Recording by Writing and Printing

Writing and then printing extended the oral tradition. Much easier than memory but still requiring the performer to know the tune. Notation was still needed......but....this was a start. One copy could be recorded again and again first by hand and then by machine so that eventually everyone could ......

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Try This!

Find a large piece of music- perhaps a reproduction of a hand written page or write a page of music in the style of the ancient folios

Gather about 30 people around the music. Make sure that they don't know it and have not seen it.

Try to sing! 


Make xerox copies of the same piece of music on standard letter paper. Hand one out to each member.

Now...try to sing it again!

What worked best?

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