Lesson One - Orientation to the Internet Handouts
Orientation Entering the Internet Classroom Procedures The Pauper's Internet Goals and Objectives
Shutting Down Exercise 
Sailor Settings Use Sailor Extra  Credit!
Send me e.mail click here    Return to the main course page Click Here
Do not let your questions go un answered. If you can not find something you need contact
me right away. Remember- you need not have a computer to do the exercises and to fully
benefit from this course- check in with your local public library!

Goals and Objectives:
(Lesson 1 presents certain objectives which will be also Course Objectives)

This course is designed to provide all students with the ability to use the internet without expense or
at absolute minimum expense. No computer ownership is required. Students are encouraged to use their local library
public terminals at which all of the course work can be accomplished without extra charge.
If you have a computer you can access the internet and e.mail via sailor at no charge.

1. Given the completion of this lesson the student will comprehend  the basic structure
    of the internet so that he or she will know which dimensions are used for which functions
   and purposes so that internet use will be efficient and accurate.

2.Given a review of opening and closing procedures each student will be able to
   open up and shut down and navigate upon his or her classroom computer accurately so as
   to begin work independently and leave the computers and the system ready for
   next user.

3. Upon completion of an orientation to the World Wide Web and the Web Browser
    the student will travel to the web page of an e. mail provider and obtain an e. mail
    account accurately and completely.

4. The student upon obtaining an account and being given an orientation to e. mail
    will  be able to accurately send and receive e. mail and properly and completely
    exit the e-mail program when finished.

5. Upon completion of this lesson the student will know how to configure communication
    program accurately and completely for and operate the program to go on line via Sailor
   lynx to  explore the World Wide web. The student will be able to accurately utilize basic
   arrow commands to navigate within Sailor lynx and be able to go accurately and completely
   to  web pages given a web page address.

6. If Possible students will following the completion of this lesson apply for and obtain a free Internet account either via
a freenet or an on-line e.mail account accurately and completely.

Important Note:
Goals and objectives of this course are designed for an optimal classroom set up which must include
ability to access the internet and utilize a telnet program to access remote sites and utilize a web page
editor to create and edit web pages. Additionally only those web addresses which are unblocked can be
visited and utilized in instruction. The instructor is not responsible for computer failures, access to the
Internet, access to telnet programs or access to specific web pages which may be blocked by the system
administrator. The instructor will however do his best to work around such difficulties by directing the student to public terminals or home computer terminals.



Why have you signed up for this course? What do you want to get out of it? What are your
own purposes, goals and objectives?  What do you want to do on the Internet? If you want to
create a web page what will be its content? Topics? and objectives?
It is important to sketch out a few answers to these questions so that you will make the best
use of time and  resources.

In this course more than in any other careful note taking is very important. You will also
be taking notes which you will want to keep in a permanent way. A bound blank lined
composition book is ideal. This should be sturdy and small enough to fit next to your keyboard
without getting in the way.

Write all settings, passwords, log ins and instructions down. Check and re-check. A mistake
here can mean loss of information, work and time.

Also be very sure to write down solutions to problems. These problems have a habit of
turning up again and you will want to remember how you solved them the first time.

It is also very important to complete homework assignments promptly and completely.
The instructor has made himself available 24 hours a day via a variety of communication
pathways to help you with any questions. Instructions for the use of local library public
terminals and directions to their locations have been provided. It is the student's responsibility
to attempt each homework assignment promptly during the week between classes and to
contact the instructor as soon as possible to resolve any problems and questions before the
next class session.

If students are to complete course work using their own home computer hardware and software
it is essential that students be familiar with the operation of such hardware and software. In particular
students should be familiar with communication software and be able to set it up to go on line. While
the instructor will do his best to assist with software set up and operation it is impossible for
him to know about each and every program available.

Student questions are of great importance. Please do not ever hesitate to ask a question.
Return to  the Top


Where will you enter the Internet?
Before we begin it is important to know how you will use the internet.
Will you be at home? At the Office or at a Public Terminal - at a Public Library
for example?

Each computer  location will have its own programs,  settings and procedures. Take
a moment to contact your Office System Administrator, The Librarian, or the Program
Manuals for the Internet and Communications Programs on your own Computer. This
can save you much time and aggravation.

Be sure to write down step by step procedures. A flip file of 3x5 cards held together
at the top with rings can be of great assistance. Write each step in a process on a card.
Use one side of the card stack for going in or opening up and the other side for going
out or shutting down. In this way you can guide yourself from turning the computer on
to one activity after another simply flipping over the card stack when you wish to go home.
It is helpful to tab or use an initial colored card for each process.

While I can provide some guidance concerning some popular internet software there
are simply too many programs around for me to go into depth on each one. As soon as
you get a chance look into the internet  programs on the computer you will be using.
Read the manuals and if necessary call  the manufacturer. Internet providers do a very
good job helping you to set up. The sailor help desk located at the main Pratt library
in Baltimore is very helpful with set up and dial in instructions. Call them at:  410-396-4636.
Whatever you do however, do not fail to take detailed and exact notes and write them in a permanent book.

Home Computer Users:

Programs you should know how to operate and information you should have written down for quick reference  if you are using a home computer are

                    The type of processor (Pentium....486...),
                    How much Ram (16,32,64...),
                    Speed of your Modem (14.4,28.8....),
                    What program will you use to dial the  modem and
                         connect to the host computer (Hyper-Term, Terminal, Dial-Up-Networking),
                     The Phone number of the Host Computer
                     Procedures for your Provider/Host Computer- login,password, and other settings.
                     The help desk phone number for your Internet Access Provider
                     The help number for your operating system (windows etc...) or for your computer.
                     What Browser will you be using if any?
                     How do you find and turn on the programs?


You should know how to turn on, change the settings of and operate the following programs-

-Your Operating System (Windows...or other)
-Your Communication Program (the program that dials the modem and connects-Hyper Term etc...)
-Your Web Browser (netscape,internet explorer,opera...etc..)
-Compression/Archiver  Programs (WinZip, Stuffit, Unstuffit etc...)
-Web Editing Software (Hot Dog, Composer...)
-Image/Graphics program (L-view, paintbrush, Corell)

You should know how to save files on your hard drive. I like to keep a directory on my
hard drive called either:  A, AAA, AAAA etc.... so that it  is right up top when you view your
directory contents. You should have one place where you download all files so that you
know where to find them later.

Take a moment to look over things so that you will know what to do when the time comes.
For most programs set-up is a one time event however, sometimes settings are lost and
have to be changed. It is very important that you not only know how to do it
once but that you write down how to do it again in a secure place!

Return to  the Top


Classroom Computer Lab Operating Procedures

It is very important to always follow specific instructions. We all need to be at the same
place at the same time. Do not click on anything that you are not instructed to click on  or
explore. It may take a long time for you to get back to where you are  supposed to be!
Unless the procedure is on a handout be sure to take accurate notes step by step so that
you can repeat that which you have observed! Always shut down your computer properly
and leave the area as you found it. We are guests of the day school teacher!
If you get to class early you are welcome to explore if I  or another instructor is in the
room to supervise.  Remember- No food or drink!

Opening Up

Each computer has a number written on top of the monitor. Remember and write down that
number as it will be your seat for the course.
-Turn your cpu and monitor on as instructed via push buttons

-You will see a small screen in front of the big one. Using the mouse position the arrow on  the
  first line and click with the left button. This will allow you to type in that space.

- In the ID space type in:
     LHS  (number of your computer no )

-In the pass section type in

-A hallway and then a classroom will appear.
 Once the classroom appears click on the Bookshelf in the back right.

-An image with choices will be seen above the screen. Select as directed.

Return to  the Top


Shutting Down

-Return to the classroom by shutting down any internet screens and the selection screens
 (click on the X at the top right  margin of each screen)
-When you see the view of the outside of a school with a school bus out front click (left mouse button) on the school bus.  The computer will re boot. Once you are back at the login screen
push the button on the monitor and on the cpu to shut the power off.

It is very important to leave the computers turned off in the proper way
and to leave the classroom as we found it.

Return to  the Top


Exercise 1
Getting your own Internet e. mail account.

For the purposes of this course we will learn how to utilize two types of free internet accounts.
    1. Web  based free e-mail accounts click here.
    2. Freenet account accessible and fully functional when accessed via sailor and telnet.click here

Web Based Free e.-mail Accounts

Web based e.mail is very helpful for a number of purposes:
1.You can utilize web based e.mail from a local public terminal (the library for example) which has a graphical
internet browser (Netscape, Internet Explorer etc...)
2.The web based e.mail will access e.mail from your commercial pop mail accounts when you can not dial up locally
or use your home computer.
3.By using web based e.mail provider you can send e.mail and attachments no mater where you are. It is also
useful if your main commercial provider or your home computer is down.
4. Some web based providers let you forward your web based mail to your main commercial account.
5. Some web based providers let you set up an auto responder to send a special message to all those sending you mail automatically.

Web Based e.mail has certain limitations (overcome these with the freenet based e.mail)
1. Since web based e.mail providers use graphics for important buttons they can not be utilized when using
a lynx non graphical browser (like sailor when accessed by direct dial up).
2.Web based accounts  do not provide additional functions- web page space and newsgroups as does the

Going on-line and operating the Browser Program

Connect to the internet using your own provider at home or if in the classroom follow instructions
for opening the web browser.

Before we begin locate the slider bar on the right hand side of the page. By clicking
on it with your left mouse button and holding it down you can pull the slider up and down
thus moving the page  up and down.  Unless otherwise instructed click means position
the arrow cursor using the mouse onto a place on the screen and click with the left mouse

2. In the lowest top toolbar there will be a white space. Click in that space with your left mouse
    button and type the following exactly:

    http://www.mail.yahoo.com (If this provider no longer exists or is not functioning
go to the web page address: http://www.sailor.lib.md.us   and search for a directory of
free e.mail providers and select one of them last time I looked it was here : http://www.sailor.lib.md.us/docs/freemail.html)

Once this is entered exactly and accurately hit the enter or return key. (the key above the shift key on the right)
(from this point onward neither the instructor nor school is responsible for your relationship and or experiences with the e.mail provider- be careful to follow all rules)

3. The mail provider home  page will appear. Look on the left band margin and you will find a selection entitled
    sign up now click on that.

4. Follow instructions provided by the page for sign up.

5.  Once you read the terms of agreement read it carefully and  click I Accept at the bottom.

7. Select an innovative e-mail name and  password If you can not use the password or name initially selected try try again. A helpful hint is to change or double a letter in your original selection. Perhaps put a number in front of or behind the word selected . Write these down in a very secure place.

8. Fill in the blanks and scroll down following directions. Note that this information
     is kept confidential and is used only if you misbehave on the net or if you loose your
    password. You do not have to respond to the advertiser questions- leave them  blank.

    If your login name is not correct re-do it. Be sure you have written all of your
   information down! In a  secure location.If you used caps you will
   need to remember which letters were caps! (best advice is not to use caps)

9. You now have a permanent free e.mail address with lots of features.
    Your address will be-
     (whatever you used as your login)@yahoo.com

My address is:    rezaldie@yahoo.com

10. You can now send e-mail to anyone in the world. To use your e-mail account use
      your web browser to go to:

11. When you go to the page follow directions. You will have to enter your login and pass word.
       Use the mouse to click in the slots and then type in the words and enter.
       you need to do this exactly.

12. When you have logged in select: compose mail from the bar to the left.

13. You will then see a mail form. Click on the slots with the left mouse button and
      type in the e-mail addresses. Note you can send more than one copy to different
      people. You can even save a copy for yourself. When you are done writing (note
     that you can check your spelling!)
      your message in the big space at the bottom click send. Be sure to check
      that the addresses are correct. (BCC means blind carbon copy which means
      that no one will know all of the other recipients!) (CC means carbon copy-
      the person will get a copy) To send more than one CC or BCC simply put
      a comma between addresses.

14. Use the mail screen to send yourself a message.

15. Following the on screen directions log out of the mail service. This is very important. Never leave a terminal
     unless you have logged out.  Once you have logged out return the browser to its home page by clicking home and
     then enter the address of the mail provider and go back to the mail service home page. Log yourself in by following
     directions and read the mail message by checking your mail.

16. Once you have read the test message you can delete it! To delete the e-mail
      you can click in the check box to the left of the mail information. Then click
     on delete

17. When you are finished using mail click on exit on the left side shaded area. Be sure to log out properly.

18. Never give anyone your e-mail password.

Click Here to go on to learn how to register for and access a freenet mail account.

Return to the top of exercise one click here

Return to  the Top


Freenet Mail Accounts
The freenet e.mail account is the most versatile account form.
You can access the freenet account via ppp, a graphical web page, or via the Sailor Lynx web browser.
The freenet account also comes with a large amount of web page space for construction of personal
web pages.  This is a service which will function away from home via a public terminal or via your terminal at home connected to a commercial account or most importantly via Sailor when you do not have access to
your commercial account.

Hardware and Software

You must be able to connect your terminal to the internet.  You can either use a commercial account
or use your communication software to connect to sailor. (click here for instructions )

If you use a commercial account or graphical browser via a public terminal  follow these directions:click here
If you use a non graphical browser such as sailor lynx or are working at a public terminal without a graphical browser click here

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top

Connecting to the Freenet using a Commercial Account or Public Terminal with graphical browser (netscape...)
If your computer does not have a telnet program you will need to obtain one. Search the internet via any of
the search engines to locate a free copy download and install.   (click here for tools)
If you are running windows or if you are at a public terminal running windows you will find the telnet program in the windows directory. You will only have to tell your web browser via its settings where to locate the telent.exe file.
Once you have set up your browser-

1. Type in the location address slot at the top:

2. The telnet program should open. (in windows 95/98 you can click the start button and go to run and enter telnet and click run)

3. Somewhere in the program you will have to enter the address of the freenet which is:

4. once connected you will find a login prompt. Quickly type in :   guest
and hit enter.

5. As the program opens follow the directions at the bottom of the screen to move ahead.
Click here for freenet signup instructions.
You may also register for the freenet on line:
Have your browser go to this address:

Page down until you can select:  Get Connected  (http://www.ncf.carleton.ca/ncf/get-connected.html)

Click on get connected and select the telnet option.

You can also become a member on line and print out the membership document.
This process may take a bit more time than the process noted above.

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top

Freenet Signup Instructions
1. Eventually you will arrive at the main menu.(after logging in see above)  Select the proper number for becoming a member type it in
and hit enter.

2.Follow instructions for on line registrations (note you have to select read the rules option)
   when you are done reading a document on screen select quit.

3.Be ready to write down your member number and password in a safe place.

4. Print out the membership mail in form and fill it out including a xerox of your driving license. Mail it
    promptly to the freenet as it will take a week to process. Note: mail to Canada requires extra postage!

5. When finished leave the freenet by typing x and enter and then selecting yes. (y) and enter.

6. Follow this procedure to access the freenet in about a week and check to see if your account is open.

7. When your account is open and you can log in be sure to go to the main menu and change your password. Once you have changed your password go to the main menu again and select and save a text  editor. Select Pico. Click here for instructions.

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top

Connecting to the Freenet Using a Non graphical Browser  via sailor lynx or via a public terminal without a graphical browser

1. To connect to sailor. (click here for instructions )
2. Scroll down in sailor to find search options.
3. From search options select search  sailor
4. enter freenets in the search sailor screen and search
5. Select- selected freenets  http://www.sailor.lib.md.us/docs/fnet.html
6. From the freenets page select: National Capitol Freenet Ontario Canada or the closest match.
7. The telnet screen will appear and will connect you to the freenet.
8. At login type guest and enter.
9. Follow directions at the end of each page to move ahead.
10. Click Here here for freenet signup instructions have materials for writing down your login and member number in  a safe place.

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top

The Internet  Pauper's Way to the internet from home!

Anyone with a computer and modem can go on line from their home
computer without paying a cent and without dialing a long distance number!

Even if you plan to pay for an internet account it is most useful to
know how to use the FREE Sailor Lynx. It is faster than using a
graphical browser and will work when your internet provider is down
and it is free. It also contains a wealth of information  and links concerning
Maryland.  You can even use it for connecting to your freenet account.

Step 1 Locate and open up Your Communication Program
If you are using Windows 3. you will find that your communication program is
called terminal.  It will be found in the windows directory or you can search
for it.
If you are using Windows 95/98 you will find the program Hyper Term
loaded onto your hard drive in the windows directory. This program may not have been
loaded when you loaded Windows 95/98. If you do not find it by doing a search or
in the windows directory use add or remove program  to load it from your set up
If you have other programs consult their manufacturer or manuals.
If you can not locate your communications program perhaps the sailor help desk can help:
For help with configuration or other Sailor Questions call the Sailor Help Desk at:
Once you have found your communications program it is now time to set it up to dial in and connect
to sailor. Click here

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top


Settings For Sailor

In your settings for your particular communication program you will find
slots to fill in somewhere with the following references. Set them as indicated below:
I have given the settings as grouped in windows 95  other programs will differ.

Open Hyper Term and Click on Hyperterm Icon to create a new connection. Note that
you will have to save all of this when you are done. At first try assume that all the settings
are correct and simply select and name an icon and enter the phone number. If it doesn't
work then consult settings.

Under Phone Number
-country code united states of america
-phone number   410-222-7100    (or 494-1199 or 296-2771) There is a toll free number
                                                      for wherever you are in Maryland!-remember to include the 410 before the
number in the settings box.
-your modem should be correctly listed in the slot at the bottom- if not make adjustments.

Click on Phone Number/Configure
data bits 8
stop bit: 1
wait for dial tone
cancel if not connected in 60 secs.

Clicking on Advanced
-error control
-compression data
-use flow control

Under Settings
-Function= terminal keys
-Emulation VT100
-Backscroll Buffer= 500

Under Accii Settings
fill in only
 line delay= 0
character delay=0
check the box = wrap lines that extend  beyond terminal width

 For help with configuration or other Sailor Questions call the Sailor Help Desk at:

Now that you are set up lets dial in- be sure to save your settings!
Click to continue

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top


Using Sailor

If you already have graphical web access you can go  to Sailor:
    on the web at:

Dialing In to Sailor!-direct from home- Note you will not start up your commercial account access.
1. Open up the hyperterm program set for sailor.
2. Select dial
3. The modem will dial and connect and eventually a set of instructions will be at the bottom.
4. Don't select the library select the sailor option.Type in its number and hit enter.
5. When you see login type guest and hit enter
6. When you are asked for your terminal type hit enter
7. As screens change hit enter
8. Don't pay attention to the last set of choices hit enter
9.When you see: Sailor's (Maryland's Public Information Network) Home Port (p1 of 3)
    you are in.
10. When using sailor you will use the up and down Arrows just to the right of the shift key on
        a PC keyboard to go up and down. As you go up and down you will notice that words and titles change
        color. To go to read that topic (a page) hit enter when it is highlighted. You can also type the
       number next to your selection and hit enter to go there. To go back
       hit left arrow. To go forward hit right arrow. You can go back to where you have been
      and forward.

11. For  the purposes of today's lesson practice using the menu items.

12. To go to another web page type the letter g you will notice a small screen (or the words enter url)
       at the bottom of the page. Click on the small line screen and type in any web
       page address. When it is right hit enter. You can delete by using backspace.
      Web addresses must be correct and accurate including case (caps).

13. Go to my Irish Studies Web pages-

14. When you are done use your left arrow key to go back to Sailor and back to the top of sailor.

15.  To leave sailor type in q and enter then when asked type y for yes and enter.  Then
     when the options screen comes up  select q and enter again.

16.  Hang up your communication program, save its settings if necessary (generally only first
time) If given an option to save session you should say no unless you wish to save something
for future use.

We will talk more about Sailor Lynx commands later

16. For help with configuration or other Sailor Questions call the Sailor Help Desk at:

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top


Extra Credit:

Obtain Web Page Space

In order to do this go with your web browser to:


Follow instructions about obtaining web page space and an e.mail account.
You will provide Geocities with your yahoo e. mail address.

Geocities will send  your Geocities password to your Yahoo address. When you
fill out the form go and  read your mail and write down the login and password in
a secure place.

The first step is selection of a neighborhood. Once you find one look for a vacant
lot and sign up. There is an option to obtain an e. mail account- this is a good Idea!
You should go to the web page editor and put something on your page. Follow
We will talk more about web page authoring editing and publishing later but
you will be ready!

Return to the top of exercise one click here
Return to  the Top

If anything is unclear please do not hesitate to e-mail me! Click here
Return to the Main Page click here