showed the merit of Patrick, triumphant over this

world and the prince of this world.







_The Miraculous Rising of the Sea between the Contending People._


And at the sight of such a miracle, the people could not be restrained

from their contention, for the fury of their wrath and the violence of

their minds which governed them they imputed to their devotion toward

the saint.  And on the twelfth day a deadly and perilous contention

arose between the two people of Ulydia and Ardmachia about the sacred

body.  And while arrayed in armor they rose unto arms, they heard a

voice from heaven, which seemed as the voice of Saint Patrick, staying

their violence; and the sea, rising above its wonted bounds, reared

itself as a wall, and separated the contending people, so that they

could neither behold nor attack one the other; and thus corporeally

separated, united them unto the concord of mutual peace.  Then the

people being restrained from their fury, the waters surceased from

their fury also.







_Two Wains appear, the which are sent by a Miracle._


Then, the swelling waves of the sea being reduced and returned unto

themselves, two oxen appear, seeming to draw toward Dunum a wain laden

with a noble burden, the holy body; the which the people and clergy of

Ultonia followed with exceeding devotion, with psalms, and hymns, and

spiritual songs.  And plainly it showed that vehicle which formerly

bore the ark of the covenant from Acharon unto Getht.  But by all these

wonders the fury of the Ardmachians is not appeased; for still is their

hand prepared unto battle, that the body of their prelate, their

primate, their patron, might not be riven from them.  Nevertheless, the

divine Providence took heed that occasion of contest should not any

more be ministered; for another wain appearing, drawn by two oxen, went

before the Ardmachians, even like the former wain which had borne the

sacred body unto Dunum; and they stayed not to follow its track,

believing that it carried the precious burden, until it came within the

borders of Ardmachia, unto a certain river which is named Caucune.

Then the visionary wain disappeared; and the people, frustrated of

their hope, unsatisfied and sad, returned unto their dwellings.







_The Sepulture of Saint Patrick in the City of Dunum._


And the people of Ultonia, having entered Dunum, celebrated the

solemnities of the Mass, and in the place foreshown by the heavenly

light buried the venerable body with all due veneration, and this

desirable treasure, this most precious jewel, they deposited beneath a

stone, five cubits deep in the heart of the earth, lest haply by

stealth it might be conveyed thence.  But by how many and how great

miracles the bones of this most holy saint were graced therein, we find

not recorded; either because the pen of the negligent preserved them

not, or being written, they were destroyed by some of the many heathen

princes who ruled in Hibernia.  Now, Saint Patrick died in the four

hundredth and ninetieth and third year of Christ's incarnation, Felix

being then pope, in the first year of the reign of Anastasius the

emperor, Aurelius Ambrosius ruling in Britain, Forchernus in Hibernia,

Jesus Christ reigning in all things and over all things.


Now unto Him be glory, and praise, and honor, and empire, through

infinite ages, for ever and ever!  Amen!







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