Small picture Of Guy Faukes: 5K Celebrations: Sermons
Just Out: The  Book  of  Guy Fawkes  Day And its Bonfire Night Volume V, Pray to Remember Gunpowder Treason Sermons and Liturgy, Conrad Bladey
Hutman Productions©2013  ISBN: 978-0-9854486-4-6 , 402 Pages, Annotated, Illustrated

A comprehensive collection of Gunpowder Treason, Fifth of November Sermons from 1605 to the present along with a history of Gunpowder Treason Day Literature including primary  documents. Also included  is an Anthropological framework for further analysis as well as  analysis of the sermons. Annotated, Many Illustrations. A primary reference. This book is an important textbook for the study of church, social, and political history via sermon and liturgy. Click Here

Ever since 1605, when James I received a sermon following his deliverance from the Gunpowder plot, sermons have been a very important part of the celebration of the plot. Sermons Provide a measure of how their authors felt about the celebrations of the time. They recording the changing religious and political views through time. Consider how you might compose a sermon today to commemorate the plot.
It is helpful to place these sermons into the context of church history here is a timeline- click here

Sermons 1605-1616
King James I paused every Nov. 5 to hear a sermon on the subject of deliverance.
The first such sermon was preached by Lancelot Andrewes, Bishop of Winchester Nov. 5 1606

“this day of ours, this fifth of November, a day of God’s making; that which was done upon it was the Lord’s doing...This day is the scripture fulfilled in our ears.” The destroyer passed over our dwellings this day. It is our Passover, it is our Purim.”-(Sermons Preached upon the V of November , in Lancelot Andrewes, XCVI Sermons, 3rd. Edition (London,1635) pp. 889,890, 900-1008

Sermons became a very popular way of celebration and commemoration of the salvation of the nation.
One such sermon was that of William Leigh in Standish, Lancashire: “Great Britaines Great Deliverance from the Great Danger of Popish Powder a meditation upon the late intended treason.
This sermon of November 5 1606 was dedicated to Prince Henry (heir apparent)
(William Leigh, Great Britaines Great Deliverance from the Great Danger of Popish Powder (London 1606).
Some sermons were given as endowments by prominent merchants or citizens.

One such sermon was given by the will of Humphrey Walwyn, citizen and grocer in 1612 to St. Martin Orgar, London.
Another was given by Thomas Chapman to St. Pancras Soper Lane, London by way of his will in 1616.(Guildhall Library, MSSS 959, 5018/1 5020.)
“On the fifth day of November in every year to give due praise and thanks unto the divine majesty for
the wonderful and miraculous preservation and deliverance.”
This bequest was later confirmed and augmented by his son Thomas Chapman Jr.
In London the Lord Mayor and aldermen gathered each November 5 for a sermon at St. Paul’s
If the Parliament was sitting it heard Gunpowder Sermons in the afternoon and evening on the day.
These sermons were printed and became popular throughout the country at the local level


Bishop George Carleton- “Thankful remembrance of God’s Mercy. (1624-1630) Showed an Iconographic image depicting the deliverance from the Armada, and the Gunpowder Plot. Elizabeth and James weere depicted as Deborah and Solomon in triumph vs popes and devils.

“Their hellish device was at one blow to root out religion, to destroy the state, the father of our country, the mother of our country, the olive branches the hopeful succession of our king,, the reverend clergy, the honorable nobility the faithful councillors, the grave judges, the greatest part of our knights and gentry, the choices burgesses, the officers of the crown, couincil, signet, seals and other seats of judgment, the learned lawyers with an infinite number of common people, the hall of justice, the houses of parliament, the church used for the coronation of our kings, the monuments of our former princes, all records of parliament, and of every particular man’s right with great number of charters, and other things of this nature, all these things had the devil by his agents devised at one secret blow to destroy.”
-George Carleton, A Thankful Rememgbrance of God’s Mercy. In an Historical Collection of the great and mercifull Deliverances of the Church and State of England (London, 1624)

Thomas Hooker 1626- in a sermon noted:
that the targets of the plot....”assembled for the glory of God, to enact good laws for this commonwealth. Now these in that place in one hour, in one instant, should all ahave been miserably blown up and torn in pieces, so that they should not have been found, should not have been known that they might be buried according to their degree. This is that matchless villainy and that unconceivable treachery which the papists had contrivbed” and should be remembered “to all posterity”.
-The Church’s Deliverance's”,in George H. Williams, Norman Pettit, Winifried Herget, and Sargent Bush, Jr. (Eds.) Thomas Hooker, Writings in England and Holland, 1626-1633 (Cambridge, Mass., 1975)

Thomas Gataker in a sermon at St. Pancras in 1626 was thankful for:
“the preservation of our king and state from that damnable powder plot, as hyet unparalleled in any age since the world began’.
-Thomas Gataker, An Anniuersarie Memoriall (London, 1629)

Henry King in a sermon at the Spittle in London 1626-
God “snatched us like brands from the mouth of the furnace, and by discovering the bloody trap, delivered us from the snare of those fowlers.”
-Henry King, A sermon of Deliverance, (London 1626).

John Cope:
“If there had been a council called in hell, and a company of devils sent upon earth for the executing of their designs, they could not have found out a more damnable plot, nor with greater resolution have prosecuted it, than they did the Gunpowder Treason.”
-John Cope.,A Religious Inquisition.,(London 1629)

John Milton mid 1620s
“in Quintuim Novembris” c. 1626. Notes how God triumphs over treason. The devil is seen as the inventor of gunpowder which came in response to god’s thunderbolts.

John Dunne c. 1620-1625
MS Royal 17.B.XX (British Library)

"...The king is  Anima regna, The Soule of the kindome; and to provide for the health of the body, by the detriment of the Soule, is ill phisick.  The king is  Caput  regni,  the head of the kingdome, and to cure a member, by cutting of the head, is ill Surgery.  Man and wife, Soule and body, Head and Members, god hath joined, and those whome god hath joined let no man sever:  Salus regni asylum proditorum, To pretend to uphold the kingdome, and over throw the king hath ever been the tenmptation before and  the excuse after in the greatest treasons.  In that Action of the Jews, which we insisted upon before, in theyr pressinge for a king.  The elders of Israel gathered together, So far they were in their way; for this was no popular, no seditious assembly of light and turbulent Men, but the elders: and then they came to Samuel,  so far they were in their right way too for they held  not counsayls apart, but came to the right place, for redresse of greivances, to theyr then highest governor, to Samuel. when they were then lawfully met, they forbear not to lay open unto him, the injustices of his officers, though it concerned the very Sonnns of Samuel:  and thus far they kept within convenient limits: but when they would presse Samuel  to a new way of remedy, to an inconuenient way, to a present way, to theyr own way and refer nothing to him, what care soeuer they pretended of the good of the state if it is evident that they had no good opinion of Samuel,  and even that displeased god, to be ill affected to the person whome he had set over them.  To sever the king and the kingdome, and pretend the Weale of the one, with  out the other, is to shake, and discompose gods buildinge.
Historically this was the Jews case, when Jeremie  lamented here, if he lamented the Declination of that state, in the Death of the kinge  Josiah,  And if he lamented the transportation of Zedechiah,  and that that were not yet come, or if he lamented the devestation of that nation occasioned by the death of the king of kings Christ Jesus himselfe, when he came, this was their case prophetically.  Either way, historically, or prophetically, Jeremie  looks upon the kingdome through that glasse, Through the king.   The duety of the day, and the order of the text invites us to an application of this branch too.  Our adversaries did not come to say to them selves, Nolumus regnum hoc  we will not have this kingdome stand the materiall kingdome, the plenty of the land, they would have been content to have, but for the formall kingdome, that is this forme of government, by a Sovereign king that depends upon none but god, they would not have.  So that that they came implicitly to Nolumbus regem hunc,we will not have this kingdome to be gouernd thus, and explicitely to a Nolumus regem hunc,   we will not have this king to governie us at all. Non hunc?  will you not haue him! you were at your Nolumus hanc   long before, you would not have that Queene to raigne over you.  There, your, not aniuersary, but hebdomidary treasons cast upon her a necessitie of drawing blood often: and so your Nolumus hanc  might have some ground.  But your Nolumus hunc,  for this king, who had made no Inquisition for blood, who had forborne the very pecuniary penalties , who had  (as himselfe witnesses of himselfe) made your partakers, with his Subjects of his own religion, in matters of grace, in reall benefits, and in titles of  honor, Quare fremuerunt,  why did these Men rage, and imagine a vayne thinge? what they did historically we know: They made that House which is the hyve of this kindome, from whence all her Hony comes, That House, where justice herselfe is conceyud, in their preparing of good laws, and inanimated and quickned and borne by the Royall assent then given, they made that whole house, one Murdring peece: and having put in their powder they charged that peece with Peers, with people with Princes, with the King, and ment to discharge it upward at the face of heaven, to shoote god at the face of god, Him, of whome god had sayd, Dij estis,  you are gods, at the face of that god who had said so : as though they would have reproched the god  of heaven, and not have been beholden to him for  such a king, but shoote him up to him and bid him take  his king againe, for  Nolumus hunc regnare,  we will not have this king to reigne over us.  This was our case historically, and what it is prophetically, as longe as that remains their doctrine, which he against whome that attempt was principally made, found by theyr Examinations to be theyr doctrine, That they, and no sect in the world but they, did make treason an article of Religion,  That theyr Religion bound them to those attempts, so long they are neuer at an end, tyll they disauow those Doctrines, that conduce to yt, prophetically they wish, prophetically they hope for better success in worse attempts.
It is then the Kingdome  that  Jeremie  laments: but his nearest object is the king: he laments him. first, let it be, as with Hierome,  many of the Ancients, and with them Many of the later Rabbins, will have it, for Josias for a good king, in whose death the honor and strength of that kingdome, tooke that deadly wound, to be come tributarie  to a foraine prince: for to this lamentation, they refer, those words which describe a great sorrowe, In that day, shall there be a great mourninge in Jerusalem as the mourninge of Hadradrimmon. in the valley of Megiddon:  which was the place, where Josiah  was slaine,  There shall be such a lamentation, as was for Josiah: This then was for him, for a good king, wherein have we his goodness expressed? Abundantly. He did that which was right in gods sight. And whose Ey needs he fear, that is right in the ey of god? but how longe? To the end. for Nero  who had his   Quinquenniuim,  was worst of all. He that is evil all the way is but a Tirant, he that is good at first, and after evil, An Angells face, and a Serpents tayle make him a monster; Josiah  perseuerd; He tuned not a side to the right hand, nor to the left.  If we applie it to the Josiah  of our tyme, neither to the fugitiue, that leaues our Church and goes to the Romane, nor to the Separtist, that leaves our Church, and goes to none.  In the eighteenth year of his reigne, he undertook the reparation of gods house; If we applie that to the Josiah  of our tymes, I thinke in that year of his reigne, he visited these walls.  In one word, like to him ther was no king before, nor after; and therefore there was just cause of lamentation for this king;  for  Josiah;  historically, for the very losse of his person, prophetically for the misery of the state, after his death.
Our errand is to day, to applie all these branches to the day.  Those men who intended us this cause of lamentation this day, in the destruction of our Josiah,  spard him not, because he was so, because he was a Josiah,  because he was good. No, Not because he was good to them, his benefitts to them, had not mollified them to him. for that is not their way both the French Henries  were their own good to them, and did that rescue eyther of them, from the knife? and was not that Emperour whom they poysoned in the Sacrament, theyr  own, and good to them; And was that any Antidote against theyr poyson? To so reprobate a sense hath god given them over, as that, though they lie heaviest in their books upon princes of our religion yet truly they have destroyd more of theyr owne, then of ours.  Thus it is Historically in theyr proceedings past, and prophetically, yet can be but thus, since no king is good, in theyr sense, if he agree not to all poynts of Doctrine with them, and when that is donne, not good yet, except he agree in all poynts of jurisdiction too; and that no king can doe, that will not be theyr farmer of his owne kingdome.  Theyr autors have disputed Auferibilitatem Papae;  They have made it a Probleme, whether the Church of god might not be with out a Pope, and some of theyr autors have diuerted toward an afirmation of yt. but Auferbilitas potestatis,  to imagine a king without kingly Souertainty, never came in to probleme, into disputation. we all lamented, and bitterly, and justly the losse of our   Deborah,  though then wee all saw a  Josiah succeeding but if this had mou'd our Josiah  and his Children, and this forme of government, where, or who, or what had been an object of consolation unto us? The cause of lamentation, in the losse of a good king is certainly great; so it was, if Jeremie  lamented Josiah;  but if it were but for Zedechiah an evil king (as the greater part of Expositors take it) yet the lamentation we see is the same.  How evial a king was  Zedechiah?  very evil as evil as Josiah  was good, thats his measure, for he did evyll in the sight of the lord, according to all that Jehoiakim had donne: her's his Syn; by precedent; he sets the worst kings before him, and is as bad as they.....
-Source: Adapted to make more readable from: Shami,Jeanne,John Donne 's 1622 Gunpowder Plot Sermon. Duquesne University Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,1996.pp.87-107.

-Stella P. Revard., Milton’s Gunpowder Poems and Satan’s conspiracy.”, Milton Studies, 4, (1972), pp.63-77.

1625- One work appeared: A song or Psalm of thanksgiving in remembrance of our deliverance from the Gunpowder Treason
-London 1626

1626- John Wilson “A song or story, for the lasting remembrance of divers famous works, which God hath done in our time. Contained: “ A short song made upon the powder Treason” in which was found”
“O England, praise the name of God
That kept the from this heavy rod.
- London 1626.

1630- John Taylor
“Now treason plotted in th’ infernal den,
Hell’s mischief masterpiece began to work,
Assisted by unnatural Englishmen.
And Jesuits, that within this land did lurk.
These would Saint Peter to saltpeter turn,
And make our kingdom caper in the air,
At one blast, prince and peers and commons burn
And fill the land with murder and despair.
No treason e’re might be compared to this.
Such an escape the church had ne;re before:
The glory’s God’s the victory is his,
Not unto us, to him be praise therefore.
Our church is his, her foes may understand,
That he defends her with his mighty hand.”
-John Taylor, “God’s Manifold Mercies.” In All the Works of John Taylor (London, 1630)

Sermons c.1630
Under Charles Archbisop Laud did not preach on the 5th of November. Laud’
s chaplin Jeremy Taylor kept his preaching on the topic at Oxford in 1638 subdued.

Samuel Ward, Ipswich, 5 November 1633- “beware of relapse into popery and superstition.” ...”That
men began to ring the changes ,as in bells and fashions, so in opinions and manners”...”the best way of thankfullness for that deliverance...was a more strict observance of the Ten Commandments.” (Ward was called before the High Commission for this attack)

John Goodwin St. Stephen Coleman Street. 1634-
“to pay the yearly tribute of praise and thanksgiving...with the rest of our brethren of this nation”. Deliverance was from god and of the “first magnitude” and demanded solemn remembrance.”
(Due to censorship this sermon was not published till 1640)
-John Goodwin., The Saints Interest in God (London 1640)

1637-a publisher refused to reprint a poem on the Gunpowder Plot saying:
“we are not so angry with the papists now as we were twenty years ago.”

Henry Burton: St. Matthew Friday Street, London Nov. 5 1636-
“My son, fear thou the Lord and the king; and meddle not with them that are given to change.” (Proverbs 24;21)
In response to the change in the official service book for November 5 made in 1635 Burton noted:
“that the religion of papists is the true religion. Thus with altering of a word they have quite perveted the sense, and so turned the cat in the pan”

I deemed that day, the memorial whereof should cause all loyal subjects forever to detest all innovations tending to reduce us to that religion of Rome, which plotted matchless treason, the most seasonable for this text...This is a time of sorrow and humiliation, but this day a day of joy and festivity”..”a deliverance never to be cancelled out of the calendar, b ut to be written in every man’s heart forever” ...”through God’s mercy, the change was prevented: a change of Christ’s religion into Antichrist’s; of tables into altars; of preaching ministers of the gospel into sacrificing mass priests; of light into darkness’ of Christ into Belial; of the temple of God into a temple of idols; of fundamental just laws of a kingdom into papal cnons; of the liberty of the sjbjects into the servitude of slaves; of regal edifices and monuments into vast solitude and ruinous heaps.”
-Henry Burton., For God and the King., (London 1635)

Robert Woodford-1638 Northampton Nov.5
(after listening to Mr. Ball give a sermon)
“it was a sermon to stir up God’s people to wait on God for deliverance and to live by Faith. Lord prevail with us by it”.
-New College., Oxford,MS., Robert Woodford’s Diary.

(Source: (when not cited above) -David Cressy.,Bonfires and Bells.”National Memory and the Protestant Calendar in Elizabethan and Stuart England.,University of California Press, Berkeley,1989.

Sermons c.1640
Nehemiah Wallington noted: “how Antichrist, even these bloody-hearted papists, doth plot against the poor church of God, as in ‘ 88 and that hellish Gunpowder Plot”. Wallington included the Gunpowder plot in his Bundle of Mercies” -Paul S. Seaver. Wallington’s World: A Puritan Artisan in Seventeenth-Century London”(Stanford1985)

John Goodwin wrote of the 5th of November: it “was the anniversary remembrance of that great battle fought between Hell and Heaven, about he peace and safety of our nation....wherin Hell was overthrown and Heaven and we rejoiced together.”

Reprinting sermons from past years Goodwin wrote: “I have not, to my present rembrance met with anything published of late of any special influence or tendency, to maintain the life and spirit of the solemnity and joy of that day and deliverance. And pity it is that such a plant of paradise should wither or languish for lack of watering. Such a delivberance may, through the mercy and goodness of God prove a breeder, and become a joyful mother of many children.-John Goodwin “The Saints Interest in God (London,1640)

Prior to the Civil War there was a new interest in the plot brought about by new plots and fears of
Catholic disturbances.

Speaker Lenthall spoke to the Commons on Nov. 5 1640 suggesting that all note: “this day’s solemnization”. Bonfires and squibs and bells had returned! (The Calendar of State Papers Domestic 1640-1)

Sermons 1641-44
Cornelius Burgess-(1641) Preaching to the House of Commons giving only one sermon in that year
instead of the usual two) praises the contemporary importance of the Plot: “That great deliverance we now celebrate was not as a dead bush to stop a present gap only, nor a mercy expiring with that hour and occasion; but intended for a living, lasting, breeding bercy, that hath been very fertile ever since.”its lesson was not to trust Catholics who were:”walking too openly, and boldly...pressing too near.” He continued however to warn against violence in the cause of reformation.-Cornelius Burgess “Another Sermon Preached to the Honorable House of Commons.”, (London 1641) pp. 54,19,60,63.

In the Fall of 1642 the country was at war. There was a renewed interest in the celebration of the
deliverance from the plot. “Both Houses kept the thanksgiving this forenoon at Saint Margaret’s Westminster, before whom preached one Mr. Newcomen, and aftrer his sermon they sat again and ordered that thanks should be returned to Mr. Newcomen for his sermon, and that he be desired to publish it in print..” -”A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament: from October 31to November 7, 1642.

Matthew Newcomen, Nov. 5 1642- “this day thirty-seven years was this scripture fulfilled in England...Do you in hyour consciences think that the bare keeping this deliverance in memory, or an acknowledging of it in our assemblies, as at this day,issufficient retribution of dignity and honour to our great deliverer?...Arise, members of the honourable houses of parliament, act something this day...worthy of this day...Root out not only popery but all that is popish. Let hsi day add something towards the perfection of that work”-Matthew Newcomen., “The Craft and Cruelty of the Churche’s Adversaries.”,(London,1642), pp. 21,31,33.

It became the custom to preach as m any as four official sermons on the topic of the Gunpowder plot to both houses of parliament. The city leadersip of London heard sermons at St. Pauls. Other sermons were preached locally around the country.

1644 Gunpowder Semons: These sermons rejoiced in the continued favor of god at the battles of the Civil war-Newbury, Newcastle and Liverpool. The war gave a new reason to continue to celebrate and give thanksgiving for God’s intervention as in the defeat of the Spanish Armada and the Gunpowder Plot.

-William Spurstoe- Morning Sermon, Lords, 5 November 1644:tremble in behalf of poor England...the plot was a “matchless salvation and deliverance” however the nation was now “carless in preserving its memory...the truth is...all the ways by which eminent mercies are abused and God provoked, we have practiced” Parliamentarians should be: eminent in your zeal against popery.”-William Spurstoe: ”Englands Eminent Judgements Caus’d by the Abuse of Gods Eminent Mercies.-William Spurstoe “England’s Eminent Judgements  Caus’d by the Abuse of God’s Eminent Mercies. (London, 1644) pp. 2,21,10,22,24-6.

-John Strickland- Evening sermon, Lords , 5 November 1644: Sermon title: “Immanuel, or The Church Triumphing”...we should strive to give God perpetual praises by perpetuating his praises into posterity, a laying up a stock of seed and praise, that may bring forth a plentiful crop in the generations to com” (based upon Psalm 46)-John Strickland “Immanuel, or The Church Triumphing” (London, 1644),pp.16,2,25,20.

-Anthony Burgess- Sermon before the Commons, 5 November 1644: Had the Gunpowder Plot succeeded: “what darkness would have covered the land”. “Connivance at popery” should be avoided. Moderation and toleration discouraged -Anthony Burgess “Rome’s Cruelty and Apostacie Declared” (London, 1645) pp. 11,21.

-Charles Herle- Sermon before the Commons, 5 November 1644: (the text of Samuel of David vs. Philistines was used.) “David in fighting God’s battles is a thype of no earthly king, but a type or rather emblem of God’s church in all succeeding ages” noting the deliverance of 1605 he said: “you must expect to stand in need of more deliverances; the same brood of enemies that then durst venture but an undermining, dare now attempt an open battery” he described the Catholics as tunneling: from Oxford, Rome, Hell to Westminster, and there to blow up, if possible the better foundations of your houses, their liberties and privleges”-Charles Herle “David’s Reserve, and Rescue “ (London, 1645), pp.11,12,13,16.

William Sclater- Exeter Cathedral 5 November 1641- presents a royalist point of view the king (Charles) being “The very mirror of Christian princes” who stood against Puritan “novelty”. The plot of 1605 was “treason unheard of”
But was matched by the actions of the puritans in the Civil War.-William Sclater “Papisto-Mastix, or Deborah’s Prayer against God’s Enemies” (London, 1642), pp. 13,53.

Sermons 1647
-5 November 1647 After a sermon the House of commons discussed some matters relating to the king and then went to watch a pagent of fireworks.-”The Perfect Weekly Account.,” 2-10 Nov. 1647.

-5 November 1647 William Bridge called attention to the fact that deliverance was not deserved but came through God’s Grace. “Witness the mercy and deliverance of this day. When the Pow2der Treason was on foot, what a dark night of security had trodden upon the glory of our English day...what pride, oppression, cour-uncleanness, superstitions, and persecution of the saints then under the name of puritans? Nevertheless he saved us, and our fathers. And now of late, what bitterness of spirit among professors, what divisions, oppressions, instead of justice? What new-fangled prides? What unwillingness to be reformed? The discovery of Gunpowder Plot was a great blow to the papists and a great salvation to England, but the situation called for continual watchfulness. “I fear the hand of the Jesuit is too much among us at this day. But, Oh England! Oh Parliament! For ever remember the fifth of November: the snare is broken and we are delivered”-William Bridge., “England Saved with a Notwithstanding” (London,1648)

Sermons/Writings 1650-60
5 November 1651: Peter Sterry sermon to the Rump Parliament
“England’s Deliverance from the Northern Presbytery, Compared with its Deliverance from the Roman Papacy.”
The “zeal plot” of presbytery was seen to be more dangerous than the Gunpowder Plot of the Catholics.
“The same spirit which lay in the polluted bed of papacy may meet them in the perfumed bed of presbytery”-Peter Sterry, “England’s Deliverance from the Northern Presbytery, Compared with its Deliverance from the Roman Papacy (London, 1652), epistle dedicatory, p. 17.
The day had become a Protestant day of thanksgiving during the interregnum.
5 November 1654- The Weekly Intellignencer of the Commonwealth,: “Mr. Nanton and Mr. Vines preached before the parliament, it being a day of commemoration for deliverance from the Gunpowder Treason”-The Weekly Intelligencer of the Commonwealth, 31 October.-7 November 1654.
5 November 1654- Thomas Horton “it is our day, the day which God hath marked with an eminent and famous deliverance of this land and nation...It is a deliverance and preservation which is never to be forgotten by us, nor our posterity after us, so long as the sun and moon shal endure in heaven....The goodness of God to his people in his deliverance s and preservations of them, it is such as even succeeding ages and generations shall take notice of.”it was: “The Pilar and Pattern of England’s Deliverances...It is our duty to be mindful and talkative of the goodness of God to us in the times and generations which are past...As it should be often in our memories and thoughts and meditations nad mental reflections, so it should be likewise in our lips and mouths and speeches and daily converse.”he maintained that the memory would die out “were it not for such solem times as these are, which are set apart on purpose for their commemoration.” -Thomas Horton., “The Pillar and Pattern of England’s Deliverances” (London, 1655),pp.2, preface 40.
Ralph Venning Sermon St. Paul’s 5 November 1656 “Memory is a slippery thing” the Gunpowder Plot should be in our “catalogues of mercies” -Ralph Venning, “Mercies Memorial:-or Israel’s Thankful Remembrance of God. (London 1657)

1657 Samuel Clarke Published his account: “England’s Remembrancer, Containing a True and Full Narative of those Two Never to be Forgotten Deliverances: The One from the Spanish Invasion in Eighty Eight; the Other from the Hellish Powder Plot: November 5 1605. “They that would see further into this work of darkness in the powder plot are desired to look into the sermons of the Reverend Dr. Spurstowe,pastor of Hackney and Mr. Matthew Newcomen, pastor of Dedham, both preached before the parliament on the fifth of November. As also Mr. Venning’s sermon preached at Paul’s last fifth of November.” He wrote so that: “all sorts may be stirred up to real thankfullness and transmit the same to their posterity; that their children may know the reason why the fifth of November is celebrated; that God may have glory, and the papists perpetual infamy....lest the remembrance of so signal a mercy and deliverance, vouchsafed by God both to our church and state, should be bried in oblivion...And truly, the remembrance of this great mercy hath the more need to be revived at this time, when some noted persons amongst us begin to lessen and decry it, and wholly to lay aside the observation of that day, though enjoined by Act of Parliament and made conscience of by most of the godly people of the nation.”-Samuel Clarke, “England’s Rembembrancer (1671 edition)

1658 Thomas Spencer wrote: “England’s Warning-Peece; or the History of the Gun-powder Treason. He wrote so that: “the memorial of this most prodigious conspiracy, which never had any fellow, being almost obliterated and forgotten in many places of the land may be renewed, revived, and presented to succeeding generations.” -Thomas Spencer, “England’s Warning-Peece: or The History of the Gunpowder Treaon (London 1659)
5 November 1659 Ralph Bronrigg Sermon, Exeter from the text of Daniel: “O king, live for ever.” He spoke of: a malicious conspiracy” Iif you count it now a day out of date, an old day, and it may be forgotten, take heed a second war does not finish that work that those traitors would have done but could not accomplish”-Ralph Brownrigg.”A sermon on the 5th of November(London, 1660),pp.1,48,75.

November 1670 wrote: “a day which ought to be remembered forever, but is almost forgotten by these unthankful nations, which bodes ill in my eye; ingentia beneficia, ingentia flagitia, ingentia supplica (large benefits large crimes, large punishments)-Matthew Henry Lee (ed.) “Diaries and Letters of Philip Henry London, 1882), p. 232.
November 5 1664- John Evelyn hears sermon/ Westminster Abbey: “concerning obedience to magistrates, against the pontificians and excellent discourse” -.”-Austin Dobson (ed.) “The diary of John Evelyn.” ( London, 1906) p.207.
1666 George Morley preached a “gunpowder delivery” to the King. He: “did so pelt the papists and presbyterians with such evangelical broadsides of allegiance as would make the severest schismatic of their persuasions be in love with loyalty-Library of Congress, London Newsletter Collection, 1665-85” vol. 1 f.128.

Sermons 1660-70’s
5 November 1673- Ralph Josselin preaching at Earl’s Colne hoped that God: “will deliver against the fears of popery at present in England, the Duke marrying Modena’s daughter”-MacFarlane (ed.) “Diary of Ralph Josselin.”pp.571-588
5 November 1673- Peter Gunning preached to the Lords, Edward Stillingfleet to the Commons. The reaction was:”universal applause, and the night was solemnized with the usual divertisement of fireworks.”-Library of Congress. “London Newsletter Collection”, vol.4, f. 129

5 November 1678 John Tillotson, D.T. Archbishop of Canterbury Sermon Preached at St. Margaret's Westminster, Before the Honourable house of Commons. The sermon was preached on:

Luke IX Ver. 55, 56. “But he turned and rebuked them, and said, ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of: For the Son of Man is not come to destroy Men’s lives, but to save them.”

Listeners were told to be kind to people despite their religion, that religion was evil not people, papist religion is guilty of crimes and it weighs down the religious. If we keep to the right path the sins of the papists will be obvious. We should acknowledgeour deliverances through commemoration.

For the full sermon and biography click here.

Sermons c.1670-80
November 5 1678- William Lloyd preaches at St. Martin in the fields speaks against the plots and their: “barbarous and horrid and execrable cruelty” Lloyd does not tar all Catholics with the same brush however. William Lloyd “A Sermon Preached at St. Martin in the Fields, on November the Fifth, 1678.” (London 1679)
November 5 1680- William Lloyd in a sermon before the House of Lords notes “danger of another civil war”-William Lloyd “A Sermon Preached before the House of Lords on November 5, 1680” (London, 1680)
Thomas Wilson, Arrow, Warwickshire in a sermon: “our present business of celebnrating our deliverance from popish conspiachy” was celebrated “God hath delivered us, so he will deliver us still, if we hold his truth without corruption.” The difference between Protestantism and Catholicism was noted. “Blessed be God, then, that our religion, which is spiritual, substantial and lively, is not turned into idle and dead ceremony, shows and gazings, crosses, beads and relics.”-Thomas Wilson A sermon on the Gunpowder Treason with Reflections on the Late Plot (London, 1679),pp. 1,10, 11, 18.

Sermons 1680-90
1689- Bishop William Lloyd preached to William and Mary on November 5. The theme was deliverance from: “popery and slavery...the day of our resurrection...a day that brought us new life from the dead” irrestible impulse of god” -William Lloyd “A sermon Preached before Their Majesties At Whitehall. On the Fifth day of November, 1689. Being hte Anniversary-day of Thanksgiving For that Great Deliverance From the Gunpowder-Treason. And also the Day of His Majesties Happy Landing in England (London 1689 p . 1,32.
1689-Nov.5 Gilbert Burnet preached to the Lords and Commons that Nov. 5 1688 was more important than the date of the Gunpowder plot. “The Gunpowder Treason was a personal thing; but the late conspiracy was national” (France as well as Rome were both involved) -Gilbert Burnet. “A Sermon Preached before the House of Peers”., (London 1689 p. 27.)

1691- Archbishop John Sharp in a sermon to the House of Lords on Nov. 5 the “storm is blown over” the country was “in a good measure out of the danger of our old inveterate enemy, popery”-John Sharp. “A sermon preached before the Lords” (London 1691) p.24.
Bell; ringing and widespread celebration returned.

Sermons 1700....

The celebration of the 5th of November - of the two deliverances set apart the two major parties- the Whigs and the Torries so much so as to give each a special identity as both looked at he celebration from a different perspective. The importance for liberty for the whigs was opposed by the Tories value of the blessing of God given to the Stuarts.

1705  November 5- Sermon of William Tilly, M.A. Fellow of C.C.C. Oxon. click here

1706 -George Stanhope, A Sermon Preached Before the Queen In the Chappel Royal at St. James's.November the Fifth 1076,(1706?), Deut. IV. Ver. 7, 8, 9. click here

Henry Sacheverell- Sermon St.Paul’s 5 November 1709- “the church in danger” The danger was described not as that from Rome but from all extremists. -Henry Sacheverell “The Perils of False Brethren both in Church and State. (London 1709)

November 4 1712- “The same day being the anniversary of King William III, great rejoicing were made in the cities of London and Westminster by those who being well-affected to the late revolution and the protestant succession in the house of Hanover, entertain a due respect and veneration for the memory of a prince whom they look upon as the deliverer of these nations from popery and arbitrary power, and the asserter of the liberties of Europe. Among the rest a considerable number of lords, gentlemen, and citizens met at the “Three Tuns and Rummer” in Grace church Street to celebrate that festival, caused a great bonfire to be made before the house, and gave beer to the mob, to pledge the health's they drank on the balcony, or at the windows, to the queen, the house of Hanover, and the memory of King William. A party of men were, it seems, offended at it, and raised an opposite mob, who offered to disturb the rejoicings around the bonfire, a scuffle ensued, in which the aggressors were repulsed with some broken heads and bloody noses; but the trained bands being that day (and the next) under arms, the fray was soon parted, and all was quiet, till the bonfire was consumed, and the company in the tavern retired, when part of that mob that had been worsted, finding no opposition, they revenged themselves on the glass windows of the tavern.”- Abel Boyer, “History of the Reign of Queen Anne digested into Annals...1712” (London., 1712),p.291.

Activities such as these were the cause of the Riot Act of 1715 - Nicholas Rogers., “Popular Protest in Early Hanoverian London ”Past and Present 79 (1978) 70-100.

November 5, 1716- S.H. Garmston, Proper Thouhts for the 5th of November, 1716. Preached at Parish-Church of haanslope, Bucks on Amos IV II. "I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand pluckt out of the burning; yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the Lord.". Recommendations- 1. Be highly thankful. Work toward celebrations with more seriousness and concern. 2. Reform our lives. Remove sins such as "lust and riot"." One hour bestowed upon this pious work, were better than ages of jangling Politicks and censuring the Government" 3. Be at peace among ourselves. End divisions at home. 4. Keep the rule of scripture. Papists are good people weighed down by bad religion.

  • 1604 Fausto Paolo Sozzini Socinianism
  • 1606 Carlo Maderno redesigns St Peter's Basilica into a Latin cross
  • 1607 Jamestown, Virginia founded
  • 1608 Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain
  • 1609 Baptist Church founded by John Smyth, due to objections to infant baptism and demands for church-state separation
  • 1609-1610 Douay-Rheims Bible, 1st Catholic English translation, OT published in two volumes, based on an unofficial Louvain text corrected by Sistine Vulgate, NT is Rheims text of 1582
  • 1611-1800 King James Version (Authorised Version) is released, based primarily on Wycliffe's work & Bishop's Bible of 1572, translators are accused of being "damnable corrupters of God's word", original included Apocrypha
  • 1614 Fama Fraternitatis, the first Rosicrucian manifesto (may have been in circulation ca. 1610) presenting the "The Fraternity of the Rose Cross"
  • 1615 Confessio Fraternitatis, the second Rosicrucian manifesto describing the "Most Honorable Order" as Christian ("What think you, loving people, and how seem you affected, seeing that you now understand and know, that we acknowledge ourselves truly and sincerely to profess Christ, condemn the Pope, addict ourselves to the true Philosophy, lead a Christian life (...)".)
  • 1616 Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, the third Rosicrucian manifesto (an hermetic allegory presenting alchemical and Christian elements)
  • 1618-1648 Thirty Years' War
  • 1620 Plymouth Colony founded
  • 1621 Robert Bellarmine
  • 1622-1642 Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu
  • 1630 City upon a Hill, sermon by John Winthrop
  • 1634-37 Confessio catholica by Lutheran theologian Johann Gerhard
  • 1636 Founding of what was later known as Harvard University as a training school for ministers - the first of thousands of institutions of Christian higher education founded in the USA
  • 1636-1638 Cornelius Jansen, bishop of Ypres, founder of Jansenism
  • 1637-1638 Shimabara Rebellion
  • 1638 Anne Hutchinson banished as a heretic from Massachusetts
  • 1641 John Cotton, advocate of theonomy, helps to establish the social constitution of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1643 Acta Sanctorum
  • 1643 John Campanius arrives in New Sweden
  • 1644 Long Parliament directed that only Hebrew canon be read in the Church of England (effectively removed the Apocrypha)
  • 1646 Westminster Standards produced by the Assembly, one of the first and undoubtedly the most important and lasting religious document drafted after the reconvention of the Parliament, also decreed Biblical canon
  • 1648 George Fox founds the Quaker movement
  • 1650 James Ussher, calculates date of creation as October 23, 4004 BC
  • 1653-56 Raskol of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1655-1677, Abraham Calovius publishes Systema Iocorum theologicorum, height of Lutheran scholasticism
  • 1660-1685 King Charles II of England, restoration of monarchy, continuing through James II, reversed decision of Long Parliament of 1644, reinstating the Apocrypha, reversal not heeded by non-conformists
  • 1666 Paul Gerhardt, Lutheran pastor and hymnwriter is removed from his position as a pastor in Nikolaikirche in Berlin, when he refuses to accept "syncretistic" edict of the Elector Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg
  • 1672 Greek Orthodox Synod of Jerusalem, decreed Biblical canon
  • 1675 Philipp Jakob Spener publishes Pia Desideria, which becomes a manifesto for Pietism
  • 1678 John Bunyan publishes Pilgrim's Progress
  • 1682 Avvakum, leader of the Old Believers, burned at the stake in the Far North of Russia
  • 1684 Roger Williams (theologian), advocate of Separation of church and state, founder of Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1685 Edict of Fontainebleau outlaws Protestantism in France
  • 1685 Orthodoxy introduced to Beijing by Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1692 Salem witch trials in Colonial America
  • 1692-1721 Chinese Rites controversy
  • 1693 Jacob Amman founder of Amish

18th century

  • 1701 Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands splits with Roman Catholicism
  • 1706 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, missionary, arrives in Tranquebar
  • 1707 Examen theologicum acroamaticum by David Hollatz: the last great work of the Lutheran doctrine before the Age of Enlightenment
  • 1718-22 orthodox Lutheran Valentin Ernst Löscher publishes The Complete Timotheus Verinus against Pietism
  • 1721 Peter the Great substituted Moscow Patriarchate with the Holy Synod
  • 1722 Hans Egede, missionary, arrives in Greenland
  • 1728 The Vicar of Bray (song)
  • 1730-1749 First Great Awakening in U.S.
  • 1735 Welsh Methodist revival
  • 1738 Methodist movement, led by John Wesley and his hymn-writing brother Charles, begins
  • 1740 Johann Phillip Fabricius, missionary, arrives in South India
  • 1741 Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, famous Fire and brimstone sermon
  • 1754 An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruptions of Scripture, by Isaac Newton, published
  • 1767-1815 Suppression of the Jesuits
  • 1768 New Smyrna, Florida, Greek Orthodox colony founded
  • 1768 Reimarus dies without publishing his radical critic work distinguishing Historical Jesus versus Christ of Faith
  • 1769 Mission San Diego de Alcala, first California mission
  • 1771 Emanuel Swedenborg, published his "Universal Theology of the True Christian Religion" which would later used by others to found Swedenborgianism[36]
  • 1774 Ann Lee leader of American Shakers
  • 1774 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing starts publishing Reimarus works on historical Jesus as Anonymous Fragments, starting Liberal Theology Era (in Christology)
  • 1776-1788 Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, critical of Christianity
  • 1776 Mission Dolores, San Francisco
  • 1779 Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, "Jesus never coerced anyone to follow him, and the imposition of a religion by government officials is impious"
  • 1780 Robert Raikes begins Sunday schools to reach poor and uneducated children in England
  • 1784 American Methodists form Methodist Episcopal Church at so-called "Christmas Conference", led by bishops Thomas Coke and Francis Asbury
  • 1784 Roman Catholicism is re-introduced in Korea and disseminates after almost 200 years since its first introduction in 1593.
  • 1789-1815 John Carroll, Archdiocese of Baltimore, first Roman Catholic US bishop
  • 1789-1801 Dechristianisation of France during the French Revolution
  • 1791 First Amendment to the United States Constitution
  • 1793 Herman of Alaska brings Orthodoxy to Alaska
  • 1795 The Age of Reason written by Thomas Paine, advocated Deism
  • 1796 Treaty with Tripoli (1796), article 11: "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion"
  • 1800 Friedrich Schleiermacher publishes his first book, beginning Liberal Christianity movement

19th century

  • 1801 Cane Ridge revival in Cane Ridge, Kentucky initiates the Christians (Stone Movement) wing of the Restoration Movement
  • 1809 Disciples of Christ (Campbell Movement) wing of the Restoration Movement initiated with the publication of the Declaration and Address of the Christian Association of Washington
  • 1815 Peter the Aleut, orthodox Christian tortured and martyred in Catholic San Francisco, California
  • 1816 Bishop Richard Allen, a former slave, founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the first African-American denomination
  • 1817 Claus Harms publishes 95 theses against rationalism and the Prussian Union of churches
  • 1819 Thomas Jefferson produced the Jefferson Bible
  • 1824 English translation of Wilhelm Gesenius' ...Handwörterbuch...: Hebrew-English Lexicon, Hendrickson Publishers
  • 1827 Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg takes on the editorship of the Evangelische Kirchenzeitung, the chief literary organ of the Neo-Lutheranism
  • 1828 Plymouth Brethren founded, Dispensationalism
  • 1830 Catherine Laboure receives Miraculous Medal from the Blessed Mother in Paris, France.
  • 1830 Charles Finney's revivals lead to Second Great Awakening in America
  • 1830, April 6 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormonism) founded by Joseph Smith, Jr. as a result of reported visitations and commandment by God the Father, Jesus Christ, and later the Angel Moroni. Book of Mormon also published in 1830.
  • 1832 Christians (Stone Movement) and Disciples of Christ (Campbell Movement) merge to form the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement
  • 1832 persecution of Old Lutherans: by a royal decree of 28 February all Lutheran worship is declared illegal in Prussia in favour of the Prussian Union agenda.[37]
  • 1833 John Keble's sermon "National Apostasy" initiates the Oxford Movement in England
  • 1838-1839 Saxon Lutherans objecting to theological rationalism emigrate from Germany to the United States; settle in Perry County, Missouri. Leads to formation of the LC-MS
  • 1844 Hans Paludan Smith Schreuder, missionary, arrives in Port Natal, South Africa
  • 1843, Disruption of: schism within the established Church of Scotland
  • 1844 Lars Levi Laestadius experiences awakening: beginning of Laestadianism
  • 1844, October 22 Great Disappointment, false prediction of Second Coming of Christ by Millerites
  • 1845 Southern Baptist Convention formed in Augusta, Georgia
  • 1846 Bernadette Soubirous received the first of 18 apparitions of Our Lady of Lourdes in Lourdes, France. Six million a year visit Lourdes Shrine.
  • 1847 Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod founded at in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1847 John Christian Frederick Heyer, missionary, arrives in Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 1848 Epistle to the Easterns and Encyclical of the Eastern Patriarchs response
  • 1848 Perfectionist movement in western New York state
  • 1849 Johann Konrad Wilhelm Löhe founds the first deaconess house in Neuendettelsau, Bavaria
  • 1850 Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod founded in Milwaukee
  • 1853 Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America founded outside Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1854 Missionary Hudson Taylor arrives in China
  • 1854 Immaculate Conception, defined as Catholic dogma
  • 1855 Søren Kierkegaard, founder of Christian existentialism
  • 1855 Samuel Simon Schmucker begins attempt to replace the Augsburg Confession with the Definite Platform in the General Synod, leading to schism in 1866.
  • 1859 Ashbel Green Simonton, missionary, arrives in Brazil and founds Igreja Presbiteriana do Brasil, the oldest Brazilian Protestant denomination
  • 1863 Seventh-day Adventist Church officially formed twenty 20 years after the Great Disappointment
  • 1865 Methodist preacher William Booth founds the Salvation Army, vowing to bring the gospel into the streets to the most desperate and needy
  • 1866 General Council (Lutheran) formed by ten Lutheran synods in the United States
  • 1869-1870 Catholic First Vatican Council, asserted doctrine of Papal Infallibility, rejected by Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland
  • 1870 Italy declared war on the Papal States. The Italian Army enters Rome. Papal States ceased to exist.
  • 1871 Pontmain, France was saved from advancing German troops with the appearing of Our Lady of Hope
  • 1871-1878 German Kulturkampf against Roman Catholicism
  • 1872 Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America organized
  • 1876 Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany) founded
  • 1878 First translation of the New Testament into Batak by Ludwig Ingwer Nommensen
  • 1879 Knock, Ireland was location of the apparition of Our Lady, Queen of Ireland.
  • 1879 Church of Christ, Scientist founded in Boston by Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1881-1894 Revised Version, called for by Church of England, used Greek based on Septuagint (B) and (S), Hebrew Masoretic Text used in OT, follows Greek order of words, greater accuracy than AV, includes Apocrypha, scholarship never disputed
  • 1884 Charles Taze Russell founded Bible Student movement known today as Jehovah's Witnesses
  • 1885-1887 Uganda Martyrs
  • 1885 Baltimore Catechism
  • 1886 Moody Bible Institute
  • 1886 Onesimos Nesib, begins translation of the entire Bible into the Oromo language
  • 1886 Johann Flierl, missionary, arrives in New Guinea
  • 1891 Albert Maclaren and Copland King, Anglican missionaries, arrive in New Guinea
  • 1893 Heresy trial of Luther Alexander Gotwald
  • 1894 The Kingdom of God is Within You, by Leo Tolstoy, start of Christian anarchism
  • 1897 Christian flag, conceived in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1899 Gideons International founded

20th century

  • 1903 First group baptism at Sattelberg Mission Station under Christian Keyser in New Guinea paves way for mass conversions during the following years
  • 1904 Welsh revival
  • 1904 Evangelical Lutheran Church of Brazil - Igreja Evangélica Luterana do Brasil - was founded in Juni 24, in São Pedro do Sul city, State Rio Grande do Sul
  • 1905 French law on the separation of Church and State
  • 1906 Albert Schweitzer publishes The Quest of the Historical Jesus (English translation 1910)
  • 1906 Biblia Hebraica
  • 1906-1909 Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, CA begins modern Pentecostal movement
  • 1907 The Church of God in Christ was formed as a Pentecostal Body
  • 1907-1912 Nicholas of Japan, Archbishop of Japanese Orthodox Church
  • 1909 Scofield Reference Bible
  • 1909-1911 The Rosicrucian Fellowship, an international association of Esoteric Christian mystics, founded at Mount Ecclesia
  • 1910 Christian Congregation in Brazil is founded in Santo Antônio da Platina, Brazil by the italo-American Louis Francescon. It's begin the Pentecostalism in Brazil and South America.
  • 1910 Edinburgh Missionary Conference launches modern missions movement and modern ecumenical movement; 5-point statement of the Presbyterian General Assembly, also used by Fundamentalists
  • 1910-1915 The Fundamentals, a 12-volume collection of essays by 64 British and American scholars and preachers, a foundation of Fundamentalism
  • 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia
  • 1914 Welsh Church Act 1914
  • 1914 Iglesia ni Cristo incorporated in the Philippines
  • 1914 Paul Olaf Bodding completes his translation of the Bible into the Santali language.
  • 1915-1917 Armenian Genocide
  • 1916 Father Divine founded International Peace Mission movement
  • 1916 And did those feet in ancient time
  • 1917 Heinrich Hansen publishes Lutheran Evangelical Catholic theses Stimuli et Clavi
  • 1917 Our Lady of Fatima appear Marian apparitions to 3 young people, in Fatima, Portugal. They were Jacinta Marto, Tiago Veloso and Lúcia (Sister Lucia)
  • 1917 Miracle of the Sun an event that was witnessed by as many as 100,000 people on 13 October 1917 in the Cova da Iria fields near Fátima, Portugal. How the Sun Danced at Midday at Fátima[38] [3][dead link]
  • 1917 Restitution of the Moscow Patriarchy with Tikhon as patriarch
  • 1917 True Jesus Church founded in Beijing
  • 1918 Execution of Holy Martyrs of Russia, including the last tsar, Nicholas II, and his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna
  • 1918 United Lutheran Church in America founded
  • 1919 Karl Barth's Commentary on Romans is published, critiquing Liberal Christianity and beginning the neo-orthodox movement
  • 1920 The Ecclesia, an Esoteric Christian Temple, was erected and dedicated on Christmas Day (December 25)
  • 1921 Oxford Group founded at Oxford
  • 1923 Aimee Semple McPherson built Angelus Temple
  • 1924 First religious radio station in the U.S., KFUO (AM), founded
  • 1925 Scopes Trial, caused division among Fundamentalists
  • 1925 United Church of Canada formed
  • 1925 St. Therese of Lisieux canonized
  • 1926 Father Charles Coughlin's first radio broadcast
  • 1926-1929 Cristero War in Mexico, the Constitution of 1917 brought persecution of Christian practices and anti-clerical laws - approximately 4,000 Catholic Priests were expelled, assassinated or executed
  • 1927 Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly founded the Congregation of Sisters of the Destitute
  • 1927 Pope Pius XI decrees Comma Johanneum open to dispute
  • 1929 Lateran Treaty signed containing three agreements between kingdom of Italy and the papacy.
  • 1929 Death of Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly
  • 1930 Rastafari movement founded
  • 1930 old American Lutheran Church founded
  • 1930 The Lutheran Hour begins with Walter A. Maier as speaker
  • 1931 Jehovah's Witnesses founded see 1884 for more information.
  • 1931 Christ the Redeemer (statue) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1932 Franz Pieper's A Brief Statement of the Doctrinal Position of the Missouri Synod. adopted by the LCMS
  • 1932 Our Lady appeared to five school children in Beauraing, Belgium as Lady Virgin of the Poor[39] [4]
  • 1933 Catholic Worker Movement founded
  • 1934 Herbert W. Armstrong founded Radio Church of God
  • 1935 Gunnar Rosendal publishes Lutheran High Church manifesto Kyrklig förnyelse
  • 1935 Dr. Frank C. Laubach, known as "The Apostle to the Illiterates." working in the Philippines, developed a literacy program that continues to teach millions of people to read.
  • 1935 Rahlf's critical edition of the Koine Greek Septuagint
  • 1935 Billy Sunday, early U.S. radio evangelist
  • 1938 First Debbarma Christian, Manindra Debbarma, was baptized at Agartala.
  • 1938 Tripura Baptist Christian Union was established at Laxmilunga, Tripura.
  • 1939 Southern and Northern US branches of the Methodist Episcopal Church, along with the Methodist Protestant Church reunite to form The Methodist Church. Slavery had divided the church in the 19th century.
  • 1940 Monumento Nacional de Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caidos, world's largest cross, 152.4 meters high
  • 1942 National Association of Evangelicals founded\
  • 1945 On the Feast of the Annunciation, Our Lady appeared to a simple woman, Ida Peerdeman, in Amsterdam. This was the first of 56 appearances as "Our Lady of All Nations" [5], which took place between 1945 and 1959.
  • 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer is executed by the Nazis
  • 1945 Ludwig Müller
  • 1945 The Nag Hammadi library is discovered.
  • 1946-1952 Revised Standard Version, revision of AV "based on consonantal Hebrew text" for OT and best available texts for NT, done in response to changes in English usage
  • 1947 Uneasy Conscience of Modern Fundamentalism by Carl F. H. Henry, a landmark of Evangelicalism versus Fundamentalism in US
  • 1947 Oral Roberts founded Evangelistic Association
  • 1947 Dead Sea scrolls discovered
  • 1947 Lutheran World Federation founded
  • 1948 World Council of Churches is founded
  • 1948 Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, see also Christian Zionism
  • 1949 evangelist Billy Graham preaches his first Los Angeles crusade
  • 1949 Saint John Evangelical Lutheran Community - Comunidade Evangélica Luterana São João da Igreja Evangélica Luterana do Brasil - was founded October 2, in Passo Fundo city, State Rio Grande do Sul
  • 1950 First part of the Common Confession between the American Lutheran Church and the LCMS is adopted, resulting in the schism of the Orthodox Lutheran Conference.
  • 1950 New World Translation of the Christian Greek Scriptures released
  • 1950 Assumption of Mary decreed by Pope Pius XII
  • 1950 Missionaries of Charity founded by Mother Teresa
  • 1951 Bishop Fulton Sheen (1919–1979) debutes his television program Life is Worth Living on the DuMont Network. His half hour lecture program on Roman Catholic theology remained the number one show on U.S. television for its time slot, winning several Emmys until Sheen ended the program in 1957.
  • 1951 The Last Temptation a fictional account of the life of Jesus written by Nikos Kazantzakis, wherein Christ's divinity is juxtaposed with his humanity, is published, and promptly banned in many countries.
  • 1951 Campus Crusade for Christ founded at UCLA
  • 1952 Novum Testamentum Graece, critical edition of Greek NT, basis of modern translations
  • 1952 C. S. Lewis' Mere Christianity
  • 1952 This Is the Life TV series begins
  • 1954 Unification Church founded under the name Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, acronymed HSA-UWC.
  • 1954 U.S. Pledge of Allegiance modified by act of Congress from "one nation, indivisible" to "one nation under God, indivisible"
  • 1956 In God We Trust designated U.S. national motto
  • 1956 Anchor Bible Series
  • 1956 The Ten Commandments (1956 film)
  • 1957 United Church of Christ founded by ecumenical union of Congregationalists and Evangelical & Reformed, representing Calvinists and Lutherans
  • 1957 English translation of Walter Bauer's Wörterbuch ...: A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, University of Chicago Press
  • 1958 Sedevacantism
  • 1959 Family Radio founded
  • 1959 Franz Pieper's A Brief Statement of the Doctrinal Position of the Missouri Synod. reaffirmed by the LCMS
  • 1960 Merger creates the "new" American Lutheran Church
  • 1961 New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures
  • 1961 Christian Broadcasting Network founded
  • 1962 Engel v. Vitale, first U.S. Supreme Court decision against School prayer
  • 1962 Karl Rahner, Joseph Ratzinger, Yves Congar, John Courtney Murray, Hans Kung among others appointed "periti" for upcoming Second Vatican Council. Rahner famous for paraphrasing Augustine's axiom: "Many whom God has the Church does not have; and many whom the Church has, God does not have."
  • 1962-1965 Catholic Second Vatican Council, announced by Pope John XXIII in 1959, produced 16 documents which became official Roman Catholic teaching after approval by the Pope, purpose to renew "ourselves and the flocks committed to us"
  • 1963 Martin Luther King leads a civil rights march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1963 campaign by Madalyn Murray O'Hair results in U.S. Supreme Court ruling prohibiting reading of Bible in public schools
  • 1963 Oral Roberts University founded
  • 1963 Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America dissolves in schism
  • 1963 New Testament of Beck's American Translation completed, thousands of copies distributed through The Lutheran Hour
  • 1965 Reginald H. Fuller's The Foundations of New Testament Christology
  • 1965 Rousas John Rushdoony founds Chalcedon Foundation
  • 1965 Nostra Aetate Declaration promulgated at Vatican II that repudiates the charge of deicide against Jews
  • 1966 Raymond E. Brown's Commentary on the Gospel of John
  • 1967 Lutheran Council in the United States of America organized
  • 1968 Zeitoun, Egypt, a bright image of the Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Zeitoun was seen over the Coptic Orthodox Church of Saint Demiana for over a 3 year period. Over six million Egyptians and foreigners saw the image, including Copts, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Protestants, Muslims, Jews and people of no particular faith.
  • 1968 United Methodist Church formed with union of Methodist Church & Evangelical United Brethren Church, becoming the largest Methodist/Wesleyan church in the world
  • 1970s The Jesus movement takes hold in the U.S.
  • 1970 Mass of Paul VI replaces Tridentine Mass
  • 1970 The Late, Great Planet Earth futurist book by Hal Lindsey
  • 1970? Chick Publications
  • 1971 New American Standard Bible
  • 1971 The Exorcist, a novel of demonic possession and the mysteries of the Catholic faith, is published.
  • 1971 Liberty University founded by Jerry Falwell
  • 1972 Most Lutheran free churches in Germany merge, forming the Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church
  • 1973 On June 12, 1973, near the city of Akita, Our Lady appeared to Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa. Three messages were given to Sr. Agnes over a period 5 months. Our Lady of Akita.[40]
  • 1973 The Apostle in the End-Time called [6] Arsenio Tan Ferriol (Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ in the 4th WATCH)Philippines
  • 1973 Trinity Broadcasting Network founded
  • 1973 New International Version of the Bible is first published (revised in 1978,1984), using a variety of Greek texts, Masoretic Hebrew texts, and current English style
  • 1973 Walkout at Concordia Seminary begins the Seminex controversy in the LCMS
  • 1974 Jim Bakker founds PTL television ministry
  • 1975 Bruce Metzger's Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament
  • 1976 Anneliese Michel, Bavarian woman, underwent exorcism against demon possession
  • 1976 Suicide by self-immolation of Oskar Brüsewitz, leads to mass protests against communism
  • 1977 New Perspective on Paul
  • 1977 Focus on the Family founded by James Dobson
  • 1978 Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy
  • 1978-2005 Pope John Paul II, reaffirmed moral traditions (The Splendor of Truth)
  • 1979 Moral Majority founded by Jerry Falwell
  • 1979 Jesus (1979 film), most watched movie of all time according to New York Times
  • 1979-1982? New King James Version, complete revision of 1611 AV, updates archaisms while retaining style
  • 1981 Kibeho, Rwanda reported that Our Lady appeared to several teenages telling them to pray to avoid "rivers of blood" Marian apparitions.[41] This was an ominious foreshadowing of the Rwanda Genocide of 1994.[42]
  • 1981 Mother Angelica launches EWTN; it grows to become one of the largest television networks in the world; the operation expands to radio in 1992.
  • 1981 Institute on Religion and Democracy is founded.
  • 1982 Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics
  • 1985 Jesus Seminar founded
  • 1985 E. P. Sanders' Jesus and Judaism
  • 1986 Chicago Statement on Biblical Application
  • 1987 Danver's Statement - Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood
  • 1988 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America founded.
  • 1988 Lutheran Council in the United States of America dissolved.
  • 1988 Christian Coalition
  • 1988 The Last Temptation of Christ, directed by Martin Scorsese, is released by Universal Pictures, and promptly attacked as heretical by organized Christian and Catholic groups.
  • 1988 The celebration of 1000 years since the baptism of Kievan Rus throughout the R.O.C.
  • 1989 New Revised Standard Version
  • 1990 American Center for Law and Justice founded
  • 1991 John P. Meier's series A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus, v. 1
  • 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 1993 Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference founded
  • 1993 International Lutheran Council founded
  • 1994 "Evangelicals & Catholics Together"[43]
  • 1994 Porvoo Communion
  • 1994 Answers In Genesis founded by Ken Ham
  • 1994,July 3- Glorification of St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco
  • 1996 Cambridge Declaration - Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals [7]
  • 1997, March 5–10 World Council of Churches: Towards a Common Date for Easter, see also Reform of the date of Easter
  • 1998, April 6 PBS Frontline: From Jesus to Christ
  • 1999 International House of Prayer in Kansas City begins non-stop 24/7 continual prayer
  • 1999, October 31 signing of the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification between the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church
  • 1999 Gospel of Jesus Christ - An Evangelical Celebration; a consensus Gospel endorsed by various evangelical leaders including J.I. Packer, John Ankerberg, Jerry Falwell, Thomas C. Oden, R.C. Sproul, Wayne Grudem, Charles Swindoll, et al.
  • 1999 Radical Orthodoxy Christian theological movement begins, critiquing modern secularism and emphasizing the return to traditional doctrine; similar to the Paleo-orthodoxy Christian theological movement of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, which sees the consensual understanding of the faith among the Church Fathers as the basis of Biblical interpretation and the foundation of the Church.
  • 2000 Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ founded in schism from Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) over fellowship with the Episcopal Church (TEC)
  • 2000 Visions of the Virgin Mary are reported in Assiut, Upper Egypt;[44] phenomena associated to Mary is reported again in 2006, in a church at the same location during the Mass.[45] Local Coptic priests and then the Coptic Orthodox Church of Assiut issue statements in 2000 and 2006 respectively.

21st century

  • 2001 The Way of the Master founded
  • 2003 the Mission Province is established in Church of Sweden: new era for confessional Lutheranism in Scandinavia.
  • 2005 Death of Pope John Paul II, election of Pope Benedict XVI
  • 2006 World Methodist Council voted unanimously to adopt the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (July 18).[46][47]
  • 2006 A film of the Gospel of Judas, a 2nd century Gnostic account of Judas discovered in the 1970s, is shown on TV.
  • 2007 The Creation Museum opens in Kentucky, United States.
  • 2007 The American Association of Lutheran Churches and LCMS declare pulpit and altar fellowship
  • 2007 The reunification of the Russian Orthodox Church after 80 years of schism (May 17).
  • 2008 Conservative Anglicans indicate that they plan to split from liberal Anglicans in "The Jerusalem Declaration"[48]
  • 2009 Damien of Molokai canonized; apostle to lepers
  • 2009 the Minneapolis Churchwide Assembly of the ELCA on 21 August 2009, passed four ministry policy resolutions that would permit clergy in committed homosexual partnerships to be rostered leaders within the ELCA.
  • 2009 The Rosicrucian Fellowship, an international association of Esoteric Christian mystics,[49] celebrates the centennial anniversary -- The Fraternity should remain secret one hundred years;[50] the celebration ceremonies, on August 8 and November 13[51] at Mount Ecclesia, serve the purpose of heralding the revival of the Christian mystic path of the Rose Cross.[52][53]
  • 2009 Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly declared Servant of God.
  • 2009 Manhattan Declaration: A Call of Christian Conscience is issued, signed by over 150 American religious leaders.
  • 2010 Lutheran CORE creates North American Lutheran Church in schism from the ELCA
  • 2010 October 31 Attack on Baghdad church results in 52 deaths.[54]
  • 2011 A church in Alexandria, Egypt is bombed, on January 1, 2011, killing 21 people, mostly Christians.
  • 2011 Martyrdom of Shahbaz Bhatti, Pakistani politician and the only Christian elected member of the National Assembly, who was an outspoken critic of Pakistan's blasphemy laws.

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