Maryland Patriots of the Gilded Age from Anne Arundel County 
New Book on the Linthicums now out -

Charlie and Miss Helen Linthicum Maryland Patriots of the Gilded Age First of its kind! click here to order.  Conrad Bladey Hutman Productions 2009
Two Volumes- Vol. 1. 181 Pages Vol.2. 166 Pages. Many Illustrations Available in print and PDF formats.
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          "Charlie" J. Charles Linthicum                                    
November 26, 1867 - October 5, 1932" He had a way of life..." "One would not be justified, it seems, in saying he was endowed with a brilliant mind. A truer picture would be to remember him as he was, a man with a clear, concise, and well-balanced mind. and one who used his admirable qualities in devoted service to his State and Nation..."-Congressional Memorial  Charles Linthicum's Life work and dedication to overturning prohibition should be recorded on a monument in the park as many have noted it is his most famous and most important achievement click here for details of my suggestions

 and...."Miss. Helen"
Helen Aletta Linthicum
1866- February 4, 1944
Helen Linthicum was one of the most important women of her time. Her story of the evolution of the roles of even wealthy women is a monument to the struggle of all women. It is unfortunate that those who have gone about memorializing J.C.Linthicum have neglected her most important and significant role as his partner. I call on everyone reading these pages to forcefully bring this to the attention of the elite in the local Linthicum and Maryland historical society culture. Something should be done to include her on all monuments and commemorations

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The Grand Menu of All things J. Charles and Helen  Linthicum
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Remember the Linthicums with great gift items-tote bag, mugs, pins etc... Build Community spirit! Remember our history! click here for the store.
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Leader of the "Wets" Chairman House Foreign Affairs Committee National Anthem Maryland Politician Biographies Oleomargarine and Creameries Helen A. Linthicum
Exciting Memorials and Events! Join In!

Information on 2010 celebration click here

Chronology-understand the times as they unfolded around the Linthicums. click here. Speeches of J. Charles Linthicum click here The Spirit of their times About the Gilded Age click here  Helen's Treasures and Clothing click here Newspaper Sources Last Will and Testament of Charles and Helen Linthicum Real Estate History Objects associated with Helen A. Linthicum

Image Source: Report of the Maryland State Normal School Building Commission, December 31, 1915: Also an Account of the Dedication of the Buildings, November 19, 1915 By Maryland State normal school building commission, John Charles Linthicum Published by , 1915



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Chronology of American History

 As you study the lives of John Charles and Helen Linthicum it might be helpful to comprehend the times in which they lived. Quite exciting times indeed. Along with the events listed here keep in mind that the times brought significant cultural, philosophical and technological changes to which Charles and Helen had to adapt. These changes also tend to separate the Linthicums from us philosophically and culturally despite the fact that we are part of the same national and cultural continuum. It is important that we adjust our perceptions accordingly and to so to speak, put ourselves into their shoes. Perhaps this timeline will help with that process. Keep in mind also that throughout this period the sounds of music, the smells of the kitchen and the look of clothing and of architecture should also be factored in as they too changed through time and set the scene for the human dramas that unfolded.

* 1861 - Confederate States of America (the Confederacy) established in Montgomery, Alabama.
* 1861 - Jefferson Davis elected President of the Confederacy
* 1861 - American Civil War begins at Fort Sumter , federal court case which objected to Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus
* 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union
* 1861 - First Battle of Bull Run
* 1862 - Homestead Act
* 1862 - Pacific Railway Act
* 1862 - Morrill Land Grant Colleges Act
* 1862 - Battle of Antietam
* 1862 - Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
* 1863 - National Banking Act of 1863
* 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg
* 1863 - Pro-Union counties become sovereign state of West Virginia
* 1864 - National Banking Act of 1864
* 1864 - Wade-Davis Bill
* 1864 - Sand Creek Massacre
* 1864 - Maximilian Affair
* 1864 - Nevada becomes a state
* 1864 - U.S. presidential election, 1864
* 1865 - Abraham Lincoln assassinated
* 1865 - Andrew Johnson becomes President
* 1865 - Civil War ends
* 1865 - 13th Amendment
* 1865 - Freedman's Bureau
* 1865 - Cornell University founded under the 1862 Morrill Act
1866- Helen A. Linthicum Born
* 1866 - Civil Rights Act of 1866
* 1866 - Ku Klux Klan founded
* 1866 - Ex parte Milligan 71 US 2 1866 rules that civilians cannot be tried in military tribunals when civilian courts are available
1867-November 26, J. Charles Linthicum Born
* 1867 - The Grange founded
* 1867 - Reconstruction Acts
* 1867 - Alaska Purchase from Russia
* 1867 - Nebraska becomes a state
* 1867 - Medicine Lodge Treaty
* 1868 - Burlingame Treaty
* 1868 - 14th Amendment
* 1868 - University of California chartered
* 1868 - Impeachment and trial of President Johnson, who retains office by one vote
* 1868 - Carnegie Steel Company founded
* 1868 - Typewriter invented
* 1868 - Treaty of Fort Laramie with Lakota nation
* 1869 - Ulysses S. Grant becomes President
* 1869 - Wyoming becomes first state to grant woman suffrage
* 1869 - Golden spike nailed in, completing the First Transcontinental Railroad (North America)
* 1869 - James Fisk and Jay Gould's "Black Friday"
* 1870 - 15th Amendment
* 1870 - First graduate programs (at Yale and Harvard)
* 1870 - Force Acts
* 1871 - Great Chicago Fire
* 1871 - Treaty of Washington with the British Empire regarding the Dominion of Canada
* 1872 - Yellowstone National Park created
* 1872 - Crédit Mobilier scandal
* 1872 - Amnesty Act
* 1872 - Alabama Claims
* 1872 - U.S. presidential election, 1872
* 1873 - Panic of 1873
* 1873 - Virginius Affair
* 1874 - Red River Indian War
* 1875 - Aristides wins first Kentucky Derby
* 1875 - Resumption Act
* 1875 - Civil Rights Act of 1875
* 1876 - National League of baseball founded
* 1876 - Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
* 1876 - Munn v. Illinois establishes public regulation of utilities
* 1876 - Colorado becomes a state
* 1876 - Battle of Little Bighorn
* 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone
* 1876 - U.S. presidential election, 1876: Samuel J. Tilden apparently elected.
* 1877 - and ends with the Compromise of 1877, ending Reconstruction and giving Rutherford B. Hayes the presidency.
* 1877 - Nez Perce War
* 1878 - Bland-Allison Act
* 1878 - Morgan silver dollars first minted
* 1879 - Thomas Edison invents light bulb
* 1879 - Knights of Labor go public
* 1880 - U.S. population exceeds 50 million
* 1881 - James Garfield inaugurated as President
* 1881 - James Garfield assassinated
* 1881 - Chester A. Arthur inaugurated as President
* 1881 - Clara Barton creates Red Cross
* 1881 - Tuskegee Institute founded
* 1881 - A Century of Dishonor written by Helen Hunt Jackson
* 1882 - Chinese Exclusion Act and European Restriction Act
* 1883 - Civil Rights Cases 109 US 3 1883 legalizes doctrine of segregation
* 1883 - Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
* 1883 - Brooklyn Bridge opens
* 1885 - Grover Cleveland inaugurated as President
* 1885 - Washington monument completed
* 1885 - Stanford University founded
* 1886 - Haymarket Riot
* 1886 - American Federation of Labor founded in Columbus, Ohio
* 1887 - The United States Congress creates Interstate Commerce Commission
* 1887 - Dawes Act
* 1887 - Hatch Act
* 1888 - Publication of Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy
* 1888 - National Geographic Society founded
* 1889 - Benjamin Harrison becomes President
* 1889 - North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington become states
* 1889 - Johnstown flood in Pennsylvania
* 1889 - Jane Addams founds Hull House
* 1890 - Sherman Antitrust Act
* 1890 - Jacob Riis published "How the Other Half Lives"
* 1890 - Sherman Silver Purchase Act
* 1890 - McKinley tariff
* 1890 - Yosemite National Park created
* 1890 - Idaho and Wyoming become states
* 1890 - Wounded Knee Massacre
* 1890 - National American Woman Suffrage Association founded
* 1891 - Baltimore Crisis
* 1892 - Homestead Strike
* 1892 - General Electric Company founded
* 1892 - Sierra Club founded
* 1893 - Grover Cleveland inaugurated President for second term
* 1893 - Panic of 1893
* 1893 - Sherman Silver Purchase Act repealed
* 1894 - Coxey's Army
* 1894 - Pullman strike
* 1894 - Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, including Income Tax
* 1895 - Stagger Lee shoots Billy, spawning countless ballads.
* 1895 - Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company strikes down part of Wilson-Gorman Tariff
* 1896 - Plessy v. Ferguson 163 US 537 1896 affirms the idea of "separate but equal"
* 1896 - William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech
* 1896 - Gold discovered in the Yukon's Klondike
* 1896 - Utah becomes a state
* 1896 - Hawaii annexed
* 1897 - William McKinley becomes President
* 1897 - Boston subway completed
* 1897 - Dingley tariff
* 1898 - USS Maine explodes in Havana, Cuba harbor, precipitating the Spanish-American War
* 1898 - De Lôme Letter
* 1898 - Treaty of Paris (1898) ends Spanish-American War
* 1898 - Newlands Resolution
* 1898 - American Anti-Imperialist League organized
* 1899 - Teller Amendment
* 1899 - American Samoa occupied
* 1899 - Open Door Notes
* 1900 - U.S. population exceeds 75 million
* 1900 - Foraker Act
* 1900 - Gold Standard Act
* 1900 - U.S. helps put down Boxer Rebellion
* 1901 - William McKinley assassinated
* 1901 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes President
* 1901 - U.S. Steel founded by John Pierpont Morgan
* 1901 - Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
* 1902 - Drago Doctrine
* 1902 - First Rose Bowl game played
* 1902 - Newlands Reclamation Act
* 1903 - Great Train Robbery movie opens
* 1903 - Ford Motor Company formed
* 1903 - First World Series
* 1903 - Elkins Act
* 1903 - Big Stick Diplomacy
* 1903 - Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty
* 1903 - Hay-Herran Treaty
* 1903 - Department of Commerce and Labor created
* 1903 - The first powered flight is made at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
* 1904 - Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine
* 1904 - Panama Canal Zone acquired
* 1905 - Niagara Falls conference
* 1905 - Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) formed
* 1906 - Susan B. Anthony dies
* 1906 - Algeciras Conference
* 1906 - Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act
* 1906 - Hepburn Act
* 1906 - Theodore Roosevelt negotiates Treaty of Portsmouth, receives Nobel Peace Prize
* 1906 - Massive earthquake in San Francisco; fires burn and as many as 3,000 are dead.
* 1907 - Oklahoma becomes a state
* 1907 - Gentlemen's Agreement
* 1908 - Ford Model T appears on market
* 1908 - Root-Takahira agreement
* 1908 - Federal Bureau of Investigation established
* 1908 - Aldrich Vreeland Act
* 1909 - The U.S. penny is changed to the Abraham Lincoln design
* 1909 - William Howard Taft becomes President
* 1909 - Robert Peary plants American flag at North Pole
* 1909 - NAACP founded by W. E. B. DuBois
* 1909 - Payne-Aldrich tariff
* 1909 - Taft implements Dollar Diplomacy
* 1909 - Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy
* 1910 - Boy Scouts of America chartered
* 1910 - Mann-Elkins Act
* 1910 - Mann Act
* 1911 - Supreme Court breaks up Standard Oil
* 1911 - First ever Indianapolis 500 is staged
* 1912 - RMS Titanic sinks
* 1912 - New Mexico and Arizona become states
* 1912 - Theodore Roosevelt shot, but not killed, while campaigning for the Bull Moose Party
* 1913 - Harriet Tubman dies
* 1913 - Woodrow Wilson becomes President
* 1913 - Federal Reserve Act
* 1913 - 16th Amendment
* 1913 - 17th Amendment
* 1913 - Underwood tariff
* 1914 - Mother's Day created
* 1914 - Federal Trade Commission created
* 1914 - Clayton Antitrust Act
* 1914 - ABC Powers
* 1915 - The Birth of a Nation opens
* 1915 - RMS Lusitania sunk
* 1916 - U.S. acquires Virgin Islands
* 1916 - Jeannette Rankin elected
* 1916 - Louis Brandeis appointed to Supreme Court
* 1916 - Adamson Railway Labor Act
* 1916 - Federal Farm Loan Act
* 1917 - Zimmermann telegram
* 1917 - U.S. enters World War I
* 1917 - Espionage and Sedition Acts
* 1917 - Lansing-Ishii Agreement
* 1917 - U.S. Virgin Islands purchased from Denmark
* 1918 - President Wilson's Fourteen Points
* 1919 - Treaty of Versailles ends World War I
* 1919 - United States Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
* 1919 - 18th Amendment
* 1919-1920 Red Scare (Note: The time that this event occurred can be debated. These are the two major years.)
* 1920 - 19th Amendment
* 1920 - Sacco and Vanzetti arrested
* 1920 - First radio broadcast in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
* 1920 - Volstead Act
* 1920 - Esch-Cummins Act
* 1921 - Warren G. Harding becomes President
* 1921 - Washington Disarmament Conference of 1921
* 1921 - Emergency Quota Act
* 1922 - Fordney-McCumber tariff
* 1923 - Warren G. Harding dies
* 1923 - Calvin Coolidge becomes President
* 1923 - Yankee Stadium opens
* 1923 - Teapot Dome Scandal
* 1924 - Immigration Act Basic Law
* 1925 - Scopes trial
* 1925 - Nellie Tayloe Ross elected
* 1927 - Sacco and Vanzetti executed
* 1927 - Charles Lindbergh makes first trans-Atlantic flight
* 1927 - The Jazz Singer, the first "talkie" (motion picture with sound) is released
* 1927 - U.S. citizenship granted to inhabitants of U.S. Virgin Islands
* 1928 - Disney's Steamboat Willie opens
* 1928 - Kellogg-Briand Pact
* 1929 - Herbert Hoover becomes President
* 1929 - St. Valentine's Day massacre
* 1929 - Immigration Act
* 1929 - Great Depression begins
* 1929 - American Samoa officially becomes a U.S. territory
1930sDorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother," an iconic image of the Great Depression in the United States
Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother," an iconic image of the Great Depression in the United States
* 1931 - Empire State Building opens
* 1931 - Japan invades Manchuria
* 1932 - Stimson Doctrine
* 1932 - Norris-La Guardia Act
* 1932 - Bonus Army marches on DC
* 1932 - Amelia Earhart flies across Atlantic Ocean
* 1932 - Reconstruction Finance Corporation
1932  October 5 J. Charles Linthicum Died
* 1933 - 20th Amendment
* 1933 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt becomes President
* 1933 - Agricultural Adjustment Act
* 1933 - Civil Works Administration
* 1933 - Civilian Conservation Corps
* 1933 - Farm Credit Administration
* 1933 - Home Owners Loan Corporation
* 1933 - Tennessee Valley Authority
* 1933 - Public Works Administration
* 1933 - National (Industrial) Recovery Act
* 1933 - Giuseppe Zangara kills Anton Cermak
* 1933 - Frances Perkins appointed United States Secretary of Labor
* 1933 - Montevideo Conference
* 1933 - 21st Amendment
* 1933 - Japan and Germany withdraw from League of Nations
* 1933 - Good Neighbor Policy announced
* 1934 - Glass-Steagal Act
* 1934 - U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
* 1934 - Dust Bowl begins
* 1934 - Federal Housing Administration
* 1934 - Johnson Act
* 1934 - Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
* 1934 - Tydings-McDuffie Act
* 1934 - John Dillinger killed
* 1934 - Indian Reorganization Act
* 1934 - Share the Wealth society founded by Huey Long
* 1935 - Works Progress Administration
* 1935 - Neutrality Act
* 1935 - Motor Carrier Act
* 1935 - Social Security Act
* 1935 - Schechter Poultry Corporation v. US
* 1935 - National Labor Relations Act
* 1935 - Huey Long assassinated
* 1935 - Congress of Industrial Organizations formed
* 1935 - Alcoholics Anonymous founded
* 1935 - Revenue Act
* 1936 - Robinson Patman Act
* 1936 - Life Magazine begins
* 1936 - Butler v. US
* 1936 - London Conference on disarmament
* 1937 - Neutrality Acts
* 1937 - Hindenburg disaster
* 1937 - Japanese planes sink Panay in China
* 1937 - Golden Gate Bridge completed
* 1938 - Wheeler Lea Act
* 1938 - Fair Labor Standards Act
* 1939 - Hatch Act
* 1938 - Orson Welles' The War of the Worlds broadcast
* 1939 - Germany invades Poland; World War II begins
* 1939 - Cash and Carry
* 1940 - Selective Service Act
* 1940 - Alien Registration (Smith) Act
* 1941 - Lend Lease Act
* 1941 - Attack on Pearl Harbor
* 1941 - U.S. enters World War II
* 1941 - Atlantic Charter
* 1941 - Japanese-American internment begins
* 1942 - Office of Price Administration
* 1942 - Cocoanut Grove fire
* 1942 - Congress of Racial Equality
* 1942 - Revenue Act of 1942
* 1942 - U.S.-controlled Commonwealth of the Philippines conquered by Japanese forces
* 1943 - Office of Price Administration established
* 1943 - Detroit, Michigan race riots
* 1943 - Cairo Conference
* 1943 - Casablanca Conference
* 1943 - Tehran Conference
1944 February 4, Helen A. Linthicum Died
* 1944 - Dumbarton Oaks Conference
* 1944 - GI Bill of Rights
* 1944 - D-Day
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 The Gilded Age

Charles and Helen Linthicum both came of age during the period of the "Gilded Age". It is therefore useful to reflect upon that time period a bit to gain an understanding of their cultural roots. Both Linthicums benefited from the accumulation of wealth that characterized the period. They also typified the dedication of Americans of the times to patriotism and the political process. Additionally the Linthicums played an important role as philanthropists helping others through clubs, and scholarships.

"In American history, the Gilded Age refers to major growth in population in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction era, in the late 19th century (1877-1890). The wealth polarization derived primarily from industrial and population expansion. The entrepreneurs of the Second Industrial Revolution created industrial towns and cities in the Northeast with new factories, and contributed to the creation of an ethnically diverse industrial working class which produced the wealth owned by rising super-rich industrialists and financiers such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, Henry Flagler, and J.P. Morgan. Their critics called them "robber barons", referring to their use of overpowering and sometimes unethical financial manipulations. There was a small, growing labor union movement, led in part by Samuel Gompers, who created the American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded in 1886. It featured very close contests between the Republicans and Democrats, with occasional third parties. Nearly all the eligible men were political partisans and voter turnout often exceeded 90 % in some states.

This period also witnessed the creation of a modern industrial economy. A national transportation and communication network was created, the corporation became the dominant form of business organization, and a managerial revolution transformed business operations. By the beginning of the twentieth century, per capita income and industrial production in the United States exceeded that of any other country except Britain. Long hours and hazardous working conditions, led many workers to attempt to form labor unions despite strong opposition from industrialists and the courts.

The wealth of the period is highlighted by the American upper class's opulent self-indulgence, but also the rise of the American philanthropy (Andrew Carnegie called it the "Gospel of Wealth") that endowed thousands of colleges, hospitals, museums, academies, schools, opera houses, public libraries, symphony orchestras, and charities. The Beaux-Arts architectural idiom of the era clothed public buildings in Neo-Renaissance architecture."-

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One fine early Fall day in 2008 I read an article in the Maryland Gazette concerning the creation of a new park and memorial to J. Charles Linthicum. The article mentioned the Star Spangled Banner but little else. I went out to the park to take a look at the monument which you can see below. A fine granite monument in a quiet park with green grass and new trees along the side of the historic railway track in Linthicum. It is right across the street from the old Linthicum station.

The monument is a rectangular granite stone with polished sides and flat top with a metal plaque attached to the top with the lyrics and notation to the Star Spangled Banner and a flag and relief on its top surface. The impressive inscription on the side of the stone referred to Mr. Linthicum and his work authoring legislation which made the Star Spangled Banner the official anthem of the United States.

(From Baltimore Sun, March 1, 1981, Possibly Sweetser Portrait)The monument is beautiful and both the park and the monument make a welcome addition to the town of Linthicum which really needs all the beautification and formal architectural detailing it can get so as to project its identity in the center of the ever prevalent suburbs. The planners did a great job.

But as I stood there looking at the monument and thinking of J. Charles Linthicum- Something important is missing. Don't I have a picture of Mr. Linthicum in my bar- its been there for over 20 years now. Yes I do and I think he is there because of something he did in regard to Prohibition.

Well it turns out that he did. He was the man who launched the first legislation on the floor of congress that had as its goal the overturning of the 18th amendment which brought to our country the scourge and chaos of prohibition. Not only that that the fight against prohibition for Mr. Linthicum was his pride and joy. This is even more impressive in that he himself was a tea totaler! He realized that prohibition had brought more crime rather than less and that its enforcement was next to impossible (some what like the way the war on drugs today is looking) Surely it is important to recognize Mr. Linthicum's patriotism and dedication to this fight. So to be prepared I launched some serious research which has turned up the facts provided here. (As time goes by more will be added and more editing will occur but I wanted to get it right up on line asap so as to have the resources available to assist others in the consideration of my suggestions.

Who Cares?

One of the most responsibilities of historians is to provide research which will project the relevance of their work to others. Here are a few thoughts and suggestions for the use of this information.

1. Education- Those going to the J. Charles Linthicum Park and viewing the memorial  should have an opportunity to learn about he man. They can do so via this web page or publication to follow or at the park itself. Equipped with the essential ingredient of background knowledge the park will become not just a place to be but a place where the awesome accomplishment of Charles Linthicum and his family can become real. This is the essential way to utilize facts to inspire those of the present who must continue our struggles into the future. I envision an annual parade to mark the date of the Beck-Linthicum amendment and other activities that the county and local groups can create so that the inspiration of the monument and the place can be made real from year to year.

2. As an anthropologist I am amazed by the role that J. Charles Linthicum played in the history of the region. Linthicum and those of his generation growing up in the aftermath of the Civil War were living in dramatic change. Within one generation they had been transformed by the environment from patriotic farmers, generally Methodists, into Doctors, Lawyers, and in Charles Linthicum's case into a congressman who was a lawyer specializing in medicine.

Over one generation the farm houses of the tillers of the land had become country homes with the Linthicum's building their residences in town homes in Baltimore. A farmer no more Charles Linthicum became not only a congressman but a world traveler.

The local land records present a picture of ever increasing land holdings at the same time as income levels must have risen due to the higher levels of professionalization.

These must have been exciting times. The generation following the Civil War saw technology and transportation and industry all grow.

However, the importance of all this lies not so much in their past but in the future they would see unfolding. This is also the generation which saw the First World War and the Great Depression and the scourge and chaos of Prohibition.

Charles Linthicum, educator, lawyer, historian and congressmen stood on the heights of the achievement of his generation and looked into the chasm of war and the threat of the virtual destruction of life as it was then known.

So I guess the life of J. Charles Linthicum is a very good place to start to figure out both how the country grew and how it survived. He had a central role in it all with his personal experience of the transformation of the modern nation as well as his role within the government as chairman of the foreign relations committee at the center of foreign affairs. His one of the longest records of a congressman in history at the time he died.

Some leads-

*The history of property transfers within the Linthicum family is complex but important. Lateral transfers are especially important. Many of the land transactions reflect a consolidation of land holdings within the family as land holders within the family died. Could this be an outcome of a population of soldiers not returning from the Civil War? Other factors were probably economic with the viability of small holdings in doubt as technology modernized.

**Transportation also played an important role. Linthicum was at an early period attached to an important railroad - the Baltimore Annapolis which provided fast transport to the cities and brought in those seeking land and housing for residences. Here J. Charles Linthicum was also in the center of it all. How could a person hope to attend the major educational institutions which were then undergoing massive development without the rail land or other improvements in transportation? Charles attended the Normal School, University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University. These are all relatively distant from Linthicum.

***And something also for the women. I have included information here concerning the wife of J. Charles Linthicum- Mrs. Helen A. Linthicum. Mrs. Linthicum herself arrived with significant wealth from a past marriage. Her background as well as that of her husband can be traced to patriot ancestors as her genealogy created as a member of the D.A.R. demonstrates. If you read the newspaper accounts Mrs. Linthicum appears to be an example of the ever growing role of women in the history of the united states. She was not only in the society columns but is also written about as a member of political organizations as well as an officer in the D.,A.R. At one point she was represented in the paper as "Baltimore Matron" in a stand alone picture.

So I hope these few initial thoughts will be. inspirational and give some meaning to the dry facts assembled here. If you have anything to add please contact me at:

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The Star Spangled Banner And Fort McHenry
"an affair of honor."



Proposes National Museum

Mr. Linthicum Seeks Cannon and Thinks Fort McHenry Best Site

As the first steps toward building a historic museum within the confines of Fort McHenry so intimately linked with associations dear to patriotic citizens, the Government was requested yesterday to give to Baltimore a bronze cannon or field piece mounted on a carriage and six cannon balls to be used for exhibition purposes.

Congressman Linthicum introduced the bill in the House of Representatives, according to a Sun Bureau dispatch.  In speaking of his action last night he stated it had been brought to his notice that the Government had a number of brass field pieces captured during the Spanish American War which were not being used.

As Fort McHenry is perhaps the most historic spot connected with Baltimore, said Mr. Linthicum, I believe it would be a good place to start a museum of historic things.  It looks at present as though the bill, now in committee, authorizing the War Department to take direct charge of Fort McHenry will be favorably reported, and in that case it will be an additional reason for making it a museum of history.

-The Sun., June 8, 1912, Vol. CLI, Issue 23, p. 16.

 (deleted history of the battle song and fort…

…"The country needed a national song to give expression to its patriotism. It wanted only the event to produce it and that event was furnished in the attack on Baltimore.  This song of Key's aroused the dormant patriotism of the nation for human nature would not withstand its irresistible appeal to the love of country.  It lifted the national spirit from the vale of gloom and despair in which it had been floundering to the sunlit heights of confidence and victory. It heralded the dawn of a new day to our Federal Government. In moral value it was worth ten thousand bayonets.


This, Mr. Speaker, is the story of Fort McHenry.

And now the environs of a great and populous city embrace the little fort which once so heroically defied the King's Navy and the royal forces of war.  No longer is its position the outpost of the sentinel.  It has become a place of sheltered security, nesting close in the bosom of that city with which its past is so intimately associated.  Its walls, once a bulwark of defense, and its guns, once a guaranty of protection, have lost their power.  Up to within a few weeks ago it still maintained with pathetic chivalry that position it could fill in name only.  Time has ruthlessly robbed it of everything except its golden memories.  But as long as our Nation lives, as long as noble deeds beget admiration or the love of country moves mankind, "The Star Spangled Banner" will be sung: and few who sing

"Oh! say, can you see by the dawn's early light"

will be able to refrain from going back in mental contemplation to the actual scene at Fort McHenry and dwelling upon that brilliant and stirring chapter which the little fort on the Patapsco contributed to the history of our second war with Great Britain.

The committee on Military Affairs in favorably reporting the bill now before this House said:

"It appears that in the present plan of national defense Fort McHenry no longer occupies a position of strategic military value, and that several proposals have been heretofore offered that it be converted to uses foreign to its present character as a military post. After considering this bill and hearing the statements of those representing patriotic organizations interested in the subject this committee is of the opinion that Fort McHenry is so intimately associated with historical events of vital moment in the early history of our country as to endear it in the affections of all Americans that its use for the sentiment which now attaches to it and that its preservation as a Government reservation under the control of the Secretary of War, and its partial use as a museum of historic relics would be absolutely appropriate with respect to this sentiment.  The War Department states that the enactment of the measure will not conflict with the interests of that department and that there is no objection to its passage."

I trust this House will pass this bill. I hope that the little fort which has played such an important part in our history may be preserved to us and to the generations that follow., Its ground the shrine of patriotic admiration.  I believe that in the near future Congress will see fit to do something even better than protecting from base use this historic spot.  I want to see erected near the ramparts of the old fort, plainly discernible to the ships that now pass in peaceful and endless array, a beautiful monument to Francis Scott Key and to the defenders of Fort McHenry at the time of the British attack on that fortification.

-The Part Played by Fort McHenry and "The Star Spangled Banner" In Our Second War with Great Britain Speech of Hon. J. Chas. Linthicum Of Maryland in the House Of Representatives August 5, 1912., p.40.


Majority of American citizens at large, has gone on record as
being in favor of making the "Star Spangled Banner" the
National Anthem by an official Act of Congress; therefore,
be it

Resolved by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the
Congress of the United States be requested to take appropriate
action to make the "Star Spangled Banner" officially and leg-
ally the National Anthem of the United States; and be it fur-

Resolved, That the Secretary of State of Maryland be and
he is hereby requested to transmit, under the Great Seal of
this State, a copy of the a foregoing resolution to the President
of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the House of Rep-
resentatives, and to each of the Representatives from Mary-
land in both Houses of Congress.

Approved April 9, 1924.


NO. 5.

Requesting Congress to pass Bill recently introduced in the
House of Representatives (H. R. 5261) by the Honorable
J. Charles Linthicum, member of Congress from this State,
by the terms of which Fort McHenry will be placed in the
care of the Secretary of War for preservation as a National

WHEREAS, Fort McHenry is the most notable national herit-
age of the State of Maryland, in that it was the scene of the
defense of the liberties of the United States at a time when
defeat would have meant the destruction of the Republic; and

WHEREAS, In addition Fort McHenry is the hallowed spot
which during the battle of September 14, 1814, inspired the
writing of "The Star Spangled Banner, " which, inseparably
associated with the flag of our Country, has thrilled our citi-
zens and soldiers with its patriotic fervor as no other American
hymn has ever done, and inspired in them the will to conquer
for the sake of right; and

WHEREAS, A bill has been recently introduced in the House
of Representatives (H. R. 5261) by the Honorable J. Charles
Linthicum, member of Congress from this State, by the terms
of which Fort McHenry would be placed in the care of the
Secretary of War for preservation as a National Park; and

-Session Laws, 1924, Vol.568, P.1512. (Maryland State Archive)

H.R. 14 Seventy-first Congress first session. A Bill to make The Star-Spangled Banner the national anthem of the United States of America.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the united States of America in Congress assembled, That the poem written by Francis Scott Key entitled" The Star-Spangled Banner," with music by John Stafford Smith, be, and the same is hereby ,declared to be the national anthem of the United States of America and under its care and protection.

H. J. Res. 47 Seventy-first Congress, first session.

Joint Resolution Proposing the adoption of the Star-Spangled Banner as the national anthem.

Whereas the Star-Spangled Banner for more than a century of use has become deeply enshrined in our hearts as the anthem of our country; and

Whereas tradition and history have always associated the melody and words of this immortal song with heroic deeds and patriotic endeavor; and

Whereas both the Army and Navy have adopted it as their anthem; and

Whereas on occasions certain musical conductors have been guilty of refusing to play it: Therefore be it.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Star-Spangled Banner be adopted and authorized as the national anthem of the United States of America, and that recognition be given to it as such on all appropriate occasions. Now, Mr. Linthicum, we will hear you.

Mr. Linthicum. Mr. Chairman before beginning the hearings, we will have the Star-Spangled Banner played by the band, Lieut. Charles Benter leader.

Mr. Celler. Of the Navy Band?

Mr. Linthicum. The Navy Band.

(At this point, the band played the Star-Spangled] Banner, the words being sung by Mrs. Elsie Jorss Reilley, of Washington D.C.).

Statement of Hon., J. Charles Linthicum, A Representative In Congress from the State of Maryland. Mr. Linthicum. Mr. Chairman, the purpose of H.R. 14, and of my colleague's bill H.J. Res 47, is to have Congress and the administration indorse as the national anthem the poem written by Francis Scott Key known as The Star-Spangled Banner.  This poem has been promulgated by the Army and the Navy, approved by  President, with music, almost from the time that man's memory runneth not to the contrary.  Ever since the War of 1812; ever since it was written in 1814, it has been adopted by the Army and the Navy as the national anthem of our country.  There have been suggestions at various times for some other song or poem to be adopted as the national anthem, but national anthems can not be written at any time-they are inspired.  It has become dear to the hearts of the people.  There must be an inspiration, there must be background for the creation of a national anthem.

This national anthem written by Francis Scott Key, as everybody knows, was written at old Fort McHenry, Md. Congress has provided funds for the rehabilitation of Fort McHenry. The fort has been reconstruction in the manner it was in 1814 during the war and when The Star-Spangled Banner was written. As Key stood on that ship, anchored out from Fort McHenry, on the 13th of September, he witnessed the battle between the British forces, commanded by Admiral Cockburn, at Fort McHenry and the Americans.  He witnessed this battle throughout the entire day; he saw some 1,500 shells thrown at the old fort by the British forces and at night viewed the rockets red glare.  This battle continued from 6 o-clock in the morning of the 13th throughout the day and up until the next morning.  Francis Scott Key, laying out there in the harbor on this ship, viewed this whole battle.

Naturally, he wondered what the outcome would be, He realized that the British forces had invaded and captured Washington, and burned the public buildings and some of the other places, and he wondered what would take place at Baltimore, where they had assembled great forces.  And so, with this great tension, he wondered what would be the result to his country, to his native land and to his city of Baltimore.  Darkness grew on, he battle continued, and he was there on the ship.  He could only know by a rocket or shell thrown once in a while from the old fort that the old fort was holding out and, as the morning came on, he tried to peer through the darkness and ascertain whether the old fort was still holding out and, as the darkness lifted and he saw te Star-Spangled Banner waiving from the fort, he was inspired- he not only had the ability, but he was inspired by patriotism; he was inspired by the fact that this old fort was holding out against the tremendous forces which had fought in the battles of Napoleon.  And then came the writing of this poem, The Star-Spangled Banner.

 And then came the writing of this poem,, The Star-Spangled Banner. No other anthem no other poem, no other author, could ever get the setting which Key got when at old Fort McHenry when his country's fate hung in the balance and, when that song, that poem, was written by him, everybody began to sing it.  It seemed to unite the forces of the South and of the North; it seemed to bring to this country something which it had never had-a national anthem, which meant everything to patriotism and everything to the future of our country. So this anthem, written by Francis Scott Key, united us into one great Nation; it gave us patriotism; it gave us something to center ourselves about and it meant more to the cause of freedom and to the winning of this second war of independence than a thousand or ten thousand bayonets would have meant.

So we come here today to ask something which has never been done, and that is the adoption of this poem by the National Government s it should be, so that, in future years, as it goes down, people will recognize it as having been adopted b y the Congress of the United States and the President of this great Republic.  I do not want to take too much time, but when you hear the music, or when you hear this lady sing it, or when it is sung anywhere, there seems to be an inspiration about us; there seems to be a feeling which no other music creates, there seems to be something in this poem in this anthem, which affects us as no other poem or anthem could affect us. (p.4.)

(p.2)"Statement of Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, State Captain of the State of Maryland Daughters of 1812. Mrs. Linthicum- I have the honor to being the captain of the State of Maryland D.A.R. and I wish to say that every one of the societies of the Daughters of the American Revolution throughout The State of Maryland are all heart and soul for this bill, and I have very lately seen Mrs. Holloway and she has been very ill and she said, if she only could live to know this bill had passed, she felt as though she could see her Creator with satisfaction.

I also have the extraordinary honor of having named Constitution Hall and it is going to be my extreme pleasure to present to Constitution Hall that glorious flag that carries with it the Star-Spangled Banner.  This flag will hang from the ceiling of that great hall. (Applause) pp. 17-18.

-Legislation to Make "The Star-Spangled Banner" the National Anthem. Hearings before the Committee on the judiciary House of Representatives, Seventy-first Congress, Second Session On H.R. 14.,Serial 3, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1930.

"Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland presented a large American flag to the Daughters this morning and asked them to get behind Congress, especially the Speaker of the House, to secure the passage of the bill to make "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national anthem"

-"D.A.R., Votes to Bar Dry Law Debates.", The New York Times, April 19, 1930. pg. 5.

Not to Become Federal Jail. Baltimore, Oct. 20- Attorney General William D. Mitchell today informed Representative J. Charles Linthicum the Federal government would not use the Fort McHenry property here as a jail for violators of the prohibition laws.

(Linthicum had fought against the proposal on behalf of several patriotic groups)-Morning Herald ., Hagerstown, Maryland, Tuesday, October 21, 1930| Page 1

"Rep. Linthicum Sees Victory On National Anthem. Has Tried Twelve Years to Get Bill Through Congress. Washington- Staid, serious Rep. John Charles Linthicum of Maryland believes that within a short while he will be in a position to enjoy the satisfaction of victory after a twelve year battle with congress.

For just that number of years Linthicum has persistently fought to have a bill passed-one that, because he has been so consistently turned back, he has come to regard as a sort of an affair of honor.

That bill is to have congress declare the "Star Spangled Banner" the national anthem of this country.

Since 1916 he has had a bill to this effect before the house of representatives almost continuously. But until this year, invariably the bill has died in committee or else crowded out in the rush of legislation.

A short while before the seventy first congress adjourned, however, the house did vote for passage of the measure. It went to the senate, but never came out of committee.

The Maryland chapter of the National Society of United States Daughters of 1812 first interested him in the matter. At the request of this organization he introduced the measure for the first time in March 1916.  but after war conditions and the accompanying rush of legislation preventing his bill getting very far.

He reintroduced it in April of 1921 but it met the same fate.

In January 1923, it was introduced for the third time. Interest had increased. The house judiciary committee called representatives of various patriotic organizations to Washington and obtained their views. Four other representatives in the meantime had introduced similar bills. But in the closing hours of the 68th congress the bill was caught in the yarn and died.

Not to be daunted, Linthicum came back to the next congress and for the fourth time introduced his bill.  His time it didn't even get out of committee.

By this time Linthicum had come to regard his bill as something akin to an affair of honor.  He was determined that the house should have an opportunity to make an expression of some sort.

Therefore, when President Hoover convened the special session in April of 1929, despite the fact that it was to be limited to consideration only of tariff and farm relief, at the first opportunity he dropped his bill in the hopper for the fifth time.

And he pushed it to the point that exactly a year later the house did take it up, passed it and sent it to the senate.

Linthicum's contention is that the "Star Spangled Banner" is now considered by all as the national anthem. Since 1849, under orders from the navy department, the "Star Spangled Banner" is played at both morning and evening colors.

The anthem for the service, he says certainly should be the anthem for the people.

-Herbert Plummer,  Decatur Daily Review, The | Decatur, Illinois | Friday, August 22, 1930 | Page 8

"Today marks 50th anniversary of our National Anthem. By Judge Edwards Delaplaine.  The official adoption of the anthem is of special historical interest to Frederick not only because the author of the song was a former resident of this city but also because another former resident had a part in the progress of the passage of the bill through the halls of Congress.

It was during the First World War when Mrs. Ruben Ross Holloway, president of the Maryland Society, United States Daughters of 1812, urged Congressman J. Charles Linthicum of Baltimore to introduce " a bill to make Francis Scot Key's immortal song the National anthem. " He introduced it on April 10, 1918.

A few years ago, it was recalled that Linthicum, was not unfamiliar with Frederick County; as a young man he had served as a public schoolteacher in the one-room school at Old Braddock along the National Highway between Frederick City and Braddock Heights.

Soon after the 71st Congress convened on April 15, 1929, Linthicum introduced the national anthem bill once more. Eleven years had passed since the time he first introduced it.

the second session of the 71st Congress convened on Dec. 2, 1929, and on Jan. 31, 1930, hearings on the bill began before the House Judiciary Committee.

The bill came up for consideration on the floor of the House on April 21, 1930.

For the history of Frederick, it is a noteworthy coincidence that when the bill reached the floor the Clerk of the House was a former resident of Frederick. William Tyler Page, who wrote the American Creed in 1918.

William Tyler Page was born in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Walker Y. Page at ….When the national anthem bill came up for consideration on the floor of the House on April 21, 1930 Speaker Nicholas Longworth, who was Theodore Roosevelt's son-in-law, was in the chair, and William Tyler Page, then 61 years old was called on to read the bill that had been introduced by Congressman Linthicum, stating that the poem had been written by Francis Scott Key and the music had been composed by John Stafford Smith.

But, the Judiciary Committee had made a drastic amendment, striking out the name of Francis Scott Key and the name of John Stafford Smith leaving the brief form: "That the composition consisting of the words and music known as The Star-Spangled Banner is designated the national anthem of the United States of America."

Speaker Longworth then stated: "The question is on agreeing to the amendment." The amendment was agreed to and, thereupon, the bill as amended was ordered to be read a third time.  It was read and declared passed.

William Tyler Page, the Clerk of the House, then had the duty, which was a real pleasure for him of certifying to the action of the house: "Passed the House of Representatives April 21, 1930. Attest: "W. M. Tyler Page, Clerk."

On the same day, the measure H.R. 14-- was read twice in the United States Senate and was referred to the Senate Committee on the judiciary.  Then, the measure was discharged from that committee and, thereupon , was referred to the Committee on the Library.

After a long summer vacation the Congress reconvened on Dec. 1, 1930.  It was the third and final session of the 71st Congress.  As the session would come to an end not later than the third of March 1931, there was grave danger that the national anthem bill would, once more, fail of passage.

Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway, president of the Maryland Society, United States Daughters of 1812, was not the only patriotic person who was deeply worried. Another worried American citizen was Captain Walter I. Joyce, a veteran of the Spanish-American War, and a leader in the Veterans of Foreign Wars. He had presented a petition supporting the national anthem bill which was the most immense petition ever presented to the Congress of the United States. According to Captain Joyce, the petition had been signed by five million American citizens.

On March 3, 1931 the final day of the final session of the 71st Congress, the fate of the national anthem bill was hanging in the balance.  Mrs. Holloway appealed in desperation to Senator Millard E. Tydings a native of Havre de Grace, who although scarcely more than 40 years old, had become one of the most influential members of the Senate.

Presiding in the Senate that day was Vice President Charles Curtis of Kansas, who had been elected as Herbert Hoover's running mate in the contest against Alfred E. Smith and Joseph T. Robinson in 1928.

Because of strong pressure for action on legislation before the final hour of the final day of the final session, there was considerable tension on the floor of the Senate. Tydings was primed for action.

Because of his sagacity and tenacity, Tydings managed to persuade Senator Coleman L Blease, former governor of South Carolina, to withdraw an objection, and just before the close of the final session the poem/song written by Francis Scott Key in 1814 finally was accepted as our official National Anthem. On the same day, the measure received the signature of President Hoover…

-Frederick News-Post | Frederick, Maryland | Tuesday, March 03, 1981 | Page 1

"The Star Spangled Banner" is not the national anthem of the U. S. The U. S. has no national anthem, officially. In an effort to induce Congress to adopt Francis Scott Key's poem as the national anthem, representatives of many a patriotic and military organization flocked before the House Judiciary Committee last week to urge enactment of a bill for that purpose. The bill's author: Maryland's Representative John Charles Linthicum from the district containing Fort McHenry, over which Key, a prisoner on a British warship, beheld his country's flag still flying on the morning of Sept. 15, 1814, after an all night bombardment.

The high-vaulted committee room resounded with a sample rendition of "The Star Spangled Banner" by the U. S. Navy Band. Two sopranos sang all its four verses to prove that its words were not difficult, that its pitch was not too high. Proudly Captain Walter I. Joyce of the Veterans of Foreign Wars dumped before the Committee a great bale of documents which he said contained 6,020.000 signatures petitioning the anthem's official adoption. Said he: "I stood on San Juan Hill in '98 and heard four bands play that tune. All around me in pup tents men were lying sick with fever but when they heard that glorious old tune, every last man somehow got to his feet."

Dr. James E. Hancock, president-general of the Society of the War of 1812, denied that the tune was difficult. Said he: "Even the mocking birds in Florida learned the song from the buglers when soldiers were encamped there en route to Cuba in the Spanish War."

Representative Emanuel Celler of New York approved adoption of the song, but insisted that the name of James Stafford Smith be stricken out as the author of the music. The tune, he claimed, was taken directly from that of an old English barroom ballad sung by jovial members of London's Anacreon Club. The first verse of that song:

To Anacreon in heaven, where he sat in full glee,

A few sons of harmony sent a petition,

That he their inspirer and patron -would be,

When this answer arrived from the jolly old Grecian;

Voice, fiddle, and flute, no longer be mute, I'll lend ye my name and inspire ye to boot;

And, besides, I'll instruct you, like me, to entwine the myrtle of Venus with Bacchus's vine.

 -"Wanted an Anthem", Monday February 10,1930. Time.,,9171,738585,00.html

Prevent Use of Famous Fort As Federal Jail. Baltimore. Jan. 2. Fort McHenry which thwarted the British bombardment of Baltimore and inspired Francis Scott Key to write the Star Spangled Banner has been "saved" by patriotic Baltimoreans.

A suggestion was made in Washington recently that the historic fort be transformed into a prison for federal prisoners and brought vigorous protests from the Sons of the American Revolution, the veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion auxiliary.  They had their representatives, Representative J. Charles Linthicum and Senator Millard E. Tydings democrats, to strenuously oppose such action event though Key was a prisoner aboard a British boat when he watched the rockets red glare bursting over the fort.

Linthicum said he was given the promise of William D. Mitchell, Attorney General whose department has charge of federal prisoners that the fort will not be placed to such use…

-The Lincoln Star, Lincoln, Nebraska, Friday, January 2, 1931, p.7.

The Star Spangled Banner is recognized in:

Title 36 of the United States Code Subtitle I—Patriotic and National Observances and Ceremonies Art A, Chapter 3.

One of the difficulties with the adoption of the song were claims that it was difficult to sing. Others did not approve of the origin of the tune which was that of an English drinking song. Lyrics provided below:



    as Sung at the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand

                                  the Words by
  RALPH TOMLINSON ESQ R, late President of that SOCIETY.

                ————————Price 6d.————————

Printed by Longman and Broderip. N o26, Cheapside and N o13, Hay Market


          To ANACREON in Heav'n, where he sat in full Glee,
          A few Sons of Harmony sent a Petition,
          That He their Inspirer and Patron wou'd be;
          When this Answer arriv'd from the JOLLY OLD GRECIAN
                        "Voice, Fiddle, and Flute,
                        "No longer be mute,
         "I'll lend you my Name and inspire you to boot,
         "And, besides, I'll instruct you like me, to intwine
         "The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS's Vine.

          The news through OLYMPUS immediately flew;
          When OLD THUNDER pretended to give himself Airs_
          If these Mortals are suffer'd their Scheme to pursue,
          The Devil a Goddess will stay above Stairs.
                            "Hark! already they cry,
                            "In Transports of Joy
         "Away to the Sons of ANACREON we'll fly,
         "And there, with good Fellows, we'll learn to intwine
         "The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS'S Vine.

         "The YELLOW-HAIR'D GOD and his nine fusty Maids
         "From HELICON'S Banks will incontinent flee,
         "IDALIA will boast but of tenantless Shades,
         "And the bi-forked Hill a mere Desart will be
                      "My Thunder, no fear on't,
                      "Shall soon do it's Errand,
         "And, dam'me! I'll swinge the Ringleaders I warrant,
         "I'll trim the young Dogs, for thus daring to twine
         "The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS'S Vine.

          APOLLO rose up; and said, "Pr'ythee ne'er quarrel,
         "Good King of the Gods with my Vot'ries below:
         "Your Thunder is useless_then, shewing his Laurel,
          Cry'd. "Sic evitabile fulmen, you know!
                      "Then over each Head
                      "My Laurels I'll spread
         "So my Sons from your Crackers no Mischief shall dread,
         "Whilst snug in their Club-Room, they Jovially twine
         "The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS'S Vine.

          Next MOMUS got up, with his risible Phiz,
          And swore with APOLLO he'd cheerfull join_
         "The full Tide of Harmony still shall be his,
         "But the Song, and the Catch, & the Laugh shall bemine
                     "Then, JOVE, be not jealous
                      Of these honest Fellows,
          Cry'd JOVE, "We relent, since the Truth you now tell us;
         "And swear, by OLD STYX, that they long shall entwine
         "The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS'S Vine.

          Ye Sons of ANACREON, then, join Hand in Hand;
          Preserve Unanimity, Friendship, and Love!
         'Tis your's to support what's so happily plann'd;
          You've the Sanction of Gods, and the FIAT of JOVE.
                          While thus we agree
                          Our Toast let it be.
          May our Club flourish happy, united and free!
          And long may the Sons of ANACREON intwine
          The Myrtle of VENUS with BACCHUS'S Vine.


sic evitabile fulmen roughly translates to "this repels thunderbolts" (It was a common
Roman belief that laurel provided protection from lightning.)

fusty = close or stuffy, old-fashioned, of stale wine
phiz = facial expression
risible = pertaining to laughter
swinge = beat, flog, or chastise

The Anacreontic Song was created for the Anacreontic Society. This London
gentlemen's club derived its name from the Greek poet Anacreon (c. 570-485 BC),
who was known for his poems on love and wine. The words thought to have been written by
Ralph Tomlinson (1744-1778), and the tune is  attributed to John
Stafford Smith (1750-1836).

  • Lichtenwanger, William. (1977). "The music of the "The Star-Spangled
    Banner," From Ludgate Hill to Capital Hil"l. The Quarterly Journal of the
    Library of Congress
    , 34 (3), 136-170.

    “The Star-Spangled Banner” was one of two pet causes of Maryland Democrat J. Charles Linthicum. (The other was the repeal of Prohibition.) Linthicum took up the issue during World War I after the importuning of an eccentric Baltimore matron named Ella Virginia Houck Holloway, described by the Baltimore Sun as “an imposing figure [who] always appeared in public wearing a tall shako, a cylindrical beaver hat with plume, that rose a foot above her head.”

    Mrs. Holloway’s ardor for the flag made her charmingly daft or a damned nuisance. She patrolled the streets of Baltimore, ever on the qui vive for violations of flag etiquette. If her portfolio was modest—chairwoman of the Committee on the Correct Use of the Flag of the United States Daughters of the War of 1812—her energy was boundless.

    Rep. Linthicum pressed on. The United States needed an official anthem, or so he declared, and it had better have been written in Maryland. He brushed aside the numerous criticisms lodged against the “Banner”:  that it was beyond the range of shower-stall singers; that its imagery was militaristic, and thus unsuited for a peaceable nation; that it was Anglophobic (in the third stanza, the mother country tracks in “foul footsteps’ pollution”); that it was Anglo-philic, borrowing as it does an English tune; that the music of a “ponderous old English booze-song” was inappropriate since the Prohibition Amendment had banished the demon rum from sea to tea totaling sea; and that imposing an official song on Americans went far beyond the legitimate powers of the federal government.




  • Leader of The "Wets"

     Introduction- For the time being I will post information concerning the anti prohibition legislation here. As time goes by there will be clarification.







    Image Source: John Philip Hill (left), outgoing congressional "wet" leader congratulating Rep. John C. Linthicum of Md., who was elected to succeed him as "wet" leader 1927, Maryland State Archives.


    This is the uneventful prenatal history of the controversy over the President's executive order (TIME, May 31) authorizing the appointment of state and other local officers as dollar-a-year Federal prohibition agents so that they could make arrests not only in other cities and counties but also in other states......

    There followed a few minor eruptions in the press and then more and more vigorous ebullitions in Congress.

    More vigorous reaction came from some of the Democrats in the House. Representative Linthicum of Maryland exclaimed:

    "We were on the verge of believing that the President had become a follower of the Jeffersonian policy of state rights rather than that of the Hamiltonian doctrine of centralization, but before the echoes of his Williamsburg speech [TIME, May 24] have died away, we find him entering upon the most centralized power of the national Government by this executive order." Not only the Wets who stood against the order, but also the opponents of the President—and that includes all Democrats and most Republicans, even those called Regulars—seized on the order as a means for making trouble. The questions of personal politics, of prohibition and of state rights were inextricably intertwined. But the Wets tried to press their advantage. Senator Bruce and Senator Edge would like a national referendum on prohibition. (It is doubtful if any legal way could be found to bring about such a referendum.) An apparently unusual event occurred—Senator Joseph T. Robinson, the Democratic leader, indorsed this idea. The current explanation of Mr. Robinson's support of the proposal is that he regards himself as a presidential candidate for 1928, and wants, to dodge the prohibition issue by a referendum or its promise."

    -"A Turmoil"June7, 1926,  Time,9171,721992,00.html

    What might be portended by a secret meeting, in Washington, D. C., of the following: James Wolcott Wadsworth, onetime (1915-27) U. S. Senator from New York; Edward Stephen Harkness, Manhattan philanthropist, and Charles Hamilton Sabin, Manhattan banker; Sidney Trowbridge Miller, Detroit lawyer-philanthropist; Pierre Samuel du Pont, Delaware industrialist-educator; Benedict Crowell, Cleveland engineer; Senators Walter Evens Edge of New Jersey and William Cabell Bruce of Maryland; Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland; and many another?

    Among the others was Capt. William H. Stayton of Baltimore, active chief of the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment. That was what the secret meeting last week, at Mr. Wadsworth's house, portended. All those present were "Wets." They called themselves the Moderation League, Inc. They would not tell precisely what they talked about. All they would say was that the Moderation League Inc., without superseding Captain Stayton's A. A. P. A., would promote a national non-partisan movement to clarify Prohibition's place in 1928 election platforms.

    -"Moderators"k, Time, December 26,1927.,,9171,751769,00.html

    In the House, Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland, leader of the "wet bloc," was re-elected and so were most of his most vigorous bloc-mates—New York's Sirovich, La Guardia, Black; Illinois' Sabath, Britten; Missouri's Dyer. But Representative S. Harrison White, wet Coloradoan, is out and Maryland's John Philip Hill, Leader Linthicum's predecessor, failed to get back into Congress. All this in the face of the best efforts of the Association against the Prohibition Amendment.Prohibition's foes were, however, philosophical. They reminded prohibiters that 15 millions of voters had voted for the wet. The A.A.P.A. feeling was that not even high Hooverism will be able to carry the "experiment" to a satisfactory conclusion. And if, after all the hullabaloo, high Hooverism fails, who then can oppose modification?

    -"America is Dry" Monday November 19, 1928 Time.,,9171,928188,00.html

    "It was just the sort of argument that one would expect to hear if an average U. S. daycoach should be stalled between stations and a better-than-average red-faced Irish-American started talking loudly.

    In the House of Representatives, the loud one was Representative James A. Gallivan of Massachusetts, whose specialty is alliterative abuse. Quoth he at the beginning of last week: ". . . Prohibition, its proconsuls, parasites, and plug-uglies . .,. has even reserved to itself and its allies a monopoly of murder—murder without penalty. The right to murder Americans abroad without fear or favor, it delegates to bandit organizations; the right to murder Americans at home by poisonous liquors remains with the Anti-Saloon League and its allied bootleggers, and the right to wreck and drown American sailors and shoot up foreign seamen goes to its rum cruisers.

    "Floggings, gougings, and arson are the special privileges of prohibition's standing army—the Knights of the Nightshirt. . ." etc., etc.

    As usually happens, thoughtful persons present held their tongues—for a while. But soon (next day) everyone was joining in. The Representative train, en route to supply moneys for the Treasury and Post Office Departments, but stalled by a proposed amendment to prohibit poisonous denaturants in industrial alcohol, became clamorous. The amendment had been offered by Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland, who cited the facts that 10% of all industrial alcohol in the U. S. has annually been leaking into beverage channels under Prohibition; that there were 11,700 deaths in 1926 from poisonous alcohol..... "

    -"Representative Debate", Time., February 27, 1928

    "The fight against prohibition in the campaign will be largely directed by a small group within the Association…Congressman J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland…Linthicum is the leader of the wet" Evidently Mr. Linthicum is none too sure of his group of ninety, for he plans to ask only sixty-four members to serve on the anti-prohibition committee he is about to organize in the House as a preliminary to introducing the wet bill that had its birth at Senator Wadsworth's house. of Representatives and as such will carry on as far as possible the legislation program recently decided upon by the conference at Senator Wadsworth's home….The chief feature of the Wadsworth group plan so far as Congress is concerned is a bill to amend the Volstead act by making its prohibitive clause refer specifically and exclusively to hard liquors and say nothing about wine and beer.  Its advocates know that there is not one chance in a million for the passage of such a bill. It is to be put in as a part of a program to keep the fight alive between now and election"

    -"Making Prohibition the Campaign Issue.", The New York Times., March 4, 1928.

    "Representative Debate.", Monday, Feb. 27,1928.Time.

    As usually happens, thoughtful persons present held their tongues—for a while. But soon (next day) everyone was joining in. The Representative train, en route to supply moneys for the Treasury and Post Office Departments, but stalled by a proposed amendment to prohibit poisonous denaturants in industrial alcohol, became clamorous. The amendment had been offered by Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland, who cited the facts that 10% of all industrial alcohol in the U. S. has annually been leaking into beverage channels under Prohibition; that there were 11,700 deaths in 1926 from poisonous alcohol.

    Up stood Michigan's Cramton to say: "It is interesting to me to see what the policy is to be of the wet block in the House as presented by its newly chosen leader, the gentleman from Maryland. The policy of our other friend from Maryland, John Philip Hill, was to destroy the Eighteenth Amendment by authorizing beer and wine, but it is apparent that the gentleman from Maryland [Mr. Linthicum], the new leader, has on his banner, 'Hamstring enforcement in any way we can do it.'

    …Next day, Wet Leader Linthicum took what satisfaction he could from a parliamentary victory, forcing the whole House to go on record on a Prohibition issue for the first time this session. But again his anti-poison amendment lost, 61 to 283, with 89 members not voting and 91 absent.

    Prohibition in 1928, as finally provided for in the bill passed last week by the bickering Representatives of the People, will cost about $28,000,000—13 millions for the Prohibition Unit, 15 millions for the U. S. Coast Guard.


    "What's What in Washington.  By Charles F. Stewart. Washington, March. -Baltimore seems to be recognized as the wet citadel of the United States.

    A person might have thought it would be New York.

    But no. The house of representative's wet bloc leadership appears to go to a Baltimorean as of right.

    Before Congressman John Phillip Hill's days in Washington there really wasn't a wet leader in the lower house.  There was wet sentiment but it wasn't consolidated.

    Hill quickly aligned it under his banner when he arrived on the scene three terms ago from the third Maryland district, which is part of Baltimore.

    But for the next two years, at least Hill won't be available. He tried to get into the senate, was licked and thereby lost his status..

    The wets had to elect a new standard bearer. They promptly and unanimously chose J. Charles Linthicum of the fourth Maryland district, which is the other part of Baltimore.

    Hill's a republican, Linthicum's a democrat. Congressman Carew, a New York democrat, nominated Linthicum for the wet leadership. Congressman Britten, a Chicago republican seconded him.

    Republican and Democratic Party labels don't count a nickel's worth in the wet-and-dry fight.  Everybody knew that.

    But why should the wets stick on tight to a Baltimorean with men like Gallivan and LaGuardia, Linkham and Cellar-yes and women, like Mrs. Kohn-just as wet as  they can be?

    It must be that Baltimore's a kind of hall-mark of wetness-a guarantee that anybody who is stamped with it is thoroughly saturated clear through.

    Be that as it may, Linthicum's right on the job.

    Most of congress has gone home, but Linthicum's door in the house office building is wide open, Linthicum's at the desk and his typewriter a tapping the keys.

    "The work we wets do between now and next December will tell its story." he says.

    "There are a few real wets in congress and a few real drys, but the vast majority, though they're reckoned as drys now, are ready to flop in a minute, and vote wet, if they believe their districts want them to.

    "Our business is to convince this huge majority that the country's sick of the soaking wet regime of lawlessness which is what so-called prohibition actually is, and wants to get back to genuine temperance.

    "Congress dry-in principle? Why, its ready to change overnight, the minute it senses a change in public sentiment,"

    Under the constitution we're entitled now to beer and light wines, Linthicum holds, since the Eighteenth amendment prohibits only intoxicants and beer and light wines are non-intoxicating he says.

    So his first proposal; is to modify the Volstead law.

    Then his aim is to go after the amendment not by re-amendment, but by means of a constitutional convention, to adopt a new code of fundamental laws, which could be done, he points out, by a simple majority, without the necessity for repeated two-thirds votes.

    Linthicum denies that he wants "hard licker" back on the contrary temperance is what he declares he's working for.

    Linthicum's program isn't so very new, though the constitutional convention feature of it is comparatively so, but at any rate he 's a new hand at the helm.

    The drys haven't picked their new leader yet since Congressman W.D. Upshaw, their old one, was elected last fall to stay home.

    Linthicum hopes to put one over on 'em while they're making up their minds.

    -Times | Hammond, Indiana | Thursday, March 17, 1927 | Page 9

    "Washington, Dec. 13 A rift in the3 ranks of anti-prohibitions in the House became apparent today when New York Tammany representatives, followed by many of the others opposed to the dry laws, made it known that they would not follow Representative La Guardia into his new "militant wet bloc."  The Tammany following charged that Mr. La Guardia was merely "playing local politics" and said they would continue to recognize the leadership of J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, for several sessions head of the so-called "beer bloc."  Meanwhile Mr. Linthicum was trying to pour oil on the trouble wet element.  He addressed a letter to Mr. La Guardia and Representatives Schaefer of Wisconsin and Englebright of California, lieutenants of Mr. La Guardia, making a plea for a solid front.  The whole trouble started yesterday when Mr. A. Guardia, Mr. Schaefer and Mr. Englebright issued a call to wet representatives of both parties to meet tomorrow morning for formation of a "militant wet bloc." Mr. Linthicum was not consulted about this meeting and other leading wets today denied any knowledge of the move until they had received invitations to attend.  Many of these were in open opposition to the move today. As spokesman for the New York Democrats, Representative Loring M. Black said that none of them would attend the La Guardia meeting. "Mr. La Guardia knows that we New York Democrats have been behind this wet movement from the start." Mr. Black said. "He knows too that we all could go home over the weekend and could not easily attend this meeting tomorrow. Why didn't he call the meeting in a regular way without splitting things up as he has?"

    -"Wet Bloc Avoided by Tammany Men.", The New York Times.,  Dec. 14, 1929, pg.21.

    "James Beck Hits At Prohibition. Washington, Jan . 15.--A blistering attack upon prohibition by Rep. James M. Beck, (R.) of Pennsylvania, and selection of Rep. J. Charles Linthicum (D) of Maryland, to lead the anti-prohibition forces, featured the revolt in congress against the volsteadism today.

    Beck and Linthicum had been boomed for the chairmanship of the unofficial congressional committee on modification of he Volstead act.  Beck withdrew his name, leaving the field clear for Linthicum, who has headed the group the last two years.

    -Morning Call, The | Laurel, Mississippi | Thursday, January 16, 1930 | Page 8

    "James Beck Hits At Prohibition. Washington, Jan . 15.--A blistering attack upon prohibition by Rep. James M. Beck, (R.) of Pennsylvania, and selection of Rep. J. Charles Linthicum (D) of Maryland, to lead the anti-prohibition forces, featured the revolt in congress against the volsteadism today.

    Beck and Linthicum had been boomed for the chairmanship of the unofficial congressional committee on modification of he Volstead act.  Beck withdrew his name, leaving the field clear for Linthicum, who has headed the group the last two years.

    -Morning Call, The | Laurel, Mississippi | Thursday, January 16, 1930 | Page 8

    -February 24,1930, Gettysburg Times, page 3.


    "House Wets Choose Beck. Among other developments in the prohibition situation today, the House wet bloc of seventy members selected Representative James M. Beck of Pennsylvania, Solicitor General in the Coolidge Administration, as chairman of the executive committee of its campaign for the modification and repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment.  The wet group named for Representatives, or "House minute men," to attend sessions of the House, and present at every opportunity arguments in favor of changes in the dry laws. They are….Decision to petition the House Judiciary Committee for a hearing on the bill to legalize 2.75 per cent beer was decided upon by the group. The executive committee of fifteen, headed by Mr. Beck, consists of Representatives….J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland…."

    -"Borah and Wheeler Assail Dry Officer.", The New York Times. Jan. 28, 1930, pg. 2.

    "House "Wet" Bloc to Hold Own Hearings Washington, Jan. 21 (AP)-The militant and defiant "wet" bloc of the House went ahead today with plans for conducting its own hearings on proposals for the modification of the prohibition laws.

    Under the leadership of Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, an executive committee will be established to take charge of the hearings.  Prominent people from all sections of the country are to be invited to appear.  Linthicum says it will be prepared to make a "sweeping investigation of conditions and recommendations."

    The executive committee, like the House "wet" organization itself, will be entirely extra-official so far as congressional procedure is concerned. It will not have the power of subpoena and can administer oaths only with the witnesses' consent. The  witnesses themselves will be voluntary and are to be asked to bear their own expenses.

    - Moberly Monitor-Index | Moberly, Missouri | Tuesday, January 21, 1930 | Page 4

    Statement of the Hon J. Charles Linthicum A Representative in Congress from the State of Maryland

    Mr. Linthicum. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, it is the purpose this morning to open the hearings by having several Members of Congress who have introduced resolutions speak upon them before the committee.  I shall avail myself of a few minutes at the beginning of the hearing to express my views upon certain of the resolutions.  I personally have no resolution before the committee, because there has been a resolution introduced to which I am favorable and which expresses my views.

    I want to say in the beginning that I am unalterably opposed to the return of the saloon, just as every witness who has spoken before this committee has been opposed to it.  I am in favor of what is known as the Sabath amendment, which is an amendment providing the Government control of the liquor question, and which provides that the sale or issuing of liquor in any State shall be prohibited unless b y legislative enactment of the State it is asked for.

    I would suggest an addition to that resolution, and the addition would be that this resolution of Mr. Sabath's should be submitted to the convention, because it is a question which invades the individual rights of the citizens and not the State's rights as is expressed by the legislature. I shall go into that question a little more fully later on.  It has been definitely established by various witnesses, drawn from every station of human endeavor, that prohibition enforcement has broken down, and further, that it is a matter of impossibility to enforce it.  It has been shown that the use of liquor gradually decreased until the eighteenth amendment was adopted- and, that is the point I want to bring especially to the attention of the committee- it has been expressed by a number of witnesses, but I wish to call direct attention to the curve in the line of consumption of liquor., Prior to the prohibition amendment there was a constant decrease in the4 use of alcoholic liquors, but just as soon after the passage of the Volstead Act as people could adjust themselves to it the manufacture, sale, and consumption of liquor began to increase.  It is shown, for instance, that the number of pieces of distilling apparatus has increased from 95,933 for the first full year of prohibition to 247,052 in 1928.  The total amount of liquor seized has increased from 5,805,000 gallons in 1921 the first full year of prohibition to 30,429,301 in 1929.  Federal arrests of prohibition violators increased from 34,175 in 1921 to 66,195 in 1929 and convictions in Federal courts have increased since 1921 from 17,962 to 50 55,546 in 1920. Showing, as I have said, that from the time almost of the passage of the prohibition act the consumption of liquor has begun to increase, and that the courts have been trying more cases.

    the results of these increases in arrests have been that the courts of our country handling prohibition cases have become crowded in their dockets and unable to dispose of the matters before them.  In order to dispose of these matters they have established what is known as '"bargain days." Bargain day is that day on which offenders may come before the court, or the district attorney, and agree that if he will only fine them and not imprison them, they will plead guilty, and the consequence is that vast numbers of these cases are disposed of on bargain day; it being definitely understood that the offender will not receive any jail sentence.

    Mr. Bachmann. May I ask you there, right on that point, do you know what States or what courts you have reference to, or do you have reference to all?

    Mr. Linthicum., To Federal courts.

    Mr. Bachmann. All of them?

    Mr. Linthicum. Practically all, yes.  That is the only way they can dispose of them.  The result is-and this is a matter which is commonly known by everybody and definitely known by this committee and the Members of Congress-by reason of prohibition the jails and penitentiaries of our country have become overcrowded.  In Atlanta which was built for about 1,200 and some persons, there is something like 3,600, and every one of our penitentiaries now is crowded with offenders either of prohibition or some other offense against the Government or the State, and we are providing for the building of more penitentiaries and are about to appropriate some $7,000,.000 for that purpose; while in England-let me draw the comparison- in England, while we are building penitentiaries for the incarceration of these offenders, in England they are, I am informed by a witness before this committee, about to tear down some of their penitentiaries because they have no further use for them,.

    The Chairman. May I say, Mr. Linthicum  that the information was regularly sent from London to the New York Times, describing what was going on there, and was published in the columns of the New York Times, about the decrease and the selling of prisons in England. 

    Mr. Linthicum. I am very glad to have that definite information, Mr. Chairman.

    Now, there has been a great deal of discussion before the House about poisoned alcohol, and we have not done anything about it, and the Government continues to poison its alcohol. Many denaturants are used in this industrial alcohol to prevent its use for drinking purposes, poisons.  Under No. 44, I believe it is, they are using wood alcohol.  The consequence is that we are producing people with blindness, people with cirrhosis of the liver.  People are dying from the effect of these poisons.  And this denaturant on the part of the Government, which we have been endeavoring to prohibit, certainly as to poisonous denaturants, has caused a great deal of trouble in our country.  It has been testified that in the enforcement of prohibition 1,361 American citizens have been shot and killed; occupants of automobiles have been shot at and in some cases killed on the highways; the Coast Guard, one of the most important and historical institutions of our country and of the Government, has been debased, and has been brought largely into disrepute because of its attempt to enforce the prohibition act.  The killing on the Black Duck off Boston Harbour, the consumption of liquor by Coast Guardsmen has done a great deal toward this, and it has been brought almost to the point of the tea party in Boston when men go and tear down posters asking men to enter the Coast Guard.  They tore down these posters in the city of Boston.

    The question therefore, arises: Shall we continue in the present debased condition, or shall we as man to man and citizen to citizen discuss some outcome of the present horrible condition in which we find ourselves?

    I am a temperance man, and I mention this fact because just a short time ago I received a clipping from a paper.  It consisted of the pictures of three people, myself on the left, my friend Mr. Crampton in the center, and Senator John J. Blaine on the right. It said over my picture: "Is he an American? " Over Mr. Cramton's picture, to the best of my recollection: " A type that knows no joy,"  And on the right, I forget just what that did say.  For that reason, I bring out the fact that I am an American citizen, that my people came to this country in1658, that we have always stood for the Constitution, have been loyal to the Government, and we propose to stick to the Constitution, even including the eighteenth amendment, so long as it shall continue in the Constitution, but we reserve the right to fight for the elimination of the eighteenth amendment from the Constitution by another amendment or otherwise, just as the proponents of prohibition had a right to fight for its insertion in the Constitution.  I personally think it is wrongfully in there, and I have always fought against it and voted against it.

    Much has been said about prosperity, and I am told that the drys proposed to bring that question before you, though they have been very silent in what they are going to say, and who they intend to produce; nevertheless, it has been one of their great slogans "Prosperity." No one is in a position to say whether the prosperity of the country has been due to prohibition or whether it is due largely to the result of the war and th decrease of production during the time of the war, and then the increased production and the increase of farm products after the war.  Then you must also, in considering this question of the money you find in the savings banks that everybody is getting practically-except Congressmen-everybody is getting practically twice what they did before the war.  The laboring man who got $1.50 a day before the war is now getting $3 and $3.50 a day, and to that is largely due the increases in deposits in savings banks.

    I want to draw the distinction also between the question of simply prohibition and saloons.  I believe, and I think everybody believes, that the saloon has always been a detriment to this country; that it has hindered prosperity and should long before have been eliminated.  So that it is my position that if this prosperity is due to the liquor question it would have been ever greater had the Government eliminated the saloon and regulated the liquor traffic.  We would then be receiving a very handsome revenue from the liquor traffic, which now is going to the underworld.  We know that revenues which we would have received, or savings which we could have made, would be as follows:

    Federal enforcement costs the Nation, after deducting $5,500,000 in fines, $36,000,000 a year; loss in Federal revenues, estimated, s high as $850,000,000; los in State, city and county revenues, $50,000,000. Total $936,000,000, which the Government is losing, and the Government and the States and the cities are losing.

    I want to say for the information of the committee, and as suggesting how wise the State of Michigan is, an editorial which I read from the Baltimore Sun- (Mr. Linthicum went on to describe how the state of Michigan taxed malt and wort that is the ingredients used to make beer and made a substantial sum of money while at the same time was able to estimate a huge quantity of illegal beer that was most likely being produced from it.)

    .....Mr. Linthicum, …Now in reference to the Sabath resolution, I say I would add to that resolution that it shall be submitted to conventions of the States, and I say that for two reasons. The resolution gives to the Government the power to regulate, and yet prohibits liquor in every State where it is not definitely asked for by legislative enactment.  While this does not restore to the States the right to control the liquor traffic, it does actually give them the right to eliminate it entirely if they so desire. I am not so sure that the States have any inherent right to control the liquor traffic, and I am constrained to believe what Senator Bruice said, that it might just as well have had the right bestowed upon it under the Constitution as the control of bankruptcy and interstate commerce in the beginning, and that it would not be out of the way, nor I might say, encroaching upon the reserved powers of the States, to give the Government the right to control the liquor traffic.

    Mr. Sumners. Right there, Mr. Linthicum, without interrupting you now, I want to refer to that later.

    Mr. Linthicum. Yes, certainly. I think the eighteenth amendment should be repealed with an amendment as suggested by the Sabath amendment and submitted to conventions of the States. And another reason I wish to give for the submission of this to conventions of the States, as I said first, it is because the conventions would represent the people, would leave the sole question of repeal of the eighteenth amendment and the enactment of an amendment in place thereof, to the vote of the people and the elimination of all other questions in the campaign.  Now there is another reason. When the constitution was adopted the country was pretty evenly divided and pretty well represented by its legislatures as to the apportionment to the counties and to the cities, but I want to take my city for example and then I shall quote others.

    In my State of Maryland we have a general assembly consisting of 29 members of the State senate, of which 6 are from the city of Baltimore; and the house of delegates of 147 members, of which 36 are from the city of Baltimore.  Baltimore City has a population of 940,000 people.  The State as a whole has a population of 1,000,000 people. So that the city, with a population of 940,000 people, has one-sixth of the senate and one fourth of the house of delegates. So that the people of Baltimore are not proportionately represented when it comes to the adoption of an amendment by a legislative body.  If it were by convention then all the people would have a say as to the adoption of the amendment, and each individual would have a right to vote upon that direct question. For that reason, as an additional reason, I think it should be submitted to the convention.

    (discussion followed clarifying Mr. Linthicum's views on the convention)

    -Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives, Seventy First Congress Second Session H.J. Res. 11,38,99,114,219,and 246.,Serial 5, February 12,13,19,20,26,27, March 4,1930, Part 1, United States Government Printing office, Washington , 1930. p. 397


    "The meeting late today was presided over by Representative J. Charles Linthicum, one of the anti-dry leaders in the House, who said that his group planned to call "a great many witnesses in connection with the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment."

    -"House Body is Cold to Juryless Trial, Subcommittee Defers Action on Wickersham Plan Until Dry Hearing Ends (hearing on enforcement)", -The New York Times., Feb. 12,1930, pg. 3.

    "Washington, March 4.-The attack of the anti-prohibitionists on the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act was completed in the seventh day of presenting evidence before the House Judiciary Committee today with a final assault on the constitutionality of the whole prohibition legal structure by Breckenridge Long, former Assistant Secretary of State; a denunciation of the effects of prohibition by for women active in public life, one a mother of four sons, and a summation of the wet case by Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, leader of the House wet bloc.

    …."Representative Linthicum in his summation of the testimony of the drys at the beginning of the day's session suggested a manner in which States may make revenue out of liquor, despite prohibition.  Michigan he said, recently instituted a tax on malt and other brewing materials from which it has collected $570,184 so far, an indicated revenue of $1,200,000 annually.

    "The tax alone would indicate that 22.870,000 gallons of illicit beverages had been made or five gallons for each State resident," Mr. Linthicum added. Figures which he presented indicated that stills in use had increased from 99,533 in 1919 to 247,052 in 1929. He charged that 30,000,000 gallons of liquor were seized last year. "The prohibition cases are increasing, he added. "the prisons are crowded and $7,000,000 has been asked for new ones.  The government continues to poison alcohol and the Coast Guard is in disrepute"  Reiterating the opposition of all witnesses to the return of the saloon, Mr. Linthicum spoke in favor of the Swedish system, under which distribution of beverages would be placed int the hands of a responsible, limited corporation. "We thank the Anti-Saloon League for eliminating the saloon. Now let them help us eradicate te speakeasy," he added.

    -"Four Women Assail Effect of Dry Law, End Wets' Hearing"., The New York Times., March 5, 1930.

    "Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, leader of the wet bloc in the House, arrived here today to lay plans for the program in Congress.  It was hardly to be expected, he said, that anything definite toward repeal or modification could be accomplished until the Seventy-third Congress, three years hence, but the program could be started by the handful of wets now in the House, carried further by the increased number issued for the Seventy-second Congress by the recent elections and "put over" by the majority that they hope to elect in "the battle of '32" Mr. Linthicum's plan is to form all the present wets in the House into a compact organization.

    -"Dry Straddle Fatal, Fess Again Warns." The New York Times., November 13, 1930.

    Zeus may well have been thinking of something else when Pallas Athene, mature and fully armed, was born from his ponderous brow. Certainly when Chairman Simeon Davison Fess of the Republican National Committee thought and said: "The party will remain Dry or it will be split" (TIME, Nov. 17) he was not contemplating the creation of a mature, warlike body of Wet Republicans which almost simultaneously appeared. Perhaps instead Mr. Fess was thinking in terms of the Methodist Board of Temperance, Prohibition & Public Morals statement fortnight ago: "Any catering to the Wets, any toleration of a suggestion of modification, would light fires of bitter resentment in the hearts of the men and women who trooped to the polls ... in 1928."

    Onetime Senator James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. of New York was the plume in the Wet Athene's helmet last week. He cried: "Senator Fess . . . cannot see what is going on in this country. Tears dim his sight. . . . Does the Senator think we can carry Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois and a half-dozen other States whose people spoke last week on this question . . . [and] hope to cajole repeal-Republicans, millions of good men & women, into an attitude of complacency concerning the thing they regard as vital?"

    President Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia University, for years the man who has written Wet planks for the Republican platform and for years seen them thrown out, declared: "Senator Fess . . . adds that 'if the Republican party stands for repeal, it might as well say good-day.' . . . My reply is that if the Republican party does not stand for repeal it might as well say goodnight. . . . The elections of November 1930 are the handwriting on the wall."

    Representatives Fred Albert Britten of Illinois and Leonidas Carstarphen Dyer of Missouri also cried out against Mr. Fess's leadership. The Wet Republican press re acted even more sharply, and certain arch-Republican editors captioned editorials FESS OUGHT TO GO and THE BLIND SENATOR FROM OHIO. Hearst papers quoted an unnamed Republican leader as saying: "If this split continues there will be a Nationalist party in 1932."

    Fuss-budgety Senator Fess seemed embarrassed. After taking time to discuss and think over his statement, he last week told news gatherers that he had made it as an individual, not as party spokesman. He said also that his mind was open to modification recommendations from the Wickersham Commission. But he did not retract his theory that the party must not weasel on Prohibition, that it must be Dry.

    Wet Bloc. Democratic Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland, long leader of the small group of avowed Wets in the House, saw his opportunity in the split which Chairman Fess, in trying to avert, had created. Rushing to Washington, Congressman Linthicum sent invitations to all 71st House members to attend a Wet Bloc organization meeting early in December. Of Chairman Fess's statement he said: "It means a Democratic victory beyond a doubt." Mr. Linthicum put Repeal above party, insisting: "Regardless of party platforms, the fight to elect Wet members . . . will continue. . . . We have just begun to fight." Sage, he did not envisage Repeal as possible before the 73d Congress, but declared "constructive Wet activity'' might achieve much in the 72nd Congress, "when we will have at least 140 repealist votes to say nothing of the men . . . who are now wavering. . . . We can safely tell our people that light wines & beer are not far in the offing . . . especially if Mr. Hoover's commission indicates that the present form of Prohibition is unsuccessful.'' To his support came Republican Congressman James Montgomery Beck of Pennsylvania, declaring: "The 72nd Congress, which in my opinion will be more closely divided on the Wet & Dry issue than the election returns would indicate . . . [should] refuse to waste public moneys by attempting to enforce the unenforceable."

    The Commission. With rumors rampant that it would recommend light wines & beer, that it would advise calling a Constitutional convention for considering Repeal, and above all that it was hastening its deliberations so as to present a report to the opening session of Congress on Dec. 1, the Wickersham Commission, object of concern to both Chairman Fess and Leader Linthicum. last week surprised Prohibition Director Amos Walter Wright Woodcock by summoning him. After hearing what he had to say, the Commission abruptly adjourned for ten days. This unexpected action forthwith was explained as an Administration measure to prevent Prohibition debate in the next Congressional session before the necessary supply-bills are passed. Later, it became known that the commissioners had rejected unanimously all proposals for both Repeal and 4% beer. The Women's Christian Temperance Union, convened at Houston, Tex., shouted "Praise God!"

    -"The G.O.P. Divides", November .24, 1930, Time.,,9171,740751-2,00.html

    "The "wet bloc" in the House met today and voted to change its name from the Unofficial Committee on Modification of the Volstead Act to the Unofficial Committee of the House of Representatives Opposed to National Prohibition. Representative J. Charles Linthicum, the leader, presided and it was matter of considerable comment that among those present were ten members of the House heretofor not identified with the organization…"

    -"House Wet Bloc Puts 10 More on its Rolls.", The New York Times., Dec. 17, 1930.

    "I have always taken the position that ratification by Legislature was not the proper way to  ratify the Eighteenth Amendment," said Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, leader of the House "wet bloc."

    -"Mitchell Hastens Appeal on New Jersey Wet Ruling; Dry Raids will Continue.," The New York Times., Dec. 18,1930.


    Election of Roosevelt

    On November 8, Franklin Roosevelt and the Democratic party scored one of the great electoral triumphs of American political history. Roosevelt polled nearly twenty-three million votes to his opponent's less than sixteen million, and carried forty-two states to Hoover's six. In the Congress, which had been evenly divided, Democrats gained a310 tolI7 House majority and a 60 to 35 Senate advantage. Four years earlier, Hoover had received S8.2 percent of the ballots; now he got just 39.6 percent. Undoubtedly the economic depression bore principal responsibility for the rejection of Hoover, but prohibition played a part as well. With both parties offering vague and cautious economic plans, prohibition appeared to be one issue in 1932 on which party positions were clearly distinguishable." Its importance in the election became evident in various ways.

    The election increased wet strength in Congress even more dramatically than it shifted party power. Despite the Democratic landslide, a few repeal espousing Republicans, like James Wadsworth of New York and Everett Dirksen of Illinois, won their first election to the House of Representatives. Wadsworth, who defeated both a Democrat and an independent dry candidate, clearly profited from changing attitudes toward prohibition in his conservative, western-New York district since his defeat for the Senate six years earlier in a similar three-sided contest. The New York Times calculated that the Seventy-third Congress would have 343 wet Representatives and 61 wet Senators." Wet support in the House had previously reached a peak of 187 votes on the Beck-Linthicum resolution, and the Senate had always been drier. Of the more than one hundred Congressmen turned out in 1932, some -such as Wesley L. Jones of Washington, Reed Smoot of Utah, and James E. Watson of Indiana-were among the most influential dry Senators. Quite a few surviving incumbents had reversed earlier positions and come out for repeal during the campaign.

    Whatever part advocacy of repeal actually contributed to the Democratic landslide, politicians and other contemporary observers gave it major credit for the outcome. They thought the prohibition issue had determined many votes. This belief proved crucial to the process of abolishing the Eighteenth Amendment. The election of 1932 was widely interpreted as a voter directive for repeal. Those involved in antiprohibition agitation quickly labeled it so. Jouett Shouse, for the AAPA, declared the mandate "overwhelming."" The WONPR assessed the returns and proclaimed, "The citizens of the United States through the instrument of the ballot made it quite clear and definite on November 8th that they do not want National Prohibition."" Representative James Beck called the election "a clear mandate to Congress to end, as soon as possible, the tragic folly of Federal prohibition."" Soon signs appeared that many of Beck's colleagues in the House concurred.

    By Mr. Linthicum: Joint resolution (J. j. Res. 208) proposing an amendment to the eighteenth amendment of the Constitution; to the Committee on the Judiciary

    By Mr. Beck: Joint resolution (H.J. Res. 209) proposing an amendment to the eighteenth amendment of the Constitution; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

    By Mr. Sabath: Joint resolution (H.J. Res. 210) proposing an amendment to the eighteenth amendment of the Constitution; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

    -January 15, 1932, The Journal of the House of Representatives., p.247

    "Cracked Ice". By George H. Manning. Washington-For the fist time since enactment of the Volstead act, members of the House of Representatives today will have opportunity to vote definitely on the prohibition question.

    This opportunity will come when Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Baltimore, chairman of the unofficial Democratic wet bloc of the House moves to discharge the House Judiciary Committee from further consideration of the resolution introduced jointly by himself and Representative James M. Beck of Philadelphia, head of the wet Republicans in the House,, to give the states eventually the right to determine whether they shall have prohibition.

    From communications reaching offices of members from all states, it is evident there is a general misunderstanding as to the significance of today's vote.  In fact, there is some misunderstanding even among members of the House.

    The general impression seems to  be that the Linthicum-Beck resolution provides for a direct referendum by the people on the prohibition question. This is not true.

    What the resolution does is to amend the Constitution by continuing in effect the present wording of the Eighteenth Amendment but to add to that wording a proviso stating that the prohibition shall not be construed as abridging or denying the right of any state to authorize and regulate the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors wholly within the borders of the state.

    The resolution further provides that the power granted the states to control the liquor traffic within their own borders shall not be construed to empower Congress to authorize the shipment, transportation or transportation into any state when this has been prohibited by the state.

    Stated simply the Linthicum-Beck resolution provides for a return to state option, and continues the Eighteenth Amendment in effect in those states which vote dry.  On the other hand, it would permit states which wanted to control the manufacture and sale of liquor within their own borders to do so without hindrance.

    The feature of the bill which has equated the impression that it is a referendum measure is the section which provides the amendment to the Eighteenth Amendment must be ratified by constitutional conventions-not by the legislatures-called especially for that purpose. It is true, however, that this would, in a sense, be a referendum, for it would be necessary for the people of each state to choose delegates to the convention and this would be done by ballot.

    While the vote today will not be on the resolution itself, it is generally conceded that a vote for the motion will classify a member as a wet, while a vote against will definitely classify him as a fry.

    - Middletown Times Herald | Middletown, New York | Monday, March 14, 1932 | Page 7

    Drys Win Prohibition Test in Congress 227 to 187. Motion Lost to Bring Resolution Before the House. Anti-Prohibitionists Muster Unexpected Strength in Fist Test Vote in 12 years…..By Paul Mallon. Washington, March 14.-Anti-prohibitonists today lost their motion to bring the Beck-Linthicum resolution before the House but mustered the unexpected strength of 187 votes in the first clear cut test on prohibition in 12 years.

    The House voted 227 to 187 against discharging the judiciary Committee from consideration of te resolution.  The resolution called for submission to the states of an amendment to the constitution in effect returning to the states the control of the liquor traffic. Discharge of the committee would have brought the resolution directly before the House.

    The vote took place to an accompaniment of fiery speeches and reminders that this "is the ides of March--stand up and be counted."

    Dry orators, in such efforts as they made to speak, met with jeers and interruptions from a militant wet minority.

    Galleries were crowded with men and women sitting in the aisles.

    Defeat had been expected by the anti-Prohibitionists. Only the most optimistic wet leaders thought the minority would be able to gather such strength as it did.  It represented the largest wet strength in the House since  1917 when the 18th amendment was submitted.

    The anti-prohibitionists were aided materially by a number of representatives listed as dry who felt that the Beck-Linthicum repeal resolution should be brought before the House for a direct vote.  The House never before has come so close to voting directly upon a repeal proposition.

    Prior to the roll-call estimates of the wet possibilities ran all the way from 160 to 130 votes. The leaders generally expected not more than 175. The total comes within three votes of the outside maximum claim of the anti-prohibitionists.

    The importance of the vote was obvious on the floor and in the gallery.  It was preceded by brief but warm debate in which only one of the drys, Rep., Moore, Repn., O., participated.

    Practically every seat on the floor was taken for the first time in many days. A number of Congressmen were so anxious over the outcome that they kept their own roll-calls at their places.

    The crowd in the gallery was so boisterous that Speaker Garner was unable to maintain control over it at times.

    The roll-call was interrupted by applause when four women members voted with the anti-prohibitionists.  They were Mrs. Florence P. Kahn, Repn., Calif, Mrs. Ruth Prat, Repa., N.Y. Mrs. Mary T. Norton, Dem. N.J., and Mrs. Edith Nourse Rogers, Repn., Mass.

    Speaker Garner did not vote. His name was not called, in accordance with the custom of the house. The rule provides that a Speaker may cast his vote if he desires but he generally is not expected to vote.

    After preliminary details were dispensed with the Speaker gave 20 minutes to the opposing sides for debate in preparation for the vote on the anti-prohibitionists motion to discharge the House Judiciary Committee of further consideration of the Beck-Linthicum home rule amendment, the specific question on which the hours was to pass.

    The house was unusually silent, as if it were witnessing a great event, when Representative J. Charles Linthicum, Dem., Maryland took the floor.

    "The crucial time in the long fight for the liberty and liberation of the American people has arrived," he said, "not in 12 years, the life of the amendment, have we had an opportunity to vote directly upon it.

    "Scripture tells us he who is not with us is against us, so I tell you that he who votes against the discharge of the committee today is not willing to submit he question to the people.

    "The discharge of the Judiciary Committee means the consideration of this subject. It does not mean that you must vote for the resolution to amend the 18th amendment, but it does mean that you will give the Congress a chance to discuss this very vital issue."

    He was frequently interrupted by applause from the smiling wet sector of the House. Drys stared at him, their faces giving no indication of their feelings. Far at the left in members gallery Rev. E. C. Dinwiddie, dry crusader, crossed his legs and looked unconcerned.

    Women were sitting in the gallery aisles and the crowd was so nervous that Speaker Garner had difficulty in keeping order.

    The wet side of the case was addressed also by Rep. O'Connor, Dem., N.Y. one of the original anti-prohibitionists of the house.

    Rep. Bachman, Repn. , W. Va., asked Linthicum if a vote for his resolution meant a vote for return of the open saloon.

    "If I believed that the open saloon would come back I would not support this resolution," Linthicum replied.

    Jeers and cheers punctuated the proceedings.

    The drys had their turn for a demonstration when Re. Ellis Moore, Repn., Ohio boyish appearance, was introduced. They rose, applauded and yelled.

    "The gentleman from Maryland has confessed his reason is false because he would accept an amendment to prevent return of the saloon." Moore said. "It means return of the saloon."

    Loud cries of "no," "no" interrupted him.  Moore was prevented from continuing for a moment.

    "Furthermore," he said when quiet was restored, "It would place prohibition in politics.

    Anti-prohibitions greeted this with laughter and again prevented Moore from going on. A loud yell came from the gallery during this demonstration.

    Moore scowled at his opponents he continued determinedly with his speech.

    No other dry offered to take the floor, so the anti-prohibitionists continued with brief addresses.

    The House was anxious for the vote. As each "four-minute" speaker concluded, there was a swelling cry:

    "Vote!" "Vote!"

    -Daily News | Huntingdon, Pennsylvania | Monday, March 14, 1932 | Page 6



    -House Journal., March 14, 1932, p. 545-6 (Library of Congress)


    "Last, but of more immediate interest to the people than any others, are the resolutions relating to the Eighteenth Amendment., During the first session of the Seventieth Congress, only three resolutions proposed the repeal of the National Prohibition Amendment and only six called for modification.  In the first session of the Seventy-second however, eighteen resolutions demanded outright repeal and sixty-three asked for modification.  A brief description of the most important modifications suggested might help to clarify thinking upon this all-absorbing topic. House Joint Resolution No. 208 introduced by Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, would permit Congress to regulate or prohibit the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquor, the importation thereof into, and the exportation thereof from the United States and all territories, for beverage purposes.  This power is given on the condition that it shall not be construed or applied to abridge or deny the right of any state to authorize and regulate the manufacture, sale, transportation, and use of such intoxicating liquors wholly within its borders.  Furthermore, the power to regulate shall not be construed to empower Congress to authorize the shipment, transportation, or importation of intoxicating liquor into any state where its sale, transportation, or use has been prohibited by the laws of that state.  This amendment was debated in the House of Representatives and a vote upon a motion to discharge the committee failed to carry.  The same identical resolution was introduced thirty times and by different Representatives. "

    -"Legislation-Proposed Amendments to the Constitution Introduced during the First Session of the Seventy-Second Congress.", Paul H. Giddens, =The George Washington Law Review., p.357. First Session= December 7, 1931 - July 16, 1932.

    March 14, 1932

    On March 14, 1932, the House voted on the question of bringing out from the
    Judiciary Committee the Beck-Linthicum resolution, which proposed that Congress ...

    -Straw Votes: A Study of Political Prediction - Page 156 by Claude Everett Robinson, Columbia University Council for Research in the Social Sciences - Elections - 1932 - 203 pages

    Thursday, March 17, 1932-

    Sheboygan Journal

    and other large cities, officers of the Clinic. Led Wets In House Test Vote b Democrats To Hold Meeting On Saturday It was a dry victory, but the unexpected strength which the wets showed in the vote to take up the Beck-LINTHICUM resolution in the house caused Representatives CHARLES LINTHICUM (left) of Maryland and Representative James M. Beck (right) of Pennsylvania to congratulate each other. They're leaders of the anti- PROHIBITION forces in congress and authors of the resolution to re- submit the eighteenth amendment to the people. Al...

    In March 1932 House wets mustered enough strength to force the first roll call ever on repeal. (of prohibition). The vote came on a petition to discharge from committee a resolution similar to Raskob's home-rule amendment offered by Representatives James Beck and J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland.  Beck had drafted the resolution in consultation with AAPA leaders.  Although the discharge vote failed 227 to 187 it achieved the wet objective of putting every House member's prohibition position on record just prior to their reelection campaigns.  Furthermore, it vividly demonstrated that repeal sentiment in the House was nearing a majority.

    -The Gospel of Barbecue: Poems , David E. Kyvig, Fanonne Jeffers, Honorée Fanonne JeffersKent State University Press, 2000 ISBN 0873386728, 978087338672 

    Monday, Mar. 21, 1932

    Counting Day

    By HP-Time. com Monday, Mar. 21, 1932
    Abernethy? No! Adkins? No! Aldrich? Aye! Allen? No! . . .

    Before packed galleries the House roll was being called on the first clear-cut issue of the 18th Amendment since its original passage Dec. 18, 1917 by a vote of 282-to-128. A parliamentary petition by 145 Wets had forced this question: Shall the House take up a resolution by Pennsylvania's Beck and Maryland's Linthicum to amend the Constitution for the return of liquor control to the States? The Wets, with no hope of actual victory, purposed by this ballot to put every House member on record on Prohibition, weed out the weaslers for the coming campaign, exhibit the growing Wet strength. Before the counting began, Drys claimed the Wet vote would not exceed 160. Wets predicted they would get at least 180. Final result: 227 Drys voting No; 187 Wets voting Aye.

    Though the Drys, as was expected, defeated the Beck-Linthicum resolution, the Wets were jubilant at making a better showing than they anticipated. They had planted a large and solid milestone from which to measure their future progress.,9171,7433

    "The spokesman for the House wets, the men who are planning the campaign and will bear the brunt of its direction once it gets under way, are James M. Beck of Pennsylvania, Fred A Britten of Illinois, Richard s. Aldrich of Rhode Island, Florence P. Kahn of California, Hamilton Fish Jr. and Fioello H. La Guardia of New York and Leonidas C. Dyer of Missouri, all Republicans, and Parker Corning, John J. O'Connor and Thomas H. Cullen of New York, J Charles Linthicum of Maryland, Mrs. Mary T. Norton of New Jersey and James T. Igoe of Illinois all Democrats.  Mr. Beck has been chose leader of a Republican wet bloc numbering sixty-four members of the House which promises to cooperate with the bipartisan group above, which is headed by Mr. Linthicum."

    "I said on Monday that the fight against national prohibition is nearing the end. I did not say this because the wish is father to the thought, but after a very close scrutiny of what took place.  When it is realized that the 187 members who voted for the discharge of the Judiciary Committee on House Joint Resolution 208 represents a constituency of 52,000,000 people, it can readily be seen that we are nearing half the population of the Union.  A change of less than 8 per cent of the votes, or 31, would give the wets a majority. Maryland cast five of its six votes for discharge; Pennsylvania 18 of its 36; Rhode Island all of its 3; Massachusetts 13 of its 16; Connecticut all of its 5; New Jersey, all of its 12 and New York 32 of its 43.

    That represents the abounding sentiment of the East, and there is not much doubt that in the next Congress the East will be practically solid against national prohibition.

    A Spread Toward the West. Sentiment against national prohibition was for some time confined to the urban sections of the East, but in the test on Monday, Ohio cast13 votes against it. Illinois 16, Michigan 9, Wisconsin 9 and California 11, showing that the trend of public opinion in the urban sections of the Middle West and on the Coast is rapidly veering against the amendment.

    The Anti-Saloon League walls are crumbling; the clarion call for liberty and liberation will soon demolish this structure.  There is little doubt that many of the districts which voted dry on Monday will be carried by wets and vote wet in the next Congress.

    Only one more election is necessary for the defeat of national prohibition.  I say this not only because of reports from the dry districts, but because the reapportionment act which will be in force before the next Congress will give the urban population a large increase in representation.  I figure that this increase will be largely wet- some 54 and it is most likely that the wets will have a two-thirds vote in the House of the Seventy-third Congress; they will certainly have more than a majority.

    Outlawing the Saloon. The drys made a great fight. They eliminated the saloons, which is a blessing to our country, but they went too far when they placed a legislative amendment in the Constitution. Had that merely excluded the saloon and empowered Congress to regulate the liquor traffic, they would have fared better.  You can not enforce a law which is against public sentiment.

    There is clear evidence of this when you note that 700,000 cases have been tried in our courts and that 500,000 people have been convicted. Imagine a law which places a stigma on 500,000 citizens!  The old jails have been overcrowded and vast sums have been appropriated for the construction of new ones, though persons who favored the prohibition amendment told us that if it were adopted we should have little use for prisons.  They said there would be slight crime; that the almshouses would be practically closed, and that the country would be morally better off.

    Cost of Enforcement. In every Congress the appropriations for the enforcement of this non-enforceable amendment and the Volstead act have increased until they have now cost our people $378,000,000. More than $231,000,000 worth of goods has been confiscated and more than $10,000,000 has been lost in what would have been revenue.  Had we this lost revenue at this time there would be no deficiency in the Treasury Department but an abundant surplus.  There would be no need for a sales tax or the increase of the income tax.

    I have enough faith in the American people to know that they will not continue this experiment which has been so destructive to so many of our people, so drastic in its enforcement and so destructive to the life, liberty and morality of our country.

    I am convinced that the conventions, both Democratic and Republican, which meet in Chicago, will find prohibition a most important topic, and I believe both parties will deal with it in their respective platforms. The question must be settled rightly and it cannot be rightly settled until it is submitted to the direct vote of the people. There is no better proposition to submit to the people than that provided for in this resolution. It offers the best way and perhaps the only constitutional way in which we can let the people decide.

    -"For the Wets", By J. Charles Linthicum, Representative from Maryland, The New York Times, March 20, 1932, pg XXI

    "Representatives J. Charles Linthicum and Vincent Palmisano and former Representative John Philip Hill favor a beer parade in Baltimore such as Mayor Walker plans for New York. Walter H . Buck president of the Baltimore Association Against the Prohibition Amendment; Edgar Allan Poe Jr., head of the Crusaders here, and other civic and political leaders sowed interest in the idea of a national demonstration.

    Mr. Buck explained that his association was interested in repeal of the prohibition amendment rather than modification, and expressed regret that the Baltimore Association of Commerce recently refused to follow the lead of similar bodies in Chicago and New York,, which passed resolutions calling on Congress to pass a bill making beer available for tax revenue.

    Mr. Poe said he felt sure that the members of the Crusaders would be willing to march here in a beer parade. But in the absence of official advice on the matter from the Crusaders' New York headquarters he was unwilling to commit himself.

    -"Linthicum for Parade.", The New York Times., April 17, 1932, pg.2.


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    Chairman House Foreign Affairs Committee

    50 Church St., New York City:
    I find that it will be impossible for me to be present at the meeting in Carnegie
    Hall this evening, but I wish you would say on my behalf to those
    present that the subject of the treatment of the American passport in the
    hands of any American citizen is one in which I am deeply interested and
    which I am sure must appeal with great force to every American. The spectacle
    of a great and alleged friendly nation persistently and perniciously violating
    a treaty into which it has solemnly entered and discriminating against one
    class of our citizens, solely because of their race or creed, presents a condition
    such as we as a self-respecting nation can not tolerate. For over 30 years
    the diplomatic officers of our Government have expended their efforts in fruitless
    endeavor to correct this insolent wrong. Hedging behind one specious pretext
    or other, the Russian Government has continued to maintain the discriminatory
    policy it inaugurated in violation of our treaty rights and no other
    recourse is left us, if we would save our honor, but to serve notice that the
    treaty is to be terminated. I hope to live to see the day when an American
    passport, in the hands of an American citizen, will beget as scrupulous respect
    and regard for the rights of its holder as that which of old was accorded the
    individual who could proudly boast, " I am a Roman." To these views I would
    add that as a Member of the House of Representatives and of the Committee
    on Foreign Affairs, I pledge my earnest support of the movement for the abrogation
    of the present treaty with Russia, unless she recognizes all passports of
    American citizens regardless of race or creed.
    Member of Congress from Maryland and
    Member of Committee on Foreign Affairs.

    (source see above)

    Additional Sources:

    "Linthicum supports education aid to China,"U.S.-China Educational Exchange: State, Society, and Intercultural Relations, 1905-1950,Hongshan Li, Rutgers University Press, 2008

    Japan's Cultural Policy Toward China, 1918-1931: A Comparative Perspective,See Heng Teow, Harvard University Asia Center, 1999.


    Representative Linthicum, a Democrat from Maryland, then very ably brought out the high character of our consular service, stating that "probably no other government in the world is securing more valuable services from its consular employees than those services which are being rendered our government by the men in its service." He pointed out, however, among the reforms which would still further improve the consular service the elimination of the apportionment provision in making appointments. Mr. Linthicum's remarks were in part as follows : "Many reforms in our diplomatic and consular service have been brought about recently. We need the very best men we can secure in the foreign service of this country. We require men of genuine talent and ability, and when we have secured such men, and they have satisfactorily demonstrated their worth, they ought to be rewarded and spurred on to even more valuable efforts. These places ought to be open to all classes of our people possessing the necessary training and qualifications. Under the present arrangement relating to apportionment among the states and the restrictions with which these places are surrounded, through no fault of the officers of our state department, these appointments do not always go to those possessing the best qualifications for them." Representative Campbell, a Republican from Kansas, then addressed the House and asked Mr. Linthicum how foreign nations "with a consistent foreign policy that have foreign offices with men trained in the foreign service, who carry out the policy of their country, could have respect for a great nation that gives as a reward to political campaigners, or those who have given contributions, the office of ambassador or minister to the great countries of the world, and too often without any regard whatever as to their fitness for work in statecraft and diplomacy, as we have just been shown by the case of Santo Domingo?" In reply Mr. Campbell was asked what remedy he proposed. Mr. Campbell then offered the following plan: "Simple enough. I would make all officers below the secretary of state continuing officers. I would not change the assistant secretary of state, I would not change the counselor for the state department, and I would have officers who are familiar with the precedents and with international law and usage, and also familiar with the details of the office and able to carry out a consecutive foreign policy." It was then pointed out by Mr. Barkley, Democratic Representative from Kentucky, that "regardless of parties and administrations in the past, with very few exceptions, and small exceptions, too, our representatives abroad have

    -Good Government, National Civil Service League, National Civil Service League., 1914
    Item notes: v.31-32 1914-1915

    "Congressman J. Charles Linthicum, a member of the House Naval Affairs Committee, visited the pier at 6 o'clock tonight accompanied by his brother, J. Hampton Linthicum.  They called on Captain Hinsch of the Neckar, and despite the orders that had been issued that no one was to go aboard the vessel after sundown Tuesday, the order was placed aside and the party was taken on board the interned North German Lloyd liner. (U boat involved was the Deutschland.)

    -"Crew Fear U-Boat's Fate.", New York Times. July 20, 1916, pg. 1.

    Mr. LINTHICUM. The Germans erected monuments during the war for their
    dead on the battlefields.
    Mr. HUSTED. I am sure I do not know. Permanent monuments, you mean?
    Mr. LINTHICUM. Yes ; I saw a number of them.
    The CHAIRMAN. In regard to this Federal supervision under the provisions of
    your bill, is that not limited to inscriptions and historical statements of fact
    to be approved by appropriate official agencies of the War and Navy Departments
    of the United States before receiving approval of the commission? Is
    not that the extent of the control which the Government exercises over this
    Mr. HUSTED. No ; it provides further that the designs, I think, must be submitted
    to the National Fine Arts Commission.
    The CHAIRMAN. Yes.
    Mr. HUSTED. They must approve the designs and then as to inscriptions and
    historical data it provides that they must be sanctioned for accuracy and sufficiency
    by the War Department.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. Who is to be paid under either of these bills for attending
    to the work?
    The CHAIRMAN. There is no provision for compensation for this commission.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. I am not in favor of a commission or anybody who is not
    paid to do the work and look after it.
    Mr. CONNALLY. They will have a stenographer to do it. The actual clerical
    work would be done out of this $10,000.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. Perhaps. But there ought to be somebody who has charge
    and attends to the work and follows it up ; a man who knows something about
    the erection of monuments and knows what a good monument is.
    Mr. CONNALLY. The War Department has a Regular Army officer who Is a
    secretary, who gets paid by the Government, who could be detailed to do this
    work. They could take an engineer officer, for instance, if need be.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. We have had a great deal of complaint recently from the
    chairman of one of the subcommittees about the Fine Arts Commission in
    Washington, where a man who takes a great interest in the work is paid
    from the library funds. I have not agreed with that criticism. I think it has
    been very detrimental to the Fine Arts Commission and to the work which
    they have performed here in Washington, and the complaint is because he is
    paid from the library fund. It seems to me we ought to have a fund to pay
    a man who attends to this work and not pay him from the War Department
    fund or any other fund.
    Mr. HUSTED. There is one other provision of the bill I would like to call
    attention to. and that is contained in section 4; and the bill provides that
    while contributions may be received by the commission from civil sources,
    that the funds shall be disbursed by the Quartermaster General of the Army
    only upon vouchers approved by the commission, so that the matter I think is

    adequately safeguarded from the standpoint of design, from the standpoint
    of expenditure, and, as I say, there is not any pride of authorship of it, certainly
    not so far as I am concerned, and I am sure there is not so far as the
    American society is concerned. We simply want to see the work well done,
    and done in a way that will adequately reflect the patriotism and the best
    artistic feeling and sense of the American people.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. Who is to be final judge of that part of it — of the artistic
    work, etc.?
    Mr. HUSTED. Of course, the commission has charge of it. The commission
    takes the initiative. The commission, however, can not put into execution
    any design which has not been approved by the National Fine Arts Commission,-
    and the commission can not place upon any memorial any inscription,
    any historical data, which has not been checked and sanctioned by the Quartermaster
    General of the Army; but under the bill the commission takes the
    initiative, as, of course, it must do in any work of this kind, and I think
    there should be civilian representation. Of course, you can provide for other
    representation if you want to. This bill does provide for other representation.
    It provides for the Secretary of State in the matter of international
    relations, names him as one of the commission, and provides that the ambassador
    of France and the ambassador of Belgium shall also be members of the
    commission, and for 10 civilians.
    Mr. MOORE of Virginia. Your point is made by the provision on page 2 of
    the War Department bill authorizing the employment of such personnel as
    may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the act. I think that was contemplated
    by the War Department in directing this bill, that, for instance, if
    there were some sculptors or architects in view who had special qualifications,
    such a one might be employed as one of the personnel authorized. I take it
    that would be their view.
    Mr. HUSTED. Undoubtedly it would be and, of course., I had particularly
    in mind Colonel Hayes. I feel that it would be very important that the Government
    if it uses any, avail itself of his services because of his eminent
    fitness and of his long experience, and I would' like to have Doctor Hall tell you
    something about that. He knows a great deal more about it than I do, and
    the work he has done for the Government. He has done this identical work
    and has done it extremely well, and I think he has devoted to it a very considerable
    share of his own funds in the prosecution of the work.
    Mr. MOOBE of Virginia. What I have in mind is that they could bring in
    some architect or some sculptor to do that class of work who would see that
    it was not done in a bungling way.
    Mr. HUSTED. Quite right.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. It would have to be passed on by the Fine Arts Commission.
    Mr. HUSTED. Yes ; in any event under the bill that I introduced.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. Could not Colonel Hayes be secured under the terms of
    this bill?
    Mr. HUSTED. He could be secured, but a man of Colonel Hayes eminence
    would probably prefer to serve as a member of the commission without pay
    rather than to be compensated. I doubt very much if his services could be
    secured in that way.
    The CHAIRMAN. You wish to call a witness?

    Mr. LINTHICUM. I had in mind that if the National Government erected one
    central memorial that it might be well to get groups of citizens interested, and
    there would be some sentiment displayed by the people themselves in the
    various States of the Union interested in the erection of memorials under the
    Husted bill, rather than have the National Government appropriate the money.
    Doctor HALL. You are absolutely right.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. It does not seem to me there would be very much sentiment
    if the National Government is going to defray all of the bill. But if the people
    of the various States of the Union do it, I think it would be a greater expression
    of feeling, sentiment, and love than any other way.
    Doctor HALL. I think that is true.

    … Mr. LINTHICUM. In my statement I had in mind the splendid work being done
    by Miss Ann Morgan and Mrs. Sartoris in the erection of schoolhouses in
    France by which that same cooperation is secured and every pupil in every
    school have studies to cooperate in and they erect a school in the name of the
    State. It seems to me that creates a greater sentiment. It gets the children
    not only interested in their work and it makes them) when they get to France
    want to see about those things that they are interested in.
    Doctor HALL. Yes, sir.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. I thought that perhaps the State, for instance, my State,
    where our boys displayed such valor, might want to erect a monument, and
    might not want the National Government to give them money for it, the people
    themselves would want to do it, and would not want to take it from State
    funds, but would want individuals to contribute that money. Could that not
    be done under the Porter bill?
    Doctor HALL. Yes, sir ; because you will find embodied in there the same idea
    expressed in the Husted bill, that the commission can receive private funds
    for that purpose. But, as I say, by having a civilian representation on the
    commission you will evoke from those who would give more readily than if
    you have a purely military or official commission.
    Mr. SABATH. Section 4 provides that the commission is authorized to receive
    funds from any State, municipality, or private source for the purpose of this act.
    The CHAIRMAN. Section 7. Mr. Linthicum, states : "
    That the commission is authorized and directed to cooperate with American
    citizens, States, municipalities, and associations desiring to erect war
    memorials in France, Belgium, and Italy, by communicating with the appropriate
    authorities in those countries and in such other manner as may be determined
    by the commission."
    Mr. SABATH. Does section 7 say anything about funds? Section 4 does.
    The CHAIRMAN. Section 7 does. It provides for cooperation.
    Mr. SABATH. Section 4 provides for private funds, subscriptions, and everything
    Mr. LINTHICUM. What do you think of the suggestion of the gentleman from
    Virginia that the commission have no more than three members, allowing
    for the appointment of civilians — three or four civilians — which would five
    Colonel Hayes and such men as President Butler, men who have taken great
    interest in these affairs, give the President a sufficient chance to appoint three
    or four of such men on this commission along with the other men mentioned
    in your bill?...

    memorial to our soldiers, and I am very sure that President Harding will say
    they put something over on him, as he asked me to prepare the one I have
    already prepared.
    Mr. LINTHICUM. My idea about this was not that I did not want the Government
    to do everything necessary to provide the monuments and markers
    on the battle fields, but I thought it would better represent the sentiment and
    love of the people to allow them to take part in it and to become a part of
    this great work, rather than to have it out of the cold Treasury of the United
    merican Battle Monuments Commission: Hearings Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Sixty-seventh Congress, Second and Third Sessions, on H.R. 9634 and H.R. 10801, for the Creation of an American Battle Monuments Commission to Erect Suitable Memorials Commemorating ...United States Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs, Committee on Foreign Affairs, United States, Congress, House, Published by Govt. print. off., 1922

    Representative Linthicum Back From South America

    Marylander Sent to Select Sites for Buildings To House U.S. Embassies and Consular and Commerce Department Offices.

    New York, Jan. 7 (Special)- Representative J. Charles Linthicum, Maryland, arrived in New York this morning following a tour of South America.

    He was accompanied by Mrs. Linthicum.

    He is returning to Washington to assume his duties in Congress.

    Sought Building Sites

    Mr. Linthicum made the trip for the Foreign Service Building Commission, which is composed of Secretaries Kellogg, Mellon and Whiting, Senators Borah and Swanson and Representatives Linthicum and Porter.

    The purpose of this trip was to select the sites in South American countries in which the United States Government will erect buildings to house embassies, legations, consular and Department of Commerce offices.

    Thirty-Three Projects under Way

    Representative Linthicum said there were thirty-three such projects by the United States Government underway all over the world.

    The vessel on which Mr.. Linthicum returned came from Peru and Chile by way of the Panama Canal and Havana.  Capt. W. C. Benaut, her commander, said the receptions accorded President-elect Hoover in South America exceeded in popular enthusiasm anything he had ever witnessed before in those countries.

    -The Baltimore Sun, Jan. 8, 1929.


    1931 The Moses-Linthicum Act on the Foreign Service

    "An Act for the Grading and Classification of Clerks in the Foreign Service . .
    . (Moses-Linthicum Act), 71st Cong., 3d Sess. (1931), 46 US Statues 1207 ..

    See:EC Stowell - American Journal of International Law, 1931 -

    "To rectify deficiencies in the Rogers Act, on February 23, 1931, Congress enacted the Moses-Linthicum Act. Constituting a revised, comprehensive, organic act for the Foreign Service, although it reiterated much of the Rogers Act, it ranked Foreign Service officers in eight regular classes, plus unclassified officers, increased their salaries ranging from $3,500 to $10,000 annually, and provided for annual leaves, sick leaves of absence, and other details concerned with commissioning and retirement arrangements.

    Innovative in two major respects, it reorganized the Foreign Service Personnel Board and modified arrangements respecting the overseas clerical staff. It formulated elaborate regulations to govern the Personnel Board's composition, authority, and functions concerning matters of compiling and appraising efficiency reports of officers and maintaining confidentiality of their correspondence and records (except for the President, the Secretary of State, and Board members). It supplemented these matters with specifications pertaining to automatic within grade salary increases, special allowances, and improvements in the retirement program.  It also revised and regularized the system of diplomatic clerks, organizing them in two categories consisting of senior clerks arranged in five classes and junior clerks in three classes, with annual salaries ranging from $2,750 to $4,000, and it dealt with their appointment, advancement, and special living expenses.

    The Moses-Linthicum Act also updated and improved the organization and management of the Foreign Service. Assessing this revision in 1934 Assistant Secretary Wilbur Carr, who played a major role in devising the substance of the acts of 1924 and 1931 and who has been called the "Father of the Foreign Service." observed that "the Foreign Service had finally attained the goal for which Presidents, Secretaries of State, and the businessmen of the country had striven for years"

    -U.S. Department of State: A Reference History, Elmer Plischke. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999


    1932 World Court

    Introduced Resolution May 2, 1932. To enable the United States to pay a portion of the expenses of the Permanent Court of International Justice for 1932. Sent to House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs. Hearings were held on May 6, 13,20 and 24 of 1932.  The concept put forth by Linthicum was that by funding the court the United States could avoid funding other arbitrations which it had been funding such as in Sweden, Panama, Cuba, Egypt, Guatemala, Spain and Mexico. While saving money fair and just settlements could be made more efficient. June 15, 1932 the Resolution reached the floor of the house.

    -Source:"The Linthicum Resolution on the World Court",,MO Hudson - American Journal of International Law, 1932



    Oleomargarine And Creameries

    Oleomargarine: Hearing Before the Committee on Rules, House of Representatives, Seventieth Congress, First Session, on H. R. 10958 ...

    By Committee on Rules, United States Congress. House. Committee on Rules, United States, Congress, House Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1928 Original from the Library of Congress

     I am in receipt of another letter from Mr. J. Chas. Linthicum, who requested that I interest our organization in the better conditions of dairy products, and his resolution received the proper investigation, and is most startling in its revelations. The investigation was made by the chiefs of the various departments of the Department of Agriculture, which includes some eminent scientists, and states that thousands of children under sixteen years contract bovine tuberculosis through eating butter and drinking . milk contaminated with bovine tubercular bacilli, and that 6,000 children under five years die every year of bovine tuberculosis. Much more is contained in this letter that 1 have not room to give, but Mr. Linthicum wishes all our members who agree with him that the above conditions should be changed, and for the enactment of a national inspection law to protect the children, to write to your congressman in care of the House of Representatives, Washington, D. C., expressing your views and asking him to favor this resolution for the above law.

    -The Railroad Telegrapher, Order of Railroad Telegraphers (U.S.), Order of Railroad Telegraphers (U.S., Order of Railroad Telegraphers, 1916
    Item notes: v.33:pt.1 (1916)1

    "The board of directors of the Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis at the monthly meeting last week adopted several resolutions which placed the association squarely on record regarding the further protection of dairy products in line with the resolution recently introduced by J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland in the House of Representatives."

    -"Demand Pure Dairy Food.", The Washington Post,, March 5, 1916, pg. ES12

    "Federal inspection of milk, butter, and dairy products entering into interstate commerce was advocated in the House today by J. Charles Linthicum, a Maryland Democrat, who has pending before the Rules Committee a resolution for a Congressional Investigation of "the truth of charges that milk, butter, ice cream, and other products of milk are in many cases, filthy, disease-breeding, and unfit for human consumption." "It is claimed" said Mr. Linthicum, "That many huge frauds discovered by the Internal Revenue Bureau have been committed by butter factories and butter dealers. These factories are free from Government inspection, and they are able to get in oils and artificial colorings and thereby greatly increase their output, which is sold as butter,. Thus the factories defraud the Government of its taxes and the consuming public in the character of article sold." According to Mr. Linthicum, Hoard's Dairyman, a dairy journal, says: "The large central creameries have been the chief, though not the only sinners. They have invaded the territory of the local creameries and forced them to let down the bars to all that is bad in cream."

    -"Asks Federal Dairy Law". The New York Times. April 2, 1916, pg. 18


    Maryland Politician

    Hon. J. Charles Linthicum, chairman of the Maryland educational
    commission, in his report to the governor, dated December 10. 19l0).
    made, among others, the following recommendations:
    1. Against state adoption and purchase of text-books (which had been proposed),
    but requiring the approval by the state school board of the selections of books and contracts for purchases made by county boards. Instead of the State
    making a specific provision of $150.000 annually for free text-books, as heretofore,
    it was recommended that county boards be required to furnish the necessary
    books to all pupils.
    II The devising of some plan for increasing the attendance at the State
    Normal School, or, falling that, the establishment by county boards of teachers'
    training classes in approved high schools.
    III. The establishment of a manual training department and a commercial
    course in each high school.
    IV. Provision for making education of an industrial character a part of the
    daily instruction of every colored school.
    V. The continuation of the school tax rate of 1C cents for general school
    VI. Financial aid to the colleges of the State In the form of scholarships,
    covering tuition fees and board, to be given to worthy young men and women,
    otherwise unable to go to college; this In view of the State having no university
    of its own.
    VII. The articulation of the courses of the various grades of instruction
    from the high school to the university. To this end is suggested " a committee
    or board to he composed of the presidents of the Johns Hopkins University, the
    colleges receiving state appropriations, and the state superintendent of education,
    who shall meet from time to time to consider the several curricula so as
    to prevent overlapping of work."
    VIII. Instruction in the elements of agriculture in all the schools, and a
    closer union between the state agricultural college and the public-school system.
    IX. The apportionment of the state school tax upon the basis of the number
    of children actually attending school, the number of teachers, and the county
    school tax.
    X. The formulation of some plan for expert county supervision.

    -Report of the Commissioner of Education., United States Office of Education, Government printing office, 1910,p.46,




    Lineage of Honorable J. Charles Linthicum
    From Thomas Linthicum, Sr.

    Thomas Linthicum, Sr., mar. Jane

    Gen. II-D Thomas Linthicum Jr., mar. June 22, 1698, Deborah Wayman, dau. of Leonard, Sr., and Dorcas Wayman.

    Gen. III-I Hezekiah, school-master, b. Nov. 7, 1723, mar. cir. 1750,Sarah Bateman, b. 1713, dau. of Henry and Sarah (Powell) Bateman.

    Gen. Iv-6 Abner, Sr., b. 1763, mar. 1791, Rachel Jacob, gr. dau. of Richard, Sr., and Hannah (Howard) Jacob.

    D William b. 1798, mar. 1823, Betsy Sweetser, descendant of Roger Williams.

    1 Sweetser Linthicum b. 1824, mar 1847, Laura E. Smith, b. 1829, h.

    Children of Sweetser Linthicum Sr.

    Sweetser Linthicum Sr. and Family, Source: Ann Arrundell County Historical Society

    (Not Shown: Asa Shinn Linthicum, Sr., Victoria Linthicum)

    Elizabeth Valeria b. Dec. 17, 1847 d. Jan. 5, 1934

    James Smith b. Sept. 1`9, 1850, d. June, 1912.

    Annie Sweetser   b. Dec. 17, 1853, d. 1936

    William  b. Oct. 16, 1856, d. Feb. 24, 1934

    Asa Shinn b. Nov. 28, 1859, d. Jan. 4, 1897.

    Sweetser  Jr. b. July 4, 1869 d.1997

    Victoria April 17, 1865, d. April 11, 1867

    Honorable John Charles Linthicum b. 1867, d. 1932. For twenty-two years represented his District in Congress. Mar. (1) Nov. 28, 1893, Eugenia May Biden; mar. (2) Mar. 9, 1898, Helen A., Clarke. No Children.(The Linthicums adopted Helen's Nephew later known as: J. Charles Linthicum Junior following his 18th birthday)

    Dr. George Milton, b. Aug. 17, 1870 d. 1935

    Seth Hance b. July 26, 1873 d.1965

    Wade Hampton b. Feb. 14, 1876.d,1945

    -Genealogy of the Linthicum and Allied Families., Matilda, P. Badger, Baltimore, Md., 1934.,p.64.


    Masonic Biography

    Entered the Masons December 10, 1900

    Becomes Master Mason February 11, 1901

    Member: John H.B. Latrobe Lodge in Baltimore

    -Source: Maryland Grand Lodge.

    Sweetser Linthicum Feb. 19, 1991 notes
    The Life of Congressman John Charles Linthicum

    1658-Thomas Linthicum, Sr., "The settler" (Original spelling: Linscomb name changed to Linthicum at time of American Revolution) English/Welsh, eighteen years old at the time. Becomes tobacco planter owning lands on West and South rivers and in Crofton Area.

    1699- Willed plantation-"Linthicum Walks" near Crofton to Thomas, Jr. Son. Descendant of Thomas Jr. Abner living at Linthicum Walks moves to North Anne Arundel County February, 28, 1801 purchased tract of land "Andover" from Richard Ridgely. Becomes Linthicum Heights.

    1857- Twin Oaks, home of Charles Linthicum,built by grandfather William Linthicum.

    November 26, 1867- Born, "Turkey Hill" Linthicum Heights, Anne Arundel County, Maryland.  Parents: Sweetser and Laura Ellen Linthicum

    1801- Settlement-Sweetser Linthicum Sr., father of J. Charles, was  large land owner and farmer. Property on the North side of the Patapsco River, Baltimore County. Owned wharf on the Patapsco and owned a boat used to ship produce to Baltimore. Farm required large number of workers who settled nearby. A self sufficient community developed. "Uncle Charley" grew up on this farm.

     Charles helped with chores on the farm. Was known as ambitious and energetic. Liked riding farm boat and wagons going to markets in the city. He hauled ice from the Patapsco River in Winter. The home place had an ice house. J. Charles loved ice skating on the pond (now parking lot and field of St. John's Lutheran Church, Maple Road, Linthicum Heights.

    Education: Attended Anne Arundel County and Baltimore City public schools. Wanted to become a teacher.

    1886- Graduated Maryland State Normal School, Baltimore. 19 years old

    1886-7 Taught in Anne Arundel County

    1887- Transferred to Frederick County becomes principal of Braddock School.

    Entered Johns Hopkins University studying Political History and economics. Takes up interest in law and politics.

    1890- Graduates University of Maryland Law School, opens law practice with partner brother Seth H. Linthicum, Sr., Baltimore City. Partnership lasted for the rest of Charles' life.(1932)

    1893- Marries Eugenia May Biden and lived in Baltimore. No children.

    1897- Eugenia Dies.

    1898- J. Charles marries Helen A. Perry Clarke, widow, Father was Dr. John L. Perry of Saratoga Springs, New York. Ancestor was Captain Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero of war of 1812.  There were no natural children. . Helen assisted with the political career.

    1933, Feb. 17, Memorial U.S. Rep. Cole of Md. :Mrs. Linthicum's devotion to him was a matter of knowledge to all of his friends in the House. Their home was open to all of us, and the hospitality of tat home which most of us enjoyed will live in our memories for all time."

    1903- Ran for the Maryland House of Delegates, Third Legislative District, Baltimore City.

    1905- Due to success runs for State senate. Hotly contested election. Serves in the Senate till 1911.

    1908- Election, Served also as Presidential elector Dem. for William Jennings Bryan and Kern.

    1908-1911- Serves as Judge Advocate General to Governor Austin L. Crothers.

    1908- With his brothers: Seth H. Linthicum, Sr., Wade Hampton Linthicum, Dr. George Milton Linthicum and Sweetser Linthicum Sr. forms Linthicum Heights Company. Purpose was to develop portions of family land-originally settled by Abner Linthicum.\

    Linthicum Heights Developed: "Well-planned, "Beautiful" surrounding Baltimore and Annapolis Short Line Railroad (Later becomes Washington, Baltimore & Annapolis Railroad)

    Upon securing possession of the land, the "Linthicum men" thought that from an economic standpoint real estate development would prove more profitable than farming culture. They had all attended St. John's College (formerly King's College and one of the first established in America and doubtlessly among the social sciences they had encountered that magic subject, economics. Besides their study of economics in college and legalities in law school (they were all lawyers) an enterprising spirit prevailed among them and in June 1908, they formed the Linthicum Heights Company with a view towards developing into a residential section part of the land included in their large farm"

    -Mary Delmah Linthicum,"A Brief History of Linthicum Heights and Vicinity from 1908-1959.", In: Oscar "Skip" Booth and Nowell, Beth P. eds. The Train Passes Through It.,  Linthicum Centennial Committee, 2008. p.54.


    Charley Linthicum, proud of community, attends church suppers, bazaars, carnivals and community affairs. He made his home  "Twin Oaks" available for these events held on the lawn.  (most events were held adjacent to the Old Town Hall near intersection of Maple and Camp Mead Roads)

    1909- Linthicum Heights Company gives two lots on the North East corner of Maple and Camp Meade roads to Linthicum Heights Methodist Protestant Church.  (a "pretty" gray stone church was erected becoming: Linthicum Heights United Methodist Church. Charles and brothers and sisters donate stained glass window "The Good Shepherd" in memory of their parents: Sweetser and Laura Ellen Linthicum. John Charles' wife Helen donates a large bell in memory of her niece, Mrs. Virginia Perry Dillon. Later the church moves to School Lane. Money via John Charles Linthicum's will funds 15 metal-bell carillon. Bells are inscribed "to the glory of God and in honor of his wife Helen A. Linthicum." Bell remains in the grey stone church.

    1910- Democratic candidate for United States Congress( House of Representatives) Fourth District of Baltimore City.

    1911- Elected to 62nd congress March 4. (served until 1932.

    Accomplishments- Erection of U.S. Post Office and Federal Court Building, Baltimore additionally- Marine Hospital, Veterans Hospital, Appraisers Store. Helped to enlarge and improve port of Baltimore, preservation of Fort McHenry, Erection at Fort McHenry of Francis Scott Key Monument dedicated also to soldiers and sailors of War of 1812, helps fund via appropriation the restoration of warship "Constellation.

    He supported veterans and veterans organizations.

    Was concerned about conservation and environment and natural resources.

    Favors low tariff. Supports World Court, Friend and supporter of Woodrow Wilson.

    Did not drink, opposed Prohibition

    1918- Bill establishing "The Star-Spangled Banner" as national anthem introduced.  "Perhaps Congressman Linthicum's best known legislation". Works with Mrs. Ruben Ross Halloway, Society of the War of 1812., Daughters of the American Revolution and Sons of the American Revolution, American Legion, Veterans of Foreign wars and others. Petition of almost 5 million names supported the legislation.

    1927- Becomes chairman of Anti- Prohibition Lobby. Responsible for repeal of 18th Amendment. (He thought Volstead Act "infringed upon the rights of the people and did more harm that good for the nation.

    1930- April Star Spangled Banner Bill passed

    1931-  March, 3 Star Spangled banner bill signed into law by president Hoover.

    1981- March 3, Ceremony and reception held Fort McHenry recognizing work on Star Spangled Banner legislation. Linthicum Family members in Attendance.

    Highest honor was succession to chairmanship of Foreign Affairs Committee of House of Representatives. Supported Foreign Service helps pass legislation improving ad updating service and construction of new embassies in foreign countries.

    Congressman Stephen Gambrill"
    Through his efforts as a member of this committee and through the social contacts of his wife and himself with the representatives of foreign governments in Washington, he did much to preserve for tis country the friendship of and cordial relations with the nations of the world."

    J. Charles and Helen were extensive travelers. Visited foreign counties frequently officially and as ordinary citizens.

    1968- Towson State University dedicates "Linthicum Hall" in his honor. Charles and Helen established a number of scholarships at the university. He was closer to the Normal School than to other institutions.  He was instrumental in getting state approval for construction of the Towson campus. Normal School becomes State Teachers College, then Towson Sate University.

    Linthicums maintained residence (legal) 705 St. Paul Street, Baltimore. Four-story brick, large rooms, high ceilings beautiful wood paneling. Antiques and mementos from their travels.

    When Congress was in session they lived at Hotel Roosevelt, Washington. Entertaining political, civilian and military people


    "His great love"- country home, Linthicum Heights, "Twin Oaks," two and one-half story brick home. On one of highest elevations in area. Built by Congressman Linthicum's grandfather, William Linthicum, 1857. Home gets name from large oaks in front (no longer there). Charles got the home and 130 acres from his father, Sweetser Linthicum, Sr. Charles furnished it with things from travels including statuary, exotic plants, trees, It had a landscaped lawn. (Listed on the Maryland Register of Historic Places) Dignitaries entertained there: William Jennings Bryan and General Douglas MacArthur. House exists with 5 acres of land. Owned at time or writing by Colonel Seth H., Linthicum, Jr., U.S., Army, Retired, and M. Jane Linthicum his wife. (nephew of Congressman Linthicum).

    "Uncle Charley kept several beautiful peacocks that roamed around the lawns" they chased people walking through the property. Lawns and statuary were impressive. Chauffer was Alec who drove a big limousine with seal of the United States

    .Twin Oaks Front hall (Maryland Historical Trust)

    Twin Oaks Ground Floor Fireplace (Maryland Historical Trust)

    1932- September 23, Charles hospitalized, carbuncle on neck. Blood stream infection compounded by diabetic condition.

    1932- October 5- died (candidate for 12th consecutive term as U.S. Congressman at the time the longest term of service of a Maryland representative)

    1932- Memorial service February 17.

    "Among the remarks made by his peers were that he was gentle, kind, considerate, patient, courtly, dignified, honest, tactful, and intelligent..

    Representative Bloom of New York: "his personality is the heritage which will be ever treasured in the memory of his friends and associates."

    Congressman Goldsborough: "Truly a fine figure."

    The Baltimore Sun: "He had a way of life."

    Sweetser Linthicum Jr.: "he was indeed a gentleman of the old school with all those fine characteristics that go with it."

    "Uncle Charley,"

    "plain person who loved his family and fellow man and was friendly and kind to all. I remember one Halloween night when Aunt Helen and Uncle Charley invited our family to "Twin Oaks." My parents, Wade Hampton and Mary Delmah Linthicum, and my two sisters, Mary Del and Matilda, and I arrived fully costumed and masked.  A big-time was had in guessing who was who.  It was a happy time and everyone enjoyed the evening, especially Aunt Helen and Uncle Charley.  We children felt that we had been well behaved, because we had remembered our parents warning not to sit on Aunt Helen's fragile musical chair. (It actually played pretty music when one sat on it.) Another time was when Uncle Charley wanted to listen to the Dempsey-Tunney prize fight, which I understand was the first boxing championship event ever broadcast. Knowing that we had a radio, he phoned us from "Twin Oaks" and asked if he and Aunt Helen could come over to listen to this great sporting event.  We were pleased to have them, and everyone huddled together around the radio and listened to the fight. They were both enthusiastic listeners. They also entertained members of the various Linthicum families who were sometime accompanied by their children.  Our hosts both loved children. If invited for lunch or dinner the adults would be served in the main dining room and the children would eat at the same time in a smaller adjoining room.  Children and adults both enjoyed the same food and formal services by the staff.  Uncle Charley was always closely attached to his brothers and sisters and interested in their loves and welfare.

    -Swetser Linthicum, Jr. Esq. The Life of Congressman John Charles Linthicum., Original Manuscript, Anne Arundel County Historical Society, February 19, 1991.


    Oil on canvas, Thomas C. Corner, 1932, Collection of U.S. House of Representatives


    LINTHICUM, John Charles, a Representative from Maryland; born near Baltimore, in the locality now known as Linthicum Heights, Anne Arundel County, Md., November 26, 1867; attended the public schools of that county and Baltimore; was graduated from the State normal school in Baltimore in 1886; principal of Braddock School, Frederick County, in 1887, and taught in the schools of Anne Arundel County; studied history and political science at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore; was graduated from the law department of the University of Maryland at Baltimore in 1890; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Baltimore in 1890; member of the State house of delegates in 1904 and 1905; served in the State senate 1906-1909; unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Baltimore in 1907; judge advocate general on the staff of Gov. Austin L. Crothers 1908-1912; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1911, until his death; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Seventy-second Congress); had been re-nominated to the Seventy-third Congress at the time of his death; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1924; died in Baltimore, Md., October 5, 1932; interment in Druid Ridge Cemetery. (source as photo above)


    JOHN CHARLES LINTHICUM, Democrat, of Baltimore, was born at Linthicum
    Heights, Anne Arundel County, Md., on November 26, 1867. He received his early
    education in the public schools of that county and of Baltimore city, later entering the
    State Normal School, from which he graduated in 1886, when he became principal of
    Braddock School, Frederick County, and later taught school in his native county of
    Anne Arundel ; returning to Baltimore he took a special course in the historical and
    political department of the Johns Hopkins University, after which he entered the
    University of Maryland school of law, from which he obtained his degree of LL. B.
    in 1890; has ever since practiced law in the city of Baltimore, some years ago having
    associated with himself his brother, Seth Hance Linthicum, under the firm name
    of J. Chas. Linthicum & Bro. ; in 1903 was elected to the house of delegates from the
    third legislative district of Baltimore city. During the session of 1904 he was chairman
    of the city delegation, chairman of the elections committee, a member of the
    judiciary committee, and of the printing committee. In 1905 he was nominated to
    the State senate from his district, and was duly elected in November of that year,
    and in 1907 was reelected; in 1908 was elected a presidential elector; was appointed
    in 1908 by his Excellency Gov. Crothers as judge advocate general upon his staff.
    He has always been a Democrat, and taken a great interest in party affairs and especially
    in the welfare and prosperity of his city. He is married, residing at 705 St.
    Paul Street, Baltimore, his wife being Helen A. Perry, a daughter of the late Dr.
    John L. Perry and Harriet Sadler Perry, of Saratoga Springs, N. Y.; was elected to
    the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, and Sixty-sixth Congresses,
    and reelected to the Sixty-seventh Congress against William 0. Atwood, the Republican


    Published by , 1922

    J. Charles Linthicum (November 26, 1867-October 5, 1932) was a U.S. Congressman from the 4th Congressional district of Maryland, serving from 1911 to 1932.

    Linthicum was born near Baltimore, Maryland, in the locality now known as Linthicum Heights, Maryland, and attended the public schools of Anne Arundel County and Baltimore. He graduated from the State normal school in Baltimore in 1886, and became principal of the Braddock School in Frederick County, Maryland in 1887. He also taught in the schools of Anne Arundel County, and studied history and political science at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He graduated from the law department of the University of Maryland at Baltimore in 1890, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Baltimore in 1890.

    Linthicum served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1904 and 1905, and in the Maryland State Senate from 1906 to 1909. He was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Baltimore in 1907, and was a judge advocate general on the staff of Maryland Governor Austin Lane Crothers from 1908 to 1912. He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1911, until his death. During the Seventy-second Congress, he served as chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, and had been re-nominated to the Seventy-third Congress at the time of his death. Linthicum had also served as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1924. He died in Baltimore, and is interred in Druid Ridge Cemetery.

    Mr. Linthicum was born at Linthicum, Anne Arundel
    County, November 26, 1867, and received his early education
    in the public schools of that county and Baltimore City, later
    entering the State Normal School, from which he graduated
    in 1886. He taught for some time and then returned to Baltimore
    City, taking a special course in the Historical-Political
    Department, after1 which he entered the University of
    Maryland School of Law, where he graduated in 1890. He
    has since practiced law, being the senior member of the firm •
    of J. Charles Linthicum & Bro. He is also Professor 01
    Medical Jurisprudence in the Maryland Medical College of
    Baltimore, which conferred the honorary degree of M.D.
    upon him. Mr. Linthicum has always been a Democrat, and
    of recent years has taken a great interest in party affairs,
    though he has never held any public office. He is married,
    his wife being formerly Mrs. Gabriel D. Clark, nee Helen A.
    Perry of Saratoga, New York. Maryland Manual - Page 257

    by Maryland Office of the Secretary of State - Maryland - 1903


    Newspaper Sources

    Hymeneal. Seagle-Elkins. A wedding took place yesterday afternoon at the Immaculate Conception church, Baltimore.  The contracting parties were Miss. Kathryne Ellkins and Mr. William A. Keagle Jr. The ceremony was performed by Rev. William McCormick.  The maids of honor were Missw Eugenia M. Biden and Miss. Agnes L. Herrlich.  The ushers were Albert B. Seidenstricker, J. Charles Linthicum

    - News | Frederick, Maryland | Thursday, April 20, 1893 | Page 3

    Hymeneal. Linthicum-Biden, Fayette Street M. E. Church, Baltimore was crowded Tuesday night of last week, the occasion being the nuptials of Miss. Eugenia May Biden, well known and related in Frederick, and Mr. J. Charles Linthicum.  The ceremony was performed by Rev. J. B. Stitt, pastor of the church. The bride wore a frock of white satin en traine, trimmed with lace, and wore diamond ornaments.  She carried an immense bunch of white chrysanthemums, tied with white satin ribbon.  The bridesmaids were Miss. Ada Biden, Miss May Beason, Miss. Clara Divens and Miss. Julia Biden. They were simply attired in cream silk gowns trimmed with lace. Each carried a bunch of pink chrysanthemums, held together with ribbon of corresponding shade. Dr. G. Milton Linthicum acted as best man. The ushers were Wm. T. Markland, Jr., Dr. William Sl Love, Samuel S. Linthicum, Harry M. Biden and Wm. Biden. Miss Lillian Biden and Master Edgar S. Benson acted as pages and followed the bridal party to the altar, carrying a wreath of chrysanthemums. A reception was held at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Edward S. Biden, parents of the bride, 1329 West Lombard Street. Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum left for a tour North.

    -News | Frederick, Maryland | Wednesday, December 06, 1893 | Page

    LINTHICUM, - On February 25, 1897, at 1:30 A.M.,
    EUGENIA B., beloved wife of J. Charles Linthicum,
    and only child of Edward Biden.
    Relatives and friends of the family are respectfully
    invited to attend the funeral, from her late residence,
    No. 2163 Druid Hill avenue, this (Saturday)
    morning, at eleven o'clock. Interment private.
    -The Sun (Baltimore) Saturday Morning, February 27, 1897

    Linthicum- In remembrance of my niece, Eugenia B. Linthicum, who died one year ago today, February 25,1897

    Dear Eugenia could you speak to us,
    And could you live again,
    Our longing hearts would then be healed,
    But this we wish in vain,
    Our hearts are sad and lonely now,
    Our grief too deep to tell
    But time will come, to us so soon
    That we may with you dwell.
    You are not forgotten, Eugenia, dear,
    Nor ever will you be
    For as long as life and memory lasts,
    We will always remember thee.
    By her Aunt. Mrs. Mary Diven.

    -The Sun; 02-25-1898; Volume: CXXII; Issue: 87; Page: 4


    "She is Now Mrs. Linthicum. The Widow of Gabriel D. Clark Married to one of the Younger Members of the Baltimore Bar. The Marriage of Mrs. Helen A. Clark and Mr. J. Charles Linthicum took place yesterday at Emmanuel Protestant Episcopal Church, in the presence of a large gathering of friends. Rev. J. H. Eccleston, rector of the parish, officiated. Mrs. Clark is the widow of Gabriel D. Clark, a well known and wealthy Jeweler of Baltimore who died December 8, 1896. She was Mr. Clark's second wife. Mr. Linthicum is one of the younger members of the Baltimore bar.  Mr. Linthicum was married before, his wife dying about two years ago.

    Although no invitations were issued for the wedding, long before 1oclock, the hour set for the ceremony, a throng gathered about the church, while many secured seats within the edifice. The bride and groom entered the church accompanied by Dr. John L. Perry, proprietor of the United States Hotel, Saratoga, N.Y., a brother of Mrs. Clark, and Dr. George Milton Linthicum, a brother of the groom.  There were no other attendants. The organ remained silent during the procession to and from the cancel and during the ceremony,

    The bride wore a traveling gown of grey broadcloth, with hat and gloves to match, and carried a large bouquet of Bride roses.  Immediately after the ceremony Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum left for an extended trip South. On their return they will occupy the bride's home, 705 St. Paul Street.

    A number of the bride's relatives and friends from other States witnessed the ceremony.  These included besides Dr. Perry, her nephew, Mr. John T. McCaffrey, of New York, of the Gllsey House staff, and Ms. McCaffrey, Mrs. Clark's cousin; Mr. Lafayette II. Wyatt, of Springfield, Mass., and Mrs. Wyatt; Mr. and Mrs. A.A.Allen of Geneva, N.Y.; Miss. Emily Lockwood, of New York city Mrs. Margaret Graham, of Malone N.Y., an Rev. Dr. Mesere, of Springfield, Mass.?

    -Baltimore Sun, March 10, 1898, Vol. CXXII, Iss. 98, p.10


    John Charles and Helen A. Linthicum c. 1900
    Source: Ann Arrundell Co. Historical Society

    "Booked on the Hohenzollern, sailing today for Genoa, via Gibraltar and Naples, there are booked among others,….Mr. and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum of Baltimore.

    -"What is Doing in Society.", New York Times, June 22, 1901, pg. 9

    Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum Home

    Traveled In Three Continents For Over Six Months.

    Mr. and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, 705 St. Paul Street, reached Baltimore on Saturday after and extensive tour through Europe, Asia Minor and Northern Africa, which began with their departure from New York for Naples on June 22, 1903. About five weeks were spent in the principal Italian cities including Florence, Rome and Venice.  The travelers went by way of the Italian lakes to Switzerland, entering the mountain republic over the  Furca and Grimsel passes.  Interlaken and Basle were visited and then a jump was made to Paris, where they remained three weeks.  London was the next stop, and then they spent some weeks traveling through the North of England and Scotland.  The Glasgow Exposition was visited and Mr. Linthicum says it was a decided success, the number of strangers in the town being so great that he and his wife were obliged to give up their rooms at the hotel after a stay of a few days.

    Ireland was included to the itinerary, Belfast, Dublin and, other cities receiving a call. Mr. Linthicum was much struck with the progressiveness of Belfast, which he describes as growing rapidly.

    London was revisited and the couple was joined by Mr. Linthicum's sister, Mrs. J.  K. Benson, of this city.  From London the party went to Constantinople, visiting on the way Vienna, Budapest and Sofia. Of the latter part of the trip Mr. Linthicum says:

    "We arrived in Constantinople a few days after the capture of Miss. Stone by the brigands and found it a chief topic of conversation.  I heard no one express the opinion that she was taken for political reasons, and the only idea advanced was that the brigands needed the money.  We found Constantinople and all the other parts of Turkey we saw miserably governed and everybody looking for tips.  Servia was not a great deal better.  The Turkish capital has been so often described that it is not necessary to go into a detailed account but no words can convey an adequate idea of the horrible odor which results from unsanitary conditions.  Turkey had established a quarantine against Alexandria and the boats were so delayed that we had some trouble in leaving.

    "From Constantinople we went to Athens. We saw the new stadium which is being built at a cost of about $5,000,000 and it is truly a magnificent sight, composed entirely of Pentelic marble.  They expect to finish it in three years. Smyrna was the next stop and thence we went to Ephesus, where the Germans are doing some great work in the way of excavating the old ruins.

    At Beirut we fond Americans performing a truly noble mission in the school which they have established there for people of all races.  Any money given to the school is certain to be well expended. We went to Damascus and from there to Baalbek, where we saw the wonderful stones which were erected by the early Greeks or the Phoenicians.  One of them is 66 feet long and the other 63, while both measure about 13 feet in width by 14 feet in thickness. Another one, 69 feet long, is in the quarry where it was cut but never removed.

    We were much interested in what we saw in Palestine, especially in the work being done by Baron Rothschild and his friends in the way of colonizing Russian and Polish Jews there. The colonists seem to be getting along fairly well.  Trade schools have been opened in which both Gentiles and Jews are taught and they are accomplishing excellent results.  There is great poverty in Jerusalem and the Jews we saw there are mostly of a puny, sickly build.

    We went up the Nile to the First Cataract and spent much time examining the excavations. We visited the Pyramids, but did not think they were as remarkable as the tombs and monuments. Down in some of the tombs, more than 100 feet below the surface are carvings which must have been done by the flickering light of a torch, but which are so clear cut as if done in broad day and are better than we could do at present with the aid of an electric light.  We met in Egypt Mr. John Ward, editor of "Pyramids and Progress," and famous as an Egyptologist.

    The new barrage or dam, just above Assouan, is a marvelous piece of work. It is now employing 5,000 men and will be completed in about a year.  It is 70 feet high, 60 feet wide at the base and 24 feet wide at the top.  It will prove of inestimable value for irrigation purposes.

    We left Egypt at Port Said and returned home by way of Marseilles, Paris and New York."


    -Baltimore Sun., January 14, 1902, Vol: CXXX, Issue 59, p. 6.

    Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum Hosts

    A beautifully appointed Christmas dinner was given last night by Mr. and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum at their residence, 705 St. Paul Street.

    The drawing room suite was exquisitely decorated with crimson berried holly, mistletoe and smilax caught with luxuriant bows of crimson satin ribbon, while vases were filled with American Beauty and LaFrance roses.  The dining room was adorned with evergreens and American Beauty roses and lighted with red shaded wax tapers, and the place cards were decorated with wreaths of holly and mistletoe encircling the date of the entertainment and initials of the host and hostess. Stringed orchestra music was rendered during the evening by Steinwald's Orchestra.

    Covers were laid for 16 guests, among whom were:…

    -The Sun.,December 27, 1904, Vol. CXXXVI, Issue 41, p. 6.


    Mr. J. Chas. Linthicum

    Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, whose endorsement for the State Senate appears in the advertising columns of the Sun today, was born in Anne Arundel county about 38 years ago.  He was educated in the public schools of his county and Baltimore city. He graduated from the State Normal School and taught school in Frederick and Anne Arundel counties.  Afterward he took a two years' course in history and political economy at the Johns Hopkins University and in 1890 (?) graduated from the law school of the University of Maryland.  since then he has been practicing law in Baltimore.  The firm is now J. Charles Linthicum & Brother., his partner being his brother, Seth Hance Linthicum.


    Mr. Linthicum was chairman of the city delegation in the last Legislature, the Chairman of the Election Committee, and an active member of the Judiciary Committee.  He was an ardent supporter of the Haman Oyster Bill, the Sewerage bill, and the many necessary measures passed in the interest of Baltimore city.  The Dock Improvement Loan was introduced by him and subsequently passed, as also the bills for new schools and additional fire engines and apparatus.  Mr. Linthicum was one of Senator Rayners supporters, speaking in his interest on the floor of the House and taking part in all the important discussions.


    Mr. Linthicum is married, his wife having formerly been Miss Perry of Saratoga. She was the widow of the late Gabriel D. Clark when she married Mr. Linthicum.


    -Baltimore Sun, May 20, 1905, Vol. CXXXVII, Issue 13, P. 12.


    "Mr. Linthicum's Smoker. Mr. J. Charles Linthicum will hold a smoker tonight at Harlem Hall, Stricker attract (?)

    -July 1905, Baltimore American

    Mr. Linthicum Speaks Out

    Declares His Opposition to Proposed Changes In Laws.


    Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, who is a candidate in the Third Legislative district for the Democratic nomination for State Senator, declared yesterday his opposition to the proposed plan of taking the appointing power of the Police Commissioners and the Liquor License Board out of the Governor's hands.

    Mr. Linthicum said"

    "If I am nominated ad elected to the Senate I shall oppose  both measures and, in addition to this, desire to say that I shall oppose with all my force any change in the election law, especially any change which will confer absolute power upon te judges of election in either party."

    -The Sun, July 12, 1905, Vol. CXXXVII, Issue 57, p. 12.

    Mr. Linthicum Gives Smoker

    He announces His Position To 800 Third District Voters

    Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, candidate for the Democratic nomination for the State Senate from the Third district, aroused much enthusiasm among the 800 voters who attended the smoker given by him last night at Erdman's Hall, Biddle street and Central avenue.

    Mr. Linthicum stated his platform, made promises and reviewed his record in the house of delegates, but the greater part of his speech consisted of arguments against his opponent for the nomination, Mr. Isaac Lohe Straus.

    Mr. Bernard A. McNally presided and Mr. Michael Luber acted as secretary.  Both made short speeches. Mr. Linthicum said in part:

    "I come before you not as the candidate of any man or set of men, but as a consistent, staunch and true Democrat. I wish it distinctly understood that I am not fighting any organization, man or set of men, except in so far as they stand between me and the nomination for the State Senate.

    I am in favor of the Haman Oyster bill, and if nominated and elected I propose to make my fight for its passage from the beginning, and work with ever increasing energy until it becomes a law.  I am in favor of the passage of a Crawford County Primary Election Law, so that hereafter the people will have all the say in the nomination of their candidates.  I am in favor of the exemption of the improvement loans from State taxation.

    I desire it distinctly understood that I have only the most pleasant feelings for Mr. Straus personally, but his political record, as well as mine, belongs to the public and is open to discussion by any and every voter in the Democratic party.


    -Baltimore Sun, August 12,1905.

    Mr. Linthicum Retorts

    Says He Considers the Whipping Top An Emblem of Stability

    The speech of Mr. Isaac Lobe Straus in the Fourteenth ward Wednesday night when, in comparing the records of himself and his opponent in the Senatorial contest in the Third district, he referred to Mr. J. Charles Linthicum as a" whipping top" and himself as the "whip," was generally discussed yesterday.

    Mr. Linthicum in speaking of Mr. Straus' reference to himself, said:

    "I consider his "whipping top" an emblem of stability. In  the Pompeian Museum of Naples whipping tops rescued from the ruined city of Pompeii are to be found.  They are of the same shape and almost identically like those of today. Though 2,000 years have rolled around they are still made the same. Just such a Democrat am I. I was a Democrat when Mr. Straus was fighting the national ticket: I was a Democrat when he assumed the Republican leadership of the House of Delegates, and I will still be a Democrat when I clean him up at the primaries this fall.

    It is a great pity Mr. Straus does not explain his remarkable course in the Legislature of 1902, instead of endeavoring to attack me personally.  He need not abuse me, for I shall continue to carry my campaign directly to the voters for their decision, even if it does not meet with his approval, and even if he does term it a "claptrap method"


    -Baltimore Sun., August 24, 1905.

    Mr. Linthicum Has Tonsillitis

    Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, Democratic candidate for the State Senate in the Third Legislative district, has been confined to his home for several days by an attack of tonsillitis, but expects to be able to take part in the campaign this week.

    -Baltimore Sun., October 15, 1905,Vol. CXXXVII, Issue 152,p. 16.


    Members of the General Assembly of Md. 1905-11/9/05, Baltimore American .,Page 15.


    For the Haman Bill

    Senator J. Charles Linthicum Urges Its Prompt Passage.

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, in an address Thursday night before the Harlem Improvement Association, at its hall, Fremont, Near Edmonston Avenue forcibly pointed out the benefits to the whole State of the passage of the Hamas Oyster Culture Bill.


    He urged that the measure, as it will be presented to the Legislature at the present session, is, in his judgment, the proper solution of the great oyster problem, which is increasing in seriousness every year.


    Comparing the Haman to the Reth  (?)_ bill, he pointed out that under the latter there is no guarantee that there will ever be any leasing of the barren bottoms of the Chesapeake Bay, and all that is provided is for a survey.  This survey of the natural beds and bars, he said, was amply provided for in the Haman bill, and yet it was so drawn that there would be no delay in the revival of this great industry.


    He showed how in a few years under the Haman bill taxes in the city and counties would be lessened by the revenue that would be derived from the leased bottoms, and asserted that if he did not believe that this bill was in the interests of the oystermen as well as other classes of citizens, he would not advocate it.  The interests of the oystermen under it were fully protected, and they are given the first opportunity to take up land under the provisions of the bill.


    Senator Linthicum spoke of the tremendous public sentiment in favor of the Haman Bill and declared his belief that it would become a law at the present session of the Legislature.  He said that this was one of the maters to which he proposed to devote his energies at Annapolis and if he could succeed in bringing about its enactment he would feel that he had accomplished something worth while.


    It shall be my endeavor he said while in Annapolis to serve the people of any district, city and State to the very best of my ability and I desire the views and opinions of my constituents at all times. I, of course, am not aware of how far my work will be accelerated by appointments upon important committees of the Senate but am of the opinion that as the representative of you district, which comprises nearly a seventh of the population of the State of Maryland, and whose residents pay almost a sixth of the taxes thereof, I shall certainly be accorded by our president due and ample consideration.


    I realize many matters of vast importance to our citizens will come before the Legislature for its determination.  Our city before the great fire of 1904 was predominantly run on the line of too strict economy. Some streets were not improved and in many instances were sorely in need of repairs.  No business or city can be successfully conducted without expenditures necessary to keep it abreast with the times but there is, however, a happy medium: it is just as destructive to a city's progress to have too heavy taxation.  We have at least begun our sewerage system, which it will take years to complete.  Our Annex. will be improved by the expenditure of $2,000,000 spread over a term of four years, our parks will be added to and improved making them second to none in this country, and it is now intended to expend 2(?)5,000,000 on our streets and $?,000,000 for increased water supply.  All these improvements are necessary in order to modernize our city and establish it as a greater and better Baltimore.  We must not however, expect these improvements too rapidly. The expenditures should be graded so that our taxable basis may also have a chance to increase and thereby bring down the tax rate.  To great taxes will keep from (?) manufacturers and commerce which are absolutely necessary to the progress of all great cities. We should therefore endeavor to increase these industries as we increase our burdens.

    In my campaign for nomination and election I advocated a $5,000,000 loan for street improvements to be extended according to the Buffalo system. Upon this our City Solicitor has encrafted (?) the idea of a street paving commission.  I am not prepared tonight to give my views upon the appointment of a commission to do this work.  I am not in favor of too many commissions, which necessitate various clerks and other officials with large payrolls, but if after mature deliberation, we find there is a real necessity for such commission, would it not be better to do as was done in reference to the Annex loan? That is, place the work in the hands of some of our present city officials, thereby saving to the taxpayers increased salaries and expenditures, and at the same time procuring more efficient service.  Could not the heads of certain departments constitute this commission, with powers to select the streets to be paved and the paving material and have the work done by the City Engineer or in such other manner as the act might provide.  Then, too, no street should be paved with this improved pavement until all its sewerage arrangements have been fully completed after which, no person should be allowed to dig it up unless absolutely necessary….(rest of article not present in original)

    -Baltimore Sun, January 8, 1906, Vol. CXXXVIII, issue 53, p. 12.

    Sanatorium For Consumptives

    Senator Linthicum Asks An Appropriation of $25,000.

    (Special Dispatch to the Baltimore Sun.)

    The Sun Bureau, Annapolis, Feb. 13.-- Senator Linthicum introduced a bill to establish a State sanatorium for consumptives in the mountains of Maryland, also appropriating $5,000 for the aid and further extension of Eudowood Hospital for Consumptives near Towson.  The amount appropriated for the State sanatorium is $23,000. to be devoted largely to the acquisition of the necessary land.  Senator Linthicum is greatly interested in this  cause and will omit nothing to secure the enactment of his bill.

    He thinks that te State should aid and encourage the Eudowood hospital, because in that way individual efforts and charity can be stimulated, and he has no doubt that many bequests and gifts will come to Eudowood in the course of time, whereas if the State assumed the entire burden, individual effort and charity would cease.

    It is believed that if Mr. Linthicum's bill should pass the State could acquire a large tract of mountain land in the vicinity of Blue Ridge Summit where the climate is said to be peculiarly favorable to persons suffering with lung trouble.


    -The Sun. February 14, 1906, Vol. CXXXVIII, Issue: 90, p.1.


    "Richmond, Va., Feb. 20.-The Virginia-Maryland oyster commission named by the legislatures of the two States to devise an agreement as to the rights of each in the Potomac River with reference to oyster interests was organized to-day, with Senator J. Charles Linthicum, of the Maryland committee, chairman. The commission decided to close the Potomac River to Dredging for a period of two years…Marylanders, ayes 7, nos 1…

    -Votes to Close Potomac", The Washington Post., Feb. 21, 1906, pg. 9.


    January 16, 1907 Baltimore Sun

    "Smoked "Linthicum" Pipes. About 100 persons of the Twentieth ward attended a mass-meeting and smoker given last night to State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, Democratic candidate for mayor, at Forhainn Hall, Frederick Avenue and Payson street. Everyone present, even the speakers, took a pull on the "Linthicum" pipes.

    "I am in this fight to a finish," said Mr. Linthicum "and I am going to win. I have got the people with me and they are going to help my cause along.  If I am elected to the mayoralty chair I will see to it that every district in Baltimore is represented in my organization. I will see that we get improvements we are badly in need of, and will advertise this city in every hamlet and town throughout the States."

    Among the other speakers were R. E. Lee Hall, John Genaler, T. Tyler Gray and Booker T. Cliffe-2/6/07, p.13, Baltimore American.


    Mr. Linthicum and Japs

    Says He Would Be Just as Willing to Sit Beside A Negro

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum carried his fight for the Democratic mayoralty nomination into his own territory last evening, when he addressed a good-sized crowd of his supporters in the Twentieth ward at Frohainn Hall, Frederick avenue and Payson street.

    "Linthicum pipes" and plenty of tobacco aware provided, and everybody "took a long pull for Linthicum." The meeting was presided over b y Mr. George L. Harris, and those who sounded the praises of Mr. Linthicum were Messers R. E. Lee Hall, J. Tyler Gray, Bcoker Cliff, John Genaler and Paul M. Burnett.

    When Mr. Linthicum arose to talk he was loudly cheered and applauded.

    In the middle of hi speech he took occasion to talk about the Japanese, saying that they were not thinking of the Americans when they came over here, but only of the money they could make in this country. He also said that he would "in school just as leave sit alongside a negro with whom he grew up as occupy a seat with a Japanese."

    -The Sun., February 6, 1907, Vol. CXL, Issue 82, p. 14.

    Says Worse than Negro

    Mr. Linthicum Fears Japanese Coolie Invasion

    Being Crowded out of Japan

    Can Live On Four Cents A Day, He Declares-American Laborers Cannot Compete With Them


    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum in the course of his speech at a meeting in the interest of his Mayoralty candidacy Tuesday night in the Twentieth ward, made the statement that he would just as soon sit beside a negro with whom he had grown up in school as beside a Japanese.

    Mr. Linthicum, when asked yesterday concerning his statement, said.
    "The coolie laborers who are coming here from Japan are, in my opinion, not the equal of the best class of Negros here, I am not speaking of the high class of Japs, now, but of the coolie laborers, who are the ones that come here.  I regard Japanese immigration to this country as a distinct menace.

    The Japanese are increasing in their own country at a tremendous rate. I never saw such a nation for children and babies. When Mrs. Linthicum and I were in Japan last summer in the course of a half an hour a ride we counted 225 babies in arms along the roadway. We were coming from a fair given just outside of Tokyo and driving back to our hotel, I said to my wife. "I never saw so many babies in my life. You count the ones on your side and I'll count those on mine." We did so and before we got to the hotel Mrs. Linthicum had counted 115 and I had counted 119.


    Now, Japan is getting overcrowded and the conditions are becoming worse and worse every year.  A great part of the country is untillable, being mountainous and unproductive.  The coolies are being crowded out. The high class Japanese is as devoted to his country as is the Englishman to his or the American to his.  He looks down upon the coolies to a greater degree than we do upon the Negros and treat them with a great deal less consideration.  The consequence is that the coolies are emigrating from that overcrowded, unfertile land.  Crowds of them go to Formosa and Korea, but those places too, are bleak and desolate during a large part of the year.  When the coolies get the idea that they can come to America and make from $1.50 to $2.00 a day it is my fear that they will come in droves and that our people will be crowded out of California.

    Small airy and tough, the Japanese coolie can live on about 4 cents a day.  All he wants is a little rice and water, and as a laborer our laborers could not compete with him.  If they once get a firm foothold in the United States they will spread and multiply at an alarming rate, and they are distinctly not a desirable class of citizens.  I would a great deal rather sit beside some of the Negroes whom I have known than beside some of the Japanese coolies whom I have seen.


    -Baltimore Sun., February 7, 1907,Vol. CXL, Issue 83, p. 7.

    Mrs. Linthicum's Birthday

    Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum gave a pretty supper and card party, followed by refreshments, Tuesday evening at her home, 715 (?) St. Paul Street, in celebration of her birthday. Steinwald's Orchestra played during the evening. Among those present were….

    -The Sun., February 8, 1907, Vol. CXL, Issue: 84, p. 6.


    Mr. Linthicum At Bazaar

    Says He Likes Boy Soldiers And, He Buys Things At Many Booths

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, who is among the Democrats who are seeking the title of Mayor, was the speaker last night at the bazaar of the Boys' Brigade at Hasnner's Hall.

    He arrived early and had an opportunity to vote for Mayor, to try his luck at the grab-bags and to purchase home-made caramels before he was led to the stand for a speech.  By the time he was called on to speak he was able to express his opinion of the bazaar and to tell how much he enjoyed it.

    He has always thought much of boy soldiers he said, and some time ago proposed that military training be made part of the public school courses.

    Mr. George N. Numsen, who has been a favorite among the lady voters at the bazaar, was present.

    Tonight will be Governor's night. Governor Warfield and Mr. William Cabell Bruce will be the speakers.

    -The Sun, February 7, 1907, Vol. CXL, Issue 83, p. 13.


    Weak, Says Mr. Linthicum

    "The Man Rasin  And His Subagent Nominates" So Called.


    "The man Rasin and his subagent Brown nominates doesn't worry us." said State Senator Linthicum Last night as he sat in the lobby of the Hotel Rennert.

    "The only sensation occasioned us by the denomination is one of surprise." he continued "We are surprised that they would select such a weak man as Mr. Mahool. He is a very fine gentleman and a good Democrat, but outside his own ward, the Twelfth, he is scarcely known, and there was no demand for him in any section.

    :In this fight we won't see Mr. Mahool at all, we'll see through him and see Rasin and his gang of subagents.  We are glad that the organization has a candidate at last, for we can now go ahead and make a stronger fight.  We are in the fight to the finish, and don't anticipate any trouble in beating the organization.  The people are tired of having Rasin and his crowd do things for them.  This time the people are going to do the things themselves and to suit themselves."

    Mr. Linthicum was accompanied by Mr. J. Arthur Wlekham, member of the Board of Commissioners for Opening Streets, and Mr. J. Tyler Gray. They had been out campaigning Mr. George N. Num(?)en who was attending the banquet of the Baltimore Yacht Club, joined Senator Linthicum's party for a few minutes.

    -The Sun, February 24, 1907, Vol CXL, Issue 100, Page 20.

    Scores Ex-Governor

    Mr. Linthicum Calls Him "Subagent of Corporations."

    "List From Charles Street."

    Mayoralty Candidate Says One Will Be Sent To City Hall before Appointments Are Made.

    "Frank Brown is the subagent of the corporations- no more or no less" declared State Senator J. Charles Linthicum to an assemblage of enthusiastic voters at Schnellberg's Hall, corner of Pratt nad Payson streets, last night.

    Mr. Linthicum did no spare words in deprecating what he termed "corporation rule" and "boss nominations."

    "The real agent of the corporations." said he, "is the man who settled the crown of bossism on Governor Brown, and Mr. Brown is merely the subagent. But, fellow Democrats, we don't want any more corporation rule-we are tired of it.  We want a candidate named b y the people, and doesn't it seem hard that we can't get one? Look at the centralization in the party of our city! The time has arrived for a man to be nominated as Mayor of Baltimore.  We find the local leader who has controlled party affairs for some 40 years delegating his authority to ex Governor Brown, who selects for the 60,000 Democratic voters of the city a ticket which he says he intends to nominate through the machine which the local leader has built up.

    He said plainly that he is opposed to the Crawford county system, and that the people should have a candidate selected for them in convention.  We find him, upon the illness of our local leader, against whom all manner of fights have been waged to liberate the party from his rule, seizing the succession, completing the ticket and assuring the role of dictatoriship of party affairs, thrusting down the throats of 60,000 Democratic voters the ticket which he has selected, at the command of our self-constituted leader, without the intervention of even a committee and without public voice or demand.


    It is not a question of the men on the ticket, but it is a question as to whether the people intend to stand for a continuation of "boss rule" and lose for probably another half-century the right to select their own candidates and to do their own thinking, the method for which they have been fighting for, and now, at the dictation of one man, it may pass from them.

    I have been waging a fight for some years for the Crawford county system, so that the people might rule their own party affairs and not have it ruled by some individual.  I made my Senatorial fight on this issue against the organization and defeated them, and I entered into this fight along the same lines.  It may please some, but as for me I certainly feel that the Democratic voters of this city should arouse themselves to the emergency of this occasion. The time is at hand when they must determine whether they intend to submit ot this new leader, aided, abetted and counseled by the older leader, or whether they intend to exert their rights and keep party management in their own hands.

    Ex-Governor Brown, I understand has rented rooms and gone into the "boss" business in dead earnest.  If he feels so inclined Murray Vandiver can come down and work for him.  Governor Brown declares that after he has settled these inconsequential affairs in Baltimore he will turn his attention to the State and see that it selects the "proper Parties" also.  He will doubtless choose a Governor for us, and he may select himself.  Then there is the Legislature for him to deal with.  He will have two United States Senators to select, and maybe he will select himself as one of the two.

    "If Mr. Mahool is nominated and elected, he will not think that the voters put him in office. He will give ex-Governor Brown credit for it, and he will be answerable to the ex-Governor.  When good Democrats make application for office they will stand no chance of appointment if their names are not on the "typewritten lists" sent down from Charles Street.

    We don't want "typewritten lists" coming to the City Hall from Charles Street, St. Paul Street or anywhere else. Mr Mahool is a nice man, and personally I like him and have nothing to say against him. But he comes before the voters in the wrong way.


    If the voters see fit to nominate me and elect me Mayor of Baltimore I will appoint Democrats to office, but I will not select them from "typewritten lists" sent me from Charles street."

    Mr. George W. Harris presided at the meeting, and other addresses were made by Mr. Robert E. Lee Hall and Mr. Tyler Gray indorsing in strong terms Mr. Linthicum's candidacy.

    -The Sun, February 27, 1907, Vol.CXI, p. 14.


    Mr. Linthicum As"Arab"


    Mayoralty Candidate Tells Of Boyhood Struggles

    Sold Fruit in the Markets

    Drove Huckster's Wagon From Door to Door-Taught School in Country.

    The five candidates for the Mayoralty and the candidates for the other public offices, who are soon to go before the voters for an expression of their choice, are having turned upon them the white light of investigation.  In many instances interesting facts, little known by the public and about which the candidates themselves had almost forgotten are being presented to view. Among such was the account of the days when State Senator J. Charles Linthicum used to sell fruit and vegetables from his brother's stall in Lexington and Hanover Markets and to peddle the fruits of the soil from a wagon through the commission district.

    Mr. Linthicum, when pressed last night concerning of the experiences of his early youth, fell into a reminiscent mood and talked freely of early work and some of the hardships that he encountered. He said many persons in West and South Baltimore, who knew him in the days he used to stand in market and sell from his father's wagon had come to his support in the Mayoralty race and that he has frequently discussed with them the incidents of the days when he was not so prosperous.

    Long Walk To School.

    "Yes, I was a farmer's boy," said Mr. Linthicum. " I went to the public schools of Anne Arundel county, where my father's farm was situated, and where my mother still lives, until I was 11 years old.  My brothers and I used to have to walk two or three miles each morning, but we did not mind it in the least.  Afterwards I went to school in Baltimore, attending old No.1, on Greene Street.

    There were 10 of us- 6 boys and 2 girls. When I was about 18 my brother, Dr. G. Milton Linthicum, and I , went to my father and asked permission to sell his crop of peaches, which would have been allowed to rot. He granted our request, and let us each have a two horse wagon, with which we peddled the fruit about the commission district, and Saturday nights we stood at Lexington and Paca streets and disposed of it.  Many a time we used to come to the city at night with fruit and vegetables, and sleep in our covered wagons, to be up almost with the sun ready to sell the products of the farm.


    Later, I used to sell on Saturday nights at my brother's stands in the Lexington and Hanover Markets.  I made many friends in those days and some of them whom I had not seen for years, have come forward and announced their intention of supporting me in the primaries.

    I used also to retail fruit and vegetables throughout West and South Baltimore, and made many friendships in these sections of the city which are lasting to this day."


    Taught Three Years


    Not very many persons know that Mr. Linthicum was once a schoolteacher, but for nearly three years he taught "the young idea how to shoot" and is proud of his record as a pedagogue.

    I attended the State Normal School, he said in answer to a question, and when I was graduated went to take my first school at Braddock, Frederick county. A graduate of the Normal School commanded a much higher salary than one who had not had that advantage, and when first I received my monthly wage- the munificent sum of $33.50-= I was proud, indeed.  A trip to Frederick County meant as much to me in those days as a trip to me in those days as a trip to China would now, and I confess that I looked upon myself as a widely traveled young man.

    Only two years ago when Justice Genaler, of this city, went with his wife to Frederick county he saw in the house of a friend a picture of myself when I was a boy.

    While I was teaching I read Blackstone, and read it in a very cold room at that.

    Senator Linthicum threw back his head and laughed heartily at some of the experiences of his school teaching days.  Continuing he said:

    Returning to Baltimore I took a special course in history and political science under Drs. Adam and Ely at Hopkins University, and studied law at the University of Maryland, being graduated in 1890.

    My practice began and grew until now I am a good deal more prosperous than when a boy, but I always look back upon those days with pleasure.  I have had a good many hard knocks and knowhow to sympathize with others who have.

    Mr. Linthicum has been abroad several times and has traveled all over the world.

    Senator Linthicum will address a meeting tonight at Reilleys Hall, 1040 York road. He will take up the question, "Will you help build a political fence?" and will answer ex Governor Brown's remarks on taxation.


    -The Sun., March 4, 1907, Vol CXL, Issue 108, p. 14.


    Congress Adjourns 'Mid Much Applause

    As Speaker Clark's gavel dropped promptly at noon members of the floor and the press gallery, who previously had been supplied with books of old-fashioned songs, burst into "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of Representative Linthicum of Maryland, rose in the gallery and unfurled a huge silken flag, one end of which was gathered up by Mrs. Champ Clark, wife of the speaker. A storm of applause followed…

    -Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Fort Wayne, Indiana, Monday, March, 5, 1907, p.7.

    Says He Is Happy Medium

    Mr. Linthicum Called "Middle-Of-The Road" Candidate.

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum claims to be the "middle-of-the-road" candidate, occupying, his friends say, middle ground between Mr. Mahool and Mr. Brown. The latest Linthicum card has a picture of Mr. Linthicum in the center and upon each side of the picture are these mottoes:

    "I am not a Machine Candidate."

    :"Neither Do I Stand for Radicalism."

    "Vote for Linthicum and Home Rule"

    -Baltimore Sun, March 20, 1907, Vol. CXL, Issue 124, p. 14.



    Baltimore Sun, 9/15/07

    "We are here tonight to protest against the usurpation of the Democratic party and the 60,000 voters by our new boss, Governor Brown. We are here to protest against the control and dictation of our party by any man, whether he be Governor Brown or his chief advisors.  I believe that the people should make their nominations and control their party affairs directly by the Crawford county system, as against the convention system advocated by Governor Brown, and which he says is a better plan because it allows the big men of the party to name the ticket.  I disclaim the fact that any man should control our party management.  I ask the question Whether you intend to assist Governor Brown and his allied interests to build a political fence barring out all except him and his so-called big men of the party? You are to decide whether or not you intend to stand up for the people's rights.

    The same principle is involved- whether Mr. Rasin be the boss or whether Governor Brown is the boss.  What we are against is the system, because the Democratic party needs no bosses. It is a party of the people, for the people and by the people, and if controlled by a boss system it is neither of the people, for the people or by the people.  It would then be a party whose very life is centralized in the hands of a boss and that boss, more the representative of the corporate interests than of the people."

    -5/5/07 Baltimore American, p. 18

    "There were comparatively few contests for the legislature. James Young sought a re-nomination for the State senate in the First district…and J. Charles Linthicum in the Third district. The organization won every fight it made

    -"Won By Organization", The Washington Post, Sept. 17,1907, pg. 12.

    Mr. Linthicum's Big Vote

    State Senator Re-Elected By 2,323 Plurality.

    A revision of the election returns shows that State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, of the Third district, was re-elected by a plurality of 2,323 over Mr. Robert H. Smith, the Republican nominee.  This is one of the largest majorities that the district has ever given for a candidate, and it is remarkable because the Republicans had expected that Mr. Smith would run ahead of his ticket….

    -The Sun., November 8, 1907, Vol.CXLI, Issue 177, p.14.


    Plan Widely Discussed

    Some Friends of Utilities Measures Urge Going Slowly

    Mr. Linthicum Conservative

    Prefers Separate Commission to Board of Estimates-Mr. Bruce Calls Corporations Reasonable.


    That the present is not the time for any change in laws governing public-service corporations is the opinion of some of those who yesterday declared themselves in favor of progressive legislation.  Those who expressed such opinions included City Solicitor Bruce and two recently elected State Senators who based their views upon the present financial situation.


    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, while he did not say there was or was not an existing need for more drastic laws to regulate corporations, said that it might be well for the coming Legislature to pass such a law to take effect one year hence. He declared that he would do nothing at present that would tend to affect present-day conditions, as he believed the situation worse than lawyers were able to appreciate…..


    Mr. Linthicum Conservative.

    Senator Linthicum said:

    "I certainly do not believe that anything should be done that would tend to disrupt present conditions, which I believe, are more serious than lawyers understand.  I do think that the coming Legislature might pass a law creating a public utilities commission to regulate corporations, but if passed it should not take effect before one year hence."

    Asked if he believed the Board of Estimates the proper body to be vested with such power Mr. Linthicum emphatically declared he did not.

    "If such a commission is appointed," said he, "It should be a public-utilities commission and nothing else. It should be appointed by the Governor, and should have control of the whole State.  While I believe the members of the present Board of Estimates are good men and ably perform their duties I think the commissioners appointed should be men even better fitted for the position.

    "A man may make an able President of the second Branch of the City Council and still not be fitted to manage intelligently great business interests.  The same argument applies to the mayor.

    "I will not say there is a ???? need for any stronger regulation of corporations.  There will be no great combinations in Baltimore in the near future because nearly every business that might be affected by the new laws is already merged."…


    -The Sun, December 20, 1907, Vol. CXLII, Issue 34, p. 9.


    To Meet Virginia Lawmakers

    Senator Linthicum Elected Head Of the Oyster Commission.

    (Special Dispatch to the Baltimore Sun.)

    The Sun Bureau, Annapolis, Feb. 10.--. The joint committee of the Senate and House named in accordance with a resolution introduced by Senator Linthicum to confer with a similar committee from the Virginia Legislature, with the view of securing concurrent oyster legislation in the Potomac river and other waters in which the two States are interested, met tonight after the adjournment of the Legislature.


    Senator Linthicum was chosen as chairman of the joint committee, and Mr. Dwight Burroughs was named as special messenger to go to Richmond for the purpose of conferring with the members of the Virginia committee in order to fix on a convenient date for the meeting.

    The members of the committee include Senators Linthicum, Andrews, Brashears, Milbourne and Greenwell and Delegates Hayden, Benson, Quinn, Brady, Jones of Clavert and Karl of Allegany.

    -Baltimore Sun, February 11, 1908, Vol. CXLII, Issue 87, p. 9.

    Extending the Jim Crow Law

    Senator Linthicum's bill Affecting Suburban Lines Passes House.

    (Special Dispatch to the Baltimore Sun.)

    The Sun Bureau, Annapolis, March 38,--

    Senator Linthicum's bill providing that all electric railway companies running more than three miles beyond the corporate limits of any city or town must provide separate places for white and colored passengers passed the House today and will now go to the Governor.

    Although both whites and blacks are to occupy the same coach, the conductor is compelled to designate seats for the colored passengers. The House passed a bill introduced by Mr. Brady, which applied only to those steam roads which have been electrified, but in the Senate Senator Linthicum's bill was substituted and the amendment was concurred in by the House.

    The bill affects a number of suburban lines of the United Railways and Electric Company.

    -The Sun., March 29, 1908, Vol. CXLII, Issue 134, p. 11.

    Stock in the Linthicum Heights Company- J. Charles Linthicum, 1908.
    -Ann Arrundell County Historical Society

    Mr. Linthicum Home

    With Wife The Senator Visited Ireland And Northern Europe

    Speaks of Progress Abroad


    Says Many Americans In Europe Consider Taft's Nomination Due To President Roosevelt.

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum and Mrs. Linthicum returned home Friday night after a pleasant trip of three months abroad, having visited Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and other countries farther south.

    "I am glad to get back at this time." Senator Linthicum said yesterday. "Things are warming up considerably, and it looks very much like Bryan. I am ready to make speeches in the counties or in the city, if the managers want me.  I talked politics with Europeans, Americans visiting Europe and Americans making their homes in Europe, and I was surprised at the wide expression of belief in a victory for Bryan.

    I believe the statement has been made that everybody in Europe is sure that Taft will be elected, but this is no the case.  Most of the people I talked with considered Taft's nomination due solely to Roosevelt, and they all declared that the country has had enough of Roosevelt.  I even heard a Republican judge say that he would not have voted for Roosevelt had he been nominated.

    Senator and Mrs. Linthicum sailed from New York June 11 on the Baltic, of the White Star Line Senator John Walter Smith also sailed on this boat, but did not go north, as did Senator and Mrs. Linthicum.  They spent a week traveling in the southern part of Ireland, and then went to Edinburgh, Scotland, taking a boat from there to Iceland.  They were much surprised to find a mild climate in Ireland.  Senator Linthicum said, and was told that the harbor of Reykjavik never freezes in winter.

    There were about 200 aboard the vessel, and we were given a concert in the Town Hall and donkey races in the suburbs" the senator said From Iceland we went to the Island of Spitsbergen, which is 300 miles north of the coast of Norway.  The climate was quite moderate, although the mountains were covered with snow and glaciers.  We found the American flag floating over the office of the American Coal Mining Company, which is controlled by Boston capital.  We visited various places along the coast of Norway and Sweden, and went to Christiania in carriages.  The roads we found to be as fine as those in any of our parks.  All the magnificent waterfalls of Scandinavia are being bought by French and German capital to generate electricity. Large revenue is derived from this source.

    From Christiania we went to Stockholm, arriving there at the same time as the German Emperor. It was a most opportune time, as we saw the city in magnificent array. Stockholm is the cleanest city I have ever seen.  The paving is mostly asphalt. Our next place was St. Petersburg, which is paved with cobblestones any other sort of pavement being too slippery in winter.  The Greek churches are magnificent.


    In Russia everyone grasps for tips, and the living is higher than in Norway and Sweden.  We met a young American electrical engineer, who said he had just finished a contract, and that the man for whom the work was done gave him a tip of $150. The engineer said he tipped his laborers. He paid them wages for the work they did and gave them a tip for their good will.

    We visited Berlin nine years after a former visit and were astonished at the great advance the city has made. If the present Kaiser lives long enough, this city will be the grandest in Europe.

    -The Sun, September, 20, 1908, Vol CXLIII, Issue 127, p. 12.


    Senator Linthicum's Raspberries

    State Senator Charles J. Linthicum sent some exceptionally fine second crop raspberries to The Sun office yesterday. They were grown on his farm in Anne Arundel county. In color, size and quality they were equal to those of spring.

    -The Sun., October 18, 1908, Vol. CXLIII, Issue 155, p. 12.

    Senator Linthicum Host

    Ex-Governor Warfield and Mayor Among Guests At Dinner

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum was the host last night at a beautiful dinner given at his residence, 705 St. Paul Street in honor of his brother-in-law, Dr. John L. Perry, of Saratoga, N.Y.

    The table was beautifully decorated with cut flowers and blossoms.  Christmas greens and wreaths were used in the drawing room and elsewhere. The guests were received by Mrs. Linthicum, but no ladies were present at the dinner.  The guests included a number of prominent men in both public life and in the business world. Governor Crothers was prevented from attending by illness.

    -The Sun., December 29, 1908, Vol. CXLIV, Issue 43, p. 6.


    Mr. Linthicum On Holy Land

    He Gives Interesting Lecture At Loyola College

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum gave an interesting lecture last night at Loyola College Hall, Calvert and Monument streets, on the "Holy Land As I Have seen It." Several years ago Senator Linthicum made an extensive tour through the Holy Land, and his lecture was illustrated by a number of beautiful views taken by himself.

    The large hall was filled to its capacity, and both the illustrations and Senator Linthicum's remarks were frequently applauded. The historical and Biblical places of interest through the Holy Land were touched upon by Senator Linthicum, and his views showed them off to excellent advantage.  The old temples, some of which are still standing and others which have decayed and crumbled, were given, as were frequent picture of the people who now inhabit the Holy Land.

    A number of the pictures showing the inhabitants caused much amusement among the audience, as it was readily seen that they were posing.  Senator Linthicum said that they were always anxious to have their pictures taken.  The illustrations of Damascus and Jerusalem and the surrounding country were superb, and Senator Linthicum's description was so complete and accurate that the scenes appeared familiar to his audience. Senator Linthicum told a number of amusing incidents which occurred during his trip and fittingly described the characteristics of the different people with whom he came in contact.  The pictures of places of Biblical interest which he visited brought forth much commendation, and he told of the history connected with each.  The lecture was for the benefit of Loyola College, and at the close Senator was loudly applauded by his audience.

    -The Sun., January 21, 1909,Vol. CXLIV, Issue 66. p. 7.

    He Outlines University

    State Institution, Says Mr. Linthicum, Would Have Integral Parts.

    Further explanation of his recent proposition for practical consolidation of the various educational institutions of the State into a State college or university was yesterday given by State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, who said, however, that he does not expect to see such institution brought under one roof or one administration for several years to come.  For the present, according to his idea each institution should stand on its own bottom, with the presidents forming a general board of regents.

    In advancing the suggestion, said Senator Linthicum, "I did not intend that the various institutions should loose their present individuality, on the contrary, let each be continued along its present line of activity.  At the same time there are many matters of importance which are applicable to all in general, and such questions might be handled by a board of regents formed by the presidents of the different State colleges.

    By this intimacy of the institutions the heads and the instructors would be brought into closer social and professional relations and could discuss details of the individual and general work of the colleges.  They could also unite in bringing to the State lecturers on various topics, for, to my mind, an institution does not complete its work with the graduation of its pupils but should also help educate the general public by providing lectures and other similar methods.


    For the present I would have each college continue on its own lines, developing to the utmost the line of which it makes a specialty, until in time each shall be noted for some distinctive branch, and then all may combine their advantages under one head.  One advantage of this plan would be provision for continuity of the educational course- a pupil on passing through the high schools could go directly to the college best adapted to his aims and continue in that until his education was completed. By virtue of his high school education he would be exempt from matriculation examination.

    In this line I would also advance the Polytechnic School from the position of a preparatory school to the standard of, say the Agricultural College, and make it a prominent part of the general system I have outlined.

    In time all the State institutions would gradually come under one head and form one great university, but it will take time to accomplish this end, and I would hardly look for such a consummation inside of 15 (?) years.

    Meanwhile, let the State appropriations be continued and apportioned as at present with the further addition of an appropriation for the board of regents.  This would be use for bringing lecturers to the State and for such other general and common objects as the regents should designate.

    The great advantage would be the provision for continuity of the educational course from the primary school through the college, the development of their respective specialties by the various State educational institutions, the broadening of their work by arranging for education of the public by lectures and other methods and eventually the consolidation into one great university.


    Several branches of education are not as far advanced as they might be in Maryland, says Mr. Linthicum, and these, he believes, would be greatly developed by the adoption of his plan.

    -The Sun., December 1, 1909, Vol. CXLVI, Issue 15, p. 9.


    Celebration of Fire Anniversary

    Suggested by State Senator Linthicum

    Writes Letter to Mayor and Outlines Program for Such an Observance-Believes People Should Be Made to Feel That They are Getting Something in Return for High Taxes.


    State Senator J. Charles he fifth anniversary of the big fire of February 7 and 8, 1904, which will occur next month.  As chairman of the executive committee of the Home-Coming Association, the Senator wrote a long letter to Mayor Mahool yesterday, making a suggestion similar to that sent to the Mayor last month by former City Councilman Samuel Affelder and which was not acted upon because the Mayor considered the time too short to arrange a credible program.

    Senator Linthicum says in his letter to the Mayor that he can count upon the cooperation of the members of the Home Coming Association Committee in the matter.  The Senator says the wonderful progress of the city since the fire should be brought forcibly to the attention of other cities and the country at large by some proper celebration of the fifth  anniversary of the fire.  "It occurred to me," he goes on to say, "that possibly the themes might be made the subject of discourses in the various churches of our city on Sunday, the 7th day of February, and that on the evening of February 8 it might be well to hold some large meeting in either the Lyric or the Fifth Regiment Armory, at which some well known orator or orators of our city be asked to address the assemblage, and, in addition, it would not be inappropriate to have speeches in the nature of reports from the heads of the various departments of our city government."

    Senator Linthicum says he cannot forget the great civic parade of the homecoming week. Continuing, he says;

    I have always believed and maintained that every taxpayer (and I am sure all the citizens of Baltimore are directly or indirectly taxpayers_ are most vitally interested in the work which is going on in our midst.  It is well enough for them to go to the Tax Department, pay their taxes and receive their colored tax receipt, but they are, to my mind, stockholders in a large corporation, and are entitled to know just what is being done by their officers and board of directors.

    Our tax rate is necessarily high, and the people consequently feel the burden thereof during this financial stringency, and the way to make them feel that they are obtaining great benefits from the expenditure of their money represented by taxes is to show tem just what is becoming of the vast funds poured into the city treasury by the tax receipts and city stock issues.  I believe that if they are shown these facts they will not only become better satisfied, by being better informed, but that they will become great advertisements of the prosperity and the progress of their native town.

    Let us imagine one of our taxpayers visiting some other city.  Let him quote our tax rate and at the same time the heavy assessment upon our property and he would not make a very good advertiser for Baltimore, but if he is by reason of celebrations and reports of the heads of the city departments enabled to show the people whom he visits what great improvement in the way of a modern sewerage system, subway system, improved streets, new boulevards and development of our Anex, and, likewise, to show that the state is about to expend $5,000,000 upon the improvement of turnpikes and roads, then he immediately demonstrates to his friends in the visiting city that while he is paying a heavy tax and while we are issuing stocks we are, at the same time, converting Baltimore, with its absolutely new and modern business section deep channel and new piers, into one of the greatest cities on the Atlantic Coast. IN other words, he convinces them that his money is being expended in a way that will return to him by increased valuation, improved health and other benefits ten fold its worth.

    Hence my suggestion for the celebration with speeches and reports from our various departments showing what has been done during the last five years. In addition to this I should say that if these reports and speeches were printed in sufficient number so that the citizens might have copies and that they might be able to send them to their friends in other sections, it would be a great benefit to the city.

    -Baltimore Sun, January 22, 1909, page 9, vol. CXLIV,issue 67.




    To Support Mr. Linthicum

    Democrats of 20th Ward Plan For Congressional Campaign

    A meeting of almost 20 Democrats of the Twentieth ward was held last night ad Frohainn Hall to formulate plans for the campaign of former State Senator J. Charles Linthicum for Congress from the Fourth Congressional District. Mr. Linthicum was present and helped prepare plans for his campaign. In the near future a public meeting in his interest will be held.

    If the spirit displayed at the meeting is a criterion, Mr. Linthicum will have the loyal support of the Democrats in that ward.  The majority of the ward leaders were present and pledged themselves to support Mr. Linthicum in his aims.

    -The Sun.,July 26, 1910, Vol.CXLVII, Issue 71, p. 4.


    "As a result confusion in the democratic ranks is worse confounded, and while the outlook is favorable for Councilman George Konig, in the Third, and Senator J. Charles Linthicum, in the Fourth, their friends are fearful of the double-cross at the last moment. The relations between Linthicum and his leading opponent former Police Commissioner James H. Preston are strained, and they are saying bitter things about each other."

    -"Fifth Is Storm Center." The Washington Post,  Aug. 30, 1910, Pg.2.

    Mr. Linthicum Active

    Visits Concord Club, Speaks There and in Southwest Baltimore

    Senator J. Charles Linthicum confined his movements last night to west and Southwest Baltimore, visiting the Concord Club, where he mad a brief address. He made a more lengthy address at an open-air meeting at the corner of Frederick and Fulton Avenue.

    The regular weekly meeting of the Concord Club was going on when Mr. Linthicum arrived and about 50 of the members were present. Senator Linthicum accepted an invitation to address them, and spoke for about five minutes, during which he reviewed his record at Annapolis during his service in the House and Senate, declared his fealty to the Democrat party, and announced his intention to support the nominee of the Democrats of the Fourth district, whoever he might be.


    Police Magistrate Daniel J. Loden, who presided, and who introduced Senator Linthicum also spoke briefly.  He reiterated his assertion that he deemed it was his duty to remain neutral in the present contest, but intimated very strongly that he meant to get into the fight if the necessity should arise before next Tuesday.

    He was careful not to say whose cause he would espouse if he did get into the affray.  The precinct executives will meet next Thursday night, where it is expected that something will drop.


    At the corner of Frederick and Fulton avenues, Mr. Linthicum was greeted by an attentive crowd. He said in Part:


    Insomuch as a great deal of steam has been laid by my opponents upon their records in the past, I deem it altogether proper that I should tell you something about mine.  As you all are doubtless aware, I have served one term in the House of Delegates and two terms in the Senate of Maryland as a representative of the Third legislative district in particular and of the citizens of Baltimore in general.  During that period, covering a period of seven years, no one has presumed to criticize either my integrity or sincerity as a public servant.  I have uniformly voted for and advanced on the floor of both the House and Senate every bill which had for its object the actual benefit of my state, my city, my party and my people.



    It would consume more time than I have at my disposal tonight to recount those bills in detail. In fact, I shall refer only to those that are still fresh in our minds and are of special and vital interest to most of those who are in reach of my voice,


    They are:


    The eight-hour-day law for city employees

    The bill increasing to $2. the pay for city laborers.

    The bill exempting $300 of personal property from taxation

    The Public Utilities bill

    The Primary Election bill

    The Gas Repeal bills


    I also introduced two bills at the recent session, to reduce the telephone rates in the city of Baltimore and throughout the state.  The subject was soon after taken up with me by the Travelers and Merchants' Association, which had been agitating the subject of lower rates for sometime.  The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company also expressed a desire to be heard upon the question.  At a subsequent hearing before the city senators at which a large quantity of data showing rates in other cities were produced by the Travelers and merchants' Association, an agreement was reached and the telephone company's representative, Mr. Bernard Carter, promoted his assistance in the matter.  The outcome of this conference you have all seen in the newspapers during the past few days.  Thanks to the intelligent efforts of the officials of the Travelers and Merchants' Association, the fairness of the telephone company, and in part at least, to the work of your humble servant, we are to have lower telephone rates, a consummation devoutly to be wished.

    -Baltimore Sun, 10/25, 1910

    "Congressman-elect Linthicum, of Baltimore, and Congressman-elect Lewis, of Western Maryland, have declared themselves in favor of granting the right of the ballot to women-Denton Journal, Saturday, November 19,1910 p.2.

    "Linthicum on the Tariff. Democratic Candidate opens Campaign in Eleventh Ward. Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, Democratic candidate for congress in the Fourth congressional district, inaugurated his campaign last night with an address before the Eleventh Ward Democratic Association at Beethoven Hall, on North Howard Street.

    The candidate was the principal speaker, and he devoted his remarks to the tariff which he declared to be the keynote of this campaign.  He held that the increased cost of living was directly due to what he termed the high protective tariff levied upon the necessaries of life by the Republican Party.  He said:

    "The tariff necessarily breeds extravagance in the public expenses of our country.  The Republican party recognizes that if there was a large surpluses held aside in the treasury at Washington, the American people would not stand for the heavy and excessive taxation which they are now enduring; they would not pay the present prices for things which they need in their every-day life, and would cry out loud and strong against this onerous tax.  The only reason for this heavy taxation is that the money is needed for expenses of government and therefore, it becomes necessary for the Republican party to keep the expenses of government sufficiently high to require every cent of the present taxation and even then leave a deficiency.

    The per capita appropriation by Congress jumped from $6 in 1890 to over $12 in 1910, and the prices of the hundred lending commodities advanced 56 per cent. Senator Aldrich himself tells us that the waste at Washington amounts to $300,000,000 which could be saved by an economic administration of the government.  Why should a woman be compelled to pay $10. for woolen dress goods when $4.87 represents the value of the goods and $5.18 the amount of the tariff and a like exorbitant tax upon practically everything else which is eaten and worn in the family while $300,000,000 are wasted at Washington?  I tell you, my friends, that if you would have relief from what you are now enduring you must now gain control of Congress and in 1912 of the presidency itself.  The only people who are becoming richer under the present system is the man or men who are promoting the trusts exploiting railroads or the public domain.  My quarrel is with the men who created these conditions and who are responsible for their continuance. And these, my hearers are your lawmakers, the men who made your tariff laws your railway laws, etc. This question of tariff and the cost of living is now being placed firmly before the American people and it will be for them to say whether or not they intend to stand for the present taxation and the present extravagance of the Republican party or whether they intend to begin now by capturing the House of Representatives and leaving the foundation for a government by the Democratic party, which has always been and is today close to the people.- Newspaper 1910

    "There will undoubtedly be an interesting primary fight for the nomination in the Fourth district, where it is believed the nomination is equivalent to election.  Congressman John Gill, Jr., has informed his friends that he is a candidate for re-nomination.  Although he has not yet made any formal announcement, it is believed that State Senator J. Charles Linthicum will be a candidate. Senator Linthicum is regarded as one of the hardest fighters in the city and can be expected to conduct a forceful and vigorous campaign.  Two years ago his friends urged him to enter the fight, but because of his personal relationship with Mr. Gill he declined to do so.  At that time, it is said, his friends understood that Mr.. Gill would not be a candidate again and that Senator Linthicum, who still had one more term to serve as a Senator, would be given a clear field."

    -Denton Journal | Denton, Maryland | Saturday, April 30, 1910 | Page 2

    Urges Church to Fight

    Mr. Linthicum Declares That War On High Prices is Duty

    Cites Psalmist as Example

    Candidate For Congress Makes A Notable Address Before Epworth League In Hampden Church.

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, who is seeking the Democratic nomination for Congress in the Fourth district, addressed the Epworth League of Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, Hampden, last evening.

    He said, in part:

    "I feel that your league is a great adjunct to the church in its work for the uplift of mankind, that it is capable of doing an immense work in the interest of the whole people, that by virtue of its organization it can go beyond the strict confines of church work and can delve into those things that go to build up the body as well as those things which purify and make more beautiful the soul of man.

    Today we see religion in everything and nothing of human concern is foreign to true religion. I take it that to deal fairly and squarely with your fellow men is as much a part of religion as worship itself.

    Tonight I want to call your attention to a field which you perhaps have considered too much of a political nature to allow your league to enter. I wish to call your attention to the high cost of living in our country. And if I were a minister I should take as my text the one upon which the Rev. Mr. Drake preached recently at Beverly, Mass. and from whos remarks I have gathered many of my thoughts and expressions.  Hi text was from Matthew, xxiii 4, "They bind heavy burdens, grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves will not move them with their finger"

    Our Lord was here referring to the moneyed class and rich clergy who made the lives of their victims almost unbearable jus as the gigantic trusts and combines are making the life of our poorer classes by the high cost of the necessaries of life. We cannot in this age pick other people's corn when we are hungry, nor pluck figs by the b..? as was possible in those days. Man must today earn his living by the sweat of his brow.  In this age of plenty and to spare, in a country blessed as no other in the world with God's great bounty, people are not wrong in desiring some of the good things spread about them-they are not wrong in desiring some of those luxuries which go to make life worth living. If it were not so intended we would not have been created with this love for the blessings of life and an ample capacity for the digestion of food.

    This is not a political question; it is a humanitarian question.  It must be solved not by a political party, it is work for associations like your league, for the church people and for all those who are interested in the welfare and prosperity of this great American nation.

    Don't be afraid to tackle this question. It is the vital issue of the age. Do not let people tell you it is solely a political question: it is not, it is the people's question. It is that question which involves the welfare of the human body, the house wherein dwells the soul of man.

    Over one of the portals of that magnificent library at Washington is a motto which tells us that the greatest temple of the world is the human body. Then why stand idle and see men combine in monopolize or corner those things which go to build and maintain this wonderful piece of mechanism.  It is our duty to cry out, as did the Psalmist, and thank God that He has given us hands to war and fingers to fight so that we may fight any trust, any taxation, any combine, or any men who corner the market for the purpose of increasing the price of the necessities of life for personal gain.


    -The Sun., August 3, 1910, Vol. CXLVII, Issue 79, p.8.

    The Late Mrs. Laura E. Linthicum

    State Senator's Mother To Be Buried Today

    The funeral of Mrs. Laura E. Linthicum mother of State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, who died at the home of her son, Mr. Sweetser Linthicum, Jr., at Linthicum Heights, Anne Arundel county, Saturday, will take place this afternoon from the home of her son.  Services will be conducted by the Rev. J. K. Gray, former pastor of Holly Run Methodist Protestant Church assisted by Rev. W. B. Hanks of the Brooklyn Methodist Protestant Church. Burial will be in the family burial ground near Linthicum Station.  The pallbearers will be her eight grandsons-Dre. Charles Edgar, Messrs Sweetser L., George McGaw Benson, Joseph B., William C. and Walter Linthicum, Grover C. and R. Luther Shipley Jr.-p. 76, 1910

    Working for Mr. Linthicum

    Congressional Aspirant Ceases Activity Because of Mother's Death

    Because of the death of his mother State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, Democratic candidate for the Congressional nomination in the Fourth district has ceased political activities. He expects, however, to resume his campaign tomorrow.

    In the meantime his interests are being well looked out for by his supporters. The scheduled ward and precinct meetings will be held and speeches will be made by his friends.

    The precinct workers of the Eleventh ward met last night and indorsed Senator Linthicum Police Justice Tyson presided.

    -The Sun, August 16, 1910, Vol. CXLVII, Issue 92, p.12.

    Mr. Linthicum Tours Ninth

    Goes After Voters After His initiation Into Order of Moose.

    State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, a candidate for the Democratic Congressional nomination in the Fourth district, is now devoting his entire time to his campaign. Yesterday the Senator visited a number of places in the downtown sections of the city and solicited the support of the voters.

    Last night, after he had been initiated into the loyal Order of Moose, the Senator, accompanied by a number of friends made a tour of the Ninth ward. In this ward the Senator says he has the support of the organization forces, and his friends believe he will carry the ward by a plurality of about 1,000 votes.

    I am confident of my nomination, said the Senator. Everywhere I go I am assured by the voters that they will support me.  They like my platform and they believe that I will faithfully look out for their interests in Congress. As far as I am concerned, there will be no let up in this campaign. I am going to make things hum until after every vote is counted. My forces are well organized in every ward in the district, and already we have begun plans for getting out our vote. In my judgment, the fight is won.

    -The Sun., August 23,1910, Vol. CXLVII, Issue 99, p. 14.


    Hears the Returns At Rennert and Entertains Workers

    His Campaign to be Short

    He Will Carry The Fourth "Hands Down," He Asserts-Attributes Victory to Record and Friends.

    Seated at the telephone in his apartment at the Rennert Hotel yesterday State Senator J. Charles Linthicum received the news of his nomination by the Democrats of the Fourth district for the next race for Congress.  With him were Mrs. Linthicum, Police Justice Alva H. Tyson and several of his trusted lieutenants.

    It is a great victory, said the Senator when it became known about 6o'clock that he had received 600 plurality in the precincts so far heard from. One by one the list of the wards was gone over, and before many minutes rolled around the news was passed from man to man at the hotel that Linthicum had won the fight.

    Seizing his friends by the hand as they came in to offer congratulations Senator Linthicum did not allow them to pass the word, but extended his heartfelt thanks before they could say anything. Finally the group gathered in the reception room of the apartment until everyone practically who had conducted the battle in the wards had arrived. Then the telephone rang again and this message came over the wire. "Your candidate has carried  the district by more than 1,000 votes."

    Well, boys, said the Senator, we'll go down to the dining room. I think that is the best way to settle this question.

    Every man filed out of the room and went downstairs.

    Seated about the table at 8 o'clock, with Senator Linthicum as host, those present unburdened themselves with the latest news of the way things went in the precincts. As the hilarity was at its highest another worker came in and said final returns showed the candidate had won by 1,600 votes.

    I will make the fight for election, said the nominee largely on the tariff. I favor a low schedule, and like every real Democrat believe that is the only salvation of the country. I have brought all this out in my campaign for the nomination and the people know that I will carry out what I say if elected. That is why I got such a large vote.

    I am not in favor of a long campaign. I think it should last about four weeks. Everyone will want a rest from a discussion of the issue and I am satisfied that the results will be better for both sides if the fight is made in the last month.

    If elected in November I shall make my home in Washington for the next two years and devote my time exclusively to the interests of my constituents I shall try to carry out every pledge made by me or for me in the fight just ended.

    I shall confine my efforts largely to literature. I found this very effective in the primary fight and think it will be equally so in the general election. There may be some big meetings at the Lyric in which orators may be invited to take part from other parts of the State. We will carry the district hands down.

    Mr. Linthicum said he attributed his nomination to his record in the Legislature, in which he served two terms, and the fact that he had the support of some of the best workers in the party. He did not forget his friends, saying emphatically that tey, perhaps, were principally responsible for his victory.


    -The Sun., August 31, 1910, Vol. CXLVII, Issue: 107, p. 14.


    "State Senator J. Charles Linthicum, candidate in the Fourth district, said: "I have no doubt but that I shall receive a very handsome plurality. The voters know that they have been badly treated by the violation of the pledge by the Republican party in 1908, when they were promised a reduction in the tariff, and they feel that to allow the Republicans to control the next Congress will merely mean the appointment of a commission to recommend changes in the tariff, with no power to put into execution any of their recommendations, and there will be a consequent delay of several years before anything can be done. "For that reason, and for the desire of prompt action, not only of the Democrats, but many persons who have heretofore voted independently, are taking sides with the Democratic party, and I, therefore, feel that I shall far eclipse even the handsome plurality which was obtained in my district two years ago.
    -Both Sides Sanguine.", The Washington Post., Nov. 6, 1910, pg. 9.

    "Baltimore, Nov. 8- Maryland elected five Democrats and one republican representative, a gain of two for the Democrats……Maryland Congressmen Third -J. Charles Linthicum, Democrat."

    (Of interest: "In Anne Arundel county the names of the congressional candidates were so placed on the ticket as to confuse the illiterate negro voters. In one precinct two sets of ballots were used. Contrary to law, one for the white voter and another for the negro."

    -"Lewis Beats Warner", The Washington Post, Nov. 9, 1910, pg. 2.

    (in response to a questionnaire concerning views on revising the tariff) "Your letter was duly received, but I have not answered same because I felt being an entirely new member, it is my duty to ascertain, in so far as I can , the sentiments of my constituents before laying down any definite line of policy.  I may say, however, that I was elected upon a platform which declared that "our firm adherence to the fundamental principle that tariff taxation is constitutional for the single purpose of producing funds necessary for the support of the government, economically administered." I shall adhere to this policy throughout my term of office. We are endeavoring in Baltimore to secure a meeting of the Democracy to discuss National issues and questions.  After this meeting I shall probably be in a better position to express my views more in detail. J. Charles Linthicum, Baltimore, Md.

    -"Tariff Views of Congressmen". New York Times., Dec 4, 1910,pg. 9.

    "Maryland will have four new members in the next House,…..J. Charles Linthicum, who succeeds John Gill, jr,….

    -"In the Political Arena", The Washington Post., March 22,1911, pg. 5.

    Linthicum Ore Banks [210]. — Two large banks and several
    smaller openings are on the property of Hon. J. Charles Linthicum,
    one mile southeast of Jessup. One opening is about 250 by 100 feet;
    and the other, to the south of it, 400 feet in diameter, and they were
    worked to a depth of 30 feet. At the time they were most extensively
    worked, they belonged to Dr. A. S. Linthicum, who obtained
    a royalty of 50c. per ton. As high as thirty to forty men were engaged
    in mining here, and the weekly output ran from 40 to 60
    tons. The output in 1880 is given at 2200 tons. The upper part
    of the banks yielded hematite containing 46.79 per cent. Fe;1 and
    the bottom, nodules of carbonate ore with 37.60 per cent. Fe.
    The product went mostly to the furnaces at Baltimore, and some to Muirkirk.
    They have not been worked for more than fifteen years.

    -The Iron Ores of Maryland: With an Account of the Iron Industry, Joseph Theophilus Singewald, 1911.p.282.

    For Peanut Culture

    Congressman Linthicum Will Introduce Planting in State

    Claims much money in them

    Congressman J. Chas. Linthicum one of the Democratic members from Maryland, believes that the peanut, the real circus food-is more important than peanut politics.  He has determined to do all he can to introduce peanut culture into his State so that it may challenge the fame of Virginia and the Carolinas.  In his first prowl through the intellectual treasuries of the Federal Government he was impressed by the fact that the National Government, in spite of occasional ventures into peanut politics, has, by no means ignored the nut itself. In fact, the literature on the subject in the form of books, pamphlets, reports, surveys and scholarly studies has convinced Mr. Linthicum that the Government has almost gone nutty on the subject.  Being an ardent lover of politics and peanuts, Mr. Linthicum was glad to learn that the Federal Government, in spite of the unmistakable partisan spirit so often shown has managed to separate the two.


    To Send Out Literature

    Knowing something of peanuts from years of experience with them, Mr. Linthicum finds that he can give to the great storehouse of literature his own endorsement and he is going to mail some of it to his constituents.  There are no snakes in the official peanut literature.  It is all true and very solemn. The reason Mr. Linthicum appreciates this sober and authentic tone is based on the experience of his childhood.  Belonging to the Linthicum family of "strawberry kings" of Anne Arundel county, young Linthicum and his brothers learned little of other special crops.  He knew no more of peanuts than the average lad of the city streets until a friend told him that he could get rich quick by raising peanuts.  He and one of his brothers tried it.  The friend imposed upon their simple faith by telling them it would be necessary to get up every morning at 4 o'clock and sprinkle fresh dirt on the plants.  Dreaming the night through of the wealth that would be theirs, the Linthicum lads thus learned the habit of early rising that has stood by them ever since.  Their peanuts were no better than others raised without the early morning life, and they learned they had been made victims of a practical joke.


    Takes Goobers Seriously

    Since then Mr. Linthicum has taken peanuts seriously.  He is keen on this peanut question.  If it comes up in debate, he will show the House of Representatives that Maryland has made no mistake in electing him, for there are few peanut experts in the House.  In Congress, it is said by those who know, every member is nutty on some subject, and this is thought to be the chief reason why Congress is so human and so interesting.

    Back to the peanut and Mr. Linthicum. He says there are millions of dollars in them, and he wants to see Maryland get some of these millions which Virginia and the Carolinas for so many years have been getting.


    Couldn't Find Nuts

    Seriously as he takes peanuts Mr. Linthicum unconsciously played a joke on a lady to whom he gave some of his choicest specimens for planting. A year later she told him that the plants sprouted beautifully but that she saw no peanuts.  Here is a footnote  to go with her statement for the benefit who know peanuts only as refreshments for the top gallery at a melodrama or as baseball and circus rarebits.  Peanuts grow under ground like potatoes.  The lady did not know this.

    Mr. Linthicum intends to look up other information on peanuts accumulated by the United States Government which is now at his disposal. He will send to physicians what he thinks will most interest them, to lawyers what will please them most and will try to distribute other pamphlets so they will do the most good.


    -Frederick News, Tuesday, April 25, 1911, p.8.

    Habits of True House Flies

    Described in Book Distributed by Congressman Linthicum

    Impressed with the dangers of house flies Congress J. Charles Linthicum has arranged for the distribution of a large number of copies of a bulletin recently issued by the Department of Agriculture which deals with the problem in a common sense and very practical manner…


    -Frederick News, Thursday, August 31, 1911, p. 8.

    Lobbyist Steele had found the influential legislators he needed to secure passage of the bill. Both Gill (John N. Jr.) and Linthicum were Democrats from Baltimore's Third Legislative District, the District in which Mt. Vernon Place was located. While not clearly identified with the reform element, they were politically independent and ambitious.  Later, in 1904 Gill successfully ran for Congress and Linthicum, with Gill's support staged n upset victory to fill Gill's state Senate seat to the chagrin of Boss Isaac Rasin.  Years later, in 1911, Linthicum succeeded to Gill's seat in Congress. Whether their support of the Mt. Vernon Place height limit garnered them support in subsequent elections is unknown. the most obvious reason why they supported the law is because they lived in the neighborhood., Linthicum lived in the 700 block of St. Paul Street at the easterly perimeter of the Place; Gill lived on Charles Street, three blocks north of the squares.

    -"High Society: The Building Height Limitation on Baltimore's Mt. Vernon Place.", Garret Power, In: Maryland Historical Magazine., Vol. 79, No. 3, Fall. 1984, p. 197.


    "Mr. and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum have sent out invitations for a reception at the Congressional Club Monday evening, February 12, from 9 to 11 o'clock."

    -"Miss Taft Dinner Guest of Dr. and Mrs. Whiting.", The Washington Post., Feb. 7, 1912.

    "Maryland night was celebrated last night at the Congressional Club. Representative and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland were hosts there at a large reception. The guests were persons high in Washington and Maryland circles, who thronged the clubhouse from 9 till 11 o'clock.

    Maryland colors were everywhere, the State flag with the national flag festooning the walls. Ribbon of oriole, yellow, and black caught back the draperies of green vines that hung in the doorways and black-eyed Susan, the flower of the State, dotted the vine-entwined balustrade.  The mantels were banked with jonquils and the supper table was elaborately decorated with golden gate roses.

    Receiving with Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum were Mrs. Camp Clark and Mrs. J.H. Preston wife of the mayor of Baltimore Mrs. Linthicum wore a handsome own of white paten with a large overdress and diamond ornaments……

    -The Washington Post,  Washington, District Of Columbia, Tuesday, February 13, 1912 ,Page 8

    "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum will be at home today at the Dresden for the last time this season. Mrs. Linthicum will go to New York on Thursday.,"

    -"Brilliant Costume Ball Given at the Playhouse.", The Washington Post., Feb. 20, 1912, pg. 7.

    (humor) "Newly made Representatives Indulge in Mock Clash Over Bill to "Protect Cat Industry"-Catnip Placed on Free List, And Plea is made for Catsup-…Catnip was placed on the free list.  The catsup industry was stirringly upheld by Representative Linthicum, of Maryland…"

    -"House "Babies" Frolic. 100 First-Termers in Congress Banquet at Rauscher's. Stage Burlesque on Elders." The Washington Post, March 27, 1912. pg. 3.

    "Members of the Women's National Democratic Association in Baltimore…Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum (photo center)"

    -"Assail Ohio Unit Rule", The Washington Post, June 22,1912.

    "Social Leaders who will attend…Second row…Mrs. Charles Linthicum.." (photo) "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of Representative Linthicum, will have a large house party at her suburban Baltimore home. She is one of the wealthy women of the congressional circle, and gave a number of handsome entertainments in Washington last winter.." (Democratic Party Convention in Baltimore)

    -"Some of the Notable Women Who Will Be in the Armory Hall to  Watch Political L…", The Washington Post, June 23, 1912.

    "The Democratic caucus called for to-night to rescind its previous ban against any new battleships proved a fiasco….(J. Charles Linthicum listed as present)

    -"No Battleship Men Prevent a Caucus, No Quorum at Democrats' Meeting Called to Rescind Ban on Naval Increase.,",The New York Times, Aug. 7, 1912, pg. 11.

    The Woman's National Democratic League and its Aims, Lucia R. Maxwell, Washington, D.C., Aug. 22….

    Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum Entertained the executive Board at its first special meeting at the New Willard in Washington early in June.  A charming luncheon was served, including such goodies as fresh strawberries, a delicious fruit salad, sandwiches and frappe. And again at the first regular meeting of the executive board held at the Hotel Belvidere, in Baltimore. Mrs. Linthicum had generously provided a suite on the parlor floor for the use of the board and at the close of the meeting a breakfast was served in one of the suite parlors.  The menu was chilled chicken broth served in cups; stuffed crabs, sandwiches of pimentos and caviar; Belvidere salad, café parfall proved most satisfying.

    At the close of the breakfast, Mrs. Linthicum responding to the toast to the hostess said;

    "I have great ambition for this league. It is a great league, and I want it to be as great and permanent a memorial to the democratic women of this country as the Daughters of the American Revolution and its beautiful building in Washington is to the patriotic women of this land. And to accomplish this we must work.  As co-members let us pledge ourselves to the league, and I would like to second a proposal of our president that this board meeting and all that has transpired as at all future board meetings be like the king's court, kept within its walls."

    -Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette., Fort Wayne, Indiana, Sunday, August 25, 1912.

    "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, of Baltimore, entertained the members of the executive committee at the after their protracted meetings yesterday afternoon.

    "Fair Democrats Split.", The Washington Post., Jan. 8, 1913, pg.1.

    "Representative J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland, and Mrs. Linthicum entertained at dinner last night at their apartment at the Dresden in celebration of the fifteenth anniversary of their marriage…."

    -"President and Mrs. Wilson Spend Quiet Day At Home.", The Washington Post, March 10, 1913, pg.7 

    -Baltimore Sun  June 12, 1913

    Messrs Preston, Mahon, Kelly And Ways Among His Guests

    Congressman J. Charles Linthicum gave a diner to several friends last night at his home, Linthicum Heights. The guests included Mayor Preston, John J. Mahon, John S. ("Frank" ) Kelly, John L. Sanford, Max Ways, City Councilman Edward Gross, of the Eighteenth Ward; Charles F. Trace, manager of the White Motor Company, and some members of the House of Correction Board.

    It was just a little social affair, said the Congressman, after his guests had left for the city.  Pllitics was not once mentioned. My place is now in its summer prime, with the ramblers and other flowers in full bloom. Some of my friends said they would like to pay me a little visit, so I invited them all out to dinner.

    The table decorations included some beautiful flowers given Mrs. Linthicum in Albany yesterday by Mrs. Sulser, wife of Governor Sulser, of New York.  Mrs. Linthicum stopped at Albany on her way home from Saratoga Springs. She and Mrs. Sulser are warm friends.

    -The Sun., June 13, 1913, Vol. CLIII, Issue 28, p. 16.

    For 35-Foot Harbor

    Mr. Linthicum To Ask Congress To Have Basin Surveyed And Deepened

    A bill directing the Government to provide the Baltimore harbor with a 35-foot depth from Fort McHenry to the inner harbor piers and wharves will be introduced in the House within the next few days by Congressman J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland.  He made this announcement yesterday while commenting upon the army engineers' report affecting this city.

    The Baltimore harbor was not discriminated against in the army engineers' report, said Mr. Linthicum. The engineers stated that the $450,000 is now available for widening the York Spit channel to 1,000 feet was sufficient for that purpose and no more money was needed.  That is the only project not completed relating to the Baltimore harbor.

    I have drafted a bill in which I will ask for a survey of the harbor from Fort McHenry to the wharves and piers in the two arms of the harbor in order to provide a 35-foot depth. The depth from Fort McHenry to the steamship piers and docks in the inner harbor is now 31 feet.  The channel from the sea to Fort McHenry is 35 feet.

    I have talked this matter over with Representative Covington and he advises me to urge a 35 -foot depth from Fort McHenry to the piers and wharves in the inner harbor rather than try to obtain a 40-foot channel from Fort McHenry to the sea. When we get the new depth throughout the entire harbor, then the 40-foot project can be pushed in Congress

    -The Sun., December 10,1913, Vol, CLIV, Issue 24, p. 5.

    -National Star Spangled Banner Celebration, Baltimore, Maryland, September 6 to 13, 1914., National star-spangled banner centenial commission, 1914.

    Urges Federal Laws to Protect Fish in Our Rivers. Atlantic City, N.J. May.8- Unless the federal government takes immediate action to regulate the use of nets and pollution of streams, the run of fish in the rivers of the county soon will be exhausted and a great number of persons employed in the fish industry will be thrown out of work.

    This was the statement made today by Representative Charles Linthicum of Maryland in an address before the annual convention of the National Association of Shellfish Commissioners in session here. "The run of fish in our rivers." added the speaker. "has decreased from 29 to 80 per cent. in the last few years because of the failure of the government to restrict the wanton waste."

    -Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette | Fort Wayne, Indiana | Saturday, May 09, 1914 | Page 13

    "Representative J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland, author of a bill to place migratory fish under Federal control, addressed the society on "Why the  States Have Been Unable to Protect Our Food Fish." Mr. Linthicum said that migratory fish had not been adequately protected because the States had been at loggerheads. If satisfactory results were to be obtained, he added, all states would have to work together."

    -"Federal Control of Fish. Linthicum Tells Fisheries Convention States Should Cooperate.", The Washington Post, Oct. 2, 1914, pg. 11.

    "For the House of Representatives the Democrats have elected….in the Second District: J. Charles Linthicum…"

    -"Maryland"., The New York Times, Nov. 4, 1914, pg. 2.

    "Linthicum to Start Governor Fight here. Former School Teacher Formally Announces Candidacy. In Frederick Tomorrow. Democratic Congressman from Fourth District Shies (? Hat in Ring Early,-A Handshaking Tour of Western Maryland. Announcing yesterday his intention of becoming a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor Congressman J. Charles Linthicum will open his campaign in Frederick county tomorrow. Mr. Linthicum is the first to toss his hat into the Gubernatorial ring.  He was re-elected to Congress from the Fourth District this fall by a plurality of more than 7,000.

    Taught School in This County. "I shall go straight to the people and ask them for nomination." said Congressman Linthicum. "With this idea in view I am going to Frederick on Saturday, when there is usually a big crowd in town and meet as many as I can. I formerly taught school in Frederick county and know many of its residents. I shall tell the people of the state frankly that I should like to be Governor.  I shall ask them to consider what I have done as State Senator and member of Congress, and if they find that my record is a good one, ask their support for the Governorship. (photo) "I will spend the greater part of the time between this date and the convening of Congress early in December in traveling over the State, and into every county if possible.  After Congress convenes I shall be very busy with my duties in Washington.  That is the reason I am beginning at this time. I expect to stay with friends in Frederick over Sunday, and may return to Baltimore, Monday or I may go straight on to Hagerstown.  In any case I will be in Hagerstown within a few days, and from there I expect to go through Western Maryland.  The week after I intend to be on the Eastern Shore."

    Congressman Linthicum has been in active political life since 1903 when he was elected to the house of Delegates. In 1905 after a spirited primary fight. Mr. Linthicum was nominated for the State Senate and elected, and re-elected two years later.

    He was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Mayor of Baltimore in 1907 against J. Barry Mahool and George Stewart ("Stovey") Brown, but after a lively contest came out second best. He was elected a Presidential elector in 1908 and the same year was appointed by Governor Crothers as judge-advocate-general upon his staff.  Mr. Linthicum won, in 1910, the three-cornered contest for the Democratic nomination for Congress in the Fourth district. He was elected and was re-elected in 1912, and again this fall. Born in Anne Arundel County, Mr. Linthicum is a Johns Hopkins man and a graduate of the University of Maryland Law School. He taught school in Frederick and Anne Arundel for a while before going into the law.

    Backed by "Frank" Kelly. Mr. Linthicum has been considered the close political friend of "Frank" Kelly and to be aligned with the Kelly wing of the Baltimore Democratic organization.

    The entry of Mr. Linthicum into the arena this early will, it is expected, incite a number of other receptive candidates to make the plunge. He has forestalled Congressman Jesse D. Price State Comptroller Emerson C. Harrington, State Senator Carville D. Benson and others who are credited with listening attentively to the buzzing of that gubernatorial bee.

    Mr. Linthicum has many friends in Frederick. Mayor Lewis H. Fraley is said to be favorable to his candidacy, and has been heard to speak very warmly of the former Frederick countian.

    -News | Frederick, Maryland | Friday, November 13, 1914 | Page 3


    Linthicum to Speak at Braddock

    Congressman J. Charles Linthicum of the Fourth District who is a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor will make an address at the Lutheran church at Braddock next Sunday evening at 7:30 o'clock. Congressman Linthicum, when he taught school at Braddock nearly thirty years ago, attended this church.

    -The Frederick News, Tuesday, November 24, 1914, p. 4.


    Congressman At Police Station

    Mr. Linthicum Calls On Night Force Of Frederick-He Taught One "Cop"

    "Hello, there!" A cheery greeting from a big auto which had stopped suddenly in front of the City Hall last night caused Policeman Charles Hoffman to turn.

    "well, well," said that officer, turning to Chief Hoffman, "here's my old school teacher."


    The man who had greeted him so Cheerily was Congressman J. Charles Linthicum candidate for the Democratic nomination for the governorship, who taught the policeman in the old school house at Braddock, 28 years ago.

    In response to an invitation. Mr. Linthicum was soon seated behind the desk in the police station, talking chummily with the night force of the department and exchanging reminiscences of the days when they were scholar and teacher, with Policeman Hoffman.

    Remember how Glen used to play the violin? Inquired Mr. Linthicum," Yes, and how you used to play ball with us at recess?"

    "Had some great games, didn't we?" asked the former school teacher. "It was a great school in those days."


    At Braddock Church.

    Mr. Linthicum was on his way home to Baltimore from Braddock, where he was te principal speaker at the missionary services in the Lutheran church, of which the Rev. S. A. Hedges is pastor. With him were his brother, Wade H. Linthicum and Col. J.A. Wickham.

    Mr Linthicum has just completed a campaign trip over Western Maryland and during his conversation told the policeman that "things look mighty fine for a Democratic cleanup at the gubernatorial election."

    I think we can win this time. Up in Western Maryland everybody seems in line and I don't think there will be any trouble in poling a Democratic Majority," he said.

    He was assured of hearty support by the policemen present, who included Chief George Hoffman, Desk Sergeant John Englebright, Policeman Charles Hoffman and John Adams.

    Told of Holy Land

    At the Braddock Lutheran church, last night, he talked on a trip he recently made through Constantinople and the Holy Land. An enthusiastic audience, among which were ten or fifteen of his former school pupils heard the address.

    At the service William Summers also made an address and S.L. Bast presided.  Recitations were given by Miss. Nellie Blentlinger, Miss Rubie Cline and Miss. Mabel Hoffman.  Charles Kline gave a reading and special music was rendered by the choir under the direction of Frank Grove, with Miss. Lucy Staley as organist.

    While in Braddock Congressman Linthicum and his party were entertained at the home of Mr. and Mrs. S.L. Rast. From here they went direct to Baltimore and today Mr. Linthicum will begin his campaign work on the Eastern Shore.



    5. Below will be found excerpts from remarks on rural
    credits in the House of Representatives, in the debate on
    the McCumber amendment to the Agricultural Appropriation

    The Federal Reserve Act provides for loans whereby the
    farmer may borrow from the bank for a term of years;
    but the truth of the situation is that the banks do not
    want to lend to the farmer. The banks depend for their
    profit upon the constant investment of their money. If all
    their money was loaned out in long-time loans, it would
    not be possible to pay running expenses and the proper
    dividends. The banking system as now established is evidently
    for the commercial, business, and financial interests
    of the land. While I say it is the best system ever adopted
    in this country and the finest piece of constructive legislation
    passed within the last fifty years, the fact still remains
    that even with the changes made in this system it
    does not serve the interest of the farmer, and the consequence
    is that not alone is it impossible for him to obtain
    money, but when he does obtain it it costs him a much
    larger rate of interest than it does the other pursuits of

    -Land Credits: A Plea for the American Farmer., Dick Thompson Morgan Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1915, p.204

    Congressman J. Charles Linthicum, in a speech on Tuesday night last, withdrew from the contest for the Governorship.

    -Denton Journal | Denton, Maryland | Saturday, May 29, 1915 | Page 2

    PRESIDING OFFICER BENNET: This beautiful and characteristic
    address will be fittingly responded to by the Honorable
    J. Charles Linthicum, of Maryland.
    A Representative in Congress from the State of Maryland
    Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: I think if there is
    one thing which has been thoroughly demonstrated at these
    meetings it is that the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association
    is no place for a pessimist. I heard a story which I think
    would be apropos of this, about two frogs.
    There were two frogs moving around a can of milk that
    was standing near the railroad track at one of the country stations
    near Baltimore, waiting to be loaded on the train and
    taken to town. In some way one of the frogs fell into the
    can of milk, and then the other fell in. The first frog was a
    pessimist, and he said, "Well, it is all up," and he sank. The
    second frog said, "I am going to try to get out. I am going
    to make every effort to get out," and he kept on swimming
    and paddling and working and fussing around in that can of
    milk until the next morning when the can was opened at Baltimore,
    lo and behold, the optimistic frog was sitting upon a
    pat of butter. His persevering efforts had saved his life! (
    Now I feel that this Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association,
    with its enterprise, its push and its ambition, is bound
    to succeed in this great project that we have undertaken.
    There were those who thought perhaps it was a great undertaking
    and who jeered at the suggestion, but many who formerly
    criticized it are now enrolled in its ranks. (Applause.)
    And if there is one thing that this meeting has done, I believe
    that it has inspired the members of this Association and the
    citizens of Savannah and the invited guests into the belief and
    the knowledge that this Association is organized to continue

    this splendid work, and this building of the canal, until an
    inland waterway from Maine to Florida has been secured.
    Now we know very well that Providence docs not complete
    things for us. It seems that in the wisdom of Providence certain
    work is left for us to do. We are given the land, we arc
    given the brains, we are given the sunshine and the rain, but
    when it conies to getting the crops we have got to cultivate
    the land and plough it and harrow it, and sow the grain and
    roll it and then leave it to nature to catch the sunshine and
    the necessary water, and then we have got to harvest it and
    garner it into the barn. Providence leaves that work for us.
    It never completes things, so that man can never lie idly by
    and say, "I have nothing further to do." Providence has given
    us a splendid line of rivers along the Atlantic seaboard. It
    has given us sounds and bays, and all it leaves us to do is to
    connect up these threads, the ends of these waterways, the
    mouths of these waterways, and to construct this great trunk
    line as Congressman Small has said, so that we shall have an
    inland waterway completed by man.
    Now there is no question in our minds that the whole atmosphere
    of Savannah seems to be imbued with hospitality. The
    whole atmosphere seems to be imbued with that spirit, and
    Savannah has fulfilled all that the late Mayor Davant promised,
    in gospel measure, heaped up, pressed down, overflowing.
    I cannot say any more than that. To Col. Lawton, as representing
    Savannah, I want to say that this Association will go
    home feeling better, feeling inspired, and telling those at home
    that Savannah is not only a beautiful city, not only a city of
    lovely homes, beautiful women and splendid men, but that it
    is a place where hospitality reigns everywhere. I hope some
    day this Association may determine to meet in that city where
    the national anthem, the Star Spangled Banner, was written,
    and if so old Baltimore will do all it can to return you the
    splendid and kindly greeting and hospitality which you have
    extended to the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association during
    the time of our convention here. (Applause.)
    -Annual Convention of the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association: Report of the Proceedings Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association,Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association, 1916
    Item notes: 1915 p.284-285.

    "In response to an inquiry submitted by Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland seeking information as to whether Federal laws could be invoked in the situation growing out of the recent compromise between the National, American, and Federal Leagues, the Department of Justice has given an opinion that the Sherman law was not violated when the leaders of organized baseball wiped Baltimore off the major league map in the agreement for the elimination of the Federal League which included the Baltimore franchise….Mr. Linthicum said: "The question which prompts this letter is the one whether or not this is a question coming under the Sherman law, and, if so, whether there is not so0me Government control which could be enforced to prevent such a monopoly."

    -"Baseball Merger Not A Monopoly"., The New York Times., Jan. 11,1916, pg. 12.

    "Representative Linthicum Urges Purchase of Jefferson's Home…The purchase of Monticello, the former home of Thomas Jefferson, by the National Government was advocated before the House Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds today by Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland who has just returned from a two-day inspection of the property…..He said he felt that the home of the author of the Declaration of Independence and the founder of the Democratic party…should be in the possession of the Government…"

    -"Would Buy Monticello.",  The New York Times., August 9, 1916, pg. 6.

    "Following is a list of members elected to the next House: …Maryland….4. Democrat…J. Charles Linthicum"

    -"G.O.P. Claims House by A Narrow Margin.", The Washington Post., Nov. 8, 1916., pg.1.

    "Baltimore Matron Who Is Making Home at the Willard This Session.",(Standalone Photo) Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, Wife of the Maryland representative, who has joined her husband for the remainder of the session of Congress."

    -The Washington Post., Dec. 31, 1916, pg. ES6.

    Mr. Linthicum Attacked

    Attacked by his colored chauffeur Congressman J. Charles Linthicum was forced to summon assistance yesterday morning to subdue the man and hold him for the police. The stack occurred at the home of the Congressman at Linthicum Heights.

    -Frederick News., Wed. August. 09, 1916, p.4.

    "Becomes D.A.R. Candidate, Mrs. J. C. Linthicum Seeks Nomination as Vice President General. Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of Representative Linthicum, of Maryland, will formally announce her candidacy for nomination for the office of vice president general, from Maryland of the National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution at a reception this afternoon, from 4 to 6 o'clock at the Hotel Belvedere, Baltimore, Md. The guests will be members of the Maryland Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution."-"Leads in Bible Study",

    -The Washington Post., March 14, 1917, pg. 5.

    "Mrs. Lewis' Ticket. Mrs. James Hamilton Lewis, the administration candidate, has on her ticket for …..secretary general, Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, Maryland…"

    -"D.A.R. Lobbies Busy.", The Washington Post., April 15, 1917.

    "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, of Baltimore, who was an unsuccessful candidate for the position of corresponding secretary general, presented Mrs. Story, the retiring president general, a handsome wrist watch"

    -"Elect Mrs. Guernsey", The Washington Post., April 20, 1917.


    "Student at Normal School a nephew of Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum and foster son of Congressman Linthicum and his wife who has taken the same name by order of court. His name was formerly John Charles Dillon.

    -Baltimore American, June 20, 1917.

    J. C. Linthicum,  Jr., Now. By a decree signed in the Circuit Court yesterday; John Charles Dillon, the nephew of Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum and the foster-son of the Congressman and Mrs. Linthicum, had his name changed to John Charles Linthicum, being the same a that of the congressman Jack, as he is familiarly called by his friends and his schoolmates at Time (?) where he is a student, has, since early childhood been raised and educated by the Congressman and his wife.  He is now 18 years of age, having come to them when scarcely more than 10.

    the Congressman promised Jack that when he made good in his studies and work and sowed that he would be a credit to the community he would have his name changed to that of his own. Jack hopes to be known hereafter as John Charles Linthicum, Jr.

    -Baltimore American, June 20,1917, p. 8.

    J. Charles Linthicum III, Son of J. Charles Linthicum II. He changed his name to that of his step father Jordy.-Source: Tid Bitg of Provence., Jordy, Charles, Bloomington, 2007.


    Congressman Linthicum Sees Bright Business Prospects.

    Congressman Linthicum, who has always taken deep interest in the conservation fo the fish and oyster industry of the State, and who is likewise very enthusiastic over the prospects of the National Government making the Chesapeake Bay the centre of its army and navy activities, is making a tour of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, together with Mrs. Linthicum, their son Jack, and niece, Piss. Margaret Linthicum.

    Mr. Linthicum is very optimistic as to the continued prosperity of the country. In talking of the vast business enterprises of the day and the great corporations and new manufacturing plants which have been erected , he said that there could be no doubt that the country is destined for even greater prosperity that it has experienced the last few years, as great as that has been.  That the vast sums of money that have been appropriated by Congress for the construction of battleships, merchant marine, army cantonments and various other National interests; also the large amount of money which is being invested by numerous merchants and business firms throughout the country and the huge crops which are being harvested by the farmers and truckers of the land, cannot help but bring wonderful prosperity to our people.

    It is true, said the Congressman to a Wicomico News reporter that the war has somewhat depressing influence upon certain lines of enterprise, but the people are fast recovering from the little setback and their endeavors are becoming greater and greater as the war proceeds.  They are now looking upon the war as a thing which must be won with men and money. They are all anxious and willing to do their part, whether it be the furnishing of their sons for the war, or the furnishing of the money to carry it on.  All things combined presage a wonderful era in the history of our country, and great success to our army and navy which are to be sent abroad.

    -Denton Journal., Saturday, July 21, 1917, p.2


    "Linthicum to Do Bit. Representative J. Charles Linthicum ha announced that he and Mrs. Linthicum will spend each Friday evening at the office-217 St. Paul Street- from 8 to 10 to meet those persons who are unable to see him during the daytime, in accordance with matters appertaining to loved ones who are now enlisted in the Army and Navy.

    Mrs. Linthicum will do her part by taking up the troubles of any of the wives and mothers of the boys.

    This week, however, the first meeting will be held on Saturday night from 8 to 10, owing to the fact that the Liberty Loan rally will be held at the Lyric on Friday night.

    -10/11,1917, Baltimore American., p. 8.

    "Linthicum Fifty Years Old Today. Congressman now on way to the waterways convention in Florida. Congressman J. Charles Linthicum, who with Mrs. Linthicum and a large delegation, is en route to Miami, Fla.  where he will address the convention of the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association to be held in that city….Mr. Linthicum was born November16 (?) 1867, at what is now Linthicum Heights, and came to Baltimore when 11 years of age to attend the public schools of this city, and later the State Normal School, Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland, being graduated in law from the latter institution.

    At the age of 19 he was principal of the Braddock School, Frederick county, Md. and later principal of the Patapsco Academy in his native county of Anne Arundel. From the time of his graduation in law Mr. Linthicum has practiced in this city, and in 1904 entered the state legislature, serving in the House of Delegates for one term and the State Senate for three terms.  Since that time he has been a member of Congress from the Fourth Maryland District.

    During his 14 years of legislative experience as a representative from Baltimore Mr. Linthicum was chairman of the city delegation which passed all the legislation for the reconstruction of Baltimore after the great fire.

    Among the things of which he is most proud is the fact that he was chairman of the State Normal School Building Commission, when he expanded, together with his associates, over $800,000 building an institution which is considered the finest in the country within the appropriation, and will turn back a surplus of money into the state treasury.

    Mr. Linthicum is the author of the bill under which the immigration Station at Baltimore now nearing completion, was constructed and by which Fort McHenry was transferred to the city of Baltimore for a park.

    Mr. Linthicum has always been a strong supporter of harbor and channel improvements and has obtained from the government for these improvements over a million dollars.  Work under his bill is now in progress in the harbor and in the channel.

    Since being a member of Congress Mr. Linthicum has gradually worked up to ranking member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House and helped form and report, and likewise helped in the passage of all legislation going before that committee in connection with the present war. In addition to being a member of the above named committee Mr. Linthicum, is also a member of the Committee on Pensions and the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures.

    Under Governor Crothers Mr. Linthicum was judge advocate general and had the support of that executive.

    Upon their return from Florida Congressman and Mrs. Linthicum will take up their residence in Washington for the coming session of congress, which convenes on December 3.

    --November 26, 1917, Baltimore American.

    THE PRESIDENT GENERAL: Ladies — Mrs. Linthicum. (Applause as presented.)

    THE PRESIDENT GENERAL: I am very very proud of that report from Maryland.
    And there is also another Daughter, Mrs. Charles J. Linthicum, who
    has always made generous and noble responses in the line of national service.
    Is she here? Yes. Mrs. Linthicum, we would love to hear from you at this
    time, for I know how splendidly and generously you have served this organization.
    MRS. LINTHICUM: Maryland is heart and hand with you. The love of
    country is ours, we are with you in every way, and keep our love of country at
    the right hand. I offer myself, my home, and all I have to the protection of
    our splendid soldiers who are to go forth to the glorious end of peace, which
    I am sure we will have. (Applause.) p. 15...


    MRS. BOSLEY: Madam President General, National Officers, and members of
    the 26th Continental Congress : As State Regent of Maryland I wish to place in
    nomination the name of Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum for Corresponding Secretary
    General. (Applause.) Mrs. Linthicum was the unanimous choice of our Maryland
    State Conference, at which she was indorsed for this national office. Mrs.
    Linthicum has had years of experience in our wonderful Society, never refusing at
    any time to do what was worthy in service or in any other way that she was
    capable of contributing to this great organization.
    Mrs. Linthicum's home is in Washington and as many of you know her husband,
    Congressman J. Charles Linthicum, is now residing here, and through him
    many important bills, through the influence of Mrs. Linthicum, have been gotten
    through — that is, by his assistance.
    I wish to say that Maryland has the greatest confidence in the ability of our
    candidate, and I feel that Maryland has always been conscientious ; and I believe
    that she is the woman for this office. She will make good. She has tact, consideration,
    and loyalty — the three essentials I believe for any candidate to have, and
    ability added to the others.
    Ladies, I wish simply to tell you of the national committees that Mrs. Linthicum
    is a member of : The Memorial Continental Hall Committee, Banquet Hall
    or Chapter Memorial, National University, International Peace Arbitration, Legislation
    in the United States Congress, Finance — and recently appointed by the
    governor of Maryland on the Woman's War Council.
    I wish to say in closing that "by their works ye shall know them," and I wish
    to ask your support for Maryland's candidate for Corresponding Secretary General,
    Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum. (Applause.)
    THE PRESIDENT GENERAL: I recognize Mrs. Charles B. Bryan, of Tennessee.
    MRS. BRYAN : Members : I wish all the candidates in this house were from
    Maryland. I do feel so proud to stand before you again in the name of Maryland,
    and to second the nomination of Mrs. Linthicum. She and I have worked here together
    for twenty-one years and she has been a faithful serviteur of this organization;

    and she has been always a most generous and I will say she has never been a
    laggard, nor has she been a hypocritical, apathetic Daughter. The action of Maryland
    in making her a member of the Woman's Council is noteworthy. Her husband
    is a distinguished and useful man. He was instrumental in having bills of
    tremendous value and import passed ; in having the bones of the author of the
    Star Spangled Banner transferred to Baltimore; and at the ending of the last
    Congress it was Mrs. Linthicum who unfurled the flag, because her husband was
    interested in the 1914 celebration of the "Star Spangled Banner."
    Ladies, I hope you will realize the necessity and the importance of electing
    Mrs. Linthicum as your Corresponding Secretary General. (Laughter and applause.)
    THE PRESIDENT GENERAL: Ladies — Mrs. Linthicum. (Applause as presented.) p. 109-110

    Now we have many good friends, and I am delighted in calling on those who
    have served and helped us in a real practical way, and we are favored quite unexpectedly
    in having the distinguished Representative from Maryland, Mr. J. Charles
    l.inthicum, who has appeared before committees for us in behalf of Monticello — I
    am taking advantage of this opportunity by calling upon him for a moment, for
    just a brief word or two, feeling that you will wish to meet one of the men who
    has so kindly assisted in the measures that we as a National Society are trying to
    advance. The Hon. J. Charles Linthicum. (Applause.)
    MR. LINTHICUM : Madam President General, Ladies of the Daughters of the
    American Revolution Convention : I must say this is certainly very unexpected to
    me. I came up here a while ago just to see the convention in session, and did not
    expect to say anything to you. I do want to congratulate the President General and
    those working" in unison with her for the acquisition of Jefferson's old home,
    Monticello. There is certainly no better work that I know of than the preservation
    of these old homes of our forefathers, the men who made this great Republic of
    ours. Certainly if any home ought to be preserved it is that of Jefferson. (Applause.)
    And when the committee asked me whether I did not think $500,000 was
    too much for the property, I said I did not think any price was too much for
    Jefferson's old home. (Applause.)
    I think this organization has done more toward creating the sentiment for the
    purchase of that property and the acquisition of it by the Government of the
    United States than any other organization could do or will do ; particularly for this
    reason : For years and years you ladies have been working in the interest of
    patriotism — a thing which we to-day want more than anything in this great country
    of ours. (Applause.) And that patriotism on your part has led to the great work
    of the acquisition of Mt. Vernon and other historic homes of the great men of the
    past who have made this country.
    I had the pleasure of doing something in the interest of old Fort McHenry,
    that place where the Star-Spangled Banner was written (applause), and we are
    going to take splendid care of that old fort. The United States should be taking
    care of the historic old homestead of the man who wrote the greatest document in
    history — the Declaration of Independence. (Applause.)
    I am not going to say anything further except about the letters you are going
    to send to the Congressmen and Senators. We get a great many of them ; but don't
    you believe we don't notice them. We take notice of everything of that sort, because
    there is no person in the world who takes more notice of what is transpiring
    than the Congressman. His ear is to the ground all the time, and he likes to hear

    from home. (Applause.) We shall appreciate your letter on universal military
    service ; and let me say that there is no greater work that you can do than to tell
    Congress that you believe in the great work of Thomas Jefferson and George
    Washingon and those to whom we owe this liberty and this respect for the rights
    of humanity. (Applause.) And it is up to us to preserve it with all its liberty and
    if we want to do it we must not wait until the time comes and begin then to prepare,
    but we must begin to prepare now and then look to the future and bring this
    country's -great resources to bear.
    In conclusion allow me to congratulate you on the splendid work you have been
    doing for Monticeflo. You have now done much to put the proposition into shape
    and I think that it is going to go through ; I have been down there, all through it,
    and it seems to me it is a great inspiration to go around that old home where
    Thomas Jefferson once lived, and I have often thought when I stood on the lawn
    outside of the old home and looked down toward the magnificent buildings of the
    University of Virginia that Thomas Jefferson established that he looked to the
    future. He thought to himself, "I am not here for very long. These great principles
    of humanity, free government and liberty, I do not want them to die when
    I go; and so I am going to found a great university." And there within sight of
    the old home he founded this great University of Virginia, a place for all people
    to come and study those things which Thomas Jefferson himself believed in, a
    place where we might go right to the cradle of democracy and drink of the spring
    right near the home of that great educator of the people. This great university
    was founded so that democratic principles might live; so that government by the
    people and for the people might not fade from the earth. (Applause.)
    MRS. MAUPIN : In the name of Virginia I wish to thank you and this Congress
    for all the effort you have put forth for the purchase of Monticello. There is no
    home in these United States of more historic association, with the exception perhaps
    of Mt. Vernon, than Monticello. And Virginia is proud, very proud, and
    very grateful to each one of you who have done your part in trying to persuade
    the Government to purchase this home. So many of our homes, so many of our
    beautiful homes of Virginia, belonging even to the Presidents of the United States,
    have gone into the hands of private owners, shut out from all the rest of the world,
    from everybody.
    And we thank you. We do appreciate so much your efforts in behalf of Monticello,
    and Daughters, I do hope that the purchase will be ours. (Applause.)


    - Proceedings of the ... Continental Congress of the National Society of the Daughters of the American RevolutionmDaughters of the American Revolution Continental Congress,The Congress., 1917



     "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum Announces Candidacy to Succeed Herself. Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of Representative Linthicum, of Maryland, has issued letters to the various regents of the D.A.R., of Maryland, announcing her candidacy for election to the chaplaincy of the Maryland Daughters.  Mrs. Linthicum is now filling out the unexpired term of her predecessor.

    -"Seeks Md. D.A.R. Chaplaincy.:, The Washington Post., March 13, 1918.

    Hon. J. Charles Linthicum Back. Congressman J. Charles Linthicum of the Fourth District arrived in Baltimore Friday after spending a month on the American fighting line in France

    - Frederick News-Post | Frederick, Maryland | Monday, October 14, 1918 | Page 5

    "…By the direction of the French High Commissioner in Washington, Mme. Cecile Sartoris, who is at the head of this work and who returned to America in October, 1918, after a short time spent in France, collecting new data on the devastated regions under the auspices of the American Embassy in Paris having been through the invaded districts with the Hon. J. Charles Linthicum, Member of Congress from Baltimore…

    -"French Restoration Fund.:. The New York Times., Feb. 21, 1919.

    …"I feel tat the League will be formed and that while it will not prevent all wars that it will reduce them to a minimum.  The nations of the world understanding its rights and the small nations having the protection of this league will leap forward with great bounds toward prosperity and a better feeling. Just as soon as the world can be guaranteed tat peace shall prevail and that all nations are bound together to enforce this peace and to prevent ruin and bloodshed the quicker will prosperity prevail.  It was the general feeling of those present that one of the greatest documents ever drawn by a body of men was considered and further that would it successful prove one of the greatest blessings to humanity ever written.  We felt as a number of members have expressed themselves including several Republicans that the President was undertaking one of the greatest works which has ever devolved upon man.  From all I can gather it would seem that the President is by far the leader in this great work and that the world looks to him and to America back of him for its success.  He is the best informed man upon the subject and one of the ablest at the conference.  As a proof of how much the world looks to him at this time  several of the small nations decided that the United States shall be their guardian and protect them  in the years to come.

    It was a wonderful conference one of the greatest I think in the history of our country presided over by a great President and I hope from its loins will spring the peace of the world.


    -"Linthicum Tells of White House Confab.", Fredereick News Post, Monday, March 3, 1919, p. 4


    Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum wife of the former (?)r representative from Maryland, gave a garden at Twin Oaks near Baltimore for a card party yesterday morning for the patriotic fund of the Baltimore Chapter of the D.A.R.

    -The Washington Post., Thursday, July 3, 1919.

    A Friend of Labor

    It is generally recognized that the thoughts of members of organized labor are turning towards political action as a result of recent events in the industrial world.

    It would therefore seem appropriate at this time to call attention to the record of a Member of Congress who has always exhibited a sympathetic attitude to the viewpoint of labor on measures pending in Congress. We refer at this time to the Hon. John Charles Linthicum, a Representative in Congress of the 4th District of Maryland.

    Congressman Linthicum is now serving his fifth term in Congress having first been elected to represent his District in the 62nd Congress The day has passed when organized labor based its judgment of the fitness of men to represent it in congress upon flowery speeches and pre-election promises. Today labor is demanding stronger evidence. The Bible says, "By their works ye shall know them." As applied to Members of Congress we might say that by their vote we shall know them.

    With reference to Congressman Linthicum we believe that his record in Congress presents a much stronger recommendation than any complimentary words of ours could possibly give him. Therefore, a summary is herewith presented of measures upon all of which Congressman Linthicum voted in the interest of labor.

    SIXTY-SECOND CONGRESS May 23, 1911— Statehood for Arizona and New Mexico providing mandatory enactment of the Initiative, Referendum and Recall. March 28, 1912— Anti-Phosphorus Match Bill. April 2, 1912 — Children's Bureau Bill. May 13, 1912 — Popular Election of United States Senators. May 14, 1912 — Clayton Injunction Limitation Bill, rule to consider. May 14, 1912— Final passage Clayton Injunction Limitation Bill. July 11, 1912— Clayton Contempt Bill; final passage. December 17, 1912— Literacy Test In Immigration Bill. February 19, 1913— Immigration Over President's Veto. March 1, 1913 — Workmen's Compensation. March 4, 1913— Sundry Civil Over Taft's Veto. SIXTY-THIRD CONGRESS February 4, 1914 — Motion to strike out Literacy Test, Immigration Bill. February 4, 1914 — Final Vote Immigration with Literacy Test. March 4, 1914— Convict Labor Bill. April 17, 1914 — Children's Bureau (Increase appropriations for). June 5, 1914— Passage Clayton Anti-Trust Bill. January 15, 1915— Conference Report, Immigration BUI. February 4, 1915 — Immigration Over Wilson's Veto. February 15, 1915— Palmer Child Labor BUI. SIXTY-FOURTH CONGRESS February 2, 1916— Keating Child Labor Bill. March 14, 1910— Borland Eight-Hour. March 30, 1916— Recommit an* Strike Out Literacy Test, Immigration Bill. March 30, 1916 — Final Passage, Immigration Bill. June 22, 1016— Stop-Watch In Fortifications Bill. September 1, 1916 — Sterling Amendment In Railroad Men's Eight-Hour Bill. September 1. 191fl — Final Passage of Railroad Men's Eight-Hour Bill. December 16. lOifl — Increase Compensation, Government Employees. February 1, 1917— Immigration Over Wilson's Veto. February 15, 1917— Increase Compensation of Indian Bureau Employees. SIXTY-FIFTH CONGRESS September 13, 1917— War Risk Insurance — Soldiers and Sailors. March 25, 1918— Madden Amendment Granting Increase to Postal Employees. March 26. 1918 — Black Amendment to Reduce Increase of Postal Employees. March 26. 1918 — Final Passage of Postal Employees Increase Bill. May 13, 1918— Borland Eight-Hour. June 19, 1918 — Naval Appropriation Bill Prohibiting Bonuses. June 27. 191'' — Naval Appropriation Prohibiting Bonuses. July 1, 1918 — Borland Eight-Hour over Wilson's Veto.


    - Machinists' Monthly Journal: Devoted to the Technical and Economic Education of the Members of the I. A. of M..,International Association of Machinists,1920

    MRS. MAUPIN: Madam President General, National Officers and Daughters
    of the Thirtieth Continental Congress: I have the honor and great privilege
    tonight to present to you a candidate for Vice President General from Maryland.
    As a member of a Baltimore Chapter, the oldest and largest in the
    State, our candidate has for 23 years given most faithful service and ha&
    responded nobly and generously to every worthy appeal. She has served on
    many national committees, and for four years has held the office of State
    Chaplain. She was endorsed in our State conference, and the Daughters of
    Maryland feel that one so loyal and faithful merits this recognition. We believe,
    if elected, our candidate will bring the National Board the same devotion
    to the interests of the Society she has always given to our State and
    chapter work. She has many friends in this organization, and is too well
    known to all of you to need further introduction from Maryland. But every
    Maryland Daughter loves her. I present therefore for your election as Vice
    President General from Maryland Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, State Chaplain
    of Maryland.
    The nomination was seconded by Florida, West Virginia, Tennessee, Maryland,
    Michigan, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Kentucky and New Jersey.
    THE PRESIDENT GENERAL: Will Mrs. Linthicum come forward and be introduced.
    We will now recognize Mrs. Samuel H. Davis.
    Mrs. Linthicum was presented.


    MRS. LINTHICUM (Md.) : I wish personally to present $50 to the Caroline
    Scott Harrison memorial and $50 to the Indian Institute in honor of my
    grandson, J. Charles Linthicum, 3rd.
    The Chaplain, Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, from Maryland organization, has been
    most faithful in visiting the sick and sorrowing and always present to open the
    board meetings with prayer. -p.256.

    -Proceedings of the Contental Congress of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Daughters of the American Revolution Continental Congress, 1920,p. 451.

    Linthicum Again seeks Reelection

    Representative From Fourth District Cites His Record

    Favors Beer and Wines

    Deeper Channel, New Post Office and Custom House For Baltimore In His Platform

    (Washington Bureau of The Sun.)

    Washington, Jan, 9.--Representative J. Charles Linthicum today announced that he would be a candidate for reelection as a member of the lower house of Congress from the Fourth Maryland district, to which he was elected in 1911.

    Among the accomplishments which he believes warrant his return to Congress have been his stand on taxes and tariff; efforts to produce a 40-foot channel 1,000 feet wide for the city of Baltimore: work resulting in the appropriation of $2,000,000 for the present thirty-fife-foot channel, and his efforts for the last ten years to obtain a new Post Office Building for Baltimore.


    In an announcement setting forth his claims for return to the House, beginning with the Seventy-first Congress, Mr. Linthicum said:


    "I long ago told my many friends that I would be a candidate for the nomination and election to the House of Representatives of the Seventy-first Congress. I now take the opportunity of saying this to the public who have so valiantly and strongly supported me for a number of years.  I feel that I have accomplished sufficient to warrant my asking for this return to Congress, as I have devoted my time and energies always in the interest of my country, state and city.

    Supported Economy Measures,

    "Aside from my stand on general legislation and that for the reduction of tariff  and taxes , I have always supported an economical government., though not a parsimonious one.  Through my long service I have reached the position of ranking Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee and as a result of that position on that committee am also a member of the Foreign Service Building Commission, the purpose of which is to construct embassies and office buildings in foreign countries and have already devoted considerable time to that work both with the commission in this country and by visits to various locations abroad.'

    "My best endeavors are being directed toward the procurement of a 40 -foot channel 1,000 feet wide for the city of Baltimore just as I obtained some $2,000,000 for the present 35-foot channel. I wish to see the completion of appropriations for our new postoffice, which I expect to be one of the handsomest buildings of its kind in the country.  I also wish to procure an appropriation for the construction of a new warehouse for our customs service, the old one, now about 100 years old, having long since outlived its usefulness.

    Stands For Beer and Wines

    "I stand for a modification of the Volstead act and the Eighteenth Amendment.  I believe if we can once again obtain the sale of light wines and beer and the regulation and sale of strong liquors by the Government we will have greatly solved this problem and bring about general morality in the country, which has been so shaken for some years because of the determination to enforce prohibition.

    "I do not believe we can legislate people good any more than we can perform other miracles.  Of course, we are all opposed to the return of the old saloon system.

    Cites Accomplishments

    "It may seem that this is a large order, but we must remember that during my period in Congress I have, with the aid of my associates and friends, procured a thirty-five-foot channel from the city to the sea, secured the erection of a modern and up-to-date immigration station, secured the transfer of Fort McHenry as a national shrine and erection of a monument to Francis Scott Key therein, and the fort, under my bills will conform to tits pristine glory as of the War of 1812.  The Federal branch bank was secured by my resolution and will cost with equipment in the vicinity of a million and a half dollars.

    "It will be my intention to follow my usual routine of devoting my time to local matters, my office work and the legislative matters which come before the House of Representatives form day to day".

    -Baltimore Sun, January 10,1921


     "Urges Forest Reserve for Great Falls Area. Would Protect Washington's Water Supply from Pollution at Source, Linthicum Says. Immediate steps to stop pollution of Washington's water supply at its source above the Great Falls of the Potomac were emphasized in the House yesterday by Representative J. Charles Linthicum , of Maryland, who urged Congress to buy the land on each side of the river above the falls and to make of the area a forest reserve. Mr. Linthicum announced his purpose to introduce the necessary bill in the near future…Mr. Linthicum said, however, that it seemed poor policy to filter water in Washington while permitting its pollution at the source. this latter would be obviated, he said, if the government controlled the watersheds above Great Falls.

    -Washington Post, The | Washington, District Of Columbia | Tuesday, March 14, 1922 | Page 4

    "All of the other Maryland members of the House are seeking re-nomination. Representatives …………J. Charles Linthicum, Democrats….are unopposed in their respective parties.

    -"Maryland to Vote on Coolidge Today". ,The Washington Post.,, May 5, 1924, pg. 3.

    "Fourth District (133 Precincts) Linthicum, 14213; Staum, 10,255."

    -"Coolidge Carries Maryland; Wins in Baltimore by 7,500".,The Washington Post., Nov. 5,1924, pg. 4.


    The President's Message

    (By J. Chas. Linthicum)


    There is nothing like optimism when we wish to accomplish anything.  It was at a little gathering of the officials and Chairmen of the Units of the State Normal School, which was being held in Richmond Hall., that someone turned to Mr. Linthicum, who was present, and said "You know we want to raise $15000.00 to add to the Sarah E. Richmond Student Loan Fund; some members have suggested that we divide it in half and make a drive for it during the two succeeding years.  What do you think about this proposition?" Mr. Linthicum replied "I think if you want $15000.00, the thing t do is to go after it.  If a great school like this with its thousands of graduates cannot raise $1500.00 for such a laudable purpose then I shall be must surprised. "


    At the next gathering of the Alumni at its annual meeting in June 1925, Mr. Linthicum was elected President of the Alumni Association and in accepting the office; he said "I am taking this office to see if I cannot accomplish the raising of the additions to the Student Loan Fund." During the next few months, work for the raising of the fund was started, Mr. Linthicum taking the lead, assisted by the other officers of the Association.  To make a long story short at the June meeting in 1926, he reported that the fund had been raised, and that instead of $1500.00, more than $2,200.00 had been collected as the addition to the Sarah E. Richmond Student Loan Fund.


    It is needless to say that the work of all the officials of the Association was most laudable.  The first substantial subscription was made by a former graduate of the School and a teacher thereof, who upon request from Mr. Linthicum for $100.00 forwarded the same, and wished the Drive every success. This was our good friend Mrs. John C. Shaffer, better known as Miss Marian Virginia Conser, who now lives in Evanston Ill.


    Mr. Linthicum announced that the work for 1926-1927 would be for the purpose of placing the Association itself upon a better financial basis, through the formation of additional units in the Counties and of additional members of the Alumni Association.


    -Tower Light, Vol. 6- No. 4, January 1927, p. 1.

    Congressmen Ate Possum With Linthicum

    Representative J. Chas. Linthicum, of Maryland gave his annual possum dinner in the House of Representatives' restraint Wednesday.

    This has been an annual affair for several years. The Maryland Representative had invited a number of his colleagues to his "possum feast." Members of the House and other friends of Mr. Linthicum who accepted his invitation were…


    -The Denton Journal, Saturday, January 21, 1928, p. 5.



    "Representatives….J. Charles Linthicum….seemed winners."

    -"Hoover Far in Lead in Maryland Voting.", The New York Times. May 8, 1928.

    Congressman Linthicum Writes of His Recent Trip to South America


    Congressman Linthicum, in company with Mrs. Linthicum and Mr. Robert J. Philips of the State Department, has just returned from South America, having made a trip since November 17, 1928 of 15,000 miles down the East Coast of South America, into Brazil, Uruguay, Argentine and across the Andes to Santiago, the capital of Chili, thence via Valparaiso, returning by the west coast and visiting the coast cities of Lima, the capital of Peru, on to Panama, Havana and New York said-


    "It was a most wonderful trip, unfolding the beauties and industries heretofore unknown to me, and their great possibilities for business opportunity and trade.  Our first stop at Rio de Janeiro was early in the morning, and as the sun shone upon the beautiful harbor and mountains, it was a sight of marvelous beauty indeed.  Rio is built around a crescent harbor and ocean front; the main street extends 13 miles along the water, while beautiful homes and bungalows creep to the mountain sides.  I have viewed te harbors of Naples and most of those of other great cities but none of tem compare in magnificent natural beauty to Rio.


    Here we were received by the Ambassador, Mr. Morgan, and the Consul General Mr. Dawson, and given every opportunity for inspection and examination of the proposed office site for the United States buildings in Rio.  The City has about one million and a half population, and is still growing. At least 300 American automobiles were unloaded from our ship at this point, and 200 more went on to other ports.


    We then journeyed on to Santos, Brazil, and visited the great City of San Paulo, located on the mountain plateau.  To reach this City we took an automobile and mounted the mountain side over fine roads some 3,000 feet high, thence along the plateau to the City.  Here we found what many people think is destined to be the great commercial city of Brazil-beautifully laid out and ornamented, magnificent hotels and a population of some 900,000 people.  Zit was a wonder indeed to see this great City situated back from the mountain front and on a mountain plateau with a hinterland rich in agriculture, stock and sheep raising.  Here we visited the snake farm, and saw all manner of snakes from which virus is gathered for the cure of snake bites, not only in Brazil, but other parts of the world.


    Our next stop Montevideo, was the capital of Uruguay-a city of about 300,000 people, where it is contemplation a legation must be erected in the near future.  From here we proceeded to Buenos Aires striking a very severe storm, as the old geographer always said, at the mouth of the La Plata River.  It is hard to realize a river like the La Plata, being more than 100 miles wide.  We were compelled to anchor for the night and started early the next morning, reaching Buenos Aires about 11 o' clock at night and were agreeably surprised to find the Ambassador, Mr. Bliss, the consul General and a number of other U.S. officials awaiting us.


    Buenos Aires has now a population of two million, and a half, having doubled in the last fifteen years.  Only a view the City or pictures of its beautiful parks, residences and business houses can make one realize its beauty. It s architecture is extremely ornamental-Italian, French and Spanish.  Its monuments are usually of pure white marble, which glisten in the bright sunshine and seem not to discolor.  Its main avenue resembles largely those of Paris, lined with beautiful parks, of palms and semi-tropical plants.  On cannot realize at first that summer prevails during those months in which winter prevails with us, and while it was winter at home, it was harvest time in Argentine.  The people were particularly friendly, and showed our party every consideration and courtesy.  The language is Spanish, although not always of the pure dialect.  Mr. Robert J. Phillips of the state department and I visited with the Ambassador, Mr. John Campbell White, of Baltimore Counselor of the Embassy, and others, many sites and buildings, and we hope have reached a conclusion which will be acceptable.


    It is needless to say that Buenos Aires is perhaps the most expensive City in the world, costing almost double what it would cost in most cities of our country.  From Buenos Aires, we crossed the Andes in a narrow gauge railroad, and reached Santiago, Chili, a most picturesque location, with its snow capped mountains, its parks and business houses.  Here we met our Ambassador, Mr. Culbertson, and made note of what would be required in that City.  Here also Mr. Julius Lay, Counselor to the British Embassy, was met, and gave us every opportunity.


    From Santiago, we journeyed on to Valparaiso, where we took passage on the good ship "Santa Barbara," and for 20 days sailed along the western coast of South America making some 13 stops in all between there and New York, including Lima, the capital of Peru, where we met Ambassador Moore, and made examination of the lot now owned by our Government upon which is contemplated the creation of an Embassy.


    One cannot realize the great possibilities for trade and commerce in these countries until such a visit as ours has been made.  The work of our commercial attaches and the consuls has been untiring, and new fields and new opportunities are being opened to

    American trade on every hand.  American automobiles dominate the great cities, American farming implements, in the agricultural sections, American mining machinery all the mining sections (and by "American" I mean the United States).  American capital is almost wholly invested in mines and nitrate plants; in fact, it is American capital, especially on the west coast which, together with the native labor, is developing the great wealth that is pouring into the laps of the Chileans and Peruvians, and thereby returning great resources and likewise big dividends to the owners in the U.S.

    -J. Charles Linthicum, Tower Light, March 1929, p. 6

    "In addition to those named the American Delegation includes….J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland

    -"Union of Legislators In Session at Geneva.", The New York Times.,, Aug 24, 1929, pg.3.

    "Representative and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum will entertain at dinner this evening at the Mayflower in celebration of their wedding anniversary.  The table will be decorated with pink and yellow spring flowers and following the dinner there will be an informal musicale."

    - "Anniversary Dinner Planned for Tonight; Linthicums Hosts.", The Washington Post, Mar. 9, 54.

    "…and J. Charles Linthicum, who is seeking his tenth term from the Fourth."

    -"Maryland Filing Closes. Four of Representatives in Congress Are Unopposed for Primary., The New York Times., August 20, 1930.

    "Representative J. Charles Linthicum, ten times congressman and leader of the wet forces in the House, is unopposed for the Democratic nomination in the Fourth District. W. O. Atwood, a dry, is unopposed for the Republican nomination."

    -"Maryland Interest Aroused by Fights in Congress Races.", The Washington Post, August 24, 1930.

    "Representative and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum entertained with a dinner and musicale at the Mayflower last evening, the music under the direction of S. Douglas McComas , of Baltimore with Mr. Braithwaite and his quartet and Miss Mary Mullin Fink, harpist.  The Chinese room was decorated in spring flowers and evergreens…"

    -"Artists Mark Dinner Given by Linthicums". The Washington Post, Feb. 6. 1931, pg. 9.

    "A dinner in commemoration of the adoption by Congress of "The Star Spangled Banner" as the national anthem of the United States will be given at the Mecca Temple ballroom the evening of April 27 under the auspices of the National Americanization Committee of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, The National Star-Spangled Banner Association Inc., and other patriotic societies, it was announced yesterday by Captain Walter I. Joyce director of the committee.

    About 5009 guests are expected to be present, including representatives of civic and patriotic societies and officers of the army and navy,.  The speakers will include Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland and Charles Edward Russell."

    -"To Mark Anthem Adoption". The New York Times, April 19,1931, pg. 38.

    "Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of Representative Linthicum, of Maryland, will sail on August 26 for Paris, where she will be one of the hostesses at Mount Vernon at the Colonial Exposition.  With her will be Miss Dorothy Nicholson also one of the hostesses named. Representative and Mrs. Linthicum are now at Saratoga Springs

    "Linthicum Gives Talk to Veterans. New York, April 27, Patriotism is second only to education as the bulwark of the republic, Charles Linthicum, Maryland Congressman said tonight at a dinner given by the Veterans of Foreign Wars to commemorate passing of a bill designating "The Star Spangled Banner" as the National anthem.

    -Daily Mail, The | Hagerstown, Maryland | Tuesday, April 28, 1931 | Page 4 

    -"Mrs. Linthicum to Sail Sunday to Be Hostess.",

    - The Washington Post., August 17, 1931, pg. 8.

    "Representative J., Charles Linthicum of Maryland turned the first shovelful of earth today for the construction of an American foreign service building on the Place de la Concorde. He was assisted by Captain Richard L. Smith and representatives of the contractors and the international Federation of Building and public works"

    -"Begin New Paris Embassy", New York Times., September 11, 1931.

    "Representative and Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum arrived on the George Washington after passing several weeks in Europe. They passed a short time in Paris and later went to Budapest. They attended the interparliamentary Union in session at Budapest."

    -"Linthicums Arrive From Trip Abroad.", The Washington Post, Oct. 17, 1931.

    "Foreign Affairs- J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland."

    (Likely chairman appointments in the House)

    -"Seniority Snarl Likely in House.", New York Times.,Nov 5, 1931, pg. 2.

    Although J. Charles stipulated that the North Linthicum Properties should be developed in his will steps had obviously been taken in 1931 a year prior to his death when this advertisement appeared in the Linthicum Carnival program.-Linthicum Public Library Pamphlet file.

     Debated a bill appropriating $1.059,898,563 for the Treasury and Post Office Departments, a cut of $22,677,000 below the Hoover budget estimate. C. Passed (67-to-12) a bill by Maryland's Linthicum upping U. S. passport fees from $5 to $9; sent it to the Senate.

    -"Work Done." March 7, 1932, Time,,9171,743244,00.html

    "Representative J. Charles Linthicum was in such a serious condition tonight at the Maryland General Hospital that physicians held out little hope for his recovery.

    The senior member of the Maryland's Congressional delegation was taken to the institution on Sept. 23 for treatment of a carbuncle on the neck. Dr. M. L. Slate3r said he appeared in good condition after an operation to remove it. However, since the Representative has been afflicted with diabetes for a long time, he remained at the hospital for observation. He did not improve, Dr. Slater said, and on Saturday he became considerably weaker, taking a sharp turn for the worse."

    -"Linthicum Much Worse.", The New York Times., Oct. 5, 1932., pg. 17.

    J. C. Linthicum Services set for Saturday

    Rites for Congressman to be Held at 11 A.M.

    At Old St. Paul's

    Death Due to Blood Stream infection

    State Central Committee

    Must Pick New Name To be On Ballot

    Funeral services for Representative J. Charles Linthicum dean of the Maryland Congressional delegation and chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee will be held at 11 A.M. Saturday at Old St. Paul's Church here.

    Mr. Linthicum who had represented Maryland in Congress longer than any other man in the history of the State and was a candidate for his twelfth consecutive term died at 1:35 P.M. yesterday at the Maryland General Hospital where he had been a patient thirteen days.  He would have been 65 yeas old next month.

    Transfusion Was Performed

    He underwent a blood transfusion in the morning his nephew, Sweetser Linthicum 3d, son of his brother, Wade Hampton Linthicum supplying the blood.  Death was due to a recently incurred blood stream infection, complicated by diabetes from which Mr. Linthicum long had suffered.  Dr Thomas B Futcher and Dr. C. Urban Smith were the attending physicians.

    The Rt. Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, Bishop of he Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, and the Rev. Dr. Arthur Be. Kinsolving, rector of Old St. Paul's will conduct the funeral services.  Burial at Druid Ridge Cemetery will follow.  The services there will be Masonic.  Mr. Linthicum was a thirty-second-degree Mason and past master of John H. B. Latrobe Lodge

    Wife at His Bedside

    At Mr. Linthicum's bedside when he died were his wife and two brothers Seth Hance Linthicum, his law partner here, and Dr. G. Milton Linthicum, professor of colonic diseases University of Maryland Medical School.

    Mr. Linthicum also is survived by three other brothers William Linthicum, Baltimore, Sweetser Linthicum, Linthicum Heights, and the aforementioned Wade H. Linthicum, Linthicum Heights and two sisters, Mrs. Joseph K. Benson, Baltimore and Mrs. R. Luther Shipley, Linthicum Heights.

    Messages of condolence began to pour into the home, 705 St. Paul Street, late in the afternoon.  Many came from members of the State Department, among them a message from Secretary of State Stimson.  Others came from his Congressional colleagues in all parts of the country

    Leader of House Wet Bloc.

    Leader of the wet bloc in the House of Representatives, where he had represented the Fourth Maryland Congressional district since 1911 and ranking Democratic member of the Foreign Affairs Committee since 1921, Mr. Linthicum could boast a career in Democratic politics dating back to 1903, when he first was elected to public office.  IN that year the Third Legislative district sent him to the House of Delegates of the Maryland General Assembly and there he served as the chairman of the Baltimore delegation.

    From 1908 to 1912 he was judge advocate on the staff of Gov. A.L. Crothers.

    After aterm in the House of Delegates, he served two terms (1905-1910) in the State Senate before being elected to the Sixty-Second Congress. Biannually thereafter his constituents returned him to the House with such unfaltering support that Republican leaders in the State latterly had found it difficult to recruit candidates to run against him

    Must Pick New Nominee

    Mer. Linthicum's death places upon the Democratic State Central Committee the responsibility of selecting a nominee to take his place on the November ballot and to contest for the privilege of filling his unexpired term.

    Mr. Linthicum's political ambitions were not fully encompassed by his service in the State Legislature and in Congress.  He sought the Mayoralty nomination here in 1907 and was defeated by J. Barry Mahooll Eight years later he launched a campaign for the Gubernatorial nomination, only to withdraw under the opposition pressure of the Mahon end of the city machine.  Mr. Linthicum long drew his most active support from the faction controlled by John S. (Frank) Kelly

    Foreign Affairs Chairman

    In the House of Representatives where he succeeded John Philip Hill (Rep., Md.) as chairman of the organized anti-prohibition clique in 1927 Mr. Linthicum was especially notable for his long and successful fight to secure recognition for the Star-Spangled Banner as the national anthem.  He also was an active supporter of conservation measures, a low tariff proponent, friend of the World Court and a major worker for improvement of Baltimore's harbor facilities

    Besides his town house on St. Paul Street, he had a residence at Linthicum Heights an elevated section of Anne Arundel County to which his great- grandfather, Abner Linthicum gave its present name when the family settled there two centuries ago. Representative Linthicum and his brothers later developed there as a real-estate project

    Like his parents he was a native of Anne Arundel County.  His father, the late Sweetser Linthicum and his mother who before her marriage was Laura E. Smith had ten children eight of whom were boys.

    Until he was 12 Mr. Linthicum lived on the parental farm.  When he came to Baltimore in 1879 and entered Public School No. 1 at Fayette and Greene streets he began to add to the family income as a fruit and produce huckster, selling from door to door and working in his brother's stall at the Lexington Market on Saturday nights.

    Graduated in 1886

    Aspiring early to become a teacher he entered the State Normal School here and graduated. in 1886 at the age of 19.  He had done some teaching in the Anne Arundel county schools and in 1887 he served as principal of the Braddock School in Frederick county, receiving a salary of $33.50 a month.

    Meanwhile he read Blackstone at night in his room, and at the end of the year entered the Johns Hopkins University to take a special course in political economy and history

    Practiced Before Graduation

    In 1890 he was graduated from the University of Maryland Law School, but he had been admitted to practice in the city courts a year previous on the strength of a special examination before the "Supreme "Bench

    Three years later he married Eugenia M. Biden, daughter of the late Edward Biden, of Baltimore.  She died in February, 1897, and in March 1898, Mr. Linthicum Married Mrs. Gabriel D. Clark, who before here first marriage had been Helen A. Perry.  Her parents were Doctor and Mrs. John L. Perry of Saratoga Springs New York

    Proud of Record

    He was proud of his record as the man who had represented Maryland in Congress longer than any other in her history.  His only near rival was the late Representative J.F.C. Talbottt, Second district, who served from 1879 to 1885 and from 1903 to 1919, or ten terms.  Representative T. Alan Goldsborough, First district, who has served six consecutive terms, now becomes the dean of Maryland's solidly Democratic delegation in the House.  The only time that Mr. Linthicum ever came close to defeat was in 1920 when William O. Atwood, Republican opposed him.  A recount gave Mr. Linthicum a plurality of 1244.  IN 1918 Mr. Linthicum made "Woodrow Wilson" his platform.  He was an unswerving supporter of the war---time President.


    -Baltimore Sun, October 6, 1932.



    "Secretary Stimson Praises Him for "Patriotic Leadership." Secretary Stimson today expressed deep regret at the death of Representative Linthicum and praised his "patriotic and unselfish leadership,"  "In the death of Hon. J. Charles Linthicum, Chairman of the committee on Foreign Affairs" the Secretary said, "the American foreign service and Department of State have lost one of their best friends and the Congress and the country as a whole have lost one of their most devoted servants. "Mr. Linthicum was of great assistance in the drafting and enactment in 1924 of the bill for the improvement of the American foreign service.  In the Spring of 1931, Mr. Linthicum was co-author and co sponsor with Senator Moses of the organic law under which the foreign service of the United States now functions.

    "He was most helpful in securing the adoption of the act authorizing the acquisition of buildings abroad for the use of the foreign service, and for several years gave patriotic and inspiring service as a member of the Foreign Service Buildings Commission, in which capacity he traveled widely in South America and Europe to gather information and to aid the commission in reaching decisions as to the purchase and improvement of real estate for American Government buildings abroad. "He had a rare appreciation of the needs of this country in respect to representation abroad, and his attitude toward this subject was peculiarly sympathetic and non-partisan. "The Department of State and the foreign service and I mourn with the entire country that the patriotic and unselfish leadership of Mr. Linthicum. Is ended."

    -"Eulogizes Linthicum" ,The New York Times., Oct. 6, 1932.

    "J. C. Linthicum Dies; Foe of Prohibition, Maryland Representative in Congress for the Last Twenty-one Years. "Won Long Fight to Have "The Star Spangled Banner" adopted as National Anthem.

    Representative J. Charles Linthicum, elected eleven times to Congress from the Fourth Maryland District, died here this afternoon in Maryland General Hospital, where he had been a patient since Sept. 23. Death was due to diabetes complicated by a blood-stream infection. His age was 65. Mr. Linthicum's wife was with him when he died. His brother, Dr. G. Milton Linthicum, who had been assisting in treatment of the Congressman, arrived at the hospital a few minutes after he died.

    The veteran legislator had been ill for a long time, but did not enter the hospital until the infection developed.  His condition became critical last Friday. Although he was comfortable last night, he grew worse today, gradually sinking until the end."

                        -"J.C. Linthicum Dies; Foe of Prohibition", The New York Times., Oct. 6, 1932.

    "Congressman Dies Wednesday, Representative from Maryland, Well Known Here, Expires During Campaign. Baltimore, Oct. 6- Representative J. Charles Linthicum, who had represented Maryland in congress longer than any other man in the history of the state and was a candidate for his twelfth consecutive term, died at 1:35 p.m. Wednesday at the Maryland General hospital, where he had been a patient thirteen days.

    Death was due to a recently-incurred blood-stream infection complicated by diabetes, from which Mr. Linthicum long had suffered.  He would have been 65 years old next month.

    (Old St. Pauls' Baltimore)

    Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Saturday at Old St. Paul's church on Charles street. The Rev. Dr. Arthur B. Kinsolving, rector of St. Paul's, and the Rt. Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, will officiate, Burial at Druid Ridge cemetery will follow.

    Wife at His Bedside

    At Mr. Linthicum's bedside when he died were his wife and two brothers: Seth Hance Linthicum, his law partner here, and Dr. G. Milton Linthicum professor of colonic diseases, University of Maryland Medical school.

    Mr. Linthicum also is survived by three other brothers, William Linthicum, Baltimore, Sweetser Linthicum, Linthicum Heights, and Wade H. Linthicum, Linthicum Heights , and two sisters, Mrs. Joseph K. Benson, Baltimore, and Mrs. R. Luther Shipley, Linthicum Heights.

    Congressman Linthicum was one of the advocates of the 200-foot memorial boulevard from the Lincoln memorial, Washington, D.C. to the Gettysburg National cemetery. He is well known to a number of Gettysburgians who worked with him on the project.

    -Gettysburg Times | Gettysburg, Pennsylvania | Thursday, October 06, 1932 | Page 2


    "Cong. Linthicum Dies At Hospital in Baltimore."…"Taught At Braddock. Congressman Linthicum was well known in Frederick. In 1886 he taught school at Braddock. Later after he entered Congress he frequently visited here."

    -Frederick News-Post | Frederick, Maryland | Thursday, October 06, 1932 | Page 8

    Baltimore, Oct. 5, (AP) As a result of the death of Mr. Linthicum it will be necessary at next month's election to elect a Representative to complete the unexpired term and also one to fill the regular term beginning in 1933.J. Enos Ray, chairman of the Democratic State /Central Committee this afternoon called a meeting of the committee for next Tuesday to name a candidate for the two terms.  Charles L. Wiegand, Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue has been nominated by the Republicans for the long term

    Two Big Aims in Congress Career.

    Battling with energy and an acid tongue. J. Charles Linthicum centered on two main objectives in his twenty-one years' service in the House of Representatives.  Although he was chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House, a rather empty honor, since hat body has little to do with foreign affairs, both his greatest interests were strictly domestic.

    After twelve years of relentless effort his first struggle ended in complete victory when Congress formally adopted "The Star-Spangled Banner" as the national anthem.  Since then his major interest had been in the fight to abolish national prohibition.  Not long ago he expressed his confidence that he and his fellow-wets were on the threshold of an equally decisive victory on this front.

    John Charles Linthicum was born at the family seat at Linthicum Heights, Anne Arundel County, Md., on Nov. 26, 1867.  He was educated in the public schools of that county and of Baltimore, later entering the State Normal School from which he was graduated in 1886.  He taught school for a short time and then took a special course in history and politics at Johns Hopkins University.

    Entering the law school of the University of Maryland, he obtained his degree in 1890 and at once began the practice of his profession in Baltimore, where he had maintained an office ever since.  He formed a partnership with his brother, Seth Hance Linthicum, under the firm name of J. Charles Linthicum & Brother.

    Battle to Legalize Anthem.

    Mr. Linthicum's Political career began in 1903, when he was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates from a Baltimore district.  Two years later he was advanced to the State Senate and after two terms in that body he was appointed Judge Advocate General on the staff of Governor Crothers.  Elected to the House of Representatives in 1910, he had remained a member ever since.

    Within the boundaries of his district stood old Fort McHenry, the bombardment of which by a British fleet in 1812 inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words of "The Star-Spangled Banner" to the tune of an old English drinking song.  It was only natural, under the circumstances for Mr. Linthicum to feel a special interest in the anthem.

    First, he succeeded in insuring the preservation of the fort as a national monument. Then, although Congress three times rejected his proposal, he persisted in his efforts to legalize Scott's song as the national anthem.  He presented a petition backing his bill which was said to bear nearly 5,000,000 signatures, obtained through the cooperation of various patriotic societies he had enlisted.  

    When the argument was advanced that the song was pitched too high for popular singing, Mr. Linthicum was instrumental in bringing about a hearing before the House Judiciary Committee at which two sopranos sang the air and the Navy band played its strains.  The House adopted the anthem bill on April 21, 1930, and it became a law with the President's signature after being adopted by the Senate on March 2, 1931.

    Leader of Foes of Prohibition

     But it was national prohibition and the methods used for its enforcement which stirred him most.  Ignoring the facetious criticism that, having disposed of song, he was now doing something for wine, he turned upon the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act with all his vigor and was largely responsible in forcing last Spring the first test vote in  the House on the merits of prohibition since its adoption eleven years before.

    Representative Linthicum was chosen chairman of the House unofficial wet bloc in the Spring of 1927 to succeed Representative John Phillip Hill, also of Maryland.  Although an active Democrat himself, he was successful for a considerable period in enlisting the cooperation of the Republican wets, ignoring the criticism advanced from time to time that he was too much under the domination of the Tammany members of the House.

    Regardless of factional maneuvering, he pressed the fight with every resource at his command.  On one occasion he roused the House to laughter with an account of an Anti Saloon League meeting attended by former Representative Upshaw, a dry leader from Georgia.  Mr. Linthicum related that when S.S. Kreage announced a contribution of $300,000 to the dry cause. Mr. Upshaw led the gathering in singing "Praise God, From Whom all Blessings Flow."

    He attempted to legalize the sale of 2.75 beer and wine on American ships as essential to their success in the transatlantic trade.  He declared that "if you want to make our merchant marine a success you must let the passengers who patronize it have a little something to drink."  The advantage of foreign ships in this respect was the principal reason they were getting the lion's share of the business, he said.

    Assailed Enforcement Methods.

    Representative Linthicum revealed before the House in January, 1931 that a "government-owned" speakeasy" had been operated by prohibition agents in Indianapolis in obtaining evidence which led to the conviction of six policemen for bribery.  He tried to get the house to refuse to appropriate money for such methods of entrapment, but was voted down.

    "It's up to you, "he vainly told the dry majority. "as to whether you want your government to continue to induce violations of its own laws."

    He was also bitterly indignant at the wire-tapping activities of prohibition agents and fought to outlaw them.

    Mr. Linthicum was co-author with Representative James M. Beck of the resolution which forced the first showdown on national prohibition in the House since the adoption of the Volstead act.  The Beck-Linthicum resolution would have proposed submission to the

    States of a constitutional amendment permitting those States which desired it to set up control of the liquor traffic.

    Although the measure was beaten by a vote of 227 to 187 when it was finally forced to a vote on March 14, the margin of the victorious drys was the smallest they had had since national prohibition was enacted.  The vote was hailed as a comforting defeat by the wets , and Mr. Linthicum predicted that the next congress would have a wet majority.

    As chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee Mr. Linthicum took an active interest in the choice of sites for diplomatic buildings abroad. He visited several foreign cities in that connection , and turned the first shovelful of earth for the American foreign service building on the Place de la Concorde in Paris.

    Mr. Linthicum's wife was the former Helen A. Perry, daughter of the late Dr. John L. Perry of Saratoga Springs N.Y.

    -Obituary 2., The New York Times, Oct. 6, 1932, pg. 23.


     "Oct. 6- Speaker John N. Garner today announced the House committee to attend the funeral on Saturday of Representative J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland, who died yesterday in Baltimore. T Paul's Episcopal Church in Baltimore on Saturday morning at 11 o'clock. Besides Representatives Goldsborousano, Gambrill and Lewis of the Maryland delegation, Speaker Garner appointed th following members of the Foreign Affairs Committee, of which Mr. Linthicum was chairman:

    Representatives McReynolds of Tennessee, Bloom of New York, Effiegene Wingo of Arkansas and Fishburn of Virginia. Democrats" Representatives Temple, Campbell and Erk, all of Pennsylvania' Fish of New York and Eaton of New Jersey, Republicans. In addition, Representative Byrns of Tennessee chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, and Smiit, were appointed.

    ":"To Honor Linthicum", The New York Times., Oct. 7, 1932, pg. 17.

    Many Notables. Congressmen, Diplomats, City And State Officials Attend. Services are Held at Old St. Paul's. Burial, with Masonic Honors, Takes Place at Druid Ridge. Members of both houses of Congress and of the diplomatic corps state and city government officials and representatives of patriotic and fraternal organizations today attended the funeral of J. Charles Linthicum, Maryland's senior Congressman, at Old St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church.

    Mr. Linthicum, who for twenty-one years represented the Fourth district in Congress and was chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee died Wednesday at the Maryland ?General Hospital.

    Given Masonic Burial

    The services at the church were conducted by the Rt. Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, and the Rev. Dr. Arthur B. Kinsolving, rector of Old St. Paul's Burial, with Masonic honors, was at the Druid Ridge Cemetery.

    Ten Nephews of Congressman Linthicum were the active pallbearers. They were Joseph B. Linthicum, George McGraw Benson, Jack C. Linthicum, Edmund M. Dillon, R. Luther Shipley, Jr., William C. Linthicum, Dr. Edgar Benson, Enoch Harlan, Jr., Sweetzer Linthicum 3d and C. Cleveland Shipley, Jr......Others Attending Services

    Also attending the services were delegations form the Masons, the diplomatic corps, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Sons of the American Revolution, The daughters of 1812, the Tall Cedars of Lebanon, the Women's Auxiliary of the University of Maryland Hospital and the State Normal School.

    Congressman Linthicum is survived by his widow, formerly Miss. Helen A. Perry, of Saratoga Springs, N. Y,. two sisters, Mrs. Joseph K. Benson and Mrs. R. Luther Shipley, and five brothers, Seth Hance Linthicum, Dr. G. Milton Linthicum, William Linthicum, Sweetser Linthicum and Wade H. Linthicum

    -The Evening Sun., Oct. 8, 1932.

    "Members of Congress and Other Public Officials Among the Mourners, Oct. 8- ST. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church was crowded today with members of both branches of Congress and the diplomatic service, State and municipal officials and prominent citizens, who paid tribute to J. Charles Linthicum, Maryland's senior representative in the House, at his funeral.

    The Right Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland, and the Rev. Dr. Arthur B. Kinsolving, rector of St. Paul's officiated. With them in the flower filled chancel were the Right Rev. H. P. Almon Abbott, Bishop of Lexington, Ky., and the Rev. Dr. Barnett Phillips, chaplain of the House. Ten nephews of Representative Linthicum were the active pallbearers.  They were Joseph B. Linthicum, George McGaw Benson, Jack C. Linthicum, Edmund Dillon, R. Luther Shipley Jr., William C. Linthicum, Edgar Benson, Enoch Harlan Jr., Sweetser Linthicum 3d and C. Cleveland Shipley Jr.

    The honorary pallbearers included Governor Albert C. Ritchie, Mayor Howard W. Jackson, former Mayors William F. Broening, James H. Preston and J. Barry Mahool and members of the Supreme Court bench of Baltimore.

    The delegation from the House of Representatives included Representatives T. Alan Gooldsborough, William P. Cole Jr., Vincent L. Palmisano, Stephen W. Gambrill and David J. Lewis of Maryland, Joseph W Byrns and Sam D. McReynolds of Tennessee, Sol Bloom and Hamilton Fish Jr. of New York, Guy E. Campbell, Henry W. Temple and Emund F. Erk of Pennsylvania, Charles A. Eaton of New Jersey and John W. Fishburne of Virginia and Sergeant-at-Arms Kenneth Romney.

    The United  States Senate was represented by Senators Millard E. Tydings and Phillips Lee Goldsborough of Maryland, Claude A. Swanson of Virginia, Lynn J. Frazier of North Dakota, John G. Townsend Jr. of Delaware and Matthew M. Neely of West Virginia. Keith Merrill and Robert J. Phillips represented the State Department. Others at the services were delegations from the Masons, Daughters of the American Revolution, Sons of the American Revolution, Daughters of 1812 and Tall Cedars of Lebanon.

    -"Throng at Funeral of J.C. Linthicum.", The New York Times.,Oct. 9, 1932, pg.32.

    "Died— John Charles Linthicum. 65, U. S. Representative from Maryland, chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and of the unofficial Democratic "beer bloc"; of diabetes; in Baltimore. An infrequent speaker in the House, he was a champion of "The Star-Spangled Banner," officially adopted as the national anthem in March 1931."

    -Monday October 17, 1932, Time,.,9171,744643,00.html

     "Files Action in Linthicum Will, March 15.-Notice of a caveat, as a step toward contesting the will of J. Charles Linthicum, Representative who died in October, was filed in Orphan's Court today on behalf of Mrs. Blanche L. Crapp of St. Louis, daughter of an elder brother of Mr. Linthicum. She was not a beneficiary under the will in which Mr. Linthicum bequeathed most of his estate to his widow and his secretary, Maoma A.Burthart, who received #10,000. The estate has been estimated at $64,100.

    -Linthicum Will.". The New York Times., March 16, 1933, pg. 20.

    "Brother Files Notice as Estate is Left to Wife and Other Kin. Oct. 13, The will of Representative Linthicum, filed in Orphan's Court today, gives his estate to relatives and employees. Mrs. Helen A. Linthicum, the widow, is the chief beneficiary, with the bulk of the estate going to her for life and most of the remainder to be divided among four brothers. The largest outright gift is $10,000 to Naoma A. Burthart, the late Representative's secretary, "because of her constant and efficient service in my employ and for which I do not think she has been allotted sufficient salary." The will did no estimate the size of the estate. With it was filed a caveat by a brother, William A. Linthicum, who was not named a beneficiary, giving notice of intention to contest the will.

    -"To Fight Linthicum Will.", The New York Times., Oct. 14, 1933, pg.17.

    Brother Fights Linthicum Will. Bulk of Congressman's Estate Is Left to His widow. Notice of a caveat contesting the validity of the will of Representative J. Charles Linthicum was filed in the Baltimore Orphans' Court Thursday by William Linthicum, a brother, who was not made a beneficiary.

    The bulk of the Fourth Congressional district representative's estate is left, for life, to his widow, Mrs. Helen A. Linthicum.

    In his will, Mr. Linthicum stated he was leaving nothing to his sister, Mrs. Annie S. Shipley, or his brother, William, because they were well provided "with this world's goods" and had not been closely associated with him.

    Because of the caveat notice, no petition for letters testamentary, estimating the size of the estate, was filed and the will was not probated.

    Specific bequests totaling $27,000 included one of $10,000 to Miss Maoma A. Burkhart secretary, "because of her efficient service in my employ and for which I do not think she has been allotted sufficient salary,"

    These bequests also included $3,000 to Mrs. Roberta A. Myers Barnes; $1,300 to three servants $5090 to Miss. H. Lucile Trussell, "who has been an employee of the Linthicum Realty Company for many years," and $30 a month to be paid to a sister. Mrs. Elizabeth V. Benson, for life.

    In addition the will provided that after Mrs. Linthicum's death $10,000 be given the Linthicum Heights Methodist Protestant Church "to reconstruct the present tower of the church to accommodate a ten-bell chimes."

    Mr. Linthicum stated he was making no outright bequests to his wife because property at 22 East Centre Street  Baltimore and Twin Oaks farm in Anne Arundel county, as well as $30,000 in ground rents yielding a yearly income of 1,800, had been placed in their names jointly and pass to her automatically.

    After several small bequests the will directed that the Pumphrey farm in Anne Arundel County be held in trust for Mrs. Linthicum for five years and bequeathed the residue of the estate to her for life.

    At her death five nieces and nephews are to receive ground rents yielding an income of $64 a year. They are George McG. Benson, who also was left Mr. Linthicum's law books; Joseph B. Linthicum, Dr. Charles E. Benson, Mrs. Helen A. Gambrill, Mrs. Helen P. Linthicum. Another niece Mrs. Mary West is to receive $1,000. A trust fund of #2000 also w2as created for John C. Dillon Linthicum and his son.

    The remainder of the estate is to be divided into five parts. Seth H. Linthicum, a brother, is to receive two fifths, while another brother Dr. G. Milton Linthicum will receive one-fifth. The balance is to be placed in trust for two brothers Sweetser and W. Hampton Linthicum, for life and then to their children.

    The widow, Dr. Linthicum and the Mercantile Trust Company were named executors of the estate. The will was drawn June 18. Mr. Linthicum died October 6.

    -Frederick News-Post | Frederick, Maryland | Saturday, October 15, 1932 | Page 5

    Shortly thereafter the General Assembly, keenly alive to the best interests of the school, and appreciating the fact that those who were to teach in the public schools should be trained under the most favorable conditions, passed an act creating a commission to be known as the Maryland State Normal School Building Commission, said Commission to consist of the Governor of the State, the Comptroller of the Treasury, the State Treasurer, the State Superintendent of Education, the Principal of the Maryland State Normal Schools, J. Charles Linthicum, John S. Biddison, J. Mitchell Diggs, Carville D. Benson, and B.K. Purdum Secretary and Treasurer….The commission was empowered to select the site, and to prepare tentative "plans and estimates for the necessary buildings for a new Normal School" -p.38.

    "We must pause here to render thanks and appreciation to the Honorable J. Charles Linthicum, a loyal alumnus of the school, who, as chairman of the Building Commission, authorized by the Legislature, so successfully planned the spending of that $600,000."-p.64.

    "Does Mrs Marker relish those whom she knows and has known as human beings who possess the usual human frailties, rather than as pedestalized idols?

    "I do not remember any students who were especially active although some excelled in certain things-as in drawing, painting, penmanship, music, and class studies.  Honorable Charles Linthicum "did better than any of us" according to a letter received from our beloved Miss. Richmond many years ago-somewhere in the nineties-when we were living in Philadelphia.  He married Mrs. Helen Perry Clarke widow of Gabriel G. Clarke, and became a Congressman.  I had two letters from him when our class was being especially honored in 1931, our forty-fifth anniversary.  He asked me to send him the names and addresses of all living members of our class of 1886 of whom I had knowledge.  Thee were eight of ups present on that occasion.  Mr. Linthicum died a few years later…p. 141-142.

    =Seventy Five Years of Teacher Education., Alumni Association, Towson, Md. 1941.


    The Obscure Faithful

    John  Charles Linthicum, who was swerving his eleventh term in Congress as Representative of the Fourth Maryland District, is probably vaguely remembered, if at all, by persons outside of his State only on account of his long activity against prohibition.  Perhaps even a smaller number of persons recall his successful effort, inspired by piety for his native State, to make old Fort McHenry a national monument and "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national anthem.  Secretary Stimson has a longer memory.  He reminds us that Mr. Linthicum, as chairman of the House committee on Foreign Affairs and for some years as a member of the Foreign Service Building Commission had worked long and usefully for the improvement of the foreign service.  That and the Department off State "have lost one of their best friends and Congress and the country as a whole one of their most devoted servants."

    A great deal of the best work in Congress is done by men of this type.  They usually escape fame.  Sometimes the fickle jade may bestow on them hours or years of public notice that leaves their more essential or important achievements slighted or forgotten.  Such a man was the late Representative John Jacob Rogers of Massachusetts, whose seat is now competently filled by his widow.  Year after year he labored unavailingly for his proposed act to amalgamate the diplomatic and consular forces of the United States.  Secretary of State after Secretary of State applauded his efforts.  The attitude of Congress seemed doggedly adverse to giving our representatives abroad decent pay and so attracting competent and ambitious men who, if not possessed of private means, must at least have "a living wage." Mr. Roger's patience and persistence won at last. His act was passed in 1924.

    Mr. Linthicum too contributed greatly to its enactment.  Mr. Rogers died in 1925. Now Mr. Linthicum is gone. To neither, perhaps, remains more than the merest shadow of distinction, their name in connection with a statute, a line or two in some history, a word or two from some future Secretary of State or some digger-up of history in the Congressional Record, itself mainly a mausoleum and house of the dead.  But the presence of modest, hardworking thoughtful and patriotic men, devoting themselves steadily and without flourish to their especial corner of the public business is comforting to think of.  There are Congressmen of the first rank who get, it may be, more than their share of public attention and honors.  There is always a little herd of believers and self-exhibitors.  In every Congress there are the quiet useful members who, without seeking the centre of the stage, play their minor parts effectively until they make their exit.

    -New York Times, October 7, 1932,pg. 20.

    A Friend

    On Wednesday, October 5, J. Charles Linthicum passed away.  His funeral services were held the following Saturday morning in Old Saint Paul's Church. How briefly this is stated!  A man is born into this world, lives for a brief lapse of time and then passes out of this existence as suddenly as he came into it.  Some who are born into this life never break its flow or stir a ripple in the great river.  They live, die, and are soon forgotten.  There are some who do not accept life as it is, but take it up, as in their two hands, and change it, leaving it better than they found it.  This is hard to do.  The heavy currents and the treacherous undercurrents are stronger than one man-one ordinary man. But a strong man, a wise man, stands off and watches his opportunity, then leaps in and grapples until he tears away a crag that obstructs the straight flow of the current.  Or, if he desires the stream deeper, he builds the shallow part high to direct and deepen the stream.


    A man who is stronger than the ordinary man can do this.  Such a man was Charles Linthicum.  I shall not enumerate here the many, many things he did to direct and deepen the stream.  That is not necessary.  It is sufficient to say that he was a wise man, a good man, a man who bettered life about him, and stirred the stream so greatly that he will be well remembered.


    Especially vital to us, he was our friend, not a man mildly interested in the Maryland State Normal School, but a man who was deeply inspired by his training in the Normal School and the people who constituted the school personally.  He himself was a student at or Normal School.  He has always been proud of that-he told people he was proud of it.


    Also, he was in charge of the erection of our present school.  Wherever we walk, or look, here at school, it is as though we are meeting his friendly spirit.


    We who are young, tend to rush through our fays ( for they stretch before us in a long, rich flood), grasping at that which lies closest and is most gaudy.  We, in our impetuous haste, do not seek the stored riches beyond.  We do not value sufficiently those friends whose wisdom has been garnered rich over many years, and strained through much experience.  True, we must experience much for ourselves, but what a wealth of friendship of treasure, we miss when we fail to make or strengthen bonds between ourselves, who are young, and those who have lived long, and well before us.


    I attended his funeral services.  I was impressed, and even thrilled by their beauty.  Had I not known who he was, what nature of man he had been, I think I should have known.  There were many, many people there from all walks of life.  Men of state and letter, and ordinary, every-day people who had loved him.  They had all come, not as fellow officials, to pay official tribute, nor as curiosity-seekers, but all, to pay alike the tribute of friendship to one well beloved as a friend.


    There was no sentimentality, no glorification of past deeds not great lamenting.


    There was dignity, beauty, and deep feeling.  One felt, this man has lived a good life, and fought hard for those things which he believed right, had been a sincere friend, and died.  His body has ceased to breathe, but his spirit breathes with us, always.

    -M.A.D, The Tower Light., Vol. Vi, November 1932, No. 2, p. 3-4

    Rep. Linthicum's Widow is injured

    Washington, Dec. 31, Attending physicians reported as "D…orable" today the condition or Mrs. Helen Linthicum, 75-year-old Baltimore clubwoman and widow of the late Rep. J. Charles Linthicum of Maryland who received head injuries in an automobile collision in Laurel last night.

    Mrs. Linthicum was taken to ambulance to Doctors Hospital here. With her chauffeur she was returning to her home from Washington when the accident happened.


    -Cumberland Evening Times, Tuesday, December 31,1940, p. 8.



    To return to the top of this page click here


    Helen Aletta Linthicum formerly Mrs. Gabriel D. Clark, originally Helen. A. Perry
    To learn about Helen's Treasures and Clothing click here

    Images of objects associated with Helen click here


     A.K.A.:  Helen A. Perry Then Helen A., Clarke then Helen A. Linthicum

    Washington Post 1912 pg. 6















    Washington Post, December 31, 1916, Pg. ES6


    Photo from: Maryland Women., Baltimore, Maryland, 1931`, Margie H. Luckett,p.249


    "Mrs. John Charles Linthicum. Wife of the Member of the Lower House from Baltimore, Who Will Be a Conspicuous Social Factor During the Democratic Regime. (Special Correspondence of the Times.). Washington, July 13.-One of the charming, well-poised members of the official set is Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of the member of Congress from the Fourth District of Maryland.  A side light on her personality which will most eloquently proclaim her dignity and amiable characteristics is that in these days of changing standards and leveling ideas, Mrs. Linthicum retains the servants whom she secured nearly eighteen years ago in her early married life.  To them she and her husband are "Miss. Helen" and "Mr. Charlie," as they were before the servant class was, so to speak, uplifted out of existence. To bring six old-time, well-trained Negros from Baltimore into the rarified atmosphere which envelopes the capital and to keep them unspoiled, simple and faithful as in their old Maryland home shows at once that Mrs. Linthicum possesses that strength of character in which amiability is combined with the Christian-like desire to fulfill every duty.

    "It is becoming rather trite to discourse on home duties," remarked Mrs. Linthicum, "still they always appeared paramount in my life and to keep the domestic machinery well oiled and running smoothly seemed the mission of every woman who assumed the duties of matrimony.  To conduct even a modest home requires patience, forethought and a diligent effort to understand details and to make them fit in so that every one will be happy and comfortable.  All this takes time, still I do not think it should assume all the time.  A few unbreakable rules help one so much.  For instance, I have made it a point in my life, never to receive casual callers, the sort that drop in any time and perhaps interrupt well matured plans and prevent the performance of necessary duties.  Sometimes it causes a little chagrin and one has to do some explaining, but in the end, it is a wise rule, which I commend to women who wish to make their day commensurate with their duties.

    "I know nothing of the servant problem, though I have sometimes to pour oil on troubled waters and to compromise and to advise.  I have rules in my household and I adhere to them as strictly as I desire the retainers to do.  A sense of justice in dealing with others, is a powerful measure toward general harmony. I do not invade the rights of others nor do I permit them to invade my rights, and this, strictly enforced, will smooth down many rough places.  I feel a personal responsibility towards those who serve in my home, for their comfort and content even for their amusements, and they, in turn, are devoted to our interests and are faithful in their duties.  I like to praise them as they deserve it; though I do not like to correct, if that is necessary.  This goes a long way toward permanency in domestic ties and keeps your people with you.

    "That a certain part of time and energy must be given to the infinitesimal details of life is the verdict of every successful home keeper.  When all this has been done and for the woman who has a sense of management, an hour or two a day suffices to direct even a large and complicated domestic machinery, then I think a woman should exert her influence for good and worthy causes.  I cannot enroll myself under the banner of women seeking public honors or asking recognition in the political sense, but I heartily endorse the efforts of women to achieve certain things which in the great rush of life have been overlooked.  I have the honor of being among the very first to answer to the call for an organized feminine Democracy and I have conscientiously and sincerely worked for the success of the cause. Naturally, the Democratic cause will appeal to me, but in this work, I think we have a higher and broader mission than merely political distinctions.  It has been my hope to see women laboring for what is the best in life, the best government, local and national, and to see them accomplish something which makes their desire for a larger mission absolutely logical.

    "In the organization of Democratic women which now is known under various different names, our first idea was to become known to each other and then to formulate more ambitious plans.  This is in the main still an important issue and much good will invariably result when women who represent something in their own communities become familiar with the needs and aspirations of those far remote.  I like to see practical results in anything in which I am connected.  We know htat when all the diverging elements mingle harmoniously, it looks well for the cause espoused, so we are working with might and main for harmony.  Then we take up other threads and weave them into our plans, all with a definite purpose of aiding the causes which appeal most to reason humanity even to religion.  We all feel proud of the efforts of Mrs. Wilson, wife of the President and of her endeavors to bring all into line of fulfilling personal responsibility.  With such an example every woman feels that the smallest effort is worth while.  Mrs. Wilson will bring about a reform in housing the humbler residents of the capital and by degrees we will reach all the conditions which need championship.  No line of political creed need separate women in these causes and I am sure it will not. Our Democratic women in forming an auxiliary branch as it were are merely following the fashion of long ago, when the women were most ardent politicians and held up the hands of the early fathers in every crusade.  Just now there are many phases in public questions where women must go to the aid of sister woman.  We have enlarged our vision and now few thoughtful people will purchase any sort of goods when it is fashioned under deleterious conditions for the workers.  I hope that more and more feminine organizations will unite for such useful purpose."

    Mrs. Linthicum is a pleasant conversationalist, telling interesting things in the unobtrusive way which never fatigues.  In her early girlhood her father, Dr. John Leland Perry, was one of the eminent physicians of Saratoga Springs and she and her sister, Mrs. W.W. Wilder, saw a brilliant phase of life which no longer exists.

    "It saddens me," said Mrs. Linthicum "to see the Springs now that its glories have departed. I remember when the first breath of summer brought there all those who were the least ailing and many who were not, but who wished to remain for the gay times possible. Bright plumage for the ladies and the stately ways of the gentlemen of those days with their long retinue of servants and ceremony of going backwards and forwards for the waters made a picture difficult to imagine now. Then that sound of music seemed always on the air and the nights were brilliant and lively as the days. One could see the beauty of all America, for even the opulent of South America came to Saratoga for the cure.  It was not so much the fashion then to go abroad for the spas of Austria and of Germany.  The time consumed in the journey was more than the busy man of that era could spare, so he came to Saratoga with his wife and children.  When a belle and beauty of international fame arrived, every one was agog until she appeared on the promenade or at the Casino and when the tongues would wag in comparison to her claims against some former favorite.  I spent all my early life in such environment and there I gained my love of people as study rather than of conditions or things considered academically.  I attended a dear old French convent near Montreal and later went to Madam Seller's in Philadelphia.  But I have always held tat experience is the wiser teacher4 and that to travel and to mingle among different circles of humanity is to get the broadest and most useful knowledge. I have gone to Europe, to every part many times, always with beneficial results.  One of my principal pleasures in traveling after the exhilaration of mingling with people of different ideals is to collect unique belongings.  My home in Baltimore also my country home is filled with reminders of delightful sojourns in foreign lands.  I dislike the commonplace either in furnishings or in bric-a-brac or in art.  So whenever I saw something which would fit in with other possessions, I purchased.  My pictures mean a great deal to me for this reason and sitting quietly in my home, my eye falls on something gotten abroad and pleasant memories are awakened and I feel refreshed.

    "I am a fervent believer in religion for everybody according as one finds refreshment in the different creeds.  I believe in the discipline which the adherence to some special form of religion brings and to the stimulant to mind and soul which applied religion means.  Therefore I count as the most sacred of my memories of travel a trip Mr. Linthicum and I took to the Holy Land.  It was almost a pilgrimage we went about it so reverently and I regret that so many of my countrymen go to Paris and to Baden-Baden and to Monte Carlo and so few to the fountain head of our Christian religion. I cannot put in words the solace which that trip to Jerusalem, to Bethlehem, to the Mount of Olives to the Sea of Galilee and the River Jordan means even yet.  I find everything near and therefore dearer to me.  Certain ceremonies were before me a sort of dry formalism and now they are vivid, stimulating realities."

    Mrs. Linthicum is among those who may be said in the broadest and truest sense to be a prime factor in the political career of her husband. She is unobtrusive in her aid as she is in her hospitalities but she is nevertheless a potent influence.  The Baltimore home of Representative and Mrs. Linthicum has long been the recognized center of certain thoughtful and conservative members of society. Their country estate in Anne Arundel County, Twin Oaks is also well known among the hospitable mansions in an environment historically famous for social intercourse.  House parties fill the country place with life and merriment always during the early summer and autumn.  Mrs. Linthicum is partial to asking a few friends from Washington to dine in their Baltimore home.  During the session the Linthicum's occupy an apartment in the Dresden out in Washington Heights and they entertain as extensively as such a temporary dwelling permits.  They have never dismantled their Baltimore home but it is likely that they will take a house next winter and be among those who will land distinction to the new administration.  Both are hospitably inclined and never so happy as when a large company gathers about their festive board.

    Mrs. Linthicum coming of a distinguished revolutionary family both from her father and mother has always taken a keen interest in patriotic societies and is a member of the most prominent. With the brother Dr. John Leland Perry, Jr., of Saratoga, and her sister, Mrs. W.W. Wilder of Brooklyn, New York, she took a prominent part in the centenary of the battle of Lake Erie on July Fourth in which her kinsman Commodore Perry played so heroic a role.  Mrs. Linthicum has always kept up her New York friends and she makes several visits yearly to her old home and to friends and relatives still residents there. She will spend the month of August in this familiar environment, going later to the Massachusetts resorts.  Mrs. Linthicum's mother was Harriet Sadler, also a member of a patriotic family in New York which gave its best men and women to the revolution.  When the D.A.R.'s were founded she and her sister were the first to join and Mrs. Linthicum is at present a member of the Baltimore chapter.  She has known the present head of the great patriotic organization, Mrs. William Cumming Story, for many years.  She was also on the most cordial terms with Mrs. Matthew T. Scott the former President-General.  She is a member of the Dames of the Loyal Legion and the Society of the Mayflower. Her mother's family, the Sadlers were of English descent and the first to emigrate was Sir Ralph Sadler, a powerful knight who had followed the fortunes of the Puritans to Plymouth.

    Representative and Mrs. Linthicum belong to the Episcopal faith and in Washington are communicants at the Church of Epiphany.  Mr. Linthicum is a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and with Mrs. Linthicum has been conspicuously entertained by the members of the diplomatic corps.  They have also entertained the strangers within the gates frequently and always in the most brilliant way. Though Mrs. Linthicum disclaims any national renown as a hostess or home keeper, both here and in Baltimore she is noted for giving perfectly successful dinners and other fetes, affairs planned with absolute nicety and always working out even to the least detail.

    -"Mrs. John Charles Linthicum", Los Angeles Times, Jul. 20, 1913.

    The War Transforms Social Life To the Life of Service. Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, wife of one of Maryland's Congressmen, writes instructively of the transformation of the social life of the Nation's Capitol on account of the Great War.  She says:

    "I mention the transformation of Washington society because I am more familiar with its present working than I am with those of other places except hat of my own city of Baltimore, which is likewise following the footsteps of the National Capitol.

    Before the war began there were vast numbers of receptions, dinners, and other social activities.  Each, while giving much pleasure and gratification to the participants, left no permanent or lasting benefits for the community and the country at large.  At the outbreak of the war, however, many persons closely interested in those abroad, began taking up lines of endeavor for the relief of the suffering and for the greater comfort of those in the hospitals and on the battlefields notably Belgian relief work. These activities were confined at first to those more or less interested in persons abroad and those accustomed to such work.  It has now spread throughout the entire social fabric of Washington to such an extent that aside from social activities rendered necessary by the visiting missions from foreign nations, and dinners, and other affairs to show them the great welcome which the American people have to bestow upon them, the social activity of Washington is almost solely confined to those affairs wherein the participants not alone enjoy themselves socially but have combined charity and relief work with it.

    I mention, for instance, the vast number of women who meet often for the purpose of sewing for the soldiers abroad, the making of comfort bags, bandages and all those things which are necessary on the field of battle and in the hospitals abroad.  Then there are the Red Cross workers, who work day after day in the interest of that splendid organization. There are those engaged in food conservation and in the spreading of information which will tend to help our people in preparing for the months to come in the nature of food products.  In fact, the great boy of women who formerly knew little other than society work have become efficient and useful social workers.

    The situation has been of great benefit to womankind in general.  It has shown them that each and every one can do her part to ameliorate the hardships of this cruel conflagration.  At home, in the club, in the social center, or whatever place it may be, they are doing their bit, just as much as the soldiers on the fields of battle.

    It has shown American women who theretofore have engaged only in the social affairs of life that they can enjoy themselves just as well in doing something for humanity as they could to pleasure seeking.  It has enabled each one to find herself, as it were, and to demonstrate that she can accomplish things along this line just as well as those who have been practicing it all their lives.  One may be a good seamstress and do splendid work along that line; another may be adapted to nursing and find that she can accomplish great results in her particular line; another may find that she can teach others to conserve the food resources of the country, and then there are those who can teach health regulations and first aid work."

    -Denton Journal | Denton, Maryland | Saturday, July 14, 1917 | Page 2

    "Linthicum, Helen, A., on Feb. 4, 1944, at her home, Baltimore, Md., wife of the late J. Charles Linthicum (Mrs. Linthicum also resided in Washington, D.C. Funeral service old St. Paul's Church Baltimore, on Monday morning at 11 o' clock

    -"Obituary1".,The New York Times, Feb. 5, 1944. pg. 15.

    "Mrs. Linthicum, Native Of Saratoga, Dies. Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, a native of Saratoga Springs and widow of the late Rep. Linthicum,  (D- Md. ), died yesterday at her home in Baltimore.  An active Maryland clubwoman, she was 78.

    She was a member of the Daughters of 1812 and the Dames of the Loyal Legion. She served as state chaplain of the D.A.R.

    Funeral services will be conducted Monday from St. Paul's

    Episcopal Church at Baltimore.

    -Troy Record, The | Troy, New York | Saturday, February 05, 1944 | Page 19

    Scholarships to Towson available. Widow Of Congressman To Give $1,000 to Student Teachers. Ten $100 scholarships to Towson State Teacher's College are being made available to Maryland high school graduates this year through the will of Helen Linthicum widow of Congressman J. Charles Linthicum who was an alumna of the school.

    This money is to be used to defray expenses connected with attending Towson.  There is no tuition fee at Towson and the money would be applied to books, fee, and living costs. It will be paid in two installments one at the beginning of each semester.

    The scholarships will be awarded on the basis of recommendations of the school principals-not only on ability and work, but on personal characteristics as well. They will be reviewed by a faculty board and then turned over to the state trustees. Towson students do not pay tuition, but in return for this they sign a waver promising to teach for two years in Maryland schools at regular salaries.  This leaves only book and living cost to be accounted for, perhaps $150.

    Students not wishing to teach may take a two-year junior college course paying $100 a year semester.

    -Morning Herald.,  Hagerstown, Maryland ,Thursday, May 19, 1949 , Page 21

    Helen A. Perry was the daughter of John Leland Perry of Saratoga Springs New York. Her brother Dr. John L. Perry was noted as the proprietor of the United States Hotel at Saratoga Springs. Her Sister was married to William H. McCaffrey, proprietor of the American and Adelphi Hotels at Saratoga Springs for many years. Mrs. Wilder had a son John T. McCaffrey, account who worked in the office of the Commissioner of Accounts, New York City .-The New York Times, Decemgber 5, 1913,p.11.


    D. A. R

    Born in Saratoga County, N. Y.
    Wife of J. Charles Linthicum.
    Descendant of Lieut. Asa Perry, Dr. Daniel Peterson, and Corp. Seth
    Daughter of John Leland Perry, Jr., M. D., and Harriet Sadler (b. 1818), his
    wife, m. 1835.
    Granddaughter of John Leland Perry, M. D. (1787-1841), and Judith Peterson (
    1790-1860), his wife, m. 1807; Joel Sadler (1784-1849) and Ann Howe (
    1783-1861), his wife.
    Gr-granddaughter of Asa Perry and Lydia Leland, his wife; Daniel Peterson, M. D.,
    and Sarah Carter, his wife, m. 1772; Seth Sadler and Ol'.vc Battle (
    d. 1823), his wife, m. 1774.
    Asa Perry (1746-1826) responded to the Lexington Alarm as lieutenant
    in Capt. Ebenezer Wood's company of militia, Col. Asa
    Whitcomb's regiment. He was born in Natick ; died in Fitchburg.
    Daniel Peterson, M. D. (1747-1817), served, 1777, as surgeon's mate
    in Col. Thomas Stickney's regiment. He was born in Denmark :
    died in Roscawen, N. H.

    Atlantic Reporter: Second Series - Page 455 by West Publishing Company, Connecticut Supreme Court, New Jersey Supreme Court, Maryland Court of Special Appeals, Maine Supreme Judicial Court, Pennsylvania Supreme Court, Connecticut Court of Common Pleas, Rhode Island Supreme Court, Delaware Court of Chancery, Vermont Supreme Court, District of Columbia Court of Appeals, New Jersey County Courts, Delaware Superior Court and Orphans Court - Law reports, digests, etc - 1905

    Action by Harry B. Polk and others against Helen A. Linthicum. From an order
    dismissing the petition, plaintiffs appeal. Reversed. ...

    (Note- the errors below come from a poor optical scan and will be corrected in the near future stop back again!)

    Helen Aletta Linthicum

    Helen Aleetta Linthicum nee Perry, formerly Mrs. Gabriel DuVall Clark, Sr., daughter of Dr. John Leland Perry and Harriet Sadler Perry was born at Saratoga Springs, N.Y. She was educated at Hochlaga Convent, Canada.  Her father, was First Surgeon, during the war between the States, known as the Civil War, and her bother, Dr. John Leland Perry, Jr. served as his assistant.  Maryland is justly proud of this daughter of her adoption, who became the wife of the Hon. John Charles Linthicum, Representative in Congress.  The marriage was solemnized at Emmanuel P.E. Church, Baltimore, by Dr. James Houston Eccleston, rector, on March 9, 1898.  Mr. Linthicum has been instrumental in the passage of Fort McHenry Bill and fathered the bill which made the Star-Spangled Banner our national anthem.  The National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, is assured of his support in any patriotic endeavor. Mr. Linthicum is Ranking Member in the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Democratic Party.  Mrs. Linthicum was sponsored by Mrs. Ellen Hardin Walworth and Mrs. D. Putnam, founders of the National Society,  D.A.R., for membership in the organization.  She has served as Chaplain of Baltimore Chapter, the mother chapter of the State for years, as State Chaplain of Maryland and is Honorary Chaplain at this time.  Mrs. Linthicum's name will be presented for the National office of Chaplain-General at the next Continental Congress.  She is also Chaplain of the Maryland University Hospital Auxiliary and her services in this capacity prove most helpful to all who are fortunate enough to be included in her jurisdiction.

    Mrs. Linthicum is a woman who stands out pre-eminently as a Christian and patriot.  She is always to be found on the right side of any moral issue, and has the courage of her Revolutionary ancestors in expressing her opinion with grace and dignity.  As a loyal D.A.R. Mrs. Linthicum has assisted most generously in the advancement of this great patriotic society, not only by gifts of money, but in placing memorials to her mother, sisters, nieces and friends in Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, D.C. In Constitution Hall which she was privileged to name, she has placed fifteen chairs in the auditorium in honor of her mother, relatives, to Mrs. Adam Demmead, Hon. State Regent, D.A.R., to Mrs. E.H. Walworth, Mr. Aristides S. Goldsborough and other friends. She placed a drinking fountain, sofa; clock, assisted in placing the ventilators in the new hall, and in appreciation of the splendid achievements of several Presidents General presented personal gifts.  The handsome silk National Flag in Constitution Hall was a gift from Mrs. Linthicum.  October 10th 1921, she presented a silk flag to the Battleship Maryland through Captain Preston.  Her gifts of National and State flags and banners to the State Society, D.A.R. to various chapters, the latest being the Erasmus Perry chapter recently organized have been so highly esteemed that the very appropriate title, "Our Flag Lady" has been bestowed upon her.  Mrs. John Charles Linthicum's name is engraved upon the Maryland Bell in the Peace Chime at Valley Forge as the first contributor.  The Maryland State Society, D.A.R., placed a stone in the National Cathedral, which is being erected at Mt. Saint Alban, Washington, D.C., in her honor.  This was conducted with appropriate ceremony, the Rt. Rev. James E. Freeman, D.D., presiding.  Mrs. Linthicum is a member of the National Society, Patriotic Women of America, Dames of Loyal Legion, Colonial Legion, Colonial Daughters of the Seventeenth Century, Hopostill Leland, 1678, being her ancestor, the Founders and Patriots of America, the Armorial Ancestry, Sir Symond Fyske, her ancestor, and the Civic League as well as the D.A.R.  She was presented with a medal in commemoration of the first Continental Congress held in the new D.A.R. Building which she had named Constitution Hall.  Mrs. Linthicum was active in all lines of war work during the World War for which she received a certificate.  She made more than a hundred kits for "our boys over there" was chairman of the Free Wool Committee during the period of the war and received the commendation of the Army and Navy for her consecrated devotion to the cause.  She is interested in various charitable organizations among them being the "Shelter for Colored People" and the Salvation Army; was Captain of the prize winning team in the campaign for Endowood funds, the prize being a fine shoat from Eudowood farms, and was auditor for the Council of National Defense.  She is Dean of the Congressional Club at Washington City, where she entertains, and is the recipient of invitations to many delightful social functions.  Two poems written by members of the Society of the Maryland D.A.R., testify to the high esteem in which Mrs. John Charles Linthicum of Baltimore, Linthicum Heights and Washington, is held by her numerous friends.

    On June 14th, 1931, at the celebration of Flag Day at the War Memorial Plaza, Mr. Linthicum presented to Mrs. Ruben Ross Holloway, Chairman of the Flag Committee for the Daughters of 1812, the pen with which President Hoover signed the Star-Spangled Banner Bill.


    To Our Hostess

    (Mrs. J. Chas. Linthicum)


    In precious quiet minutes,

    That current years rarely allow,

    Are waiting score of problems

    That I would solve just now,


    Of many enticing causes

    That would our time beguile-

    Am I making a right selection?

    Am I choosing the things worth while?


    Am I getting a proper mixture?

    Of pleasure in work and play,

    Am I clinging to definite purpose?

    Unmindful of what others say?


    These are the pressing questions

    That fill the quiet hours,

    In search for a life well-ordered,

    Right use of gifts or powers.


    Though I ponder them long or often,

    With care as great as I may,

    They seem beyond solution,

    A fresh thought each new day.


    But one has found its conclusion,

    The answer brings its boon;

    How, when I reach life's twilight

    Would I spend life's afternoon?


    Would I give up the tasks I've started,

    Less active then to be,

    Withdraw from mid-life's pleasures,

    Let others lie for me?


    This is not the answer that my halting thoughts have won,

    For I would keep life golden

    E'en through the setting sun.


    I would work on still for others,

    As I did in life's mid-day,

    With a saving grace of humor-

    "To brighten the traveller's way.


    I would wish a youthful spirit,

    Life's problems aright to see,

    I have a living answer

    That is quite as I would be.


    Active, alert nad witty,

    Jolly, wholesome and true

    I would wish, our hostess, the Spirit

    That is the soul of you.


    -Mrs. Henry M. Roberts, Jr.


    To Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum,


    An Appreciation from Baltimore Chapter, D.A.R.


    How can we say of any day

    That it is best or least?

    For can we know what years may show

    When harvesting has ceased?


    But high lights stand on every hand

    Down memory's wide road;

    And you stand clear, serene and dear,

    Heaped in your arms the load.


    Of sisterhood, the rare and good

    Companionship God made.

    That glimpse of you that thought of you

    Shall not grow dim and fade.


    Like lesser things, but on the wings

    Of tenderness ride high;

    And what you give shall grow and live

    In hearts that best reply!


    -1930, Anna Hamilton Wood.


    -Luckett, Margie, H., Maryland Women.,  V. I, Baltimore, Maryland, 1931, pp.248-253


    E..mail response Re. Role of Mrs. Linthicum in the D.A.R.

    Hello Conrad,
    This is what I have regarding Helen A. Linthicum. She did not hold any
    offices at the National level of the DAR. However, she did serve as
    chaplain of the Maryland State Society DAR for two terms, 1918-1922 and
    1927-1931. It does appear that she was an active and prominent member,
    but I don't have access to the records of the state society or Baltimore
    Chapter so I can't say for sure what all she was involved in, besides
    holding the office of state chaplain. From what I can tell, though, that
    was the only state office that she held. One other activity of hers that
    I came across was that she presented a U.S. Flag to Constitution Hall
    during the National Society's annual meeting in 1930. It seems that she
    was very involved in promoting the flag throughout her life.
    When reading one of the quotes that you sent in the previous email, I
    noticed that she was referred to as a "captain" of the Maryland DAR. I
    think this must be an error, or the transcriber heard incorrectly. The
    DAR does not use the term "captain" for any of its offices. It seems
    that perhaps "chaplain" was misheard as "captain." (I do see that it
    says she was also a member of the Daughters of 1812. I am not sure
    whether they use the term "captain" or not.)
    We do not have any biographical or vertical file on Mrs. Linthicum
    unfortunately. I could not locate a photograph of her in any of the
    Maryland publications, the DAR Magazine, or our archival photograph
    collection. These sources are only partially indexed, but it is not
    common for us to have pictures of (identified) members unless they held
    some National office.
    As for the claim that Mrs. Linthicum named Constitution Hall, I am
    afraid that statement seems to be false. According to the minutes of the
    National Society, the name originated with members in either Minnesota
    or Pennsylvania. There are competing claims of course, but I see no
    evidence that the name was first suggested by Mrs. Linthicum or any
    member from Maryland.
    I would advise you to contact the state historian of the Maryland DAR to
    see if they have additional records relating to Mrs. Linthicum. She
    would probably be mentioned in their publications, such as the annual
    state conference proceedings and reports. 
    I hope this information helps, and please let me know if you have any
    further questions!

    Christina R. Lehman
    National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
    1776 D Street, NW
    Washington, DC 20006-5303

    Tuesday, Oct. 14, 2008.

    Dear Mr. Bladey,
    Having checked several additional sources, I still do not see any
    evidence that Mrs. Linthicum was associated with naming Constitution
    Hall. She is not mentioned in the programs or accounts of the
    cornerstone laying, the consecration ceremony, or the official
    dedication of the building. 
    Christina Lehman
    Christina R. Lehman
    National Society Daughters of the American Revolution
    1776 D Street, NW
    Washington, DC 20006-5303
    Phone: 202-628-1776 ext. 384

    Monday October 20, 2008

    p.96, New York Supplement.

    In re McCaffrey's Estate.

    (Supreme Court, General Term Third Department November 20, 1888

    1. Trust- Powers of Trustee- lease of Trust Property.

    Land was conveyed to a trustee to receive the rents and profits, and pay them to H,. for life, and on her death the land was to be sold or partitioned one-third to vest in A.; a further trust being declared, as to the residue.  Held, that the trustee had no power to make a lease valid, as against A., beyond the life of H.

    2. Executors And Administrators- Probate Practice - Appraisement- Power of Suyrrogate.

    The surrogate has no authority to direct appraisers as to the manner in which they shall estimate the value of a decedent's property, or to order the personal representative to estimate value of such property.

    Appeal from the surrogate's court, Saratoga County.

    In 1871, John S. Perry executed to Joseph A Shondy a deed by which he conveyed a lot of land in trust.  The trust was to receive the rents and profits, and pay the same to Harriet Perry for her natural life.  On her death the land was to be sold or partitioned.  One-third was to be vested in Annie E. McCaffrey, a daughter of said Harriet, her heirs and assigns. Another third was to be vested in said trustee, in trust to apply the income to Helen A. Perry, another daughter, till she became 21, then that third to vest in her in fee.  Another third was to vest in said trustee, in trust to apply the income to Mary L. Eggeling, another daughter, during her natural life; at her death, that third to go to her descendants in fee, living at her death. I was further provided that if either Annie, Helen A., or Mary L. should die without lawful descendants, the share of the person so dying should go to the other two or the survivor of them.  Except that, any share which would  otherwise go to Mary L. should go to said trustee for her benefit. On September 22, 1880, Payne, the successor of Shondy in the trust, executed a lease of the land to William H. McCaffrey for five years from May1, 1881, with a privilege to McCaffrey of renewal for five years more.  On the 13th of March 1885 Chapman, then the successor of the trustee, executed a renewal of the lease to McCaffrey for five years.  Harriet Perry died May 10, 1886. McCaffrey paid no rent under the renewal, and at his death, November 2, 1886, $5,000 rent were unpaid.  His widow Annie E. McCaffrey, aforesaid, afterwards married one Wilder, and was appointed administratrix with the will annexed of McCaffrey.  She filed an inventory of his personal estate, but did not place therein the said lease. On the application of creditors of McCaffrey, the surrogate ordered her to place on the inventory said lease, and also ordered her and the appraisers to estimate the value thereof from November 2., 1886 , to May 1, 1891, and insert int in the inventory. The administratrix appeals….


    We think, Therefore, that so far at least as Mrs. McCarrrey's one-third is concerned, the lease ceased to be valid: and that, as administratrix of McCaffrey, she was not required to put it in the inventory.  We decide nothing as to the other two-thirds.  The facts are not before us.  Order reversed, with $10 costs, and printing disbursements.

    Landon and Ingalls, JJ., concur.


    -New York Supplement., National Reporter System, New York (State). Superior Court (New York), New York (State). Court of Appeals, New York (State). Supreme Court, West Publishing Company, West Publishing Company., 1889.


    Chap. 365.

    An Act relative to lands held in trust by Charles H. Holden for the benefit of Harriet Perry and certain of her descendants. Passed May 19, 1876.

    The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

    Section 1,. On the petition of Charles H. Holden, as trustee, and of Harriet Perry, Anne E. McCaffrey and her children in being, Helen A. Perry and Mary L. Eggelling, in person, if of age, and by a next friend, if infants, the Supreme Court at any special term held the county of Saratoga, or in any adjoining county, may authorize the mortgaging for the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars, or such less sum, as shall be necessary, of that lot of land in the village of Saratoga Springs, New York, known as the Adelphi Hotel

    The Adelphi Hotel Left, The Perry Building Right (373-381) Broadway, Saratoga Springs, N.Y.

    premises, and bounded on the east by Broadway, in the said village; on the south and west by the American hotel premises; on the north by premises lately owned by John L. Perry, deceased, by deed dated December sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, to Joseph A. Shondy, as trustee, for the benefit of Harriet Perry and certain of her descendants. The said Charles H Holden having been duly appointed in place and stead of the said Joseph A Shoudy as trustee to carry out the trusts in said deed contained, and now holding the title of said real estate for the benefit of said Harriet and certain of her descendants.  The court shall, on such petition, appoint one or more suitable persons as guardian for each of the petitioners as are infants on said proceedings, and take proof in open court, or appoint a referee to take proof and report to the court as to the truth of the facts set out in the petition, and the amount of money required.  If on such proof being made it shall appear that the facts stated in said petition are true, and that the buildings on above premises are so dilapidated as to require rebuilding or extensive alterations and repairs, and that the true interest of said Harriet and her descendants interested in said property would be promoted by a loan of money secured by a mortgage on said premises to rebuild or alter and repair said building, said special term of the Supreme Court is hereby authorized and empowered to authorize a loan by said trustee for the sum of twenty five thousand dollars., or such less sum, as may appear to be necessary, secured by a mortgage on said premises……(the mortgage was approved) 6. This act shall take effect immediately.

    -Laws of the State of New York., New York (State Legislative Bill Drafting Commission, New York,1876


    Gabriel D. Clark Dead

    Had amassed a Fortune by Early Industry and Judicious Investments

    A Believer in Baltimore

    He Was the Largest Individual Holder of City Passenger Railway stock

    Was Also One of the Largest Holders of Ground Rents in Baltimore nad Never Made a Single Investment Out of This City.


    Mr Gabriel D. Clark, formerly a well-known jeweler, died at 6:15 o'clock yesterday morning at his home 705 St. Paul Street.  Mr. Clark had been ill since last July with bladder trouble, but had only been confined to his bed a couple of months.  His last appearance on the street, however, was in August, and until the time that he took to his bed he was not able to leave the house.


    It was not thought on Monday that Mr. Clark was any worse than he had been for several weeks. In fact, he seemed better in the morning, but toward night he did not seem so well.  He complained of a pain in the head.


    Zit was early yesterday morning that Mrs. Clark, who was in the room with her husband, called Mr. Clark's sister, Mrs. F.F. Wilder of Yonkers N.Y. who has been with him for some time.  Mrs. Clark said she noticed a change in Mr. Clark's condition.  His death occurred a few minutes later, after Mrs. Wilder had been called, and he died in her arms.


    Mr. Clark was born in Prince George's county, March 25, 1813, and was therefore in his eighty-fourth year at the time of his death.  He was a son of the late Benjamin Clark, of that county, who was a farmer.  The father died when he was still a small child, and Judge Gabriel Duval, of the United States Supreme Court, and a life-long friend of Benjamin Clark, became the guardian of Gabriel Clark.


    His early education was gained at the county schools and through tuition at home.  Shortly after Judge Duval became his guardian he was placed in St. John's College, at Annapolis, but becoming weary of study and having a longing to see the world, he left school and came to Baltimore, where he was taken into the employ of Watchmaker Foxcroft, who taught him the trade.


    The place of business conducted by Mr. Foxcroft was on Water Street near Calvert street, and here the young man, who had always shown a remarkable aptitude for learning, soon mastered the complete details of the trade.  His employer and benefactor died in 1829, and Mr. Clark, then but seventeen years old, bought the place and started into business for himself.  He acquired a reputation for skill in repairing the delicate mechanisms of timekeepers and this brought him a profitable trade.


    Mr. Clark remained at the Water street store until about 1850 when, finding hs business affairs in a flourishing condition, he removed to a more pretentious store at the corner of Calvert and Water streets.  He remained there until about three years ago when eh permanently retired from active mercantile pursuits.


    A great deal of Mr. Clark's wealth consisted of Baltimore City Passenger Railway stock, of which he held at his death about 13,000 shares.  He was the largest individual holder in the company and also the oldest director.  The City Passenger Railway Company was organized in 1859, and Mr. Clark was one of the earliest subscribers to its stock which then consisted of 40,000 shares.  Five or six years later he was made a director.  At that time his holdings were in the neighborhood of 4,000 shares. When the company exiled the horse as a propelling power and adopted rapid-transit methods the stock was increased to 100,000 shares, and Mr. Clark came into possession of about one-eighth of the entire amount.

    It was a matter of pride with him that he owed his large capital entirely to his early and successful industry and his subsequent investments in Baltimore. He never made a single investment outside of this city and frequently advised others whose capital had been placed in enterprises in other cities that the most secure and best-paying investments were to be had at home.


    His investments in the stock of the Mercantile Trust and Deposit Company and similar concernse were very large. He was also one of the largest ground-rent owners in Baltimore nad counted his first successful ventures among such investments.

    About sixty-one years ago Mr. Clark was married to Miss. Margaret Dukehart, a daughter of the late Mr. Balerian Dukehart. She died in 1882 and he remarried the following year.  Hi second wife was Miss Helen Perry, of Saratoga, N.Y., who survives him.  She was the daughter of the late Dr. John L. and Harriet Perry.  Two children by his first wife also survive.  They are Mr. Gabriel D. Clark., Jr., of 913 St. Paul Street and Mrs. Lucius C. Polk, now residing at the Hotel Reonert (*?) Mr. Augustus O. Clark, treasurer of the Baltimore City Passenger Railway Company, and Mr. Fayette H. Clark, of 14 East Mount Royal avenue are nephews of Mr. Clark.  Mrs. Chauncey Gambril of 913 St. Paul street, is the only granddaughter of Mr. Clark.  Her daughter, Miss. Helen E., is the only great-grandchild.


    The funeral will take place tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock from the house.

    The pall-bearers selected are"

    Acting-….Henry V. Ward, B. Sterrett McKim, John Redwood, A.B. Clark, Fayette Clark, Wm. Starr Gephart.

    Honorary- E. Austin Jenkins, Col Walter S. Franklin, John W. Hall, Gen. John Grill, Wilton Snowden, Edwin F.Abell, John S. Gittings, Richard Cornelius, William W. Spence, P.T. George, Michael Jenkins, Launcelot Gambrill.


    -Baltimore Sun., December 9, 1896, Vol. CXX, Issue 20, p. 6.


    Bertron Vs. Polk

    In this case it was to be decided of stock in the Consolidated Gas Company of Baltimore belonging to Gabriel D. Clark (first husband of Helen A. Linthicum) could be sold or should be retained as a good investment by the estate.)

    Mr. Clark died in December, 1896, leaving a large and valuable estate, approximating in value nine hundred thousand dollars which he disposed of by a last will and testament.

    The will was duly admitted to probate in the Orphan's Court of Baltimore City. Gabriel D. Clark, Jr., Helen A. Clark and the Mercantile Trust and Deposit Company of Baltimore, qualified as trustees, under the will.

    By the thirteenth clause of the will, Mr. Clark created a trust estate "for the benefit of his daughter, Mary E. Polk, for life, remainder to her son, Gabriel D. Clark Polk for life, remainder to the children of Gabriel Clark Polk, until the youngest reached the age of twenty-one years, when the trust would cease, etc., etc.,

    The nine hundred and thirty shares of stock of the Gas Company, the property here in controversy, is a part of the trust estate and passed to the trustees, under the will upon the settlement of the personal estate in the Orphan's Court of Baltimore City.

    The stock was held by the trustees, and the amount of income thereon paid to the life tenants until the 29th of November, 1902, when it was sold to the appellants, subject to the approval of the Court, at $83 per share ex-divedend, and the sale duly ratified by the Court.


    Subsequently and before the stock was transferred, on petition of Mary E. Polk and Gabriel Claerk Polk, the two adult beneficiaries under the will, the order of the Court of the 29th of November, 1904, ratifying the sale was rescinded and an order of ratification nisi was passed in the case.

    The appellants then, intervened by petition, testimony was taken, the case heard, and from an order of the Court sustaining the exceptions to the sale, this appeal has been taken….(it was then detailed that proceeds from the sale of the stock could not be re-invested to earn the same income. the order was affirmed)

    - Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of Maryland., Maryland Court of Appeals, John Murphy, 1906, pg. 690-691.

    Linthicum et. al. V. Polk et al. (Court of Appeals of Maryland, March 7, 1901)

    Appeal from superior court of Baltimore city; Henry D. Harlan, Judge,

    "To be officially reported."

    Suit by Mary E. Polk and others against Helen A. Linthicum and others, as executors of the estate of Gabriel D. Clark, deceased. From a decree of the superior court of Baltimore City reversing an order of the orphans' court dismissing te petition, defendants appeal Dismissed

    Argued before McSherry, C, J., and Page, Pearce, Fowler, Boyd, Jones and Briscoe, J.J.

    Thomas R. Clendinen and Chas. Linthicum & Bro. for appellants. Jas P. Gorter and H. Arthur Stump, for appellees.

    Boyd, J. The appelees filed a petition in the orphans' court of Baltimore city, alleging that Helen A. Clark, now Linthicum, who is one of the executors of Gabriel D. Clark, had taken possession of, concealed, and has "in her own hands, and has omitted to return" in the inventories to the court certain silverware, clocks, jewelry, and other articles mentioned.  Mrs. Linthicum was the widow of Gabriel D. Clark when she married J. Charles Linthicum. It is also alleged that on November 1, 1896, she came into possession of $2,000, and on November 9, 1896 of $300. belonging to said Clark, "but she has omitted to return said money, either to any inventory or list of debts filed in this court, but concealed and withholds the same." The petition prays that Helen A. Linthicum be required to bring into court the articles and money, together with all property belonging to the estate of Gabriel D. Clark, and that she and Gabriel D. Clark, Jr., her co-executor, be required to return an additional inventory of the said articles and money and of all other assets omitted. A citation was then asked for against Mrs. Linthicum and Gabriel D. Clark, Jr., executors, and Mr. and Mrs.. Linthicum individually.  Gabriel D. Clark, Jr., filed an answer admitting that the articles named in the petitioned belonged to their testator, and that since his death Mrs. Linthicum has had them, and, as she claimed them as her own he did not have them included in the inventory. He also says he is informed that the two sums of money came into possession of Mrs. Clark, but he does not know what disposition she made of them, and submits to the passage of such order by the court as to it may seem proper. Mrs. Linthicum as executrix and individually  with her husband, filed an answer in which they deny the concealment of any articles and also deny that any silverware, clocks and jewelry in their possession belonged to the estate.  They admitted that they had a few articles belonging to the estate which she has retained, on the authority of her co-executor, at the appraised value, as she supposed she had the right to do; but, upon being informed that they would have to be sold at public auction sent them to the auction rooms.  They answered the allegations as to the $2300 by alleging that Helen A. Clark collected the two sums of money during the lifetime of Gabriel D. Clark, at his request, which she paid to him, and they were by him expended and disposed of in his lifetime.  IN an amended answer they admit having possession of a buffet and four busts, which she asked be allowed to her as part of the $75 a widow is entitled to under section 299 of article 93 of the Code, and alleged that certain jewelry, silverware, and articles named therein were the property of Mrs. Linthicum, and as she claims title to them, the orphan's court had no jurisdiction over the matter.  Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum filed a motion to dismiss the petition so far as the same is against them as individuals and as far as they are concerned therein in their individual capacity.  The orphan's court passed an order dismissing the petition for want of jurisdiction and requiring the petitioners to pay the costs.  From that order an appeal was taken by the petitioners to the superior court of Baltimore City, which court reversed the order of the orphan's court, and remanded the case for further proceedings.  From the decree of the superior court this appeal was taken, and the question before us is whether the orphan's court had jurisdiction.  If it had, then the decision of the superior court on the appeal to it was final, and cannot be reviewed by us; but, if the orphan's court had no jurisdiction to entertain the petition, then the superior court had none to review its decision, and hence an appeal to this court would be proper. (Gibson V. Cook, 62 Md. 256), although, when the orphan's court has jurisdiction under sections 238 and 239 of article 93 of the Code, the appeal authorized by section 240 to the circuit court for a county or the superior court of Baltimore city "is exclusive of all other appeals so that in no event can an appeal in any such case be taken to this court under section 39 (now 58 )  of article 5 of the code, Hignutt v. Cranor, 62 Md. 216….The appeal will therefore be dismissed. Appeal dismissed, Mr. and Mrs. Linthicum to pay the costs in this court.

    -Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of Maryland, Maryland Court of Appeals, John Murphy Publisher, 1906,p. 844-845


    Mary E. Polk et . al., Appls.

    r. Helen A. Linthicum…

    March 23 1905

    Appeal by plaintiffs from a judgment of the Circuit Court for Baltimore City refusing to remove a trustee. Reversed.  The facts are stated in the opinion. Messrs. James P. Gorter and hZ. Arthur Stump for the appellants:

    The behavior of Mrs. Linthicum is very much below the standard that the courts of this state expect in the performance of the responsible and delicate duties pertaining to the office of trustee……Page, J., delivered the opinion of the court:

    This is an appeal from the order of the lower court dismissing the petition of the appellants for the removal of the appellee from the trust created by the last will and testament of the late Gabriel D. Clark.  The decedent left, surviving him a widow (the appellee in this case) and two children by a former wife (a son, Gabriel D. Clark, Jr., and a daughter, Mary, who with her husband Lucius C. Polk, are the appellants). By his last will, made in the year 1892, he distributed a large estate, except as to a small portion donated to certain charitable purposes, among the several members of his family.  For his wife he made an ample provision.  He gave her his residence and contents, and one half of his personal estate amounting to more than a million and a half of dollars, for her life or widowhood, and one third of the residue of his realty for life.  All the residue of his estate including that portion that might remain after the termination of the estate given to the wife for life or for widowhood, he divided among his son and daughter.  The son took his share absolutely, but that of his daughter was given to his widow, his sun, and the Mercantile Trust Company of Baltimore, in trust to hold and manage the same, and pay over the income thereof to Mrs. Polk,  "into her hands and not into another. " for her life, and from her death to his grandson, if he be then living, during his natural life, and then for the benefit of his child or children, until the youngest child shall have reached twenty--one years of age, when the trust is to close, and the property shall vest absolutely in the said children.  In the event of his grandson dying without leaving child or descendant, the property is to go to the children of the testator's brother.  He died on the 8th of December 1896, and in June, 1898 the court assumed jurisdiction of the trust.


    The appellee and the descendent were married in 1883.  From the time of the marriage up to his death, it seems not to be questioned that their intercourse was harmonious and agreeable.  From the period of Mr. Clark's death, there arose causes of estrangement between the widow and the children, which have brought about much bad feeling, and broken up all the pleasant relations that may have heretofore subsisted between them.  We do not deem it necessary, in the view we take of the ease, to enter in to a discussion of the nature of these causes, nor to make any attempt to determine how far the suspicion and distrust the children seem to entertain for the appellee may be justified by the circumstances as they are disclosed by the record.  It will be sufficient to observe that in fact ever since Mr. Clark's death these causes have operated to bring about a most unfortunate state of bad feeling in the family, and to develop differences respecting the conduct of the trust which have kept the estate in constant litigation.  The appellee, it is true, has testified that she has never entertained "one moment of ill will against one of them" (meaning Mr. Clark and his sister) ; and it may be conceded that the appellee has testified with entire candor and honesty.  But notwithstanding this, it seems improbable if not impossible, that, under all the circumstances of the case, she can ever resume with them the kindly and sympathetic relations that existed during the lifetime of the testator, and are so necessary for the successful conduct of a trust like the one under this will.  It may not unreasonably be assumed that the testator made selection of his widow not only because of his entire confidence in her judgment and integrity, but also because he knew of her satisfactory relations with Mrs. Polk.  He must have sought not only that his daughter's share of his estate should be wisely and honestly controlled but that her dealings with those managing the trust might be through the medium of the appellee, whose affectionate solicitude for her comfort and welfare would soften to some extent, at least, the burden of having to submit to the will of others.  These remarks are not intended as the statement of a sufficient ground for a removal. for the reason that it seems to be well settled that mere unfriendliness of the cestui que trust  towards the trustee is not a sufficient ground per se for the removal of the latter…..cases cited…But these reflections, we think, enable us to approach the consideration fo other features of the case in our judgment of more importance.  The last will of the testator was made and executed in the year 1892, four years prior to his death.  It evinces a solicitude for the welfare of  each member of his family as well as an ernest desire to maintain an absolute equality among his children.  He intended it is true, to guard the share of Mrs. Polk by means of the trust, for reasons of which we are not informed, but which we must assume were inspired by the expectation that it would operate for her benefit.  But he bestowed upon each of his children an equal share of the estate.  To the widow he was extremely liberal.  He gave her a life interest in more than one half of his estate.  It included the dwelling and contents, and an income estimated by one of the counsel to amount to more that $50,000 per annum.  He seems therefore, to have regarded the interest and probability the wisdom of all the members of his family. At the time he selected his widow as one of the trustees for his daughter, he must have believed that the agreeable relations between her and his children would continue to exist after he was gone.  He probably did anticipate that she would remarry within less than a year and a half after his death, and thereupon would be broken up the home where they had so happily resided, nor that there would spring up so soon estrangements of serious character and far reaching effect.  His object in joining her in the management of the trust could not have been to supply the business skill needed for the successful control of so large an estate, for that was already supplied by the other trustees.  What else could have been his motive, but that there might be at his daughter's side a safe, agreeable, and sympathetic medium through which she could convey her wishes respecting the trust estate to those that had it in charge.  Her position on the board of trustees seems to be an additional proof of the fact that he intended the trust estate primarily for the benefit only of his daughter, to be enjoyed by her in the most agreeable as well as the most advantageous manner.  It is apparent, also, from the face of the will that the scheme of the testator was after providing liberally for his widow to so dispose of all his property in such a manner that it should eventually go down in the line of his own blood.  The testimony also shows that he was exceedingly solicitous that his dispositions should be acceptable to his wife. He trusted her, talked with her about his will, read it to her, and  she promised him to do what he wished for her to do.  Mr. Snowden, who prepared the will, testified that after the will was executed the appellee "was called into the parlor, and Mr. Clark requested me to read it to her, which I did, very carefully and deliberately, and he asked her if she understood it, and whether she approved of it, to which she replied that she did." Notwithstanding this solemn declaration on her part, she renounced the will, and elected to take in lieu thereof her dower or legal estate. By this act she took out from the operation of the trust a very large amount-probably several hundred thousand of dollars-and diverted it to her own use.  We are not now questioning in any manner her right thus to renounce, or what the moral aspect of the act may be, when considered in connection with the statements and promises made by her to her late husband, but we regard it now only as a fact to be considered in connection with other matters in relation to the trust.  Moreover, it appears from the record that less than one year and a half after her husband's death she remarried and ceased not only to be on good terms with her stepchildren, but all intercourse of every kind with his family ceased.  It is clear that by these acts she destroyed a very important part of the scheme of the testator.  His property has been diverted from the channel in which he desired it to go, and the trust has been depleted to the extent of many thousands of dollars.  Moreover, the proof shows that her co trustee, Mr. Clark, entertains feelings of such a powerful character towards her that proper co-operation between them in the business of the trust has become impossible, and also that the beneficiary has become charged with distrust of her, founded upon her dealings with the property of the testator, so that for the future there can no longer be personal relations between them.  Finally, whatever amount of blame may or may not attach to the appellee, if any, there can be no doubt her participation in the trust has for many years operated to keep the estate in litigation, at much expense; and it is not unreasonable to expect that, if she remain, there may be other recurring matters that will develop still further litigation for many years longer.  In addition to this, we think itt is clear that the testator created this trust for the benefit of his daughter, and selected his wife to be one of the trustees, not for her personal advantage, but for that of the cestui que trust. His will ought to and must be respected: but it is not for a moment to be even  suspected that he would have appointed anyone for the performance of the duty of trustee for the benefit of his daughter whose first act would be the depletion of the trust by renouncing his will, and thereby diminishing the value of the trust estate, and to that extent destroying his cherished hopes nad wishes, and afterwards, having remarried, became so obnoxious to his children that they are unwilling to have dealings with her.  These things show a want of fidelity to the wishes of the testator, and render the person so affected unfit to keep the financial prosperity of his daughter in her hands.  In addition to this, we think it undoubtedly was Mr. Clark's desire that his daughter should not only receive her income promptly, but that she should be mad comfortable in the reception of it as well as in its enjoyment.  The mere fact of dissention between the cestui que trust and the trustee is not, it is true, a sufficient ground for removal of a trustee….cases cited arguments made……We do not rest our decision in this case upon the mere fact of inharmonious relations between the appellee and Mrs. Polk, or between the appellee and her co trustee: but we are of the opinion that these and other facts stated in the record, and particularly that she has placed herself in a position of hostility to the plans of the descendent,  where by the trust fund has been materially depleted, convince us that she is not a proper person to longer act as a co trustee of the fund, and should therefore be removed.

    Order reversed and cause remanded, that an order may be passed removing the appellee from the trusteeship; the appellee to pay costs in this court and below..- Lawyers' Reports Annotated., Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company, Lawyers' Co-operative Pub. Co.,Publisher, 1906, p.920.

    Mrs. Linthicum Wins

    Gets Articles Of Her Former Husband, Late Gabriel D. Clark.

    By the verdict of a jury in the Superior Court yesterday Mrs. J. Charles Linthicum, former wife of the late Gabriel D. Clark, was declared to be the owner of all the silverware and most of the other articles which it was alleged by Mr. Clark's daughter Mrs. Luclus C. Polk, and here husband and son belong to Mr. Clark's estate and should have been included in the inventory filed by Mr. Clark's widow and son, who are the executors.  The verdict was also in Mrs. Linthicum's favor as to $2,000 which it was also alleged belonged to Mr. Clark's estate.


    Of the long list of articles claimed to belong to Mr. Clark's estate the jury by the verdict excluded all except a musical decanter, a painting of chickens by Tate, a black marble French clock, the ornaments and vases which were in the parlor of Mr. Clark's house, a picture of a gray mare, an inlaid iron table, a razor and a garnet and diamond ring with the name Margaret.  Mrs. Linthicum claimed that these articles had been given to her by her former husband.  Mr. Clark, as well as the silverware, jewelry and other property which the jury decided belonged to her.

    The case was tried on issues made up in the Orphan's Court. H Arthur Stump and James P. Gorter appeared for the plaintiffs and Thomas R. Clendinen and Enoch Harlan for the defendants.

    -Baltimore Sun, May 13,1904, Vol. CXXXIV, Issue 179, p. 7.



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    Commemoration Interesting Memorials and Exciting Events!

    For text of the Congressional Memorial click here

    "The late Representative J. Charles Linthicum will be honored tomorrow by the dedication of a monument to his memory in Druid Ridge Cemetery in the presence of his wife and congressional, diplomatic and religious leaders. Expected to be present at the dedication at 3 p. m. are Senators Tydings and Goldsborough, Governor Ritchie, Representative Sol Bloom, Bishop Edward T. Helfenstein, of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland, Dr. Arthur Kinsolving, Ulysses F. Espaillat, councilor for Santo Domingo; Wilbur J. Carr, assistant secretary of State, and Keith Miller of the State Department. The late representative served the Fourth District of Maryland in 11 sessions until his death last October 5.  He was chairman of the House Foreign Relations Committee and a leader of the wet bloc in the fight against the eighteenth amendment in the lower house.

    Ceremonies tomorrow will mark the first anniversary of his death. The monument is being erected by Mrs. Linthicum. (

    For location of the graves see below)

    -"Shaft Erected to Li

    nthicum-Notable Group to Attend Dedication Today in Baltimore.", The Washington Post., October 5, 1933, pg.12.

    Inscription: In Loving Memory of John Charles Linthicum Beloved Husband of Helen A. Linthicum Born November 26th 1867 Entered into Life Eternal on the 5th day of October 1932, Member of the United States House of Representatives from 1910 to 1932 Chairman of the Committee On Foreign Affairs, Co-Author of the Bill of 1924 for the Improvement of the For3eign Service an Active and Inspiring Leader in the commission on Foreign Service Buildings. A Patriotic and Trusted Servant of the American People, "The Souls of the Righteous are in the Hand of God- Wisdom III I

    (Map of Baltimore showing Druid Ridge Cemetery-Monument and Graves is near the office)

    Helen A. Linthicum, Memorial Chapel, St. Paul's School For Boys Baltimore

    Mrs. Linthicum's will stipulated that a collection of her jewelry should be auctioned to benefit the St. Paul's School for Boys. Specifically the will called for the construction of a chapel. A fire in the 1990s destroyed the chapel but the altar and baptismal font survive and are proudly displayed at the present time on the lower level of the new chapel of the St. Paul's School for Boys, Baltimore.

    Photo of the chapel: From= We Have Kept the Faith, Angelo Otterbein, Source:
     Laura Kurz, St. Paul's School.


    Greenridge Cemetery Saratoga Springs New York Location of Helen A. Linthicum's Perry relatives graves.

    Perry Grave Information

    Perry, Harriet Sadler, Wife of John Leland Perry,1819,1886,   Lot and Area: C - 044 Old

    Perry, John Leland, Husb of Harriet Sadler,1814/11/04,1873/11/27, Lot and Area:  C - 044,Old



    The Portrait (s?)

    Ritchie To Present Portrait of Linthicum

    House Committee On Foreign Affairs to Receive Painting Of Late Chairman Today.

    (Washington Bureau of the Sun) Washington, Jan.22- Gov. Albert C. Ritchie tomorrow will present to the House Foreign Affairs Committee a portrait of the late J. Charles Linthicum, who at the time of his death last fall was chairman of that committee.  Mr. Linthicum represented the Fourth district of Maryland in Congress for twenty-two years.

    Represent McReynolds (Dem. Tenn.,) chairman of the committee, on behalf of that group will accept the portrait, painted by Thomas C., Corner, the Baltimore artist.  Bishop James E. Freeman, of St. Alban's Protestant Episcopal Cathedral will pronounce the invocation.  The ceremonies will be witnessed by Mrs. Linthicum, the members of the committee and the Maryland delegation in Congress. A reception in honor of Governor Ritchie will be held after the ceremonies.- Baltimore Sun., Jan. 23, 1933.

    Ritchie presents Linthicum Canvas

    Portrait of Marylander Is Accepted by Sol Bloom for Foreign Affairs Group. Painted by T. C. Corner, Governor Pays Tribute to Late Congressman For Work As Chairman of Committee., (Washington Bureau of the Sun) Washington, Jan. 22- High tribute was paid to the memory and services of the latte Representative J. Charles Linthicum by Governor Ritchie in presenting a portrait of the Marylander to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House.  Mr.. Linthicum at the time of his death was chairman of the committee.

    "I deem it a privilege of doing honor to a very warm friend.  We at home are appreciative of his service, his integrity and blameless life.  We were hopeful when he became chairman of this committee that he would have an opportunity to do further constructive work."

    Painted by Baltimorean

    The portrait which was executed by Thomas C. Corner, of Baltimore was accepted by Representative Sol Bloom (Dem. N.Y.) ranking member of the committee, in the absence of Representative Sam D. McReynolds of Tennessee, who was unable to be present.

    "In accepting this portrait it does not require a picture to remind us of the great work Mr. Linthicum has done in this committee." said Mr. Bloom. "It was his desire and wish that the United States be represented in foreign countries in a fitting manner and his work as a member of the committee and as a member of the Foreign Building Commission in providing suitable buildings in foreign lands will remain a monument to his efforts."

    Bishop Gives Invocation

    Bishop James E. Freeman of St. Albans; Protestant Episcopal Cathedral, pronounced the invocation after the presentation.

    A number of officials of the State Department and representatives of foreign countries attended the ceremonies, including Rudolph Leitner counselor of the German Embassy and Dr. Alfred Sze, Minister form the Chinese Republic.

    Following the ceremony a reception was held in the Speakers' lobby of the House where more than a hundred Democratic and Republican members left the floor to meet Governor Ritchie.

    After the reception Governor Ritchie was the guest of honor at a luncheon given by the Maryland delegation in the Speakers' dining room.-The Baltimore Sun.,Jan. 24.1933

    "Governor presents portrait of Linthicum, Gov. Albert C. Ritchie of Maryland presented to the foreign relations committee of the House a portrait of the late J. Charles Linthicum, representative from Maryland, who was long chairman of the committee, under Republican administrations.  In the group are, left to right-Bishop James E. Freedman, of Washington Cathedral; Mrs. Linthicum, widow of the representative; Gov. Ritchie, Representative Sol Bloom, of New York, and Senator Millard Tydings of Maryland. The portrait is hanging behind the group."

    -"Governor Presents Portrait of Linthicum.", The Washington Post., Jan. 24, 1933, pg. 3, (Includes photo not available)

    This is the Portrait which is to be found at Towson University presented by Sweetser Linthicum.

    "Linthicum portrait finds "resting place" at Towson State University. A portrait of former Re. J. Charles Linthicum-a major backer of making "The Star Spangled Banner" the national anthem-will find a permanent home tomorrow when it's donated to Towson State University.

    Just three years after the Linthicum family saved the portrait from the auction block, it will be donated for display in the alumni house.

    "We're all getting old," said Sweetser Linthicum Jr.,86 (?) as, the congressman's nephew, "Next thing you know you're floating around, and someone will be selling it at an estate sale or it will be sitting in an auction house. I want to get things organized and have it at its final resting place."

    J. Charles Linthicum, who was born Nov. 26, 1867, in one of his family's homes at "Turkey Hill" in Linthicum Heights, served in congress from 1911 until his death in 1932. The portrait was thought to have been the one that hung in the halls of Congress.

    By chance, the family learned through a friend that the portrait by French artist Theo Dube was going to be auctioned off by Harris Auctions of Baltimore City.

    :They didn't tell us a thing, it had a beautiful frame on it but it was in bad shape," he said.

    A whole famly crew went up for the auction, including Sweetser Linthcium and in law Paul Wildman..

    Mr.Wildman, an artist, headed the bidding and bought the portrait. Later he retouched it ans made a special frame for the picture to replace the ornate, but broken original one.

    The painting was placed above the deep read couch on the red brocade wall in Sweetser Linhicum's home on Sweetser Road in Linthicum.

    But tomorrow, Dr. Hoke L. Smith president of towson State University is hosting a special reception honoring the Linthicum family.

    Mr. Linthicum and his brother Seth Linthicum J. of Tucson Arizona chose Towson State for the portrait's final resting place because of the congressman's special attachment to the university. It will hang in the alumni house.

    Not only did the congressman graduate from the university- when it was known as the State Normal School- but he was instrumental to relocating the school to Towson.

    During his long political career J. Charles Linthicum helped obtain state approval for the construction at the new campus.

    "Uncle Charley" and his wife Helen gave a lot of money to the University for Scholarships. Mr. Linthicum said. The university named a building after them in 1968.

    After teaching in Anne Arundel County for several years J. Charles Linthicum began his political career in the Maryland House of Delegates in 1903.

    -Capital, The | Annapolis, Maryland | Wednesday, April 07, 1993 | Page 16

    The Memorial Window

    "Is Memorial to Former Congressman, A memorial window in memory of the late John Charles Linthicum, once member of Congress from Maryland, was dedicated at a special service in the Church of the Epiphany yesterday afternoon. Mr. Linthicum attended the church during his service in Congress, and the window is a gift of his widow. Assisting the rector, Dr. Barney Phillips, in the service were the Right Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, Bishop of Maryland, and the Rev. Dr. Arthur B. Kinsolving, rector of St. Paul's Church in Baltimore. The window, the work of the D'Ascenzo Studios, of Philadelphia, is done in a medieval style of symbolism, and depicts the ministry of Christ. The topmost medallion gives the Greek letters Chi Rho, the symbol of Christ the Anointed. The rosette below is the baptism of Jesus by S. John the Baptist in the Jordan River. The two panels show St. Matthew and St. Mark, while scrolls behind them give the opening words of their Gospels. Beside the two apostles are the Man and the Lion, symbols characteristic of the two. The inscription of dedication at the bottom of the window reads, "To the Glory of God and in loving memory of John Charles Linthicum by his loving wife, Helen A. Linthicum

    -"Gift Window is Dedicated.", The Washington Post. Oct. 6, 1934, pg.2.

    St. Matthew and St. Mark 1934

    Left. St. Matthew holds a quill, signifying him as an author. Flanking his head are the opening lines of his gospel, "The Book of thee Generation of Jesus Christ." Before answering the call to follow Jesus as an apostle, Matthew was a tax collector.  To the lower right is Matthew's symbol in art, a winged man a reference to the fact that his gospel highlights the human side of Jesus Christ. Right: Flanking St. Mark's head are the opening lines of his gospel, "The Beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ." Mark and his family were converted to Christianity by St. Peter, and as a youth he might well have been with Peter at Gethsemane.  Depicted in the lower right is St. Mark's symbol, a winged lion.  The lion, as king of the beasts, represents the royal character of Christ portrayed in Mark's gospel.

    Upper: In the rose window, John the Baptist uses a shell to baptize Jesus in the River Jordan.  The Holy Spirit, symbolized by a dove, descends from above.  In the uppermost light is the chi roh, a superimposing of the first to letters of the name Christ in Greek and one of he earliest symbols used by Christians.  Artist: Nicola D' Ascenzo ( D' Ascenzo Studios)

    Memorial: The Hon. John Charles Linthicum (1867-1932)...The window was given by his wife, Helen A. Linthicum. A special dedicatory service was held on October 5, 1934, the second anniversary of Congressman Linthicum's death.  One of the four officiating clergy was the Rt. Rev. Edward T. Helfenstein, Bishop of Maryland.

    -Let There Be Light! A guide to Epiphany's Windows. Tripp Jo0nes, 2007, The Church of the Epiphany, Washington D.C.

    Bells Linthicum United Methodist Church

    "A" I give and devise unto "The Linthicum Heights Methodist Protestant Church, Incorporated", the sum of Ten  Thousand Dollars ($10.000), to reconstruct or change the present tower of said church to accommodate a ten-bell chime (of cast-bell type), and to purchase and install such ten-bell chime therein, provided that should the said sum of Ten Thousand Dollars be not sufficient for such purchase, then I direct that the same be by said church invested until said sum, together with interest thereon, be sufficient, and I direct hat bells shall have cast therein, the following "Erected by John Charles Linthicum, to the glory of God, and in honor of his wife, Helen A. Linthicum", and I direct that the present bell be made a part of said chime

    - "Last Will and Testament of J. Charles Linthicum."  No. 40, Case No. 482, File No. 16408, Baltimore City, Maryland, and  Folio 28, WmB133-69 4/28/33, June 18, 1932.

    "Money via John Charles Linthicum's will funds 15 metal-bell carillon. Bells are inscribed "to the glory of God and in honor of his wife Helen A. Linthicum." (Helen A. Linthicum had earlier donated a bell to the "Grey Stone Church" formerly Linthicum Methodist dedicated to her niece Mrs. Virginia Perry Dillon

    -Sweetser Linthicum, 1991, The Life of Congressman, John Charles Linthicum. p.4.


    Watch and listen to the bells ring!

    The sanctuary’s 105-foot steeple contains the 15-bell Linthicum Carillon, the gift of the late Mr. J. Charles Linthicum, in memory of his wife.-Source: Linthicum United Methodist Church web page.

    Linthicum United Methodist Church showing bell tower.

    Current Bell ringing Electonics

    Bells Keyboard nest to organ

    Plaques  Linthicum United Methodist Church

    A U.S. Navy Ship?

    O'Conor Wants Ship to be Named After Linthicum. Senator Herbert R. O'Conor has made formal request to Admiral E. L. Cochrane, Administrator, U.S. Maritime Administration, that one of the new Maritime Commission vessels to be constructed be named after former Congressman J.. Charles Linthicum of Maryland. In his recommendation to the maritime Administration he cited the long service of the Congressman to Maryland and to the country ad the fact that among his many accomplishments was the legislative act through which the Star Spangled Banner became the official National Anthem….

    -The Capitol., Annapolis, Md. , Tuesday, May 22,1951, p.4.

    (A check of the official U.S. Navy index of ship names did not turn up any ship named for Linthicum, Charles Linthicum or John Charles Linthicum

    Stone Dedicated to Helen In Washington Cathedral

    The Maryland State Society, D.A.R., placed a stone in the National Cathedral, which is being erected at Mt. Saint Alban, Washington, D.C., in her honor.  This was conducted with appropriate ceremony, the Rt. Rev. James E. Freeman, D.D., presiding. 

    -Luckett, Margie, H., Maryland Women.,  V. I, Baltimore, Maryland, 1931, pp.248-253

    Linthicum Hall Towson University, Towson, Maryland.

    Dedicated to J. Charles Linthicum in 1968

    J. Charles Linthicum


    The Honorable J. Charles Linthicum a member of an old Maryland family was a graduate of our school in 1886.  He became a member of Congress in 1911and served twenty- two years. From the 62nd through the 72nd Congress, representing the Fourth District of Maryland. 


    When Governor Crothers appointed in 1910 the members of the Maryland State Normal School Building Commission, Mr. Linthicum was selected as Chairman. He served in this capacity from 19100 until the school occupied its new campus in Towson in 1915.  Under the supervision of the Commission, which he headed, the present site for the institution was selected, the architect appointed and the new buildings constructed.


    Mrs. Linthicum shared her husband's interest in Towson and contributed to the school a sum for student scholarships which still serves its purpose as the Helen A. Linthicum Scholarship Fund.  Upon her death, she willed to the school a fine oil portrait of her husband which will be placed in the building named after him.


    -Towson State College, Towson, Maryland, Dedication Program for Linthicum Hall and Bufdick Hall, Saturday, November Second, Nineteen Hundered Sixty-Eight at Ten A.M., Burdick Hall.


    Park and Monument in Linthicum, Maryland

    Linthicum: Park dedication Saturday in congressman's honor

    By DAVID CRAIG Assistant Editor

    One of Linthicum's most famous citizens will be honored Saturday when state and local government officials dedicate the new J. Charles Linthicum Memorial Park as part of the community's centennial celebration.

    Mr. Linthicum served in Congress from March 4, 1911, until his death in October 1932. In 1918, he introduced legislation that eventually would make "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national anthem of the United States.

    Mr. Linthicum once lived in the Twin Oaks mansion in the neighborhood, but the house is no longer owned by the Linthicum family.

    The dedication of the J. Charles Linthicum Memorial Park will be held at 1 p.m. Saturday on land between West Maple Road and the Linthicum Light Rail station. The park is the result of work by the Linthicum-Shipley Improvement Association and the state and county governments.

    The goal is to connect the park with the BWI walking-bike trail that currently ends at the light rail station behind the Royal Farms store on Camp Meade Road. There are benches in the park and a fence runs alongside the light rail tracks.

    Dignitaries invited to the dedication include Gov. Martin O'Malley, U.S. Sens. Barbara Mikulski and Benjamin Cardin; Rep. John Sarbanes; state Sen. Ed DeGrange Sr.; Dels. Pam Beidle, Mary Ann Love and Ted Sophocleus; County Executive John R. Leopold; and County Councilman Daryl Jones.

    This event will be the latest in a yearlong series of activities marking Linthicum's 100th year as a residential community. It will come two weeks before Linthicum hosts its annual community fair, which will be held just up the hill on Maple Road across from St. John's Lutheran Church.

    For more information about the park dedication, call Beth Nowell

    -Source: The Maryland Gazette (Photo: Conrad Bladey)

    Linthicum's Life Work and Greatest Achievement should be recorded in the park....

    Editor's Note- I strongly support the monument and wonderful park. It has lots of potential for the preservation and appreciation of local history. The information on the monument however, should be extended by an additional inscription which refers to Linthicum's life work so often mentioned in news articles and in his obituaries and memorials. That is his crusade against prohibition. He did after all launch the first amendment that came to the floor of congress to overturn prohibition. In addition to the extension of the text on the monument or creation of an additional monument or marker the rules of the park = this park in particular, only should be changed to allow the legal consumption of alcohol if not year round then on the day that the Beck-Linthicum amendment was voted on in Congress. Anyone interested in this project can contact me at:

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    Charles And Helen Linthicum Celebrated with Commemorative Gathering

     March 14 2009

    Welcome table with refreshments in shopping center lot.

    Memorial and beer can wreath. 

    Video of ceremony from youtube!



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    2010 Celebration Planned Sunday, March 14, 2010

    This time we hope to get a parade permit and have a marching band from Towson etc...If your group is interested in attending let me know

    We are looking for a sponsor bar to provide special deals for parade participants after the parade maybe 1930s beer prices! e.mail us

    Girls are encouraged to wear costume jewelry and roses in honor of Mrs. Linthicum

    1930s  dress is encouraged

    1930s vehicles are encouraged

    Artcars will take part

    Participants can dress up with I'm Linthicum tee shirts from our on-line store Remember the Linthicums with great gift items-tote bag, mugs, pins etc... Build Community spirit! Remember our history! click here for the store.

    March 14, 1932

    On March 14, 1932, the House voted on the question of bringing out from the
    Judiciary Committee the Beck-Linthicum resolution, which proposed that Congress

    -Straw Votes: A Study of Political Prediction - Page 156 by Claude Everett Robinson, Columbia University Council for Research in the Social Sciences - Elections - 1932 - 203 pages

    Yes indeed! NO! It is not a parade- It is a commemorative gathering. We will gather first at Linthicum Shopping Center (Linthicum Heights 21090) to obtain maps and a downtown speech or so....and to find parking. Then a second gathering at the park where parking is limited. The park is only a few blocks away but is not on any existing maps as yet and has limited parking so we thought it would be helpful to hand out maps at the shopping center first. At the park there will be a wreath laying and maybe a speech or so....a commemoration....All  to recognize the importance of our rights and the man that started the legislation rolling which ended in the repeal of prohibition. Even though Linthicum was a tea totaler (In his own words: "A temperance man"- he knew the value of our rights.

    "Representatives J. Charles Linthicum and Vincent Palmisano and former Representative John Philip Hill favor a beer parade in Baltimore such as Mayor Walker plans for New York. Walter H . Buck president of the Baltimore Association Against the Prohibition Amendment; Edgar Allan Poe Jr., head of the Crusaders here, and other civic and political leaders sowed interest in the idea of a national demonstration.
    Mr. Buck explained that his association was interested in repeal of the prohibition amendment rather than modification, and expressed regret that the Baltimore Association of Commerce recently refused to follow the lead of similar bodies in Chicago and New York,, which passed resolutions calling on Congress to pass a bill making beer available for tax revenue.
    Mr. Poe said he felt sure that the members of the Crusaders would be willing to march here in a beer parade. But in the absence of official advice on the matter from the Crusaders' New York headquarters he was unwilling to commit himself.

    -"Linthicum for  Beer Parade.", The New York Times.,April 17, 1932, pg.2.

    The parade will be a good civic experience for young and old. A good chance to learn local history and to take part in the commemoration of our local Patriot Charles Linthicum. All are invited to contribute. The commemoration will take place on Sunday March 14 to the date the amendment reached the floor of the Congress.

    The Gathering will begin at the Linthicum shopping center (Linthicum Heights, 21090) to find parking and get maps and end at the Linthicum Memorial in the Charles Linthicum Park. Anyone wanting to take part can contact me at

     There will be no alcohol involved, at the shopping center or in the park at the ending. There will be a gathering at  a place to be announced after the commemoration where our freedoms can be exercised.

    We welcome one and all to participate. A beer can wreath will be laid at the base of the monument.

    The commemoration will proceed in all weather!

    Watch this space for further details!

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    To go to the web page of Hutman Productions click here